Mustafa Sahin

Mustafa Sahin
Harvard Medical School | HMS · Department of Neurology

MD, PhD

About

390
Publications
60,681
Reads
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17,883
Citations
Citations since 2016
224 Research Items
12207 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
Additional affiliations
July 1997 - present
Boston Children's Hospital
Position
  • Director, Translational Neuroscience Center

Publications

Publications (390)
Article
Full-text available
Background Computational phenotypes are most often combinations of patient billing codes that are highly predictive of disease using electronic health records (EHR). In the case of rare diseases that can only be diagnosed by genetic testing, computational phenotypes identify patient cohorts for genetic testing and possible diagnosis. This article d...
Article
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16p13.11 copy number variants (CNVs) have been associated with autism, schizophrenia, psychosis, intellectual disability, and epilepsy. The majority of 16p13.11 deletions or duplications occur within three well-defined intervals, and despite growing knowledge of the functions of individual genes within these intervals, the molecular mechanisms that...
Article
Objective: Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is associated with focal brain "tubers" and a high incidence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The location of brain tubers associated with autism may provide insight into the neuroanatomical substrate of ASD symptoms. Methods: We delineated tuber locations for 115 TSC participants with ASD (n = 31) a...
Article
In the field of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), progress in molecular diagnostics needs to be translated into robust phenotyping studies to understand genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity and to support interventional trials. ZFYVE26-associated hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP-ZFYVE26, SPG15) is a rare, early-onset complex HSP, characterized...
Article
Importance There are many known acquired risk factors for cerebral palsy (CP), but in some cases, CP is evident without risk factors (cryptogenic CP). Early CP cohort studies report a wide range of diagnostic yields for sequence variants assessed by exome sequencing (ES) and copy number variants (CNVs) assessed by chromosomal microarray (CMA). Obj...
Article
Neuromesodermal progenitors represent a unique, bipotent population of progenitors residing in the tail bud of the developing embryo, which give rise to the caudal spinal cord cell types of neuroectodermal lineage as well as the adjacent paraxial somite cell types of mesodermal origin. With the advent of stem cell technologies, including induced pl...
Article
Background: Familial hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP)-SPAST (SPG4) typically presents with a pure HSP phenotype. Objective: The aim of this study was to delineate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of children with de novo HSP-SPAST. Methods: This study used a systematic cross-sectional analysis of clinical and molecular features. Resul...
Article
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Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder caused at least in part by haploinsufficiency of the SHANK3 gene, due to sequence variants in SHANK3 or subtelomeric 22q13.3 deletions. Phenotypic differences have been reported between PMS participants carrying small ‘Class I’ mutations and large ‘Class II’ mutations, however the...
Article
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MECP2 loss-of-function mutations cause Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from a disrupted brain transcriptome. How these transcriptional defects are decoded into a disease proteome remains unknown. We studied the proteome of Rett cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to identify consensus Rett proteome and ontologies shared across three sp...
Article
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To capture the full spectrum of genetic risk for autism, we performed a two-stage analysis of rare de novo and inherited coding variants in 42,607 autism cases, including 35,130 new cases recruited online by SPARK. We identified 60 genes with exome-wide significance (P < 2.5 × 10−6), including five new risk genes (NAV3, ITSN1, MARK2, SCAF1 and HNRN...
Article
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Interest in gene-based therapies for neurodevelopmental disorders is exponentially increasing, driven by the rise in recognition of underlying genetic etiology, progress in genomic technology, and recent proof of concept in several disorders. The current prioritization of one genetic disorder over another for development of therapies is driven by c...
Article
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Caloric restriction and acute fasting are known to reduce seizures but through unclear mechanisms. mTOR signaling has been suggested as a potential mechanism for seizure protection from fasting. We demonstrate that brain mTORC1 signaling is reduced after acute fasting of mice and that neuronal mTORC1 integrates GATOR1 complex-mediated amino acid an...
Preprint
Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder caused at least in part by haploinsufficiency of the SHANK3 gene, due to sequence variants in SHANK3 or subtelomeric 22q13.3 deletions. Phenotypic differences have been reported between PMS participants carrying small ‘Class I’ mutations and large ‘Class II’ mutations, however the...
Article
Childhood‐onset forms of hereditary spastic paraplegia are ultra‐rare diseases and often present with complex features. Next‐generation‐sequencing allows for an accurate diagnosis in many cases but the interpretation of novel variants remains challenging, particularly for missense mutations. Where sufficient knowledge of the protein function and/or...
