Muhittin Karaman

Muhittin Karaman
Istanbul Technical University ·  Department of Geological Engineering

Assoc. Prof.Dr.

About

111
Publications
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206
Citations
Introduction
Muhittin Karaman currently works at the Department of Geological Engineering, Istanbul Technical University. Muhittin does research in Hyperspectral, Hypersaline Lake, Hydrogeochemistry and Remote Sensing.

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
Lake Salda's extreme environment is geologically similar to Jezero Crater paleolake on Mars due to the formation of stromatolites and its extremely alkaline and cold water. It is critical to accurately determine the shoreline in the littoral zone where stromatolite formation occurs, in alkaline clean lakes like Salda, which contain traces of life o...
Article
Full-text available
The changes in wetlands that occur through natural processes, as well as through industrialization and agricultural activities, are decreasing and even annihilating the living spaces of endemic species. Acıg?Denizli, Turkey), which is a suitable habitat for flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber), is a lake that is affected by seasonal anomalies as a resu...
Article
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Monitoring and determining the amount of water in reservoirs is of great importance in terms of water planning and management. This study proposes a geographic information system (GIS)-based methodology to estimate the water volume changes in water reservoirs. Two specific methods are proposed using Australian National University’s Digital Elevatio...
Article
Satellite images, which are effectively used to monitor changes in water areas, water management and planning, and to determine the measures to be taken against possible natural disasters, provide data with high temporal and spatial resolution. This study represents the monitoring of temporal surface water dynamics and estimating the volume fluctua...
Article
The Kösedağ region, is located in Central-Eastern Anatolia, contains a lot of base metals (Pb–Zn, Cu) and Au occurrences. The region is explored by numerous mining companies and MTA. In this research, hydrothermal alteration mapping by hyperspectral Hyperion satellite data was carried out to contribute to these explorations in a part of the region....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is recognized that magmatic activities have occurred along the Izmir Erzincan suture due to the closure of the Tethyan ocean. In the western part of Almus (Tokat), which is situated around this suture zone, quartz veins along the fracture lines are observed in the volcanics owing to the magmatism. There are copper enrichments along the quartz ve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Maden Kompleksi bünyesinde volkanik, sub-volkanik ve sedimanter kayaçlar bir arada gözlenir. Hasenekevleri (Maden-Elazığ) bölgesinde Maden Kompleksine ait birimlerdeki fay zonlarında metalik zenginleşmeler bulunur. Nava tepesi ve Safi sırtı boyunca gözlenen diyabazların içerisindeki fay düzlemlerinde yaygın olarak kükürtlü ve altere zonlar gözlenir...
Chapter
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Drought, which expresses the lack of water, has been one of the most important problems in every period and is the most common cause of food shortages. The most effective fight against drought and its effects is possible with well-organized water resources management. This study examines the spatio-temporal changes and effects of drought in a dam l...
Article
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zet Son yıllarda, küresel ölçekte yaşanan yeraltısuyu problemleri nedeniyle, sürdürülebilir yeraltısu kaynaklarının hidrojeolojik özelliklerinin ortaya çıkarılması oldukça önem kazanmıştır. Bu çalışmada, Acıgöl Havzasının litolojik birimlerinin hidrojeolojik özellikleri belirlenerek havzadaki akifer türlerinin karakterizasyonu ve sınıflaması, yeral...
Article
Full-text available
Meteorolojik kökenli bir doğal afet olan sel ve taşkına tam olarak hazırlıklı olmak, klasik mücadele yöntemlerinin Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemleri (CBS) ile oluşturulacak duyarlılık haritalarına göre uygulanması ile mümkün olabilir. Bu çalışmada Çanakkale İl sınırları içerisinde bulunan Karamenderes Havzasının sel ve taşkın analizi CBS ortamında gerçekleş...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Türkiye'nin önemli tektonik kuşaklarından olan Bitlis-Zagros Sütur Zonu kuzeyindeki Maden Karmaşığında önemli Cu cevherleşmeleri bulunur. Orta Eosen yaşlı volkanik ve sedimanter kayaçlardan oluşan bu birim içerisinde yer yer eğim atımlı fay zonları da gözlenir. Hasenekevleri (Maden Elazığ) ve civarında Maden Karmaşığına ait bu birimler yüzlek verir...
Article
This study is carried out for delineation of the Tepeoba porphyry-skarn Cu-Mo±Au mineralized zones at the Biga peninsula (NW Turkey) using the concentration-volume (C-V) fractal model. The power-law C-V relationships of Cu, Mo, and Au reveal five mineralized zones of Cu, three zones of Mo, and five zones for gold in the Tepeoba deposit. The main ph...
