Muhammad Khusairy Bin Bakri

Muhammad Khusairy Bin Bakri
Washington State University | WSU · Composite Materials & Engineering Center

PhD(SUT Aust.), PTech (MBOT), L.APTT (APTT)MEng(SUT Aust.), GradEng(BEM), BEng(Hons)(SUT Aust.)
Postdoctoral Research Associate at Composites Materials and Engineering Center, Washington State University

About

213
Publications
46,045
Reads
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1,327
Citations
Introduction
Ts. Dr. Hj. Muhammad Khusairy Bin Capt. Hj. Bakri is specialist in materials/mechanical engineering. Khusairy obtained his Doctor of Philosophy, PhD (2018), Master of Engineering (by Research), MEng (2016) and Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical Engineer), BEng (2014) from Swinburne University of Technology. Currently, Khusairy is working with Washington State University as a Postdoctoral Research Associate with his priority of research towards materials science, polymer composites, biomaterials
Additional affiliations
January 2022 - December 2022
Washington State University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • - Researching wood and biomass waste and fabricated composites panel - Publishing work related to research - Offering consultation work to other researchers, companies, governments, and clients. - Maintaining the relationship between industries and academicians
November 2019 - November 2021
University Malaysia Sarawak
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • - Continuing with existing research and collaboration work with other universities and company - Publishing journals and books related to research, engineering and education
September 2018 - present
Freelance
Position
  • Engineer
Description
  • - Currently awaiting for jobs offer by other universities/companies - Continuing with existing research and collaboration work with other universities and company - Publishing journals and books related to research, engineering and education
Education
March 2016 - June 2018
Swinburne University of Technology
Field of study
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) (by Research)
July 2014 - December 2015
Swinburne University of Technology
Field of study
  • Master of Engineering (by Research)
February 2010 - December 2013
Swinburne University of Technology
Field of study
  • Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical Engineering)

