Muhammad Ali Nawaz

Muhammad Ali Nawaz
Qatar University

PhD

About

126
Publications
57,616
Reads
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1,635
Citations
Introduction
Muhammad Ali Nawaz currently works at the Department of Animal Science, Quaid-i-Azam University. His doctoral research centered at conservation issues pertaining to a small brown bear population in the high Himalaya. Currently he is focusing on understanding ecology, co-existence, and conservation issues of the carnivore community in northern Pakistan.
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - March 2008
Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Ahmad, S.; Rehman, E.U.; Ali, H.; Din, N.; Haider, J.; Din, J.U.; Nawaz, M.A. Density Pattern of Flare-Horned Markhor (Capra falconeri) in Northern Pakistan. Sustainability 2022, 14, 9567.
Article
Full-text available
Chitral Gol National Park (CGNP) harbors a large number of mammals. However, population size, estimated density or any other ecological parameter is not available for those species except annual census counts for markhor Capra falconeri. Management and conservation efforts are assessed by using relative abundance estimates. The current study aimed...
Article
Full-text available
The snow leopard is one of the highly valued species from high-altitude mountain ecosystems of Central and Southeast Asia, including Pakistan. This keystone species is facing a myriad of conventional and emerging threats, including poaching and trade, that are poorly documented in Pakistan. To understand the dynamics and drivers of the poaching and...
Article
Full-text available
Efficient and effective monitoring methods are required to assess population status and gauge efficacy of conservation actions for threatened species. Here we review the spectrum of field methods useful for monitoring distribution, occupancy, abundance, and population trend for the five species of Asian terrestrial bears. Methods reviewed include e...
Article
Full-text available
Populations of bears in Asia are vulnerable to extinction and effective monitoring is critical to measure and direct conservation efforts. Population abundance (local density) or growth (λ) are the most sensitive metrics to change. We discuss and recommend implementing spatially explicit capture-recapture (SCR), the current gold standard for densit...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is expected to impact a large number of organisms in many ecosystems, including several threatened mammals. A better understanding of climate impacts on species can make conservation efforts more effective. The Himalayan ibex ( Capra ibex sibirica ) and blue sheep ( Pseudois nayaur ) are economically important wild ungulates in north...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: The Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) is threatened throughout its range and assessed as nationally vulnerable in Pakistan. Habitat degradation and loss, illegal exploitation, and human–bear conflict are key threats to the species, but there is a lack of empirical knowledge regarding its occurrence in Pakistan. In 2012, we conducted a...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout the world, livestock predation by mammalian carnivores causes significant economic losses to poor farmers, and leads to human–wildlife conflicts. These conflicts result in a negative attitude towards carnivore conservation and often trigger retaliatory killing. In northern Pakistan, we investigated livestock depredation by large carnivor...
Article
The Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) is globally listed as “Vulnerable.” Here, we documented its current distribution and the human–bear conflict in Machiara National Park (MNP, northern Pakistan) from 2009 to 2013. Our observations indicated that this bear occurs in all areas of MNP, especially at elevations between 1,600 and 3,300 m above se...
Article
Full-text available
The snow leopard (Panthera uncia) inhabits one of the most challenging environments on Earth, referred to as the ‘third pole’. Only a fraction of its vast range has been explored thus far, owing to myriad of barriers inflicted by the remote terrain and socio-ecological realities of the landscapes. Understanding distribution patterns of species is e...
Article
Full-text available
We explore the role of community-based conservation (CBC) in the sustainable management of conservation conflicts by examining the experiences of conservation practitioners trying to address conflicts between snow leopard conservation and pastoralism in Asian mountains. Practitioner experiences are examined through the lens of the PARTNERS principl...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabis sativa has long been an important source of fiber extracted from hemp and both medicinal and recreational drugs based on cannabinoid compounds. Here, we investigated its poorly known domestication history using whole-genome resequencing of 110 accessions from worldwide origins. We show that C. sativa was first domesticated in early Neolith...
Article
This study analyzes the impact of age dependency on gross savings for the period of 1975 to 2018 by applying ARDL and Granger causality techniques. The findings of the study suggest that young-age dependency and old-age dependency have a negative impact on gross savings in the long run. Granger causality test reveals that the causality between age-...
