Muhlis Can

Muhlis Can

Doctor of Economics
Working on Green and Non-Green Trade Openness Index, Tourism Market Concentration, Tourism Market Diversification...

About

79
Publications
21,205
Reads
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1,362
Citations
Citations since 2017
57 Research Items
1339 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
Introduction
I have calculated the tourism market concentration and tourism market diversification indices. Both indices are released from my RG page and BETA Akademi SSR LAB. These indices can be used against total tourist arrivals in empirical models. I hope both data sets will provide more knowledge about the impact of tourism on different parameters. 1-) https://www.betaakademi.com/tourism-market-concentration-index 2-) https://www.betaakademi.com/tourism-market-diversification-index
Additional affiliations
February 2009 - January 2016
T.C. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
October 2022 - December 2022
Hochschule für Technik, Wirtschaft und Kultur Leipzig
Field of study
  • Environmental Economics
September 2013 - June 2014
Ghent University
Field of study
  • Economics

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
The tourism industry is well-known as a powerful driver of the economic growth of destinations. However, socio-political and financial fluctuations in the countries of origin and destination make the tourism industry more volatile and less beneficial to economic growth. The tourism market diversification (TMD) strategy supports the stabilizing of t...
Article
Full-text available
Editorial on the Research Topic Green indicators to inform circular economy under climate change This Research Topic gathers research which makes use of indicators to assess the environmental impact of economies and proposed sustainability transitions. A helicopter view of the combined set of insights reveals a number of relevant trends in this are...
Article
Energy insecurity and unsustainable development associated with traditional energy consumption are major challenges for nations. In this context, finding the different parameters that could influence energy use is essential for sustainable development strategies. Unquestionably, the economic structure of nations can influence energy usage; however,...
Article
Full-text available
Human well-being is an important indicator that indicates the welfare level of society. In recent literature, scholars have attempted to detect the determinants of human well-being. However, the impact of green trade openness on human well-being has not been investigated. Also, there are limited studies on renewable energy and the human well-being...
Article
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Environmental degradation is one of the most important and vital issues of today. In this context, many researchers are testing the environmental impact of different indicators. Many economic parameters affect environmental degradation. At the forefront of these parameters is the productive economic structures of the countries. For the first time i...
Data
Hello Everyone; We separated non-green products from total internatioanl trade basket and created a new index labelled as "Non-Green Trade Openness Index". I hope this index will be helpful for future researches.
Article
Full-text available
Given that structural transformation plays an important role in countries' growth efforts, various reforms are required in many different areas to produce more technologically intensive, efficient and more information-intensive production patterns. The goal of this study is to explore the underlying nexus between structural transformation (economic...
Article
A productive economic structure, represented by economic complexity (ECP), augments the economic development of nations. However, previous empirical investigations on this topic are confined to understanding the direct effects of economic complexity on environmental quality with equivocal outcomes. Therefore, this study not only probed the effects...
Article
Full-text available
Trade is a significant parameter that may impact environment positively or negatively. However, there is no consensus on this issue among the researchers. It seems likely that tradable products will affect the environmental quality level. However, this requires the separation of the international trade basket. Thus, this research asks whether trade...
Chapter
Full-text available
Knowledge and well-being have gained importance as values in the 21st-century information society, both individually and collectively. This study aimed to examine the relationship between these two values for Turkey over the period 1990 and 2017. The authors use the Johansen cointegration test, dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS), and fully modifi...
Article
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Environmental degradation is one of the main drivers of climate change. One of the most broadly accepted tools to minimize that environmental degradation is the introduction of ‘Green Products’. This paper introduces the “Green Trade Openness Index” to a) measure the importance of green products in a region, and b) revisit the trade-environment nex...
Article
For the first time in the tourism and environment literature, this study investigates the CO 2 emissions effect of the market diversification of tourist arrivals. Theoretically, tourism market diversification has two opposite potential effects on CO 2 emissions, depending on its scale and composition effect. It may increase CO 2 emissions by expand...