Publications

Publications (213)
Article
Full-text available
Bamboo is abundantly and vastly available, which is known for its strength and verity of usage. In this work, the effect of acrylonitrile/MAPE/nano-clay on bamboo nanocomposites (BNCs) and its optimization were evaluated using response surface methodology (RSM). The developed BNCs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
Article
Full-text available
The morphological and thermal properties of composites containing a bioplastic blend and micro/nano-sized biochar from pyrolyzed jatropha seeds from microwave pyrolyzed jatropha seeds were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. The...
Article
This study demonstrates the characterization of flax fiber reinforced polypropylene‐strontium titanate composite and dielectric study for low‐k dielectric applications. The composite was studied through thermal, morphological, and compositional aspects. Thermogravimetry analysis, differential scanning calorimetry shows a higher thermal stability wi...
Article
This research aims to study the effects of setting times and soundness of the GGBFS cement for various fineness of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) as partial replacement ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at 20 wt%, 40 wt% and 50 wt%, on the compressive and flexural strength of GGBFS mortar. A total of 54 test samples and 9 controlled samp...
Article
Bamboo is a natural resource that has prospect to substitute wood in many engineering applications. In this work, mechanical properties of bamboo nanocomposite based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/acrylonitrile/nanoclay was evaluated using response surface methodology (RSM). The developed nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fo...
Article
Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0) is the revolution that promotes customized and flexible mass production technologies in automation and manufacturing processes. The application of industrial revolution 4.0, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Cyber-Physical System (CPS), and big data, are used in the water industry to provide better water quali...
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/12/04/the-imperative-of-international-industrial-research-and-technology-universities/
Article
Full-text available
As the demand for clean water sources increases, it is crucial to identify the best wastewater treatment technology that is cost-effective and energy efficient. Despite their separation performance and durability limitations due to the membrane materials and chemicals used in current production techniques, membranes are useful for recovering water...
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/11/25/transforming-wastewater-treatment-through-esg-practices-and-waste-material-innovation/
Article
The Star Online Link: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2023/11/24/engineering-wood-pioneering-sustainable-esg-development-in-msias-construction-industry
Article
The Star Online Link: https://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2023/11/22/dilemma-of-highly-qualified-local-scientists
Article
The Dayak Daily Link: https://dayakdaily.com/letter-to-the-editor-the-imperative-to-bring-sarawak-born-scientists-home-in-reviving-scientific-excellence/
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/11/05/320565/
Chapter
Full-text available
Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) has emerged as a game-changer for sustainable construction practices worldwide. This innovative building material offers tremendous potential for Malaysia, enabling the country to balance economic growth with environmental responsibility. By understanding CLT methodology and production process and harnessing its benefit...
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/10/19/cultivating-resilience-malaysias-path-to-sustainable-agriculture-food-security/
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/10/16/malaysia-is-facing-a-decline-in-stem-intake/
Article
Nanocellulose is increasingly important due to its abundance and sustainability sources, outstanding physicochemical properties, low density, high specific surface area, and easily modified surface chemistry. Nanocellulose is obtained from various sources, such as plants, algae, and bacteria, with plant-derived nanocellulose being the most common....
Article
Business Malaysia Today: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/10/01/the-uphill-battle-why-electric-and-hydrogen-cars-may-struggle-in-malaysia/
Article
Dayak Daily Link: https://dayakdaily.com/letter-to-the-editor-why-electric-and-hydrogen-cars-may-struggle-in-malaysia/
Article
Business Today Malaysia: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/09/30/malaysias-struggle-for-global-academic-excellence/
Article
Business Today Malaysia: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/09/23/toward-industrial-research-university-status-malaysias-path-to-academic-excellence/
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/09/12/zero-emissions-the-clean-energy-transition-in-malaysia-a-closer-look/
Conference Paper
Agricultural production and processing generates large quantities of byproducts and waste. This has been a leading cause of concern for many places worldwide. Some of this waste is used as animal fodder or for compost, while the majority is either burned or discarded as landfill; these practices have an adverse environmental impact. Fabricating bio...
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/08/22/exploring-the-transition-from-local-impact-to-global-reach-in-research-and-product-development/
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/08/16/unleashing-malaysias-potential-to-overcoming-rd-mindset-barriers-for-sustainable-development/
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/08/05/industrial-research-in-malaysia-sirim-and-the-crucial-industry-academia-collaboration/
Article
A new bio-sorbent derived from green algae biomass, Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina), was found to be economically practical for water decontamination. This biosorbent comprised of microalgae cellulose, poly(lactic acid) (PLA), Dabai activated carbon (AC), and montmorillonite (MMT), each plays a distinctive role in removing methylene blue (MB) dye...
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/07/17/tvet-in-research-and-development-a-catalyst-for-economic-growth-in-malaysia/
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/07/04/unleashing-sustainable-business-opportunities-in-malaysias-construction-sector-through-waste-materials/
Article
Heavy metal contamination ruins the ecosystem and water quality. The adsorption method for heavy metal remediation is preferred because of its low cost and high efficiency. This work created eco-friendly ground biochar (GB) biomass-based derivatives reinforced polylactic acid (PLA) with titanium dioxide (TiO2). The composites improved palm oil mill...
Conference Paper
Wood and wood-based products have been used for many decades with many traditional structural and non-structural applications. In the current need for sustainable materials, wood and its by-products are leading, due to being environment friendly with proven applicability. The team at Composites Materials and Engineering Center of Washington State U...
Conference Paper
With the ever-increasing interest in sustainable materials for various applications, the use of cross-laminated timber (CLT), having the ability to transfer forces in 2-directions, has been one of the primary choices as sustainable building construction material. Low quality small diameter logs are widely available in the US forests due to forest t...
