Muhammad Mohsin

Muhammad Mohsin
University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore | UET · Department of Textile Engineering

PhD, Univ of Manchester

About

87
Publications
20,047
Reads
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1,159
Citations
Introduction
He is a PhD in Textile from the University of Manchester, UK. He is working as Chairman, Department of Textile Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, Faisalabad Campus, Pakistan. He is Charted Colourist from Society of Dyers and Colourist, UK. His research areas are ZDHC, sustainable pretreatment, dyeing and finishing, Natural dyes, formaldehyde free cross-linkers, oil and water repellents, waste water treatment and fire retardant. He is supervising five textile PhD students.
Additional affiliations
November 2017 - present
University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore
Position
  • Professor
December 2011 - October 2017
University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore
Position
  • Professor
February 2009 - May 2011
The University of Manchester
Position
  • Tutor
Education
October 2008 - August 2011
The University of Manchester
Field of study
  • Textile
October 2003 - November 2007
National Textile University, Faisalabad
Field of study
  • Textile

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Textile wastewater treatment is a complex process that requires a range of chemicals and generates hazardous sludge. This article evaluates a chemical-free, floating treatment wetlands system for the treatment of textile wastewater containing reactive red and reactive yellow dyes. Two aquatic plants, Eichhornia crassipes Solms and Pistia stratiotes...
Article
Digital textile printing has emerged as a sustainable alternative to the conventional screen printing. Similar to other forms of coloration, digitally printed cotton fabric also needs finishing to overcome the inherent drawbacks of the cotton fabric. However, research on the finishing of the digital printed fabric is very limited and focused on non...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to produce yarns from three different spinning techniques, i.e.Murata Vortex Spinning (MVS) ring spinning and rotor spinning. Those yarns were then used to produce fabrics. Then, the effect of silicone softener on tactile comfort of fabric was investigated. Design/methodology/approach Three different yarns, i....
Article
Fluorinated compounds provide excellent oil and water repellency to cotton fabrics. But, they have various toxic effects on human health and the environment. To address this challenge, scientists are continuously struggling to develop the eco-friendly oil and water repellents. To support these efforts, this research focused on the synthesis of some...
Article
The one‐bath pigment coloration and finishing process decreases the consumptions related to the energy, water, chemicals, labour, and production time as compared to the conventional two‐bath application. Conventionally, pigment coloration uses binders, such as acrylic, for the attachment of the pigment onto the fabric. Then, the finishes are applie...
Article
Enriched effluents of textile dye are considered highly complex and containing hazardous components. Their discharge to nearby drains without treatment has high risk to environmental and human health. The physico-chemical strategies under practice to treat these effluents have technical and economical restrictions. Comparatively, biological treatme...
Article
Fluorinated compounds are exceptional to exhibit good as well as durable oil and water repellency. However, due to their adverse effect on human and ecology, these compounds are under immense pressure. In this research, stearic acid which is a long-chain bio-based fatty acid is polymerized with a bio-based cross-linker citric acid in the presence o...
Article
Full-text available
Textile is one of the basic human needs and almost all the textile fabrics are colored. Unfortunately, the extensive amounts of clean water, petrochemical based dyes, and chemicals are used for textile dyeing. After dyeing, these substances are discharged as pollutants. The disposal of this discharge is a serious issue which pollutes the natural en...
Article
Full-text available
Conventional padding is a non-sustainable textile processing technique, which consumes excessive water, chemicals and energy. To support the survival of the textile processing industry, researchers have identified the foam technology for application of dyes and finishes. Foam technology is more ecofriendly than the conventional padding. However, th...
Article
This research is an attempt to develop nontoxic and sustainable oil and water repellent which is fluorine and formaldehyde free. For this purpose, stearic acid was polymerized with formaldehyde free cross-linkers, such as maleic acid and acrylic acid. Sodium hypophosphite was used as a catalyst and triethanolamine as an enhancer during the polymeri...
Article
Textile dye enriched effluents have been credited to be heavily polluted and highly hazardous to environment. Cleaning of textile wastewater from these dangerous pollutants is a deeply concerned issue of the industry. Various physico-chemical and biological techniques are being practiced to remediate these effluents. But all these strategies have l...
Article
Full-text available
International outsourcing has provided the immense cost savings to the clothing companies. Today, the companies are reconsidering the reshoring and relocation due to the factors such as increasing cost, lead time uncertainty, and demand nature. In such situations, the domestic destinations provide capacity flexibility. Choice of the compatible stra...