Preprint
Full-text available
There are many economic parameters that may affect environmental degradation. At the forefront of these parameters is the productive economic structures of the countries The present paper discusses the dynamic relationship between carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions, economic growth and productive capacity index (PCI) for a panel of 38 OECD countries s...
Article
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Energy has a significant function in the sustainable development strategy of every country. Over the last three decades, scholars have attempted to examine energy-growth nexus in different countries and country groups using various explanatory variables. Trade openness based on the volume of trade has been commonly utilized in these estimations. Ho...
Article
Full-text available
In recent literature, scholars discussed the role of export diversification in environmental quality. However, most studies analyzed the role of export diversification in influencing carbon dioxide emissions with mixed results. However, since carbon dioxide emissions specifically capture the environmental effects of energy utilization, a change in...
Article
Full-text available
Energy is pivotal for sustainable economic growth. Undoubtedly, the role of the composition of the export basket (measured as economic complexity) is one of the crucial variables influencing energy consumption. Despite its importance, the existing body of literature does not intensively study the relationship between economic complexity and total e...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dear All; I am serving as a guest editor in #MPDI #Sustainability with Prof. Behnaz Saboori in a special issue. This Special Issue will expand our knowledge of the relationship between the #environment and different social and economic indicators (economic complexity, product #complexity, sophistication, and concentration) so that we can make more...
Data
Tourism Market Diversification Index is converted version of “Tourism Market Concentration Index”. We use “1/Tourism Market Concentration Index” by following Can et al.(2021) and Gözgör and Can (2017). Higher values indicate higher market diversification. Please check for more detail in our website: Tourism Market Concentration Index. You can also...
Data
Tourism Market Concentration Index is a measure of the variety of tourism arrivals across a host country’s tourism partners. The range of the index is from 0 to 1. A country with an overweight of tourism arrivals concentrated in very few countries will have an index value close to 1, whereas a country that hosts tourists equally with all markets wi...
Data
This CLEG CRE index is calculated based on OECD’s CLEG list "cleaner and more resource efficient technologies and products" and consists of 47 products and an annual basis from 2007 to 2019 for 31 OECD countries. This index is useful to use while testing the impact of GOP on renewable energy and non-renewable energy consumption. Also, it can be use...
Data
This version of Green Trade Openness index is calculated based on OECD’s CLEG+ list and consists of 40 products and an annual basis from 2007 to 2019 for 31 OECD countries. This period is determined by the data availability in UN Comtrade because of the fact that the data starts in 2007 based on HS2007. What is Green Openness Index? Green Openness...
Data
Green Trade Openness shows how an economy open to green trading is calculated is based on the “APEC List of Environmental Goods” and contains 54 products and an annual basis from 2007 to 2019 for 31 OECD countries. This period is determined by the data availability in UN Comtrade because of the fact that the data starts in 2007 based on HS2007.
Data
Green Trade Openness Index (Green Openness Index) distinguished the green goods from the total international trade basket. The index is calculated for the period from 2003 to 2016 based on the data available in the OECD Statistics Database. The GOP index takes a value between 0 and 100, as a percentage of GDP. This data set is used in previous stud...
Data
Green Trade Openness Index (Green Openness Index (GOP)) is based on the ‘Combined List of Environmental Goods’ (CLEG) consisting of 255 different products. OECD CLEG consists of the following 11 main categories. 1-) Air pollution control 2-) Cleaner or more resource-efficient technologies and products 3-) Environmentally preferable products based o...
Data
Green Openness Index / Green Trade Openness Index that we used in the previous studies is available for 136 countries. Scholars can use this data set for their investigations. The index is computed as the percentage of a country’s total green product export and green product import to the related country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Research
About this Research Topic The obstacle of climate change is among the major concerns that mankind is experiencing today. Climate change poses remarkable risks to the planet and human health such as extreme weather conditions, unpredictable rain fall, decreasing of agricultural productivity, and lack of food. Thus, we need to find solutions to prote...