Article
Full-text available
The simultaneous development of technology (e.g. camera traps) and statistical methods, particularly spatially capture–recapture (SCR), has improved monitoring of large mammals in recent years. SCR estimates are known to be sensitive to sampling design, yet existing recommendations about trap spacing and coverage are often not achieved, particularl...
Article
Full-text available
The relative effects of climate warming with grazing on medicinally important plants are not fully understood in Hindukush-Himalaya (HKH) region. Therefore, we combined the indigenous knowledge about culturally important therapeutic plants and climate change with experimental warming (open-top chambers) and manual clipping (simulated grazing effect...
Article
Full-text available
The grey wolf (Canis lupus) is a widespread but locally endangered species across Pakistan. The current study investigates the occupancy of grey wolf and conflicts with humans in Khanbari valley in Gilgit Baltistan. The study was conducted from the 5th of December 2014 to the 11th of January 2015. The study area was delineated into blocks following...
Article
Full-text available
The high-elevation mountain ecosystems in the Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges encompass enchanting landscapes, harbor unique biodiversity, and are home to many indigenous pastoral societies that rely on ecosystem services for their survival. However, our understanding of the value of ecosystem services to a household economy is limited. This in...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial capture‐recapture (SCR) has emerged as the industry standard for estimating population density by leveraging information from spatial locations of repeat encounters of individuals. The precision of density estimates depends fundamentally on the number and spatial configuration of traps. Despite this knowledge, existing sampling design recom...
Article
Full-text available
Pakistan’s total estimated snow leopard habitat is about 80,000 km2 of which about half is considered prime habitat. However, this preliminary demarcation was not always in close agreement with the actual distribution—the discrepancy may be huge at the local and regional level. Recent technological developments like camera trapping and molecular ge...
Article
Full-text available
Humans living close to carnivore habitats sometimes develop a negative attitude towards them because of the damages they cause. Such an attitude has costs, both for wild carnivores and local communities. Human costs are mostly in the form of economic loss to property and infrastructure, damage to crops, and depredation on livestock. In northern Pak...
Preprint
Full-text available
The response of wild plants towards climate warming is taxa specific, but overgrazing could also be a determining factor for the alpine ecosystems. Overgrazing and climate warming are important drivers of alpine grassland degradation worldwide. Local indigenous peoples will be the first impacted by such degradation due to impacts on animal producti...
Method
Full-text available
PAWS aims to produce a robust estimate of the snow leopard’s population status
Article
Full-text available
Livestock depredation by the snow leopard and the wolf is an eliciting human-carnivore conflict across their overlapping ranges and augments the economic burden of the disadvantaged agro-pastoralist communities who share the mountain ecosystem with the carnivores. Hence, understanding of the patterns and drivers of the conflict is essential to esta...
Preprint
Full-text available
Spatial capture-recapture (SCR) has emerged as the industry standard for analyzing observational data to estimate population size by leveraging information from spatial locations of repeat encounters of individuals. The resulting precision of density estimates depends fundamentally on the number and spatial configuration of traps. Despite this know...
Article
Full-text available
Population monitoring data may originate from multiple methods and is often sparse and fraught with incomplete information due to practical and economic constraints. Models that can integrate multiple survey methods and are able to cope with incomplete data may help investigators exploit available information more thoroughly. Here, we developed an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Pakistan's total estimated snow leopard habitat is about 80,000 km 2 of which about half is considered prime. However, this preliminary demarcation was not always in close agreement with the actual distribution—the discrepancy may be huge at the local and regional level. Recent technological developments like camera trapping and molecular genetics...
Article
Full-text available
After publication of the original article [1], we were notified that an author's name has been erroneously spelled. Aamir Ali Khattak should be replaced with Aamer Ali Khattak.
Article
Full-text available
The ecological requirements of brown bears are poorly known in the Himalaya region, which complicates conservation efforts. We documented the diet of the Himalayan brown bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus) by combining classical scat analysis and a newly developed molecular genetic technique (the trnL approach), in Deosai National Park, Pakistan. Brown...
Article
Full-text available
Blue sheep is a key species and found in Tibetan Plateau and the bordering massif through Central Asia. In Pakistan the distribution range of species is restricted to higher altitude areas of Northern Areas including Khunjerab and Shimshal. The present study was conducted from 25 September 2014 to 23 October 2014, to estimate the population size of...