Article
In the US, newborn screening (NBS) is a unique health program that supports health equity and screens virtually every baby after birth, and has brought timely treatments to babies since the 1960's. With the decreasing cost of sequencing and the improving methods to interpret genetic data, there is an opportunity to add DNA sequencing as a screening...
Article
Background and purpose: The success of epilepsy surgery in children with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) hinges on identification of the epileptogenic zone (EZ). We studied structural MRI markers of epileptogenic lesions in young children with TSC. Methods: We included 26 children with TSC who underwent epilepsy surgery before the age of 3 year...
Article
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PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) overactivity. Limited data suggest that mTOR inhibitors may be therapeutic. No placebo-controlled studies have examined mTOR inhibition on cognition and behavior in humans with PHTS with/without autism. We conducted...
Article
Mammalian tissues are highly heterogenous and complex, posing a challenge in understanding the molecular mechanisms regulating protein expression within various tissues. Recent studies have shown that translation at the level of the ribosome is highly regulated, and can vary independently of gene expression observed at a transcriptome level, as wel...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Recruitment into clinical trials is a challenging process, with as many as 40% of studies failing to meet their target sample sizes [1]. The principles of direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising rely upon novel marketing strategies. The ability to reach expansive audiences in the online realm presents a unique opportunity for researchers to...
Article
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The tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) 1 and 2 proteins associate with TBC1D7 to form the TSC complex, which is an essential suppressor of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), a ubiquitous driver of cell and tissue growth. Loss-of-function mutations in TSC1 or TSC2, but not TBC1D7, give rise to TSC, a pleiotropic disorder with aberrant activation of mTORC1 in va...
Article
We are in an emerging era of gene-based therapeutics with significant promise for rare genetic disorders. The potential is particularly significant for genetic central nervous system (CNS) disorders which have begun to achieve Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for select patient populations. This review summarizes the discussions and pres...
Article
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Rett syndrome (RTT) is a devastating neurodevelopmental disorder without effective treatments. Attempts at developing targetted therapies have been relatively unsuccessful, at least in part, because the genotypical and phenotypical variability of the disorder. Therefore, identification of biomarkers of response and patients’ stratification are high...
Article
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Rett syndrome is associated with severe functional impairments and many comorbidities, each in urgent need of treatments. Mutations in the MECP2 gene were identified as causing Rett syndrome in 1999. Over the past 20 years there has been an abundance of preclinical research with some studies leading to human clinical trials. Despite this, few viabl...
Article
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CAPN1‐associated hereditary spastic paraplegia (SPG76) is a rare and clinically heterogenous syndrome due to loss of calpain‐1 function. Here we illustrate a translational approach to the case of an 18‐year‐old patient who first presented with psychiatric symptoms followed by spastic gait, intention tremor, and neurogenic bladder dysfunction, consi...
Article
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Introduction Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a multi-system genetic disorder with various TSC-Associated Neuropsychiatric Disorders (TAND) that significantly impact the mental health and wellbeing of individuals with TSC and their caregivers. TAND represents the number one concern to families worldwide, yet is highly under-identified and under-...
Article
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The adaptor protein complex AP-4 mediates anterograde axonal transport and is essential for axon health. AP-4-deficient patients suffer from a severe neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorder. Here we identify DAGLB (diacylglycerol lipase-beta), a key enzyme for generation of the endocannabinoid 2-AG (2-arachidonoylglycerol), as a cargo of...
Article
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Despite the importance of the cerebrovasculature in maintaining normal brain physiology and in understanding neurodegeneration and CNS drug delivery1, human cerebrovascular cells remain poorly characterized due to their sparsity and dispersion. Here, we perform the first single-cell characterization of the human cerebrovasculature using both ex viv...
Article
Full-text available
Background Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)–associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND) is an umbrella term for the behavioural, psychiatric, intellectual, academic, neuropsychological and psychosocial manifestations of TSC. Although TAND affects 90% of individuals with TSC during their lifetime, these manifestations are relatively under-assessed,...
Article
Introduction Dermatologic phenotypes in PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) are heterogeneous and poorly documented. Objective To characterize dermatologic findings among PHTS and conduct an analysis of genotype-dermatologic phenotype associations. Methods Mucocutaneous findings were reviewed in a multi-center cohort study of PHTS. Genotype-derm...
Article
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Objectives: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood motor disability, yet its link to single-gene disorders is under-characterized. To explore the genetic landscape of CP, we conducted whole exome sequencing (WES) in a cohort of patients with CP. Methods: We performed comprehensive phenotyping and WES on a prospective cohort of individu...