Research Proposal
SPECIAL ISSUE About this Research Topic The obstacle of climate change is among the major concerns that mankind is experiencing today. Climate change poses remarkable risks to the planet and human health such as extreme weather conditions, unpredictable rain fall, decreasing of agricultural productivity, and lack of food. Thus, we need to find sol...
Article
Full-text available
Since the exports’ nature and the productive capabilities of economies and regions play an essential role in driving the energy demand and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, the modern literature focuses on the importance of export composition in determining the environmental quality. For this purpose, this study aims to test the composition impact of...
Article
Achieving carbon neutrality targets is a major challenge for Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries that experience mounting ecological degradation over the last few decades. To deal with this situation, the trading of green products may play a crucial role. However, previous studies have not captured the net impact...
Chapter
Structural transformation is one of the most important topics, especially for developing countries. Considering the countries which achieved structural transformation, it has great importance to be transferred of production factors from the agricultural sector to other productive fields. In this study, it is aimed to investigate the relationship be...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming is a serious problem facing the world today. To minimize it, scholars are trying to find the reasons behind increasing CO2 emissions. This study examines the effects of overall export product diversification, extensive margin, and intensive margin on CO2 emissions as indicators of environmental degradation in 84 developing countries...
Article
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This study examines the effect of import product diversification and renewable energy consumption on CO2 emissions across a panel of 35 developed and 93 developing economies. The empirical models utilize an environmental theoretical framework and yearly data for 1995–2014. The study makes use of common correlated effects—specifically mean group (CC...
Chapter
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Structural transformation concept emphasized by countless numbers of policy makers and scholars. Structural transformation affects not only countries' income levels but also a number of their economic parameters. Employment is one of the most significant of these parameters because the success of structural transformation is measured by the contrib...
Article
Full-text available
This study is among the first attempts to examine the effect of economic complexity as an indicator of sophisticated and knowledge-based production structures on CO 2 emissions for 55 countries over the period of 1971-2014. The countries considered fall into three different income groups, namely high income, higher middle income, and lower middle i...
Article
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This paper is the first of its kind to measure the income level of a country's tourist arrival and empirically examine its impact on economic growth and environmental pollution in a sample of eight Mediterranean countries. The paper undertakes annual data from 1995 to 2014 and employs quantile regression models, autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL...
Chapter
Full-text available
Income inequality is a major economic problem in many countries, and it is clear that numerous parameters affect income distribution. In this study, the effects of globalization on income distribution were examined in the contexts of South Korea and the Kuznets curve between 1970 and 2010. The cointegration test of the series was carried out using...
Chapter
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Income inequality is a major economic problem in many countries, and it is clear that numerous parameters affect income distribution. In this study, the effects of globalization on income distribution were examined in the contexts of South Korea and the Kuznets curve between 1970 and 2010. The cointegration test of the series was carried out using...
Article
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In this study, the relationship between income inequality, remittances and economic growth in Turkey are analyzed using the annual data for 1977-2014 period. The ARDL method and Granger causality tests are used for this analysis. The empirical findings of the research suggest that the series are cointegrated and they move together in long-term. Als...
Article
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Günümüzde sürdürülebilir ekonomik büyümenin temel kaynağı bilgi, beceriyi içe- ren verimli üretim yapısıdır. Bu açıdan yapısal reformlar büyük ehemmiyet arz etmektedir. Üretim yapısının değişmesi farklı parametrelerin kullanımına bağlı- dır. Bunların başında ise finansal gelişme gelmektedir. Bu çalışma, ekonomik kompleksite (bilgi, beceri içeren...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides the evidence on the short- and the long-run effects of the export product concentration on the level of CO2 emissions in 19 developed (high-income) economies, spanning the period 1962–2010. To this end, the paper makes use of the nonlinear panel unit root and cointegration tests with multiple endogenous structural breaks. It als...