Article
Full-text available
Blue sheep is a key species and found in Tibetan Plateau and the bordering massif through Central Asia. In Pakistan the distribution range of species is restricted to higher altitude areas of Northern Areas including Khunjerab and Shimshal. The present study was conducted from 25 September 2014 to 23 October 2014, to estimate the population size of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Malaria is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. Pakistan is considered as a moderate malaria-endemic country but still, 177 million individuals are at risk of malaria. Roughly 60% of Pakistan's population, live in malaria-endemic regions. The present study is based upon the survey of various health care centers in 10 major citie...
Preprint
Background: Malaria is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. Pakistan is considered as a moderate malaria-endemic country but still, 177 million individuals are at risk of malaria. Roughly 60% of Pakistan’s population, live in malaria-endemic regions. The present study is based upon the survey of various health care centers in 10 major cities...
Preprint
Background: Background: Malaria is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. Pakistan is considered as a moderate malaria-endemic country but still, 177 million individuals are at risk of malaria. Roughly 60% of Pakistan’s population, live in malaria-endemic regions. The present study is based upon the survey of various health care centers in 10...
Poster
Full-text available
Rare species, by definition, persist at low densities. They are also often elusive and inhabit areas that are difficult to survey. The resulting data sparsity hampers our ability to obtain reliable information on demographic parameters for species that are in the greatest need for informed management and conservation. Hierarchical models that incor...
Article
Full-text available
Livestock depredation by the snow leopard and the wolf is an eliciting human-carnivore conflict across their overlapping ranges and augments the economic burden of the disadvantaged agro-pastoralist communities who share the mountain ecosystem with the carnivores. Hence, understanding of the patterns and drivers of the conflict is essential to esta...
Article
Full-text available
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-019-0963-6.epdf?author_access_token=VDp9uxLPPGRe0E2bARnb1NRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0OJTCzCp_UFj5Sv2hzhFmUCcg9B4QS39cxLOlCecfbByGcdMuwya6WQQA-G3S5TgvG5RFRKqQ0oYTm0V0EUlca_sTO5RNsSJlXE5l67b73DAg%3D%3D
Preprint
Background: Malaria is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. Pakistan is considered as a moderate malaria-endemic country but still, 177 million individuals are at risk of malaria. Roughly 60% of Pakistan’s population, live in malaria-endemic regions. The present study is based upon the survey of various health care centers in ten cities of N...
Data
The incidence of Fusarium wilt of watermelon on day 25 after FON inoculation. M, watermelon monocropping; MF, watermelon monocropping with FON inoculation; I, watermelon/wheat intercropping; IF, watermelon/wheat intercropping with FON inoculation.
Data
HPLC chromatogram of the phenolic acids used for standard (A) root exudates from watermelon (B) and wheat (C). The peaks from left to right in the standards represent the following standard compounds: 1, coumaric acid; 2, p-hydroxybenzoic acid; 3, phthalic acid; 4, syringic acid; 5, ferulic acid; 6, salicylic acid; 7, cinnamic acid.
Data
The list of primer sequences used for qRT-PCR analysis.
Data
The watermelon plants on day 15 after FON inoculation. M, watermelon monocropping; MF, watermelon monocropping with FON inoculation; I, watermelon/wheat intercropping; IF, watermelon/wheat intercropping with FON inoculation.
Data
Quantity of phenolic acids in watermelon root exudates in the monocropping system (A) and in the intercropping system (B) on day 15 and day 25 after FON inoculation. P-HA, p-hydroxybenzoic acid; PA, phthalic acid; SyA, syringic acid; FA, ferulic acid; SA, salicylic acid; CA, cinnamic acid. All values are presented as mean ± SE. The different letter...
Conference Paper
The paper describes the use of Deep Convolution Neural Networks (DCNN) for the recognition of Snow Leopards, from a data set of photos taken in the wild. The data set comprises of 1500 images, captured in the Himalayas using motion sensing cameras. The images contain numerous living species, ranging from a butterfly to a human being, other than Sno...
Article
Full-text available
Although anecdotally associated with local bears (Ursus arctos and U. thibetanus), the exact identity of ‘hominid’-like creatures important to folklore and mythology in the Tibetan Plateau–Himalaya region is still surrounded by mystery. Recently, two purported yeti samples from the Himalayas showed genetic affinity with an ancient polar bear, sugge...