Murtala Zungeru Adamu

Murtala Zungeru Adamu
Botswana International University of Science and Technology | BIUST · Electrical, Computer and Telecommunications Engineering

BEng; MSc; PhD; Senior Member-IEEE
Research on Smart Devices, Mineral and Ore Sorting Systems, and Internet of Vehicles

About

108
Publications
266,517
Reads
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1,364
Citations
Citations since 2016
70 Research Items
1137 Citations
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Introduction
Professor Adamu Murtala Zungeru is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and the Chairman of IEEE Botswana. He is the Inventor of a Termite-hill routing algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks and has two of his Patent applications registered with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). He has also authored 4 Academic books and over 60 international research articles in reputable Journals, including IEEE Systems Journal, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, IEEE Access, JNCA-Elsevier and others, with over 630 citations and H-Index of 12. His research interests are in swarm intelligence, wireless sensor networks, Internet of Things, embedded systems, Smart devices, and design of analog and digital electronic circuits.
Additional affiliations
March 2019 - present
Botswana International University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Head of Department
June 2015 - March 2019
Botswana International University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 2014 - May 2015
Federal University Oye-Ekiti
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (108)
Article
Big sensor-based data environment and the emergence of large-scale wireless sensor networks (LS-WSNs), which are spread over wide geographic areas and contain thousands of sensor nodes, require new techniques for energy-efficient data collection. Recent approaches for data collection in WSNs have focused on techniques using mobile data collectors (...
Article
Recent advances in large-scale networked sensor technologies and the explosive growth in Big Data computing have made it possible for new application deployments in smart cities ecosystems. In this paper, we define big sensor data systems, and survey progress made in the development and applications of big sensor data research. We classify the exis...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the design and simulation of an Automatic Room Heater Control system. This system allows the user to set a desired temperature which is then compared to the room temperature measured by a temperature sensor. With the help of a microcontroller, the system responds by turning ON any of the two (2) loads (Fan or a heater) automatic...
Article
A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a large collection of sensor nodes with limited power supply, constrained memory capacity, processing capability, and available bandwidth. The main problem in event gathering in wireless sensor networks is the formation of energy-holes or hot spots near the sink. Due to the restricted communication range and high...
Article
Full-text available
High efficient routing is an important issue for the design of wireless sensor network (WSN) protocols to meet the severe hardware and resource constraints. This paper presents a comprehensive survey and comparison of routing protocols in WSNs. The first part of the paper surveys state-of-the-art routing protocols in WSNs from classical routing pro...
Article
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Sensor-based sorting has had a wide range of industrial use in automating and speeding up the process which requires substances or objects to be segregated from each other. The high demand for goods including raw materials, food, minerals, and waste recycling has increased the pressure for high-speed sorting. The first part of this paper presents a...
Article
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Intensive research has been done on image mosaic algorithms to improve the field of view through generated image mosaics. However, their usage varies from one field to another due to the challenges faced by image acquisition platforms. Moreover, the current imagery software packages used are computationally intensive to be used in real-time applica...
Article
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There is continuous intensive research on image compression techniques in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in the literature. Some of the image compression techniques in WSNs that exist in the literature include discrete cosine transform (DCT), discrete waveform transforms (DWT), set partitioning in a hierarchical tree (SPIHT), and embedded zero tre...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rigorous clinical prognosis is ambiguous due to the ongoing global crisis caused by different mutant variations of the prevailing COVID-19 pandemic. Hitherto, various clinical prognosis imaging techniques are suggested to medical practitioners to identify COVID-19 contracted individuals. Herein, we demonstrate an efficient tool aiding ultrasoun...
Article
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Two main classes of radio navigation systems are satellite and ground-based systems. Examples of such systems are eLoran deployed as a terrestrial system, and BeiDou, Galileo, GPS and Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) deployed as satellite Navigation Systems. These systems have been investigated in different navigation use-cases using a hybrid r...
Article
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Stringent accuracy requirements need to be met for eLoran deployment in marine navigation and harbour entrance and approach. A good accuracy model is therefore required to predict the positioning accuracy at the user’s receiver locations. Accuracy depends on the variations of additional secondary factors (ASFs) and the primary factor delay. The cha...
