Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir

Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir
University of the West of Scotland | UWS · School of Computing

Ph.D (EEE), SMIEEE

About

122
Publications
21,832
Reads
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2,141
Citations
Introduction
Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir is a Lecturer in networks at the University of West of Scotland, UK. In recent years, he has been involved in several R&D initiatives with academic and industry partners. His research interests include design of wireless systems and 5G technologies. He has published more than 75 research papers and has contributed to 7 books. He is an author of 3 research monographs including an authored book. He has been giving tutorials on emerging 5G technologies at IEEE conferences.
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
University of the West of Scotland
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2015 - August 2016
Carleton University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
September 2015 - February 2016
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Consultant
Education
January 2006 - March 2010
University of Strathclyde
Field of study
  • Electronic & Electrical Engineering
September 2004 - September 2005
University of Strathclyde
Field of study
  • Communications Control and Digital Signal Processing
December 1998 - March 2002
NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi
Field of study
  • Electrical Engineering

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Full-text available
The rising number of technological advanced devices making network coverage planning very challenging tasks for network operators. The transmission quality between the transmitter and the end users has to be optimum for the best performance out of any device. Besides, the presence of coverage hole is also an ongoing issue for operators which cannot...
Article
At this moment of global crisis, the role of telecommunications in keeping people connected and working has been phenomenal. Much of this is simply down to being the backbone that allows streaming media, social networking and video conferencing to ramp up to new levels of activity. In this article, we would like to focus specifically on 5G wireless...
Article
This article presents a blockchain-basedscheme for energy trading between electric vehicles(prosumers) and critical load (consumer) in a mi-crogrid. Unlike traditional wholesale energy mar-kets where retailers sell energy to consumers, ourproposed model directly connects prosumers withconsumers to exchange energy. We exploit blockchaintechnology to...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the authors present and evaluate the performance of two mode selection schemes for device‐to‐device (D2D) enabled unmanned aerial vehicle‐based wireless networks. The proposed schemes are based on a threshold received signal strength and an average threshold D2D distance to select the D2D mode. The focus of the two schemes is either...
Preprint
Full-text available
Networked flying platforms can be used to provide cellular coverage and capacity. Given that 5G and beyond networks are expected to be always available and highly reliable, resilience and reliability of these networks must be investigated. This paper introduces the specific features of airborne networks that influence their resilience. We then disc...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decades, rapid developments and evolving demands of wireless communications changed the selected multiple access (MA) technique in each generation. Today, increasing demands of high spectral/energy efficiency, high connectivity, and low latency of future generations such as 5G and beyond can be satisfied by Non-orthogonal Multiple Acc...
Article
Nowadays, the internet of vehicles (IoV) has been evolved into the stage of vehicle to everything (V2X). However, the majority of existing work focuses on the motor-vehicles. In contrast, the sharing bicycle system is vastly and rapidly deployed as a feasible internet of things (IoT) application scene for the last mile problem (e.g., from station t...
Article
Full-text available
Fifth generation (5G) and beyond-5G (B5G) systems expect coverage and capacity enhancements along with the consideration of limited power, cost and spectrum. Densification of small cells (SCs) is a promising approach to cater these demands of 5G and B5G systems. However, such an ultra dense network of SCs requires provision of smart backhaul and fr...
Article
Various measurements and studies have shown that some licensed frequency bands are underutilized at certain times and in certain locations. In particular, TV bands have been shown to have unused spectrum. Such observations have triggered strong interest in white space dynamic spectrum access among researchers, wireless equipment manufacturers, and...
Article
Full-text available
Disaster management organizations such as fire brigades, rescue teams, and emergency medical service providers have a high priority demand to communicate with each other and with the victims by using mission-critical voice and data communications [item 1) in the Appendix]. In recent years, public safety agencies and organizations have started plann...
Conference Paper
The densification of small-cell base stations in a 5G architecture is a promising approach to enhance the coverage area and facilitate the ever increasing capacity demand of end users. However, the bottleneck is an intelligent management of a backhaul/fronthaul network for these small-cell base stations. This involves efficient association and plac...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we present and evaluate the effect of two mode selection schemes for device to device (D2D) enabled areal netwroks. The two schemes are based on a threshold received signal strength (RSS) and an average threshold D2D distance between two given users to select the D2D mode. While one scheme triggers the D2D mode based on distance valu...