Article
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This article examines the effects of trade openness, foreign direct investment (FDI), and product diversification of exports to the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in 11 sub-Saharan Africa Low Income Countries (LIC): Benin, Burkina Faso, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone a...
Article
This paper empirically examines the effects of export product diversification on overall export quality in a panel data set of 115 countries from 1970 to 2010. It uses the data sets of the overall export quality and three export diversification measures of the International Monetary Fund: the extensive margin (variation in the number of new product...
Article
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This study reanalyzes the determinants of the CO2 emissions in France. For this purpose, it considers the unit root test with two structural breaks and a dynamic ordinary least squares estimation. The paper also considers the effects of energy consumption and the economic complexity on CO2 emissions. First, it is observed that the EKC hypothesis is...
Article
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In this study, it is aimed to investigate the relationship between research and development (R&D) expenditures, foreign direct investment and economic growth over the period 1996-2011 in the sample of G-7 countries. In the empirical part of the study, Pedroni and Kao Cointegration Tests, Panel Granger Causality have been employed. It has been obser...
Article
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This paper re-estimates the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) in China. To this end, it uses the unit root tests with structural breaks and the autoregressive-distributed lag (ARDL) estimations over the period 1971-2010. The special role is given to the impact of export product quality on CO2 emissions in the empirical models. The paper finds that...
Article
This paper examines causal relationships between economic globalization, the three indices for product diversification of exports (Theil index, intensive margin and extensive margin) and economic growth in the unbalanced panel data framework in 139 countries over the period 1970–2010. We also consider the subgroup of the countries related to the in...
Article
This paper introduces the first index for the market diversification of tourist arrivals. Using this new index, we revisit the tourism-growth nexus for eight countries in the Mediterranean region: Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Morocco, Spain, Tunisia, and Turkey. For this purpose, we run the individual Granger and the panel data non-Granger causali...
Article
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Son dönemde iktisat literatüründe yapılan çalışmalarda yapısal dönüşümün önemi sıklıkla vurgulanmaktadır. Bu dönüşümü başarmış ülkelerin başında Güney Kore gelmektedir. Bu çalışmada, üretimde sofistike mamül üretim düzeyini temsil eden ekonomik kompleksite ile ekonomik küreselleşme ilişkisinin Güney Kore örnekleminde incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalı...
Article
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Countries try to stabilize the demand for energy on one hand and sustain economic growth on the other, but the worsening global warming and climate change problems have put pressure on them. This paper estimates the environmental Kuznets curve over the period 1971–2010 in Turkey both in the short and the long run. For this purpose, the unit root te...
Article
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Küreselleşme her geçen gün hayatın bütününü etkilemektedir. Enerji tüketimi bu konuların başında gelmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Türkiye örnekleminde 1970-2012 verilerinden hareketle küreselleşme ve enerji tüketim ilişkisi incelenmiştir. Ampirik bulgular, küreselleşme ve enerji tüketimi arasında uzun dönemli ilişki olduğunu göstermektedir.
Article
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Bu araştırmada, küreselleşme (KOF Economic Globalization, Social Globalization and Overall Index) ve ekonomik büyüme arasındaki ilişki Engel-Granger eşbütünleşme testi ile 1970-2012 yılları arası için Güney Kore örnekleminde incelenmiştir. Araştırmada küreselleşmenin üç farklı boyutunu ele alınmıştır. Araştırma neticesinde ekonomik, sosyal ve bir b...
Article
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Gelişmekte olan ülkelerin ihracat sepetlerinin geleneksel ürün ağırlıklı, sınırlı sayıda ve belirli ürünlerden oluştuğu bilinmektedir. Sepetin dar olması, bu ülke grubunu zaman zaman zor durumda bırakmaktadır. Özellikle dünya piyasalarında meydana gelen dalgalanmalar, bu ülkelerin ihracat gelirlerinde önemli düşüşler meydana getirebilmektedir. Bu d...
