Myat Kyaw-Tanner

Myat Kyaw-Tanner
The University of Queensland | UQ · School of Veterinary Science

BSc (Hons); PhD

About

47
Publications
23,627
Reads
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1,074
Citations
Citations since 2017
1 Research Item
359 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Tracing the temporal dynamics of pathogens is crucial for developing strategies to detect and limit disease emergence. Canine parvovirus (CPV-2) is an enteric virus causing morbidity and mortality in dogs around the globe. Previous work in Australia reported that the majority of cases were associated with the CPV-2a subtype, an unexpected finding s...
Article
Purpose: Primary lens luxation (PLL) in dogs is an inherited disease in which the lens is displaced from its normal position. A truncating mutation in the ADAMTS17 orthologue on CFA03 is reported to cause PLL in several breeds, mostly terriers. However, the complex inheritance pattern of PLL in miniature bull terriers (MBTs) suggests that other lo...
Article
Full-text available
Adult blood flukes of the genera Hapalotrema Looss, 1899 and Learedius Price, 1934 were collected from turtles off Queensland and the Hawaiian Islands. Specimens were identified as Hapalotrema pambanensis Mehrotra, 1973, H. synorchis Luhman, 1935, H. postorchis Rao, 1976 and Learedius learedi Price, 1934 on the basis of morphology. No major morphol...
Article
Veterinarians have few tools to predict the rate of disease progression in FIV-infected cats. In contrast, in HIV infection plasma viral RNA load and acute phase protein concentrations are commonly used as predictors of disease progression. This study evaluated these predictors in cats naturally infected with FIV. In older cats (> 5 years), log10 F...
Article
The reason why a sustained high concentration of insulin induces laminitis in horses remains unclear. Cell proliferation occurs in the lamellae during insulin-induced laminitis and in other species high concentrations of insulin can activate receptors for the powerful cell mitogen, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1. The first aim of this study was...
Article
Canine atopic dermatitis (AD) is an allergic inflammatory skin disease that shares similarities with AD in humans. Canine AD is likely to be an inherited disease in dogs and is common in West Highland white terriers (WHWTs). We performed a genome-wide association study using the Affymetrix Canine SNP V2 array consisting of over 42,800 single nucleo...
Article
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer, inflammatory conditions and diabetic complications. An interaction of AGEs with their receptor (RAGE) results in increased release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS), causing damage to susceptible tissues. Laminitis, a debilitating...
Article
Full-text available
Canine atopic dermatitis is an allergic inflammatory skin disease common in West Highland white terriers. A genome-wide association study for atopic dermatitis in a population of West Highland white terriers identified a 1.3 Mb area of association on CFA17 containing canine protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (lymphoid) PTPN22. This g...
Article
Full-text available
Canine atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory skin disease associated with defects in the epidermal barrier, particularly in West Highland white terriers (WHWTs). It shares many similarities with human AD, and so may be a useful animal model for this disease. Epidermal dysfunction in human AD can be caused by mutations in the gene encoding...
Article
Full-text available
Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated hypersensitivity against environmental allergens, commonly including Dermatophagoides farinae, is associated with atopic diseases in both humans and dogs. We have recently identified a family of clinically healthy West Highland white terriers (WHWTs) with high-serum D. farinae-IgE levels. In this study, we investigat...
Data
Canine Pkd1 gene. This figure shows the canine Pkd1 gene from the 5′ untranslated region (UTR) to the 3′ untranslated region. The solid boxes represent the 46 predicted exons. The regions in 5′ UTR, intron 1 and intron 30 marked with clear ovals are regions of the gene that were not sequenced in this study. (TIFF)
Data
Conditions used for amplification and sequencing of Canine Pkd1 gene. This table shows sequences of primers, and PCR amplification and sequencing reaction conditions used for sequencing canine Pkd1 from genomic DNA. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
Polycystic Kidney Disease is an autosomal dominant disease common in some lines of Bull Terriers (BTPKD). The disease is linked to the canine orthologue of human PKD1 gene, Pkd1, located on CFA06, but no disease-associated mutation has been reported. This study sequenced genomic DNA from two Bull Terriers with BTPKD and two without the disease. A n...
Article
Human and canine atopic dermatitis (AD) share an association with IgE specific to environmental allergens, but few studies have evaluated serum allergen-specific IgE in nonatopic dogs. This study compared serum allergen-specific IgE levels in 30 atopic and 18 nonatopic West Highland white terriers. Atopic dermatitis was confirmed using standard cri...
Article
Metalloproteinases have been implicated in the pathogenesis of equine laminitis and other inflammatory conditions, through their role in the degradation and remodelling of the extracellular matrix environment. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors are present in normal equine lamellae, with increased secretion and activation of some...
Article
Mammary tumors are among the most common neoplastic conditions in dogs, and there is evidence that inflammation plays a role in the development of some tumor types in dogs. The complement system is a major participant in the inflammatory process and the complement activation component, C5a, is a potent inflammatory peptide. This study investigated...
Article
Fluoroquinolone resistance is an emerging problem in companion animal practice. The present study aimed to determine comparative fluoroquinolone minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for enrofloxacin, marbofloxacin and pradofloxacin and identify plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) mechanisms in 41 multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia c...
Article
Full-text available
