Muhammad A Wahid

Muhammad A Wahid
University of Agriculture Faisalabad · Department of Agronomy

PhD

About

72
Publications
35,092
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1,084
Citations
Citations since 2017
35 Research Items
824 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (72)
Data
Yellowishness in wheat occurs due to Stripe rust disease. Yellow rust is basidiomycete fungus Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Yellow rust can cause losses of up to 40 % with some field destroyed completely. Generally occur throughout wheat production areas at high elevations In northern & southern areas of temperate regions. The cool climate f...
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Wheat crops are highly sensitive to high temperatures during reproductive and grain filling phases. This study explored how hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) protects grain yield formation in wheat crops exposed to heat during different developmental phases. Two wheat genotypes, Ujala-16 and Anaj-17, of varying heat tolerances, were subjected to heat stress...
Article
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Although maize (Zea mays L.) crop has high production potential for forage and grain, however it requires efficient managerial practices for optimum yield. Adequate nutrients for optimum growth led to good vegetative and reproductive growth. Field studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of two endogenous seed phosphorus (P); i.e. SLP: seed w...
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The role of structural and functional plasticity of Ipomoea carnea for invasion in diverse arid environments was investigated. The populations were collected from different habitats of Punjab Province namely, riverbank, agricultural fields, dry roadside, canal bank, hill torrents, saline water drain, dry-land saline and hyper-saline saltmarsh. Spec...
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Salinity affects the plant morphology, physiology, and yield. Strigolactone is a phytohormone regulating the plant architecture under stress conditions. The strigolactone GR24 is a synthetic analogue, involved in plant tolerance toward abiotic stresses. Ajwain is medicinal plant and a spice, used in a number of medicines because of its various phar...
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Phytohormones are plant growth regulators, temporally or spatially produced by plants in response to varying environmental conditions. A pot experiment was conducted in Old Botanic Garden, the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan to evaluate the effect of foliage applied GR24 on physiological, mineral nutrients, and yield attributes of m...
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Cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) is one of the most important cash crops primarily grown for fiber. It is a perennial crop with indeterminate growth pattern. Nitrogen (N) is extremely important for vegetative growth as balanced N-nutrition improves photosynthesis, resulting in better vegetative growth. Excessive N-supply results in more vegetative g...
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An ample quantity of water and sufficient nutrients are required for economical rice production to meet the challenges of ever-increasing food demand. Currently, slow-release nitrogenous fertilizers for efficient inputs utilization and maximum economic yield of field crops are in the limelight for researchers and farmers. In this study, we evaluate...
Data
Artificial intelligence is a powerful tool that can be used to improve agricultural productivity and profitability. However, it is important to collaborate with an experienced company that has a clear idea of your goals before you get started. With the right approach, AI can help you take your business to the next level. The application of artifici...
Article
In the arid region of Northwest China, exploring the feasibility of using non-film deep drip irrigation (DDI) instead of film drip irrigation to solve the problem of residual film pollution is an urgent task. Therefore, in this study, we hypothesized that efficient and clean production can be achieved by optimizing the irrigation amount of non-film...
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Climate resilient proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) is viable option to mitigate increasing abiotic stresses due to climate change and food security in the long run. An experiment was conducted at research area of MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan in 2019 to evaluate the impact of weed competition on growth and yield of proso millet. Proso mi...
Article
Agricultural systems all over the world are facing extraordinary pressure in term of squeezed natural resources to meet the increasing food demand of fast growing population in recent times. Water being the most useful natural resource has become scare due to climate change and global warming as it is key input of agronomic crops particularly rice....
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Wheat is an important global staple food crop; however, its productivity is severely hampered by changing climate. Erratic rain patterns cause terminal drought stress, which affect reproductive development and crop yield. This study investigates the potential and zinc (Zn) and silicon (Si) to ameliorate terminal drought stress in wheat and associat...
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Peanut ( Arachis hypogea L.) is an important nut crop extensively grown in rainfed regions of Pakistan. The crop requires low inputs; thus, could grow successfully under diverse environmental conditions. Due to pegging ability, peanut grows aggressively in sandy and sandy-loam soils. However, it has not introduced to Thal region of southern Punjab,...
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Abiotic stresses are the prime coercion to sustainable crop production in changing climate scenario. Heat and drought stresses at reproductive as well as vegetative stages of rice cause extensive reduction in its yield. Being a multifunctional amino acid, proline is being used to diminish numerous biotic and abiotic stresses of plants. A pot experi...