Article
Full-text available
Background Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC), a multi-system genetic disorder, is associated with a wide range of TSC-Associated Neuropsychiatric Disorders ( TAND). Individuals have apparently unique TAND profiles, challenging diagnosis, psycho-education, and intervention planning. We proposed that identification of natural TAND clusters could lead...
Article
Full-text available
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is genetically complex with ~100 copy number variants and genes involved. To try to establish more definitive genotype and phenotype correlations in ASD, we searched genome sequence data, and the literature, for recurrent predicted damaging sequence-level variants affecting single genes. We identified 18 individuals f...
Article
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Background Phelan McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a neurogenetic condition associated with a high prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study provides a more comprehensive and quantitative profile of repetitive behaviors within the context of ID seen with the condition. Methods Individuals age 3–21 years wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
MECP2 loss-of-function mutations cause Rett syndrome, a disorder that results from a disrupted brain transcriptome. How these transcriptional defects are decoded into a disease proteome remains unknown. We studied the proteome in Rett syndrome cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) across vertebrates. We identified a consensus proteome and ontological categorie...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of animal models for some human diseases precludes our understanding of disease mechanisms and our ability to test prospective therapies in vivo. Generation of kidney organoids from Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) patient-derived-hiPSCs allows us to recapitulate a rare kidney tumor called angiomyolipoma (AML). Organoids derived from TSC2...
Article
Objective Capillary malformation (CM) occurs sporadically and is associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome. The somatic mosaic mutation in GNAQ (c.548G>A, p.R183Q) is enriched in endothelial cells (ECs) in skin CM and Sturge-Weber syndrome brain CM. Our goal was to investigate how the mutant Gαq (G-protein αq subunit) alters EC signaling and disrupts c...
Preprint
Full-text available
The lack of animal models for certain human diseases precludes our understanding of disease mechanisms and our ability to test new therapies in vivo. Here we generated kidney organoids from Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) patient-derived-hiPSCs to recapitulate a rare kidney tumor called angiomylipoma (AML). Organoids derived from TSC2-/- hiPSCs bu...
Article
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CDKL5 Deficiency Disorder (CDD) is a severe encephalopathy characterized by intractable epilepsy, infantile spasms, and cognitive disabilities. The detrimental CNS manifestations and lack of therapeutic interventions represent unmet needs, necessitating identification of CDD-dependent phenotypes for in vitro disease modeling and therapeutic testing...
Article
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While prime editing enables precise sequence changes in DNA, cellular determinants of prime editing remain poorly understood. Using pooled CRISPRi screens, we discovered that DNA mismatch repair (MMR) impedes prime editing and promotes undesired indel byproducts. We developed PE4 and PE5 prime editing systems in which transient expression of an eng...
Article
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Objective: Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is highly associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Objectives of the study were to characterize autistic features in young children with TSC. Methods: Participants included 138 children followed from ages 3 to 36 months with TSC from the Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Autism Center of Excellence Res...
Article
Aim: To characterize the neurodevelopmental profile and systemic features of HIVEP2-related disorder. Method: This study used retrospective medical history and standardized assessment data from Simons Searchlight to describe the clinical characteristics of 12 individuals (eight males, four females; age range 3y 3mo-12y 8mo; mean age [SD] 7y 7mo...
Poster
The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are a group of over 80 different neurogenetic disorders and the most common cause of inherited spasticity and associated disability. Childhood-onset forms of HSP often pose a diagnostic challenge given their non-specific clinical presentation and slow progression in many cases. Next generation sequencing has...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptor protein complex 4 (AP-4)-associated hereditary spastic paraplegia is caused by biallelic loss-of-function variants in AP4B1, AP4M1, AP4E1 or AP4S1, which constitute the four subunits of this obligate complex. While the diagnosis of AP-4-associated hereditary spastic paraplegia relies on molecular testing, the interpretation of novel missens...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) present with a wide range of developmental, medical, cognitive, and behavioral abnormalities. Previous literature has begun to elucidate genotype–phenotype associations that may contribute to the wide spectrum of features. Here, we report results of genotype–phenotype associations in a cohort of 170 i...
Article
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Background and Objectives AP-4-associated hereditary spastic paraplegia (AP-4-HSP: SPG47, SPG50, SPG51, SPG52) is an emerging cause of childhood-onset hereditary spastic paraplegia and mimic of cerebral palsy. This study aims to define the spectrum of brain MRI findings in AP-4-HSP and to investigate radio-clinical correlations. Methods A systemat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC), a multi-system genetic disorder, is associated with a wide range of TSC-Associated Neuropsychiatric Disorders (TAND). Individuals have apparently unique TAND profiles, challenging diagnosis, psycho-education, and intervention planning. We proposed that identification of natural TAND clusters could lead t...