Article
Global concerns over the inappropriate utilization of abundant renewable energy sources, the damages due to instability of fuel prices, and fossil fuels' effect on the environment have led to an increased interest in green energy (natural power generation) from renewable sources. In renewable energy, photovoltaic is relatively the dominant techniqu...
Article
Estimating the state-of-charge of a lead-acid battery at remote seismic nodes is a key factor in managing the available power. Optimal management enables the continuous acquisition of seismic data of an area. This paper presents the management of lead-acid batteries at remote seismic nodes, using the Neural Network model's historical data to estima...
Article
Full-text available
Energy consumption has risen to be a bottleneck in wireless sensor networks. This is caused by the challenges faced by these networks due to their tiny sensor nodes that have limited memory storage, small battery capacity, limited processing capability, and bandwidth. Data compression has been used to reduce energy consumption and improve network l...
Article
SARS-COV2 (Covid-19) prevails in the form of multiple mutant variants causing pandemic situations around the world. Thus, medical diagnosis is not accurate. Although several clinical diagnostic methodologies have been introduced hitherto, chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imaging techniques complement the analytical methods (for instance, RT...
Preprint
Full-text available
We have developed an optimal Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting System at the remote seismic node to sustain the remote seismic node. This node is a continuous application for monitoring the geodynamics of the earth for long-term and persistent. However, due to the constraints of solar cells and low funding of seismic installations, a simple and optima...
Article
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The mobile demands and future business context are anticipated to be resolved by the fifth-generation (5G) of mobile communication systems. It is expected to provide an utterly mobile device, connected society, and support the demanding services of various use cases (UCs). This is intended to meet the demand requirement by providing services at ten...
Article
Full-text available
Modern-day diamond sorting is achieved through the application of x-ray luminescence (XRL) and x-ray transmission (XRT) techniques. Sorting with XRL is limited to the class range of 1.25mm to 32mm because of self-absorption associated with larger diamonds, greater than 32mm. The effect of self-absorption is also a high-energy phenomenon in XRL. XRT...
Article
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Sprinkler systems are usually found around both corporate and industrial areas, where they are often used to water lawns. At most times, sprinkler systems operate during working hours. Hence the sprinklers tend to disturb the everyday movement of by-passers (workers and students) by spraying them with water ('water jetting'). This poses a problem t...
Article
Full-text available
Sorting of products is a very difficult industrial process. Continuous manual sorting is tedious, time-consuming, and creates consistency issues. It is, therefore, admirable for companies to diversify into automation. Automation in the industrial workplace provides the advantages of improving productivity and quality while reducing errors and waste...
Article
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Recent surveys in the energy harvesting system for seismic nodes show that, most often, a single energy source energizes the seismic system and fails most frequently. The major concern is the limited lifecycle of battery and high routine cost. Simplicity and inexperience have caused intermittent undersizing or oversizing of the system. Optimizing s...
Article
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Water distribution systems mostly involve laying of pipes with the digging of trenches to lay down water pipes as a significant activity. During rainy seasons, trenches tend to fill-up with rainwater before the said pipes could be laid. This poses a danger to workers and residents due to potential landslides. This paper presents the design and simu...
Book
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This book presents methods for advancing green IoT sensor networks and IoT devices. The authors present three main methods: a standalone system to support IoT devices that is informed by the amount of energy the solar array system can produce; a model of securing a building's main power supply against unauthorized use; and security of the IoT devic...
Conference Paper
A seismometer is a relatively low duty electronic device that needs a reliable and continuous amount of electrical energy for it to perform optimally. Solar module deployed across seismic nodes have low efficiency, particularly among Nigerian National Network of Seismographic Stations (NNNSS) nodes. This brings about a disproportional plan and over...
Chapter
Full-text available
The escalating rate of deployments of real-life applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) has been observed over the years. Research has identified these WSNs as networks that operate with more limited energy compared to other wireless networks. Power consumption is the Achilles’ heel of the network lifetime in these networks. Most of the pow...
Chapter
Full-text available
Due to the advances in technology, growth of IoT, and the numerous advantages that come with having connected devices, almost any device can be made into a smart IoT device, even a simple day-to-day home appliance. Limitations of what can be made into a smart IoT device are based on the cost and practicality of the device. Examples of smart IoT dev...