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Among pulses, mungbean is being considered as valuable cash crop in Pakistan but its productivity is under stress due to various agronomic and nutrient related management factors. Current study was planned to assess the interactive effect of soil applied zinc (Zn) and boron (B) under both field and pot managed conditions. Experiment was conducted a...
Article
Pakistan disburses lion’s share of foreign exchange to import edible oil and oilseeds-based food/feedstocks for fulfilling domestic needs. Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.), an oilseed crop has the potential to fill the gap between demand and domestic oilseeds production in Pakistan. Soybean seed contains 40-42% protein, 20-22% oil contents, and 20-...
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Through its impact on morphogenesis, light is the key environmental factor that alters plant structural development; however, the understanding how light controls plant growth and developmental processes is still poor and needs further research. For this purpose, a Petri dish and pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of different...
Article
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Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is of prime importance because of its quality fiber and edible oil production. Boron (B) is among essential micronutrients for plant growth; it aids in the transfer of sugars and nutrients from leaves to fruit that are involved directly or indirectly in many plant functions. Cotton growth, yield and quality are strong...
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Phosphorous (P) dearth in alkaline calcareous soils of Pakistan renders P unavailable for plant uptake. Consequently, affects grain yield and is major constraint to achieve desired yield potential of field grown maize (Zea mays L.). The objectives of this study were to enhance phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) by determining thresholds of basal appli...
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One of the problems in obtaining high wheat yield is the unavailability of micronutrients in balanced quantities. Zinc is an essential micronutrient due to its involvement in many metabolic processes in plant. In this experiment, seeds of two wheat cultivars (Faisalabad-2008 and Lasani-2008) were subjected to soak in aerated Zn solution of 0.1 and...
Article
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Downregulation of endotoxins, early senescence and poor boll opening are prime constraints to achieve potential seed cotton yield. Removal of early fruit branches (REFB) triggered regulations in endotoxins might regulate senescence and improve seed cotton yield. Increase in soluble proteins, proline, glycine betaine, phenolics and seed cotton yield...
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Application of silicon (Si) in agriculture, especially in degraded soils, is a promising, sustainable, and agro-environment compatible strategy. However, dilemma is the poor availability of monosilicic acid (SA) in soil solution due to intensive polymerization. Commercial silicates have severe limitations due to low solubility, inaccessibility, and...
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Premature senescence, unopened and rotted bolls are the primary constrictions hampering the accomplishment of yield potential in Bt cotton. An experiment was conducted with the objectives to delay senescence, enhance boll opening and reduce the boll rotting. The experiment was conducted at two randomly selected sites of University of Agriculture Fa...
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Wheat is the most important cereal crop in Pakistan and contributes 72% daily caloric intake with per capita wheat consumption of the region. Weeds pose serious problems in crop production as weed control is ignored due to lack of education and poor financial resources of the farmers. A field experiment was conducted to assess the allelopathic effe...
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To cite this paper: Saeed, M.T., M.A. Wahid, M.F. Saleem and T. Aziz, 2017. Enhancing phosphorus use efficiency by supplementing through soil applications and seed phosphorus reserves in maize (Zea mays). Int. Abstract Phosphorus (P) nutrition is considered essential for increasing yield in cereals, particularly under limited soil P conditions. Hig...
Article
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Soybean is one of the most important legumes rich in high quality protein and oil. Its cultivation in Pakistan is restricted to few areas due to poor germination and low seed viability. The optimum yield and quality of this oil seed crop is noticeably affected by its lower germination rate. To address the problem of poor germination and low seed vi...
Article
Commercial cultivation of Bt cotton produced higher boll load which led to stiff inter-original competition for photosynthates resulting in early cessation of growth (premature senescence) due to more availability of sink and less sources. To overcome this problem field experiment was conducted during 2011 and 2012 using five treatments of plant gr...
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Late planting of wheat in rice-wheat cropping system is perhaps one of the major factors responsible for low crop yield. The main cause of reduction in yield is due to supra-optimal conditions during the reproductive growth. High temperature during reproductive phase induces changes in water relations, decreases photosynthetic rate, and transpirati...
Article
Among all the environmental factors heat stress has a key role in growth and yield reduction of cotton crop (Gossypium hirsutum L.). The present study was carried out to look into the effects of foliar applied ascorbic acid on cotton crop grown under heat stress condition. Experiment was planted during 2013 and repeated during 2014 at the Agronomic...
Article
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Effect of foliar applied benzoic acid on growth, earliness and nutrients' uptake in heat stressed cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was studied at Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan during Kharif 2014. Experiment was laid out in RCBD with split plot arrangement in three replications with net plot size of 3 m × 4.5...