Working Paper
Environmental degradation is most often brought to the agenda by arousing the attention of scholars, and there has been an increase in the studies on this issue. This paper re-estimates the environmental Kuznets curve in France over the period of 1964–2011. To this end, the unit root test with one structural break and a cointegration analysis with...
Research
Full-text available
Energy is an important input in terms of economic growth. In this study, the relationship between energy consuption and economic growth is analyzed over the period 1970-2014. For this purpose, Augmented Dickey-Fuller is used for unit root test, Engle-Granger is employed for cointegration analysis and Dynamic Ordinary Least Square (DOLS) is used...
Research
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It is known that developing countries followed protectionist policies especially in 1970’s. But it has left its place to more liberal policies after 1980’s. In this study it is aimed to reveal the effect of import, which is very important for liberal policies, on diversification of export products. Import is very important for developing countries...
Article
This paper empirically examines the effects of three indexes for the product diversification of exports (the Theil index, the extensive margin, and the intensive margin) on the real GDP per capita in 158 countries by considering subgroups related to income levels, i.e., in the low-, the lower middle-, the upper middle-, the non-OECD high-, and the...
Article
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Muhlis CAN 2 Özet Bu çalışmada, 1970-2011 döneminde Türkiye örnekleminde enerji tüketimi, dışa açıklık, dış ticaret, finansal gelişme ve sabit sermaye yatırımlarının ekonomik büyümeye etkisi incelenmiştir. Ampirik bölümde sınır testi yaklaşımı (ARDL) kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre uzun dönemde enerji tüketimi, dışa açıklık, ihracat ve i...
Article
Full-text available
Bu çalışmada, 1970-2011 döneminde Türkiye örnekleminde enerji tüketimi, dışa açıklık, dış ticaret, finansal gelişme ve sabit sermaye yatırımlarının ekonomik büyümeye etkisi incelenmiştir. Ampirik bölümde sınır testi yaklaşımı (ARDL) kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre uzun dönemde enerji tüketimi, dışa açıklık, ihracat ve ithalat büyümeyi et...
Article
Full-text available
Ekonomik büyüme açısından enerji önemli bir girdidir. Bu çalışmada enerji tüketimi ile ekonomik büyüme ilişkisi 1970-2014 dönemi verileri kullanılarak analiz edilmektedir. Bu amaçla, birim kök testi Genişletilmiş Dickey-Fuller (ADF), eşbütünleşme analizi Engle Granger, uzun ve kısa dönem analizleri uzun dönem ve kısa dönem analizi ise (hata düzeltm...
Article
Full-text available
ÖZET Dış ticaret literatüründe, endüstri-içi ticaret önemini günden güne arttırmaktadır. Türkiye-İsrail arasında uzun yıllardır süren politik ve ekonomik ilişkiler son zamanlarda yaşanan olaylardan dolayı özellikle politik açıdan derinden etkilendiği görülmektedir. 2000-2012 yıllarını kapsayan çalışmada, yaşanan olumsuz politik gelişmelerin dış tic...
Article
This paper gives an empirical analysis of determinants of firm survival in the manufacturing sector of Lakes Region (Turkey) from 2003 to 2009. The survival activities of the firms are measured through a four-dimensional, namely firm based, industry/environment based, innovation based and human capital based, questionnaire consisting of 49 question...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
Dear All;
As all of you know that every economist needs data set to use in different econometric methodology. For example, if you need foreign trade data set, you can easily access the data sets via: https://unstats.un.org or other websites. However, when i try to access data set from World Tourism Organization statistics, they demand 25 Euro. ""Tourism Statistics tables by Indicator for the "All Countries" data set (online only): EUR 25.00 "". You can check by clicking
Is there any secret in this data set?? Why researchers should pay a data set to an Organization? So will this be an advice for other Organizations to sell their data set??Can you share your opinion about this topic?