Article
Full-text available
Yer Yüzeyi Sıcaklığı (YYS) yerelden küresele yeryüzündeki arazi örtüsü ve kullanımı değişimlerinin incelenmesinde anahtar parametrelerden biridir. Uzaktan algılama yöntemleri ile termal uydu görüntülerinden üretilen YYS değerlerinin, meteoroloji istasyonlarında ölçülen hava sıcaklığı verileri ile ilişkilendirilmesi ve doğruluğunun belirlenmesi gere...
Article
Full-text available
Viticulture is very sensitive to water stress, which is critical and influenced by all environmental factors, relating to the crop quality and productivity of vineyards. In this study, water stress was examined in veraison and harvest stages for nine different species with spectroradiometric measurements. Leaf water potential (LWP) values from fiel...
Article
Full-text available
Maden (Elazig) bed, one of Turkey's most important copper deposits, is located in the lithology of Middle Eocene aged Maden Group. Maden group consists of volcanic and sedimentary rocks, cut by NW-SE and NE-SW trending faults. Hasenekevleri (Maden-Elazığ), which is located about 12 km southwest of the mine (Elazığ) district, host the Cu enrichments...
Article
Full-text available
Orta Toroslar'da karbonatlı kayaçlar ile ilişkili Zn-Pb yatakları ile barit ve florit zenginleşmeleri bulunur. Florite ait Nadir Toprak Elementleri (NTE) kökensel yorumlamada kullanılır. Orta Toroslarda yer alması ve bölgeye yakın alanlarda da florit oluşumlarına rastlanılması sebebiyle Sarıveliler floritinin oluşumunun ortaya konulması önem arz ed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The units that belong to Maden Complex are located at south of Hasanekevleri(-Maden-Elazığ), which is on the Bitlis-Zagros suture zone as a tectonic location. Units consist of sedimentary rocks with basalt lenses, diabase, spilitic basalt, pelagic mudstone, mudstone, limestone and dolomitic limestone respectively. The units are cut by NE-SW and and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Metamorphic rocks in basic and ophiolitic melange units with tectonic contact on these rocks are located in and around Tavşantepe (Kargı-Çorum) in the Central Pontides. There are amphibolite dykes in metamorphic rocks. The amphibolites in the vicinity of Tavşantepe are cut by NE-SW trending faults. Ni anomalies are observed along with the magnetism...
Article
Full-text available
Toros orojenik kuşağı boyunca karbonatlı kayaçlar ile ilişkili birçok Zn-Pb yatağı bulunmaktadır. Farklı tektonik birliklerin bir arada gözlendiği Çayarası (Alanya-Antalya) kuzeydoğusunda (Orta Toroslar) Aladağ Birliğine ait Alt-Orta Triyas yaşlı karbonatlı kayaçlar ile ilişkili baritli Zn-Pb cevherleşmeleri bulunmaktadır. Epijenetik oluşumlu, stra...
Conference Paper
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There are lithostratigraphic units belonging to the Aladağ Unit in the northwest of Çayarası plateau in the northeast of Alanya (Antalya). The lithostratigraphic units reflecting the Paleozoic and Mesozoic era represent different environments. Within the Aladağ Alliance, bariteed leadzinc enrichment associated with carbonated rocks of the Lower-Mid...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tavşantepe Ni anomalies are observed in and around of the stream in the west of Tavşantepe, Eastern Kargi. There are metabasites, quartzschists, quartzites, phyllites and clastic metamorphic rocks belong to the Bekirli formation in the region. Amphibolite dykes are occasionally observed in the metabasites. Ni anomaly is related to the amphibolite d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the temporal monitroing of industrial pollution on natural wetlands, municipalities and related institutions can perform continuous monitoring and control by producing a unique solution with other imaging systems such as cameras mounted on air systems such as drone. This study presents an example of image processing methods to be followed in det...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Acıgöl Basin located at the intersection point of Denizli-Afyon province is named from shallow, tectonic, alkali, hypersaline, playa Acıgöl. The basin, which covers an area of 1592 km2, covers the districts of Çardak, Başmakçı, Dazkırı and Evciler. Boron pollution status of the natural waters of Acıgöl Basin has been examined with samples belonging...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Autochtonous and allochthonous rock groups are located in the eastern of the Kargı (Corum). The Bekirli formation, composed of thick sedimentary and basic volcanic rocks, overlain by ophiolitic units as a result of the closure of the Tethys ocean. NW-SE and NE-SW trending dip-slip fault systems have developed as a result of deformation of the regio...
Article
Full-text available
Meteorological drought caused to lack of water has adverse effects on all life firstly hydrological, after then agricultural and socioeconomically. In this study, the relationship between meteorological and hydrological drought in Atikhisar Dam Lake, which is in Çanakkale Central District borders and being crucial for the region in terms of drinkin...