Article
Insufficient mobilization of pre-anthesis photosynthates from vegetative sources to reproductive sinks during achene growth and development plays a key role in reduced productivity of sunflower. Among different essential plant nutrients, a micronutrient boron (B) is known to have a prominent role in the mobilization of pre-anthesis reserves. A fiel...
Article
Heat stress is the most important abiotic factor affecting cotton crop. Exposure of cotton crop to different thermal regimes at different growth stages influences growth and seed cotton yield. The foliar spray of growth regulators at these stages improves yield and growth of cotton crop by mitigating the adverse effects of heat stress. Therefore, a...
Article
Intercropping depicts the growing of two or more crops at the same time in the same piece of land. Moreover it enhances the crop production per unit area and time with efficient use of resources especially for small land holders. Sowing time of oilseed crops belongs to Brassica species coincides with the wheat so these can be intercropped in wheat...
Article
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Heat stress is the most important abiotic factor affecting cotton crop. Exposure of cotton crop to different thermal regimes at different growth stages influences growth and seed cotton yield. The foliar spray of growth regulators at these stages improves yield and growth of cotton crop by mitigating the adverse effects of heat stress. Therefore, a...
Article
Full-text available
Intercropping increases the agronomic productivity along with economical proficiency of any cropping system through efficient utilization of resources compared to monocropping system. Intercropping of soybean in maize improves the net income, benefit cost ratio (BCR) of the system and help to overcome the scarcity of oilseeds in Pakistan as sowing...
Article
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A field experiment was conducted with the objectives to improve nitrogen use efficiency, reduce the cost of production and improve the wheat yield and quality on sustained basis. Trial was conducted following randomized complete block design with split plot arrangement having three replications. In three main plots, randomization of manure was done...
Article
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Cotton is major contributor in fiber and edible oil production of Pakistan. However, its growth and development is severely hampered by boron (B) deficiency in semi-arid regions of the country. This experiment was conducted to determine the influence of soil applied B (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 kg B ha(-1)) on the performance of cotton genotypes F...
Article
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The impact of soil (1, 2 kg ha-1) and foliar (100, 200 mg L-1) boron (B) with control (no B) was evaluated on phenology and yield formation of Camelina each applied at stem elongation and flowering stages. Foliar (200 mg L-1) or soil B (2 kg ha-1) resulted in earlier flowering and maturity, increased fruit bearing branches (19.68%), number of siliq...
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Influence of different phosphorus (P) sources on growth, yield and oil quality of linola was evaluated when randomized in complete block design using three replications. Treatments were control (No P), hydropriming, soil phosphorus (50 kg ha-1), seed inoculation with phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB, Bacillus spp.) and seed priming with single...
Article
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To compare the effect of planting time and N levels on phenology and seed cotton yield of Bt and non -Bt cotton, an experiment was laid out at Students’ Farm, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Two cotton cultivars; FH-113 (Bt) and CIM-496 (non-Bt) were planted during mid March and mid May using 115, 145 and 175 kg ha-1 N levels. Plan...
Article
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A little is known about the brassica species response to different phosphorus (P) amendments and its effects on accumulation of P, proteins, oil and fatty acids in canola (Brassica napus L.) seeds. The two years field study was conducted to evaluate the yield and quality of canola hybrids (Hyola-401 and Hyola-43) in response to different P manageme...
Article
Removal of early fruiting branches with optimum nitrogen dose caused more source and no sink at early growth stages leading to delay in onset and progression of senescence in Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Field trials were conducted at Students' Farm, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, during 2011 and 2012. Experiments were laid out in a r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Field trial was conducted to investigate the effect of squares and fruiting branches removal under different levels of potassium fertilizer to measure premature senescence of Bt cotton at students’ Farm, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, during 2011 and 2012. Experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with factorial a...
Article
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Background and aims The growth of green plants depends not only on photosynthesis, but also on the successful remobilization and translocation of seed phosphorus (P) reserves to the vegetative parts of the developing seedling during early growth. Remobilization and photosynthesis are therefore two parallel and co-coinciding processes involved in be...
Article
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Salinity adversely affects germination and establishment of crop plants. Germination and early seedling growth response of wheat to NaCl salinity was assessed in a laboratory bioassay. Seeds of three different wheat cultivars (Sehar-2006, AARI-2011 and Millat-2011) were sown in Petri dishes and three salinity levels (6.8, 13.2 and 19.0 dS m -1) wer...
Article
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Maize productivity is severely hampered owing to looming water deficit worldwide. Exogenous use of polyamines, especially putrescine, is of vital significance in alleviating the adversities of drought in crop plants. This study, consisted of two independent experiments was conducted in a glasshouse. In experiment I, conducted to screen the maize hy...
