Muhammad Zaman

Muhammad Zaman
Quaid-i-Azam University | QAU

PhD Sociology

About

28
Publications
13,745
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115
Citations
Education
April 2005 - December 2009
Handelshochschule Leipzig
Field of study
  • Cultural Sociology

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
The safety of children is one of the fundamental indicators of their wellbeing. This study focuses on children’s constructs of their safety, and insecurity and agency within the cultural context of Pakistan. Adopting child standpoint as the methodological frame for this study, we employed child-participatory techniques within our research. A total...
Article
Full-text available
Deradicalisation refers to the process of distancing oneself from extremist ideologies. As a social challenge, it is usually addressed by specially qualified professionals. In this paper, based on 16 interviews with deradicalisation professionals, we comparatively examine deradicalisation practices in coercive environments in Germany and Pakistan....
Article
Full-text available
Youth and Violence have mostly been correlated with either neighborhood, school, or street environment. The current study aims at exploring how the violent experiences of youth at home, school and the street are interconnected, an area of study that has been overlooked in previous studies. Thirty in-depth interviews were conducted with violent yout...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study was aimed to illustrate the determents of consanguinity and inbreeding coefficient-F (ICF) in the population of Okara district of Pakistan and to elucidate the impact of consanguinity on fertility and birth outcome. Methods: Through a cross-sectional sampling design, 1,521 married women were recruited from Okara district d...
Article
Some twenty years ago Anderson's seminal work, The Code of the Street, was published. The theoretical approach he developed there has been used in numerous studies focusing on youth violence, and is now treated as a general explanation of youth violence in risky neighborhoods in a number of disciplines. Expanding this, an international research pro...
Chapter
In addition to the code of the street, we identified some emerging themes across three cases that spotlight the street culture of risky neighborhoods. Success, role of the family, new technologies as well as the perception of the police were the important themes that emerged from the storylines of the youth from these neighborhoods. Interestingly,...
Chapter
Full-text available
This is one of the core chapters of this book. After describing the national peculiarities, the main findings are presented and cross-culturally compared and reflected in the context of the street code. The aspects, social space/neighborhood, street etiquette, symbols, toughness/masculinity, friends, respect, enemies, and violent perception are add...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter deals with the research design and protocols of the research. It outlines the universe (a comparison of Germany, Pakistan and South Africa), the unit of analysis (juveniles 16–21), the tools (interview guidelines), and techniques of the data collection process (in-depth interviews). This chapter also documents the tools and techniques...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents a comparative look at the norms and attitudes related to youth violence. It aims to present a perspective outside of the typical Western context, through case studies comparing a developed / Western democracy (Germany), a country with a history of institutionalized violence (South Africa), and an emerging democracy that has exper...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological investigations of the self-concept of children constitute a significant body of knowledge. This study focuses on self-concept from a sociological perspective, viewing self-concept as a social construct instead of a psychological construct. Drawing data from qualitative in-depth interviews with 30 children aged 8 to 12, the article ass...
Book
This book presents a comparative look at the norms and attitudes related to youth violence. It aims to present a perspective outside of the typical Western context, through case studies comparing a developed / Western democracy (Germany), a country with a history of institutionalized violence (South Africa), and an emerging democracy that has exper...
Article
Full-text available
TRANSITION IN CONSANGUINITY IN DIR LOWER DISTRICT, A VICTIM OF WAR, NATURAL DISASTER AND POPULATION DISPLACEMENT, IN NORTH-WEST PAKISTAN – A RESPONSE TO STHANADAR ET AL. (2015) - Volume 48 Issue 3 - Atta Ur Rehman, Ijaz Ahmad, Muhammad Zaman, Sajid Malik
Article
Full-text available
The structuralist and social exchange theorists relate the system of the exchange marriage mainly to socioeconomic interests, the formation of political and social alliances, as well as to the creation of a kinship network. However, they negate the inherited problems of the system of the exchange. This article discloses positive and negative aspect...
Article
Full-text available
Pakistan has been facing a high level of violence over the decades. Although a paucity of knowledge on this issue in Pakistan is observed, this essay nonetheless outlines the documented patterns of street-youth violence: its causes, perpetrators and the socio-cultural and political constructs of the phenomenon. The wide gap in both the empirical an...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper I deal with the impact of the exchange marriage system in Pakistan. The system does not only guide in spouse selection, but it is also provide welfare, alliance formation and give strength to kinship. No part of the study, however, dealt with the impact of the system on children anywhere in the world. Based on the qualitative investig...
Article
This article deals with the traditional and changing gender roles and relationships in the exchange marriage system South Punjab, Pakistan. It examines structural roles and individual's independent choices. In-depth interviews were conducted with 24 families who have the system of exchange. We followed the guidelines of the Grounded Theory Method (...
Article
Full-text available
This essay deals with the statutory legislation regarding marriage and family formation, mate selection, inheritance and its relevancy for the exchange marriage system in Pakistan. It locates the scope of the exchange marriage within the context of the existing legislation and the gaps in it. Generally, there is a 'plethora' of legislation along wi...
Article
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In this paper the author presents the case of the exchange marriage system to delineate a model of methodological gravitism. Such a model is not a deviation from or alteration to the existing qualitative research approaches. I have adopted culturally specific methodology to investigate spouse selection in line with the Grounded Theory Method. This...
Article
The concept of individualization shares the problems of other strands of modernization theory, including the theories of functional differentiation, secularization, and value change. There is no doubt that certain structural and ideological developments in the labour market, the family, law, and other societal spheres have increased tendencies of i...
Article
Full-text available
Examining patterns of mate selection and the core issue of agency, this brief article reports on fieldwork in a remote community in Pakistan, where the family continues to have supervening influence over individual choices in mate selection through exchange marriages. It explores the role of the family as a security provider and demonstrates the li...
Article
Full-text available
BBC Urdu Service has long played a crucial role in connecting listeners in Pakistan to producers and consumers in the wider Urdu speaking diaspora. However, shifts in global politics, especially the so called 'Global war on Terror' on one hand, and professional and technological developments in the field of mass communication in Pakistan on the oth...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
The aim of the research project is to empirically overcome the lack of empirical comparative research and theoretical accounts on violence related norms of young men in urban communities characterized by high levels of violence in different areas of the world. Therefore we propose to compare violence related norms, attitudes and beliefs among violent and mainstream youth in high-risk urban neighbourhoods in Germany, Pakistan and South Africa. In order to achieve these goals we require empirical data, which will be gathered through focus group interviews (before and after the main study), qualitative youth interviews and expert interviews in the three countries. In addition, we will conduct workshops with local field experts that will not only serve to disseminate our research findings but also to finalize the field work by discussing and elaborating on the interpretation of these findings. We will interview male adolescents of two age groups (12-16 and 17-21 years) and with different involvement in violent behaviour for gaining a broader image of the variations of the violence related norms, attitudes and beliefs.