Article
Elimination of halogen and formaldehyde from flame-retardants is the focus of the recent research due to their adverse effects on the human health and the environment. This research investigates the numerous halogen-free and formaldehyde-free flame retardant recipes for cotton fabrics through polymerization between diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DA...
Article
Full-text available
Treatment of textile wastewater prior to its discharge into the environment is a highly concerned issue of the industry. The current established methods in textile industry for effluent treatment are typically high in cost, require range of chemicals along with the generation of concentrated hazardous sludge. It is therefore inevitable to look for...
Conference Paper
Textile wastewater is a big source of aquatic and environmental pollution. Currently, various physicochemical textile effluent treatments are practiced in the textile industry, but they have challenges with respect to cost, maintenance, labour management, chemicals usage and production of additional sludge. The present study was carried out to deve...
Article
Full-text available
Importance of multifunctional finishing of textiles is increasing day by day due to greater consumer demand. Cross-linker is one of the commonly used finishes agent to impart functionality in textiles. In this research work the performance of the formaldehyde free carboxylic acid based eco-friendly cross-linkers; citric acid (CA) and maleic acid (M...
Article
Fabric bleaching is one of the most widely used process of the textile industry that also produces a significant amount of highly polluted wastewater. Previously, expensive and chemically extensive conventional remediation systems were used to treat bleaching effluent. Despite this, the potential of constructed wetlands (CWs) as a treatment system...
Article
Full-text available
In the textile wet processing, pad-dyeing is a conventional and most commonly used technique for continuous processing. This technique consumes considerable amounts of water, chemical and energy. Therefore, scientists have developed the foam technique which is more sustainable than the conventional pad-dyeing. However, in order to implement the foa...
Chapter
Fabric is one of the basic human needs since the beginning of human history. Typically, various fibers and its blend lack certain essential performance due to the natural deficiencies in the fibers. However, due to the advancement in technology and consumer demand, textile finishes for various functional properties are gaining importance. Consequen...
Article
Typical textile waste water contains a high concentration of spent dye that can pose serious destructive impact on aquatic environment. Therefore, treatment of textile industry effluents is strictly imposed by the relevant government authorities and environmental protection agencies. During present studies, spent dye was removed using potato starch...
Article
Poor fire retardancy of the cotton fabric is one of its major drawbacks. Therefore, there are numerous fire retardant chemistries which have been developed and being applied onto the cotton fabric. However, most of them are either less effective, toxic, contain formaldehyde or halogen. Therefore, in this research bio based chemical citric acid is p...
Article
Nowadays, intensive use of technology during textile manufacturing is responsible for making the processes more energy intensive. Most of the countries in the world are also facing shortage of pure drinking water. During conventional textile processing such as padding technique, high amount of water is needed to dissolve and apply the required chem...
Article
Herein, we report an investigation on an eco-compatible cross-linker, citric acid, to enhance multi-performance characteristics of knitted wool fabric. Citric acid reduced relaxation shrinkage after multiple washings as well as enhanced easy-care performance. Mediation of formic acid as swelling agent further improved cross-linking behavior of citr...
Article
Two environment-friendly short chain fluorocarbons, oleophobol and phobol, were evaluated on cotton fabric. The effect of combination of two fluorocarbons and the combination of oleophobol with zero formaldehyde cross-linker (DHEU) to enhance the performance and durability was also scrutinized. Repellency performance of the treated fabric was appra...
Article
Full-text available
Natural dyes are environment friendly in nature and cannot cause any harmful effects as is the case with most of the synthetic dyes. Nevertheless, most of the natural dyes exhibited weak interaction between fabric and natural dye, which resulted in poor shade depth and durability problems for cotton fabric. This research work is an endeavor to appl...
Article
Wastewater from textile industry contains a number of pollutants which are hazardous in nature. The direct discharge of the wastewater into the environment affects its ecological status by causing various undesirable changes. As environmental fortification becomes a global anxiety, industries are finding novel solutions for mounting low-cost and en...
Article
In situ deposition of TiO2 nanoparticles on polyester fabric has been carried out using hydrothermal method by changing the process conditions. The morphology and crystalline structure of as-deposited particles has been studied by using SEM and XRD. The chemical composition of nanoparticles was determined using energy dispersive spectroscopy. The t...
Article