Article
Full-text available
Since the flow paths of linear water components are generally narrow and containing vegetation, there are some difficulties in the use of satellite images monitoring changes in the linear water components. The aim of this study was to evaluate the detectability of narrow rivers such as Karamendere River of Çanakkale using 10 meters spatial resoluti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Orta Pontidler'de yer alan Triyas-Erken Jura yaşlı Bekirli Formasyonu başlıca kuvars ve mika bakımından zengin metakumtaşı, kuvarsşist, fillat, metabazit, mikaşist, gnays, mermer, amfibolşist, metaçört ve volkanik kökenli kırıntılı kayalardan oluşmaktadır. Bu litolojiler içerisinde metabazitler ile ilişkili Cu-Zn cevherleşmeleri bulunmaktadır. Meta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gökçedoğan kuzeyinde (Kargı-Çorum) Bekirli Formasyonu'na ait metabazit, kuvarsşist ve fillitler gözlenmektedir. Bu birimler içerisinde metabazitlerle ilişkili TiO2 anomalileri tespit edilmiştir. Anomali zonu yaklaşık 200 m uzunluğunda ve 100 m genişliğindedir. Bu zondaki birimler yüksek manyetizma göstermektedir. Anomali zonu civarında ise oksidasy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kargı doğusunda (Çorum) Kargı Ofiyolitik Melanjı ve göreceli otokton Bekirli Metamorfitleri yüzlek vermektedir. Bindirme sınırına yakın alanlarda ofiyolitik melanjın üst seviyelerine ait yastık yapılı bazaltlar bulunmaktadır. Bu bazaltların içerisinde K70D ve K70B uzanımlı faylar gelişmiştir. Genel olarak yüksek manyetizma karakteri sergileyen baza...
Article
Full-text available
The major and trace element component of 48 recent sediment samples in three distinct intervals (0–10, 10–20, and 20–30 cm) from Lake Acıgöl is described to present the current contamination levels and grift structure of detrital and evaporate mineral patterns of these sediments in this extreme saline environment. The spatial and vertical concentra...
Thesis
Acıgöl is a Na-Cl-SO4 type, tectonic, alkaline, mesotrophic-hypereutrophic, mesosaline-hypersaline lake. The lake, which has semi-arid climate, is directly affected by meteorological events. Some 25% of the lake volume evaporates during the transition period between dry and pluvial periods; the lake area also shrinks by 55-61%. Evaporative concentr...
Conference Paper
Lake Acıgöl in Denizli, Turkey is an important area of scientific investigation whose economic value is intertwined with its molecular, ecological and geological cycles. For a lake surface, determination of the distribution of qualities can usually be done by in-situ measurement and detailed laboratory studies throughout the lake. Along with those...
Poster
Full-text available
The lacustrine Acıgöl basin formed as an extensional half-graben host to various bodies of water, such as cold-hot springs, lakes, streams, and wells. This study examines the fluoride evolution of the groundwater in the semi-arid, closed Acıgöl Basin (using 165 samples). The economically important saline/hyper-saline lake that borders the NE-trendi...
Poster
Full-text available
The lacustrine Acıgöl basin, formed as an extensional half-graben, hosts various bodies of water, such as cold-hot springs, lakes, streams, and wells. The hydrologically closed basin contains a hypersaline lake (Lake Acıgöl) located in the southern part of the basin. The brackish springs and deep waters discharged along the Acıgöl fault zone in the...
Poster
Full-text available
Stable Carbon (δ13C) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic compositions of the evaporate mineral associated recent and shallow core sediments of hypersaline Lake Acı göl Denizli, Turkey Carbon (δ13 C V P DB) and oxygen (δ 18 O V P DB) isotopic ratios of recent lake sediments (n=33) and lithological samples (n=6) were obtained to investigate of carbon source a...
Poster
Full-text available
A dual isotope method containing the sulfur (34 S SO4) and oxygen (18 O SO4) isotopic composition of dissolved sulfate (SO 4) was used for surveying SO 4 sources from lake water and springs from the Acı göl Basin. Lake Acı göl is a Na-Cl-SO 4-typehypersaline lake that is bordered by sulfate-rich springs to the south. The concentration of the dissol...
Poster
Full-text available
Çürüksu (Denizli) Graben hosts various geothermal fields such as Kızıldere, Yenice, Gerali, Karahayıt, and Tekke-hamam. Neotectonic activities, which are caused by extensional tectonism, and deep circulation in sub-volcanic intrusions are heat sources of hydrothermal solutions. The temperature of hydrothermal solutions is between 53 and 260 degree...