Regards
Muhlis
Question
Hi Everybody, 
I would like to ask you about GMM code in stata. Does GMM need a unit root test before running the model? My model code is : xtabond2 diversificationh L.diversificationh stockfdi realgdpwdi grosscapitalformationwdi cpiinflation secscenrollment, gmm(diversificationh, laglimit(1 4)) iv(stockfdi realgdpwdi grosscapitalformationwdi cpiinflation secscenrollment) robust. Do I need to use all the variables in iv ( ) part as instruments? Or how can I decide for instrumental variables? Is there any test for endonegenity and exonegenity variables for GMM? Or do I follow theory?

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Projects (6)
Project
Dear All, The index for Non-Green Trade Openness Index is available at: https://www.betaakademi.com/non-green-openness-index You can use the data set for different researches. You can read detailed about the index from the link above mentioned.
Project
SPECIAL ISSUE IN Environmental Economics and Management Indexed in SSCI About this Research Topic The obstacle of climate change is among the major concerns that mankind is experiencing today. Climate change poses remarkable risks to the planet and human health such as extreme weather conditions, unpredictable rain fall, decreasing of agricultural productivity, and lack of food. Thus, we need to find solutions to protect the environment and to maintain sustainable development. To do that, it is important to detect the impact of social and economic parameters on environmental outcomes such as economic structure, trade volume and value, human capital, education, globalization, green economy, and economic complexity. In this collection, we aim to expand our knowledge about the relationship between environment and different social and economic indicators which will provide us knowledge to make reliable and long-term plans. Under these circumstances, we need to identify the parameters that impact the environment both positively and negatively. Additionally, there is need that we prepare long-term plans to maintain technological, social, and economic development for a sustainable ecology and biological life. Thanks to this Research Topic, we aim to expand our knowledge about the potential micro- and macro-determinants of environmental quality and sustainable development such as economic activities, green economic and growth indicators (specifically with respect to developments in green economy, green trade, green finance, and green innovation) as they pertain to circular economy and changing economic complexity. Potential topics include but are not limited to: - Innovation, economic structure, and environmental quality - Trade and environment relationship - Green Economy Indicators such as Green Finance, Green Trade, Green Products, and Green Innovation, and their economic and environmental impacts - Economic complexity and its environmental consequences - Circular Economy as a driver of sustainable development - Theoretical formulation and empirical analysis of green economy and green growth - Economic and social determinants of sustainable development https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/23045/green-indicators-to-inform-circular-economy-under-climate-change
Project
With the advent of emerging technologies, the new challenges and opportunities have become more apparent in International Affairs. From the individual level to the state level, AI and emerging technologies have played a pivotal role over the past decade. Thanks to the advanced exponential growth in technology both in hardware and software systems, artificial intelligence and it's related emerging technologies are the main focus of great powers. Leading countries and multilateral organisations in this field, needless to say, are the US, China, Israel and the EU. They have been continuously making an effort to determine both structural and regulatory policies regarding AI and emerging technologies. Quantum supremacy, unregulated diffusion of 5G technologies, state-sponsored cyber attacks, UAVs, disinformation campaigns, influence operations, digital authoritarianism, malign use of AI are notable threats that countries have to confront soon or later. Furthermore, societal impacts ( i.e. surveillance systems, image recognition systems) of AI and various emerging technologies (i.e. Alghoritmic bias and AI ethics ) have the potential to affect international politics dramatically. In this vein, this book will primarily focus on the International Politics of AI and emerging technologies. From the theoretical perspective to the practice (case studies) how AI will impact current International Affairs? Will it cause more conflict or cooperation? What would be the regulative policies of AI and newborn emerging technologies? How states implement to advance ethical diffusion of AI? Finally, this book seeks to find scientific answers about issues related to overlapping fields of AI and International Politics.