Chapter
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In recent years, several efforts have been made by many researchers to emphasize security issues in the IoT sensor network framework. It is evident from prior research that the area of security and privacy has caught the attention of many researchers. Although the focus of this chapter is to review recent research techniques and mechanisms to ensur...
Chapter
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IoT opportunities and application domains are endless and equally have shortcomings that need to be addressed. This section broadens the open research areas that need to be further investigated to address the challenges in IoT networks. We highlight potential future directions and futuristic applications that can help alleviate these challenges. Al...
Chapter
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The advances of the Internet have undergone many changes over the years. This has led to an increment in the number of connected applications through emerging technologies to the Internet. The contribution of this chapter is two-fold; the first fold characterizes and presents applications of IoT sensor networks into three application domains, namel...
Chapter
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The increasing world population growth and improving standards of living in developing nations have escalated energy demands. Technological advancements have also resulted in increased use of products that require energy, leading to significant efforts made by countries to meet the demand by burning more fossils for energy production. However, foss...
Chapter
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The proliferation of the Internet has birthed the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT), which is rapidly evolving and already taking strides as a universal solution to connected things. IoT transforms devices to be smart, to deliver exceptional services, and to transform everyday settings. The rapid evolution of IoT has brought along many bene...
Article
Full-text available
Seismic data is one of the most important data for analysis and interpretation of subsurface, but remote seismic node fails frequently. This is one of the main constraints that limits seismic network to acquire continuous seismic data and near real-time prediction of seismicity of an area. There are several ambient energy sources at the remote seis...
Article
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We describe a way to transfer efficiently Sudoku grids through the Internet. This is done by using linearization together with compression and decompression that use the information structure present in all sudoku grids. The compression and the corresponding decompression are based on the fact that in each Sudoku grid there are information dependen...
Article
Full-text available
Seismic node is a relatively low duty acquisition electronic system that needs a reliable and continuous amount of electrical energy to perform optimally. Typically, the energy harvesting system at the node has low efficiency, fails frequently, and the node has gaps in its database. The key issues are losses across the employed conventional DC-DC c...
Article
Full-text available
Technological advances for low-cost Wi-Fi applications such as 'the wireless sensor network (WSN) deployment' are at an advanced stage of acceptance, especially in smart home environments. The application of this kind of network is referred to as a wireless sensor home network (WSHN). In literature, the evaluation of customers' home wireless networ...
Article
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A lot of effort and time is utilized in the planning and building of the cellular wireless networks to use minimum infrastructural components to provide the best network coverage as well as delivery of quality of service. Generally, path loss models are used for the prediction of wireless network coverage. Therefore, detailed knowledge of the appro...
Conference Paper
The dynamics of learning have evolved over time and continue to change to date because of several reasons that include but not limited to competition for time between formal school curriculum learning and entertainment media such as television and social media, and the growing student teacher ratio that limits interaction of the teacher and his/her...
Conference Paper
Recent advancement in wireless technology enables free transmission between devices and automatic operation within the home areas. In this paper, we develop, design and implement an optical pulse transmitter and receiver systems to create the real ubiquitous communication link. To show the reality of the design, the optical pulse transceiver system...
Conference Paper
To address the problem of timing in our secondary schools, we present a design, simulation and implementation of an enhanced timing system for academic purposes. The system involves the design of a digital stopwatch for Ditsweletse Community Junior Secondary School in Botswana to be used in timing examinations and tests, laboratory experiments to e...
Conference Paper
In underdeveloped countries, many children do not have access to modern toys due to poverty. The situation often leads children to play outside without any supervision. Exposing them to threats such as safety, accidents and peer pressure led bad behavior. This creates the need to design cost-effective toys which can be purchased by any parent. The...
Article
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Global concerns over the damage caused to the environment by fossil fuels, as well as the instability of oil prices, has led to an increased interest in alternate electric power generation from renewable sources such as the sun, wind and geothermal energy. Solar energy is produced by solar panels which are made of materials having the capacity to c...
Article
Full-text available
Studies conducted on resource management in wireless sensor networks have identified energy efficient routing protocols as one of the energy saving mechanisms that can be used to manage the consumption of networks' available energy and extend network lifetime. Routing protocols assist in finding paths for transmission of sensed events, and they mus...