Article
Full-text available
The potential of telemedicine in respiratory health care has not been completely unveiled in part due to the inexistence of reliable objective measurements of symptoms such as cough. Currently available cough detectors are uncomfortable and expensive at a time when generic smartphones can perform this task. However, two major challenges preclude sm...
Article
Full-text available
Network Flying Platforms (NFPs) such as unmanned aerial vehicles, unmanned balloons or drones flying at low/medium/high altitude can be employed to enhance network coverage and capacity by deploying a swarm of flying platforms that implement novel radio resource management techniques. In this paper, we propose a novel layered architecture where NFP...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
5G+ systems expect enhancement in data rate and coverage area under limited power constraint. Such requirements can be fulfilled by the densification of small cells (SCs). However, a major challenge is the management of fronthaul links connected with an ultra dense network of SCs. A cost effective and scalable idea of using network flying platforms...
Article
Full-text available
The densification of small-cell base stations in a 5G architecture is a promising approach to enhance the coverage area and facilitate the ever increasing capacity demand of end users. However, the bottleneck is an intelligent management of a backhaul/fronthaul network for these small-cell base stations. This involves efficient association and plac...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging device centric systems (DCS) such as device-to-device (D2D) communications are considered as a standard part of future mobile networks, where operators/consumers involve the devices in direct communication to improve the cellular system throughput, latency, fairness, and energy efficiency. However, battery life of mobile devices involved i...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the fronthaul design for a millimeter-wave (mmWave) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)-based heterogeneous network (HetNet). The dense small-cell deployment requires cost-effective fronthaul with high capacity to accommodate the 1000-fold increase of cellular capacity for 5G. Against this background, the mmWave mas...
Article
It is an exciting time in telecom research, as connectivity becomes the key ingredient of new vertical markets, such as automotive, smart city, smart grid, and healthcare. Fifth Generation (5G) network infrastructure and technologies have to respond to requirements of these verticals as well as mobile broadband services. 5G networks will be challen...
Article
Full-text available
In future heterogeneous cellular networks, cognitive radio compatible with device to device communication technique can be an aid to further enhance system spectral and energy efficiency. The unlicensed smart devices (SDs) are allowed to detect the available licensed spectrum and utilise the spectrum resource which is detected as not being used by...
Book
This book focuses on the emerging research topic "green (energy efficient) wireless networks" which has drawn huge attention recently from both academia and industry. This topic is highly motivated due to important environmental, financial, and quality-of-experience (QoE) considerations. Specifically, the high energy consumption of the wireless net...
Article
The design of efficient wireless fronthaul connections for future heterogeneous networks incorporating emerging paradigms such as cloud radio access network has become a challenging task that requires the most effective utilisation of fronthaul network resources. In this paper, we propose to use distributed compression to reduce the fronthaul traff...
Chapter
Emerging device-centric systems (DCS) such as devices-to-device communications are considered standard components of future mobile networks, where operators/consumers involve their devices in direct communications to improve the cellular system throughput, latency, fairness and energy efficiency. This chapter introduces a new scheme to support emer...
Chapter
This chapter investigates operation of green wireless networks by using a dynamic planning approach. These approaches are the major focus of the chapter. The chapter presents optimal energy-efficient and QoS-aware dynamic cell-zooming and BS-switching policies for dense small-cell deployment subject to constraints on user data rate requirements and...
Chapter
Efficient energy usage in wireless networks has drawn significant attention from both academia and industry, mainly because of critical environmental, financial, and quality-of-experience (QoE) concerns. Research efforts have led to various solutions that allow efficient use of energy in wireless networks. Such approaches are referred to as green w...
Chapter
The growth in mobile communication systems has led to a tremendous increase in the energy consumed by the mobile networks. Device-to-device (D2D) communications and small-cell networks are considered to be an integral part of the 5G communications due to the low power, low cost and ease of deployment of small-cell BSs (SBSs) and D2D communications....
Chapter
Heterogeneous networks (HetNets) are envisioned to enable the next-generation cellular networks with higher spectral and energy efficiency. This chapter presents a two-tier HetNet, where small-cell BSs (SBSs) is arranged around the edge of the reference macro-cell such that the resultant configuration is referred to as cell-on-edge (COE). It discus...