Poster
Lake density monitoring is continually required for industrial sodium sulfate and salt production management in hypersaline lakes. Specific gravity measurements are essential for monitoring lake density. Hyperspectral data gathered by remote sensing techniques can help with effective spatial and temporal monitoring of lake density patterns. An eva...
Conference Paper
Lake Acigol is a perennial hypsersaline shallow lake. Lake waters are Na-Cl-SO4 type brines. Perennial lake surrounded by artificial salt production pounds and mudflat sediment. Meteorological events such as precipitation and evaporation, industrial salt production affects the water level and water covered areas. Lake area increased from dry to wet...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work focus on the chemical ion exchange between wall-rock and hydrothermal fluids in Cu-Pb-Zn deposits in Miocene Eğrigöz pluton at Tavşanlı zone (SW Kütahya, Turkey) by determination of mass/volume gains and losses of chemical components as well as quantitatively mass transfer during hydrothermal alteration. This mineralization is closely ass...
Article
Full-text available
The photosynthetic rate of 9 different grapevines were analyzed with simultaneous photosynthesis and spectroradiometric measurements on 08.08.2012 (veraison) and 06.09.2012 (harvest). The wavelengths and spectral regions, which most properly express photosynthetic rate, were determined using correlation and regression analysis. In addition, hypersp...
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing is a convenient and promising technique in air quality management. It can be used to determine local and global spatial distribution of Particulate Matter (PM10) data. Determination of PM10 data using multispectral satellite images' reflectance values was the main aim of this study. For this purpose, 19.02.2010 and 26.03.2011 dated L...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Parağa area is located at the extreme eastern part of Nakhchivan district at the boundary with Armenia. The field study is situated at Ordubad region placed in 9 km from Paraga village and stays at 2300-2800m height over sea level. It lies within a region of low-grade metamorphic porphyritic volcanic and plutonic rocks. The detailed field studi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The spatial interpolation and spatial correlation of the rare earth elements (REE) of lake surface sediments of Lake Acıgöl and its surrounding lithological units is carried out by using GIS techniques like Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) techniques. IDW technique which makes the spatial interpolation, s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
About 50 mg lake sediment was digested in two steps. While first stage were completed with 6 ml 37% HCl, 2 ml 65% HNO3 and 1 ml 38-40% HF in an pressure and temperature controlled Teflon beaker using Berghoff Microwave ™ at average 135oc, digestion procedure were completed with the addition of 6 ml 5% Boric acid solution. REE contents of sediment s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Atud gold deposit is mesothermal Au deposits hosted in gabbroic rocks at the central part of the Eastern Desert of Egypt. This deposit is structurally controlled by several sets of brittle-ductile shear zones and their gold mineralization are closely associated with intense hydrothermal alteration along these shear zones, with a typical greenschist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tavșanli zone constitutes a separate belt from Kütahya-Bolkardağ Belt and located at the northern margin of Tauride-Anatolide platform. It is bounded by the Izmir-Ankara suture zones from N and Afyon zone from S. The study area has covered the area around Yukari Dolaylar village at southwest of Kütahya in Sudöşeği and Korucuk region along Dağardi d...
Conference Paper
Lake Acıgöl is a hypersaline and active industrial salt production lake located in Denizli, Turkey. Lake Acıgöl has been investigated to elucidate the distribution clay minerals under the saline conditions of the lake and carbonate and ophiolitic rocks controlled lake basin. The lake is very shallow and generally characterized by an un-stratified a...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeal diversity in Lake Acıgöl, a closed-basin, alkaline, hypersaline lake located at the northern edge of western Tourides in southwest Anatolia, was investigated using culture-independent methods. Microbial mat samples were collected from six different points. Archaeal 16S rRNA gene libraries were generated using domain specific oligonucleotid...
Conference Paper
Remote sensing is a convenient technique to manage air quality and used to determine local and wide range spatial distribution of PM10 data. Determination of PM10 data using multispectral satellite images’ reflectance values is the aim of this study. 19.02.2010 and 26.03.2011 dated Landsat 5TM multispectral satellite images and in-situ air quality...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sulak alanlarda doğal kaynaklı değişimlerin yanı sıra sanayileşme ve tarımsal faaliyetlerden kaynaklanan etkiler, endemik türlerin yaşam alanlarını azaltmakta hatta yok etmektedir. Flamingolar için uygun yaşam alanı olan Acıgöl, sığ bir göl olmasından dolayı mevsimsel anomalilerden etkilenen bir göldür. Yağışlar ve güneyindeki tektonik kaynaklarla...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Determination of dry-land surface evaporite minerals assessed by XRD analysis without pretreatment was evaluated by remote sensing methods. The area of the lake varies temporally according to the seasonal terms. At the end of the dry season (October 2011) when the lake was reached its smallest water surface area, sampling collection was performed a...