Article
Full-text available
Germline heterozygous PTEN mutations have been associated with high prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and elevated rates and severity of broadly defined behavioral problems. However, limited progress has been made toward understanding whether PTEN mutation is associated with specific psychiatric co-morbidity profiles when compared to idi...
Article
Neurodevelopmental neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia, have strong genetic risk components, but the underlying mechanisms have proven difficult to decipher. Rare, high‐risk variants may offer an opportunity to delineate the biological mechanisms responsible more clearly for more common idiopathic diseases...
Article
This study aimed to further our understanding of restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRB) among individuals with germline pathogenic mutations in PTEN by providing multimethod characterization and comparison of key RRB subdomains across individuals with PTEN mutations with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (PTEN‐ASD), with PTEN mutations without ASD...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: AP-4-associated hereditary spastic paraplegia (AP-4-HSP) is a childhood-onset neurogenetic disease and mimic of cerebral palsy. Data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are lacking. To establish a metric for HRQoL and caregiver priorities, we used the Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD)...
Article
Objective Epilepsy in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) typically presents with early onset, multiple seizure types, and intractability. However, variability is observed amongst individuals. Here, detailed individual data on seizure characteristics collected prospectively during early life were used to define epilepsy profiles in this population. M...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder that is associated with multiple neurological manifestations. Previously, we demonstrated that Tsc1 loss in cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) can cause altered social behavior in mice. Here, we performed detailed transcriptional and translational analyses of Tsc1-deficient PCs to understand the m...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To confirm the critical factors affecting seizure susceptibility in acute pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) mouse epilepsy models and evaluate the prior literature for these factors. Methods Serial cohorts of wild-type mice administered intraperitoneal (IP)-PTZ were aggregated and analyzed by multivariate logistic regression for the effect of sex...
Article
Full-text available
Reciprocal copy number variations (CNVs) of 16p11.2 are associated with a wide spectrum of neuropsychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. Here, we use human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)-derived dopaminergic (DA) neurons carrying CNVs of 16p11.2 duplication (16pdup) and 16p11.2 deletion (16pdel), engineered using CRISPR-Cas9. We show t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is genetically complex, but specific copy number variants (CNVs; e.g., 1q21.1, 16p11.2) and genes (e.g., NRXN1, NLGN4 ) have been identified as penetrant susceptibility factors, and all of these demonstrate pleiotropy. Many ASD-associated CNVs are, in fact, genomic disorder loci where flanking segmental duplications l...
Article
Full-text available
Background Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS) is a rare condition caused by deletion or mutation of the SHANK3 gene. Individuals with PMS frequently present with intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, and other neurodevelopmental challenges. Electroencephalography (EEG) can provide a window into network-level function in PMS. Methods Here,...
Preprint
Despite the importance of the blood-brain barrier in maintaining normal brain physiology and in understanding neurodegeneration and CNS drug delivery, human cerebrovascular cells remain poorly characterized due to their sparsity and dispersion. Here, we perform the first single-cell characterization of the human cerebrovasculature using both ex viv...
Article
Full-text available
Reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and their differentiation into neural lineages is a revolutionary experimental system for studying neurological disorders, including intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs). However, issues related to variability and reproducibility have hindered translating precl...
Article
Full-text available
Biallelic loss-of-function variants in the subunits of the adaptor protein complex 4 lead to childhood-onset hereditary spastic paraplegia (AP-4-HSP): SPG47 (AP4B1), SPG50 (AP4M1), SPG51 (AP4E1), and SPG52 (AP4S1). Here, we describe the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from three AP-4-HSP patients with biallelic, loss-of-functio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder that is associated with multiple neurological manifestations. Previously, we demonstrated that Tsc1 loss in cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) can cause altered social behavior in mice. Here, we performed detailed transcriptional and translational analyses of Tsc1-deficient PCs to understand the m...
Article
Full-text available
CDKL5 Deficiency Disorder (CDD) is a rare X-linked monogenic developmental encephalopathy that is estimated to affect 1:42,000 live births. CDD is caused by pathogenic variants in the CDKL5 gene and is observed in both male and female patients. Here, we report the generation and characterization of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived fro...
Article
This study aimed to characterize the relationship between insistence on sameness (IS), executive functioning (EF) and anxiety among individuals with PTEN mutations and individuals with macrocephalic ASD. The sample included 38 individuals with PTEN mutation and ASD diagnosis (PTEN-ASD; Mage = 8.93 years, SDage = 4.75), 23 with PTEN mutation without...
Article
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Preprint
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...