Chapter
Visible light communication internetworking (VLC) is considered to be a promising network technology that can offer high data rates with almost no transmission power consumption. It suffers from some technical limitations that motivate its integration with RF network technologies to enhance the overall network performance. This chapter discusses RF...
Chapter
This chapter presents state-of-the-art green communication solutions and analytical models for both network operators and mobile users at different traffic load conditions. In particular, green wireless networks can be distinguished for the proposed solutions and models to enhance and analyse the energy efficiency based on the call traffic load con...
Chapter
In a heterogeneous wireless medium, downlink multi-homing radio resource allocation can save power for network operators. In this context, two application scenarios can be distinguished. In the first scenario, the MT aggregates the offered radio resources from different networks to support a single (data hungry) application, while in the second sce...
Chapter
This chapter presents the heterogeneous wireless communication medium and discusses the potentials of multi-homing approach in green communications. It focuses on several challenging issues pertaining to the design and implementation of the green multi-homing approach. The heterogeneous wireless access medium exhibits great potential in improving e...
Chapter
This chapter investigates green uplink communications for battery-constrained MTs with service quality requirements and multi-homing capabilities. A heterogeneous wireless medium is considered, where MTs communicate with BSs/APs of different networks with overlapped coverage. Two application scenarios are studied, namely data uploading and video st...
Article
Full-text available
Hybrid precoding can significantly reduce the number of required radio frequency (RF) chains and relieve the huge energy consumption in mmWave massive MIMO systems, thus it recently attracts much interest from both academia and industry. However, existing hybrid precoding is based on singular value decomposition (SVD), where complicated bit allocat...
Article
The homogeneous poisson point process (PPP) is widely used to model spatial distribution of base stations and mobile terminals. The same process can be used to model underlay device-to-device (D2D) network, however, neglecting homophilic relation for D2D pairing presents underestimated system insights. In this paper, we model both spatial and socia...
Article
Full-text available
Hybrid precoding can significantly reduce the number of required radio frequency (RF) chains and relieve the huge energy consumption in mmWave massive MIMO systems, thus attracting much interests from academic and industry. However, most existing hybrid precoding schemes are based on singular value decomposition (SVD). Due to the very different sub...
Article
Full-text available
Heterogeneous small cell networks (HetSNet) comprise several low power, low cost (SBSa), (D2D) enabled links wireless-fidelity (Wi-Fi) access points (APs) to support the existing macrocell infrastructure, decrease over the air signaling and energy consumption, and increase network capacity, data rate and coverage. This paper presents an active user...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, a novel devices-to-device (Ds2D) communication paradigm is proposed to enable green (energy efficient) wireless networks. Different from the conventional D2D communications, the sink device establishes simultaneous associations with multiple source devices for file download using its multiple radio interfaces and the multi-homing tec...
Article
Full-text available
The homogeneous poisson point process (PPP) is widely used to model temporal, spatial or both topologies of base stations (BSs) and mobile terminals (MTs). However, negative spatial correlation in BSs, due to strategical deployments, and positive spatial correlations in MTs, due to homophilic relations, cannot be captured by homogeneous spatial PPP...
Article
In future heterogeneous cellular networks (HCN), cognitive radio (CR) compatible with device to device communication (D2D) technique can be an aid to further enhance system spectral and energy efficiency. The unlicensed smart devices (SDs) are allowed to detect the available licensed spectrum and utilise the spectrum resource which is detected as n...
Research
Full-text available
The homogeneous poisson point process (PPP) is widely used to model temporal, spatial or both topologies of base stations (BSs) and mobile terminals (MTs). However, negative spatial correlation in BSs, due to strategical deployments, and positive spatial correlations in MTs, due to homophilic relations, cannot be captured by homogeneous spatial PPP...
Book
This book investigates energy management approaches for energy efficient or energy-centric system design and architecture and presents end-to-end energy management in the recent heterogeneous-type wireless network medium. It also considers energy management in wireless sensor and mesh networks by exploiting energy efficient transmission techniques...