Article
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Application of poultry manure in agricultural fields is potentially beneficial to agro-ecosystems, but challenging due to its excessive moisture, bad odor, transportation, inconsistent nutrient contents and phytotoxic substances, which may adversely affect the health of those who handle it. Composting as an agricultural best management practices (B...
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Adopting new technology always involves advantages and risks; Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is a new technology well known in developed countries for its many advantages, such as reduced pesticide application, better insect pest control, and higher lint yield. However, its success in developing countries is still a question mark. Global adoptio...
Article
Potassium is one of the major nutrients whose deficiency decreased the growth and yield of canola. Current knowledge regarding K requirement of canola is limited. Thus the field study was carried out to assess the influence of different levels of K fertilization (0, 30, 60, 90,120 kg ha-l) on two canola cultivars viz. Bulbul-98 and Zafar-2000. Resu...
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Study to find out the response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars (Lasani-2008, Auqab-2000) to foliar application of 1 % potassium at different growth stages (tillering, flower initiation and milking) was carried out under water limited environment, at the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad during 2008-09. The w...
Article
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Salinity is one of a major threat in harvesting good wheat stand on sustained basis. In this study, potential of seed priming techniques to improve the performance of wheat varieties (SARC‐1 and MH‐97) in a saline field was tested. For priming, wheat seeds were soaked in aerated solution of ascorbate (50 mg l−1; ascorbate priming), salicylic acid (...
Article
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A field trial was conducted to establish the proper inter-row spacing and suitable variety evaluation in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Three mung bean varieties V 1 , V 2 , V 3 (NM-92, NM-98, and M-1) were grown at three inter-row spacings (S 1 -30 cm, S 2 -60 cm and S 3 -90 cm) respectively. Experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCB...
Article
Field experiment was conducted to evaluate the quantitative and qualitative response of six Canola hybrids/cultivars viz. Hyola-401, Omega-I, Omega-II, Bulbul-98, Rainbow and Cyclone. Crop growth, agronomic and qualitative traits were recorded by standard procedures. The results showed that hybrid Omega-II produced maximum leaf area index (LAI), cr...
Article
Full-text available
Rate and source of plant nutrients, if properly managed, may improve soil fertility by adding nutrients as well as soil organic matter which improve moisture and nutrient retention. The present paper investigates the effectiveness of different levels of poultry manure (PM) with combination of urea on the growth and yield of spring maize (Zea mays L...
Article
Full-text available
Delay in wheat sowing in rice-wheat cropping system is perhaps the one of the major factors responsible for low crop yield. This reduction in yield is due to the sub-optimal temperature during the germination, stand establishment and supra-optimal during the reproductive growth. In this study, performance of wheat cultivars (viz. Lasani-2008, Faisa...
Article
Canola crop is substituting the indigenous rape and mustard crops due to its high quality edible oil and to its ability to grow well on rain and canal irrigated areas. Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrients for growth and development. A two-years field study (Nov. 2001-April 2003) was carried out to determine optimum N level and stage of i...
Article
Full-text available
Rate and source of plant nutrients, if properly managed, may improve soil fertility by adding nutrients as well as soil organic matter which improve moisture and nutrient retention. The present paper investigates the effectiveness of different levels of poultry manure (PM) with combination of urea on the growth and yield of spring maize (Zea mays L...
Article
Full-text available
A field trial was conducted to determine the effects of phosphorus (P) levels (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg ha -1) on growth and yield components in cotton cultivars (CIM-496, MNH-786 and FH-901) following a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement during the year 2008. Cultivars as well as P levels significantly affected almost all the characters related to growth and...
Article
Full-text available
Water stress is a major limiting factor for sunflower production in the arid and semi arid regions in the world. A field experiment was conducted to assess the impact of different planting pattern and irrigation levels on growth and yield of spring planted sunflower. Four planting patterns (P 1 = 60 cm spaced single row flat sowing, P 2 = 60 cm spa...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphorus accounts for one of the largest energy inputs in canola production. Understanding the effects of phosphorus on yield and oil quality of canola will help in increasing its chances to better fit in the present cropping systems of Pakistan. This study determined the response of canola hybrids to different sources of phosphatic fertilizers....
Article
Full-text available
A field experiment was conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, during autumn 2006 to evaluate the performance of two maize hybrids (R-2315, R-2331) under split dose of N application at different growth stages of crop plants (full N at sowing, half N at sowing + half N 25 DAS; 1/3 N at sowing + 1/3 N 25 DAS + 1/3...