Article
Leaky wave antennas (LWAs) and slot antennas have been developed over the past years. This paper focuses on the review and comparison of past works on LWAs and slot antennas. However, the two antennas fall under traveling wave antennas. Besides, there is a lack of understanding of the differences and similarities on slot antennas. This paper also f...
Article
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Due to human influence and its negative impacts on the world’s environment, the world is changing into a cleaner and more sustainable energy system. In both private and public buildings, there is a desire to reduce electricity usage, automate appliances and optimize the electricity usage of a building. This paper presents the design and implementat...
Article
The most challenging issue in the design of wireless sensor networks for the application of localization in the underground environment, mostly for miner’s location, is the sensor nodes’ energy consumption, efficiency and communication. Underground Wireless Sensor Networks are active and promising area of application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WS...
Article
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Animal Habitat monitoring can be better carried out remotely without active human interruption. The designed system should provide data that facilitates proactive measures to prevent the spreading of health hazards among animals, detect intruding poachers and track the locomotive behavior of animals in their habitat. In this work, reliable and resi...
Article
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The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is a convergence of the mobile Internet and the Internet of Things (IoT) where vehicles function as smart moving intelligent nodes or objects within the sensing network. This paper gives two contributions to the state-of-the-art for IoV technology research. First, we present a comprehensive review of the current and e...
Article
The demand for faster internet connections to access wireless multimedia applications, Aeronautical Communication Networks (ACNs) and internet services has resulted into rise of developing broadband wireless technologies in recent years. The demand for higher data rates was the backbone for developing wireless communication technologies such as Wor...
Patent
Full-text available
A electrical switching system (100) has an access control subsystem (110) and a plurality of slave control subsystems (120). The system (100) is applied to a building or installation having a master electricity input (12, 12.1) connected to a distribution 5 unit (10) which splits the master electricity input (12, 12.1). The access control subsystem...
Patent
Full-text available
A farmyard access control system (100) is for use in a farmyard which includes an animal enclosure (10) with an access opening (12) having a gate (16) with a motor (18). The system (100) has an input arrangement (108) operable to receive a user input and a sensor arrangement (106) directed towards the access opening (12) and configured to sense pas...
Chapter
Social insect communities are formed from simple, autonomous, and cooperative organisms that are interdependent for their survival. These communities are able to effectively coordinate themselves to achieve global objectives despite a lack of centralized planning, and the behaviour is referred to as swarm intelligence. This chapter presents a study...
Book
This book is a collection of papers from international experts presented at International Conference on NextGen Electronic Technologies (ICNETS2-2016). ICNETS2 encompassed six symposia covering all aspects of electronics and communications domains, including relevant nano/micro materials and devices. Presenting recent research on wireless communica...
Article
Full-text available
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), an emerging large-scale network system can be embedded for any application. The designers of wireless sensor network have to consider the quality of service agreements from a user perspective. The WSN is very rapid in dynamic changing topology and has less energy, computing and communication resources. The network d...
Article
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Ths study describes a DC to DC voltage multiplier using the 555 Integrated Circuit (IC) timer in an astable state. The major motivation of the design is to be able to produce an inexpensive and light form of generating high DC voltage to power devises that would normal need a really large and heavy battery to be operated. The study also briefly tou...
Article
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This study presents fire detection (overheat) alarm system designed for Morupule Power Station in Palapye, Botswana. The company use fire extinguishers, but this extinguishers are not working as intended. So, in case of fire outbreak, the company has no any system for fire detection which alert before the fire outbreak. Also, all workshops, laborat...
Article
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Mathematical modelling is by and large comprehended as the way toward applying mathematics to real world problems with a perspective comprehension of the last mentioned. This paper presents mathematical model used for modelling real world problems using Botswana International University of Science and technology (BIUST) network traffic as a case. S...
Article
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Even though usability testing of software applications has been studied for decades, little empirical researches have been conducted in Agriculture domain, especially in comparing the usability of none- immersive virtual reality and text based diagnosis expert systems for diagnosing cattle diseases. A quasi -experimental research was conducted in w...
Article
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As technology keeps on evolving, different organisations makeuse of the recent trends in technology and the health sector is no exception.As the cost of healthcare services is increasing, healthcare professionals arebecoming scarce. Healthcare organisations have also adopted the latesttechnology of cloud computing. The introduction of cloud computi...