Presentation
Full-text available
Lightning talk IEEE Globecom 2015, San Diego, CA, USA, Dec 7, 2015. (5 minutes short talk)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This tutorial focuses on the emerging research topic "green (energy efficient) wireless networks" that has drawn huge attention recently from both academia and industry. This topic is highly motivated due to important environmental, financial, and quality-of-experience (QoE) considerations. In literature, various solutions have been proposed to ena...
Article
Full-text available
Device-to-device (D2D) communication has huge potential for capacity and coverage enhancements for next generation cellular networks. The number of potential nodes for D2D communication is an important parameter that directly impacts the system capacity. In this letter, we derive an analytic expression for average coverage probability of cellular u...
Article
The recent widespread use of mobile Internet together with the advent of many smart applications has led to the explosive growth of mobile data traffic in the last few years. This remarkable growing momentum of mobile traffic will most likely continue due to the emerging needs of connecting people, machines, and applications through mobile infrastr...
Conference Paper
Various measurements and studies have shown that some licensed frequency bands are underutilized at certain times and in certain locations. In particular, TV bands have been shown to have unused spectrum. Such observations have triggered strong interest in white space dynamic spectrum access among researchers, wireless equipment manufacturers, and...
Article
Full-text available
Ultra-dense network (UDN) has been considered as a promising candidate for future 5G network to meet the explosive data demand. To realize UDN, a reliable, Gigahertz bandwidth, and cost-effective backhaul connecting ultra-dense small-cell base stations (BSs) and macro-cell BS is prerequisite. Millimeter-wave (mmWave) can provide the potential Gbps...
Article
Device-to-device (D2D) communication has huge potential for capacity and coverage enhancements for next generation cellular networks. The number of potential nodes for D2D communication is an important parameter that directly impacts the system capacity. In this paper, we derive analytic expression for average coverage probability of cellular user...
Article
The capacity and coverage demands of future cellular networks are expected to grow exponentially with an additional objective of energy efficient communication. By its very nature, energy efficiency aspects (e.g., switching-off underutilized base stations, reduced overhead signaling, and limited backhaul etc.) are inherent part of any communication...
Article
We are back this month with a sequel to our May 2015 Feature Topic on Emerging Applications, Services, and Engineering for Cognitive Cellular Systems (EASE for CCS). In this followup, we have eight more articles that present emerging applications integrated with CCS through novel frameworks. These emerging applications include energy harvesting, ne...
Article
Device-to-device (D2D) communication is being considered an important traffic offloading mechanism for future cellular networks. Coupled with pro-active device caching, it offers huge potential for capacity and coverage enhancements. In order to ensure maximum capacity enhancement, number of nodes for direct communication needs to be identified. In...
Conference Paper
The Cognitive Multiple Access Z-Interference Channel consists of a MAC channel that receives interference from an external transmitter. In a previous work we studied this model where both MAC users are cognitive and showed that an encoding scheme based on Dirty Paper coding attains the capacity region for the Gaussian case. In this work we assume t...
Conference Paper
In this article, we present a unified perspective on the cognitive internet of things (CIoT). It is noted that the CIoT design is the convergence of energy harvesting, cognitive spectrum access and mobile cloud computing technologies. We unify these distinct technologies into a CIoT architecture which provides a flexible, dynamic, scalable and robu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Device-to-device (D2D) communication has huge potential for capacity and coverage enhancements for next generation proximally-aware cellular networks. The number of potential nodes for D2D communication is an important parameter that directly impacts the system capacity. In this paper, we derive analytic expression for D2D user density on uplink re...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid advancements in wireless communications are expected to increase the demand for radio spectrum resources by orders of magnitude during the next decade. This problem must be addressed using technology and regulatory innovations for significant improvements in spectrum utilization in cellular networks. Emerging cognitive radio technology ha...
Conference Paper
Cognitive radio (CR) technology is a promising candidate for next generation intelligent wireless networks. The cognitive engine plays the role of the brain for the CR and the learning engine is its core. In order to fully exploit the features of CRs, the learning engine should be improved. Therefore, in this study, we discuss several machine learn...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we present a unified perspective on the cognitive internet of things (CIoT). It is noted that within the CIoT design we observe the convergence of energy harvesting, cognitive spectrum access and mobile cloud computing technologies. We unify these distinct technologies into a CIoT architecture which provides a flexible, dynamic, sc...