Silk fabric easy care performance was assessed by using carboxylic acids. Cross-linker used in this study was citric acid, while sodium hypophosphite (SHP) was incorporated as a catalyst for cross-linking with silk. Enhancement in the easy care performance and shrinkage was obtained after treatment with citric acid. In addition, formic acid was use...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of different compositional biomass is introduced to enhance the binding properties and utilize the use of different seasonal biomasses. The effect of densification on the heating values of single pure and mixed compositional biomasses is observed with and without applying special type of pretreatment named as ‘Torrefaction’. The moistur...
Article
Most cotton fabrics are dyed with reactive dyes because they produce a full range of bright fashion colours with a high degree of wash fastness. Application of these dyes, however, causes high and undesirable levels of dissolved solids and oxygen demand in the effluent. This is due to the use of considerable quantities of inorganic salt and alkali...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to analyse and model the effect of knitting parameters on the thermal resistance of Cotton/Polyester double layer interlock knitted fabrics. Fabric samples of areal densities ranging from 310-495 g/m² were knitted using yarns of three different cotton/polyester blends, each of two different linear densities by systematical...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to investigate the relationship between fabric weave structure and its comfort properties. The two basic weave structures and four derivatives for each selected weave structure were studied. Comfort properties, porosity, air permeability and thermal resistance of all the fabric samples were determined. In our research the 1/1 plain...
Article
Full-text available
Performance of the colored cotton fabrics dyed with sulphur, vat, direct and reactive dyes was investigated by using two crosslinkers. DMDHEU was used as formaldehyde based crosslinker and BTCA was assessed as a zero formaldehyde alternative. Shade change of the fabrics treated with both crosslinkers was comparable and in acceptable range apart fro...
Article
Full-text available
The performances of three easy care cross-linkers based on high, low and zero formaldehyde was assessed on cotton fabric. Toxic, high formaldehyde cross-linker treated fabric exhibited superior crease recovery properties than the alternatives. Incorporation of softeners significantly enhanced the easy care performance of the environment friendly cr...
Article
Full-text available
The experimental results obtained from scratching a semicrystalline poly (ether ether ketone) surfaces, (PEEK), and its composites are presented in this paper. A semicrystalline PEEK and a carbon fiber oriented PEEK were scratched using conical indenters on a pendulum sclerometer. The carbon fiber oriented PEEK composites were scratched in the para...
Article
Full-text available
Sewing thread is one of the basic and very important components of a garment. Thread consumption for the lock stitch (class 301) can be calculated by using its geometrical shape. This paper aims to develop a geometrical model to calculate the thread consumption for lock-stitch (class 301). Based on the basic geometry of lock stitch, a model has bee...
Article
Full-text available
Mucuna sempervirensis a perennial woody climber belonging to family Fabaceae. Hand pollination experiments have proved it to be an out crossing species. In the present study, the chemical composition of M. sempervirens’s floral nectar was analysed. Concentrations of sugars, proteins, phenolics, and hydrogen peroxide were determined through spectrop...
Article
The Performance of nano TiO2 with citric acid cross-linker was assessed by using pad-dry-cure method on cotton fabric. Significant increase in crease recovery performance was observed which was previously only associated with the lengthy ultraviolet irradiation process. The optimum amount of only 0.1 % nano TiO2 was needed with the citric acid to e...
Article
Full-text available
The uniformity of dyed cotton materials largely depends upon the efficiency of fabric preparatory processes. For uniform colouration all natural and added impurities from cotton are removed by scouring and bleaching by treating with harsh chemicals at elevated temperatures which consumes much of energy. The effective use of ultrasound in textile we...
Article
Full-text available
N-methylol dimethylphosphonopropionamide, commercially famous as Pyrovatex, is among the most commonly used fire retardant for cotton fabric. Unfortunately, Pyrovatex has the issue of releasing formaldehyde and further requires formaldehyde based cross-linkers to improve the fire retardancy, durability, and easy care performance. Consequently, toxi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To enhance the in vitro synthesis of short chain fatty acids through millet dietary fibre fermentation by human faecal probiotic bacteria.Methods: The effect of millet dietary fibre fermentation on production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) by four probiotics was studied. Dietary fibre was extracted from two millet varieties viz Pearl mi...
Article
The performance of the fluorocarbon based acrylate polymer, Genguard, was evaluated on cotton fabric. Genguard treated fabric exhibited good oil and water repellency rating before washing. However, rating was lost immediately after washing. In order to enhance the washing durability of the Genguard finish, citric acid was incorporated into the reci...