Fluoroquinolone resistance is becoming more common in veterinary medicine. Resistance is due to a combination of chromosomal and plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance (PMQR) mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to screen 17 multidrug-resistant Enterobacter isolates obtained from opportunistic infections in companion animals for chromo...
Article
Cystic echinococcus poses an important economic and public health problem to Pakistan. Our study determined the prevalence and genotypes of Echinococcus present in domestic livestock and humans in Punjab, Pakistan. Out of 39,738 animals examined, 6.67% of animals were found infected. The prevalence and fertility of hydatid cysts was highest in came...
Article
Enzymatic separation at the hoof lamellar dermal-epidermal interface may play a role in the development of laminitis and characterising and locating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of MMPs or TIMPs) in lamellar tissues may further understanding of pathogenesis. To clone and sequence the cDNA encoding lamella...
Article
To determine the genetic variants of canine parvovirus-2 (CPV) present in domestic dogs in Australia and to investigate 26 cases of apparent vaccine failure. Thirty-three samples of faeces or intestinal tissues and 16 cell culture virus isolates collected over a period from 1980 to 2005 from five Australian states were analysed. Procedure DNA was e...
Article
Phylogenetic analyses of the V3-V5 region of the env gene are used to determine Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) subtypes but can be complicated by co-infection with different subtypes or the presence of recombinant subtypes. FIV in blood samples from 30 domestic cats in New Zealand was subtyped by sequencing three overlapping fragments of the V...
Article
Full-text available
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), a lentivirus, is an important pathogen of domestic cats around the world and has many similarities to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A characteristic of these lentiviruses is their extensive genetic diversity, which has been an obstacle in the development of successful vaccines. Of the FIV genes, the envelo...
Article
To determine the prevalent subtypes of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) present in the domestic cat population of Australia. Blood samples were collected from 41 FIV antibody positive cats from four cities across Australia. Following DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to amplify the variable V3-V5 region of the envelop...
Article
The dysadhesion and destruction of lamellar basement membrane of laminitis may be due to increased lamellar metalloproteinase activity. Characterising lamellar metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and locating it in lamellar tissues may help determine if laminitis pathology is associated with increased MMP-2 transcription. To clone and sequence the cDNA enc...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the physiology of the normal feet of horses, in order to understand the pathogenesis of laminitis. It also discusses the use of cryotherapy to treat horses with laminitis.
Article
Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) from cats experimentally infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were shown to contain FIV provirus using polymerase chain reaction and viral products were detected in culture supernatant using reverse transcriptase and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay techniques. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from F...
Article
Utilizing an in vitro laminitis explant model, we have investigated how bacterial broth cultures and purified bacterial proteases activate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and alter structural integrity of cultured equine lamellar hoof explants. Four Gram-positive Streptococcus spp. and three Gram-negative bacteria all induced a dose-dependent acti...
Article
To examine tumour tissue of cats with lymphosarcoma for the presence of feline leukaemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus and analyse the immunophenotype of the tumours. A retrospective study of feline lymphosarcoma cases. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumour tissue of 14 feline lymphosarcomas was examined for the presence of feline leuk...
Article
The clinical and pathological features of eight cases of feline T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma are described. The disease occurred in older cats (mean age 11.4 +/- 3.9 years), which on initial examination generally showed enlargement of a single submandibular or cervical lymph node. After excision, there was no recurrence of the lesions at 6 months in...
Article
Several documented cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have involved unconventional or unknown modes of transmission of the virus. Some such cases have occurred within a surgical setting. We investigated the potential for transmission of HIV on suture material that had been reused following passage through an HIV-infected patient....
Article
Analysis of individual clones containing the V1 and V2 domains of the segment of the FIVenv gene present in a naturally infected cat (T) was carried out. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify proviral FIV DNA extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained in October 1994 from this cat. The PCR products were clo...
Article
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) antigen was detected by immunochemistry in salivary glands of cats experimentally inoculated with West Australian isolate T91. Six cats were inoculated subcutaneously with 1.0 ml of tissue culture supernatant fluid from a feline T-lymphoblastoid cell line (MYA-1) infected with T91. FIV antigens were detected in t...
Article
PBLs from 10 normal seropositive donors, 15 precardiac transplant patients, and 17 postcardiac transplant patients have been assayed for their ability to mount a cytotoxic T cell response to both A- and B-type EBV. Compared with the results obtained with healthy seropositive donors, pre- and posttransplant patients had significantly weaker T cell r...
Article
This study investigated the hypothesis that under certain conditions, superinfection of cats with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), may occur. One FIV isolate (T91) was used to inoculate three FIV and FeLV-free cats. Blood from an FIV-infected cat (N), which contained two variants and differed from T91 by at least 5% in nucleotide sequence in th...

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