Article
Swinburne Alumni Story - Engineering Link: https://www.swinburne.edu.au/alumni/stories/engineering/muhammad-khusairy
Article
The Borneo Post Link: https://www.pressreader.com/malaysia/the-borneo-post/20230616/281681144290545
Article
Dayak Daily Link: https://dayakdaily.com/researcher-bamboo-rattan-can-be-game-changing-for-sarawaks-economy/
Article
Dayak Daily Link: https://dayakdaily.com/sarawak-can-dominate-global-market-for-engineered-wood/
Article
Business Today Malaysia Link: https://www.businesstoday.com.my/2023/06/29/a-game-changer-for-affordable-housing-in-malaysia/
Presentation
Fiber-reinforced thermoplastic polymer composite materials can significantly reduce automobiles' weight, especially electric vehicles, enhancing their range, performance, and durability. The transition to electric vehicles is forcing automakers to incorporate new technologies and methods of operation to improve performance and minimize the industry...
Article
Full-text available
Pinewood sawdust was pyrolyzed to create a micro-nanocarbon. The adsorbent's particle size was reduced during a ball milling procedure to improve the surface area and encourage porosity growth. The synergistic effects of micro-nano-adsorbent-reinforced poly(lactic acid) (PLA) composites were investigated by analyzing the efficiency of the rheologic...
Poster
Fiber-reinforced thermoplastic polymer composite materials with biochar filler can significantly reduce automobiles’ overall weight, which is especially required in electric vehicles as that will help enhancing their range, performance, and durability. Biochar has exceptional thermal stability, and its characteristics can be fine tuned by controlli...
Conference Paper
Wood and wood-based products have been used for many decades with many traditional structural and non-structural applications. In the current need for sustainable materials, wood and its by-products are leading, due to being environment friendly with proven applicability. The team at Composites Materials and Engineering Center of Washington State U...
Article
Full-text available
This research study investigates the implementation of three metaheuristic algorithms, namely, Grey wolf optimizer (GWO), Multi-verse optimizer (MVO), and Moth-flame optimisation (MFO), for coupling with a feedforward neural network (FNN) in addressing missing hourly rainfall observations, while overcoming the limitation of conventional training al...
Poster
(Won: Gray Award) Cementitious composite is widely used in construction to prepare cement-based materials such as concrete, mortar, and grout. Grout is used mainly for installing tiles and is a mixture of cement, water, sand, and other additives such as epoxy or other polymers. Cement is the grout component with the largest embodied carbon dioxide...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial-induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) has been extensively investigated as a viable biological mechanism for soil fixation and biocementation. However, its dependence on expensive fermentation media for bacterial proliferation is a cause for concern for researchers in this field. This research uses diluted palm oil mill effluent (POME) a...
Article
Full-text available
Bio-cementation is a new sustainable approach that has gained popularity due to its low energy and carbon footprint compared to existing technologies for geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering applications. Bio-cementation is a soil improvement technique that involves binding the pore space of soil particles with calcium carbonate minerals b...
Article
Full-text available
The treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME) via adsorption was investigated using a novel nanocomposite powder with the addition of titanium (IV) dioxide (TiO2) and montmorillonite clay (MMT). Reduced heavy metal content, turbidity, pH, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total suspended solids (TSS) in POME supported this result. The adsorption p...
Article
Full-text available
This study was carried out to investigate the influence of socio-economic status on household water usage patterns in Kota Samarahan, which is an education hub in Sarawak, Malaysia. This study commenced with a random sampling of 200 respondents, categorised into low-, medium- and high-income households. The medium-income household category was foun...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the impact of climate change on Sarawak river flow due to heavy rainfall and the backflow of sea level. The sea level around Sarawak is expected to rise at 3.6 mm/year. When surface runoff meets seawater backflow, especially during king tides, determining the flood inundation level at low-lying regions along the Sarawak River...
Article
Full-text available
Rainfall erosivity and rainfall kinetic energy are predominantly affected by the rainfall droplet size distribution characteristics. This study aims to determine the raindrop size distribution with different rainfall intensities in East Malaysia using photographic method and MATLAB image processing tools. A total of five natural rainfall intensitie...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to develop a soil loss equation used within an equatorial climate (2,300 – 6,000 mm of annual rainfall) and hilly terrain based on measured data from the experiment concerning measured erosion outcomes, called Equatorial Soil Loss Equation (EQSLE). The equation under development should consider high equatorial rainfall intensities a...
Chapter
Full-text available
With the rapid progression and urban development of Samarahan district in recent years, the increase in population has resulted in an increase in residential and commercial development areas. The increased number of physical drainage drawings submitted for new development areas is difficult to manage and handle by relevant authorities, particularly...
Article
Full-text available
Composites such as carbon fiber are used extensively by automotive, aerospace, marine, and energy industries due to their strong mechanical properties. However, there are still many areas it is lacking in testing, especially related to its electrophoretic deposition. In this research work, the tensile strength and Young’s modulus of CNT–CF/epoxy co...
Article
Full-text available
The Bengoh Dam was constructed to secure reliable raw water supply to Kuching and its surrounding areas until 2030. However, the changes in river morphology along the Sarawak Kiri River after the Bengoh Dam construction remain unknown. This research was conducted to study the impact of Bengoh Dam construction on erosion and sedimentation along the...
Article
Full-text available
New sustainable methods utilizing biological processes to mediate the improvement of soil properties have recently emerged. Microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP) has been demonstrated as a potential sustainable technique for soil improvement and solidification, erosion control and prevention, and remediation of contaminants. This paper d...
Article
Full-text available
This review discusses the classes of plant polyphenols along with their binding mechanisms with protein molecules. Generally, polyphenols bind in covalent and non-covalent orientations with protein molecules. Their addition to the protein usually results in undesirable flavors and tastes inside the proteins. They also affect the color of the food....
Article
Full-text available
Proteins act as a primary food component obtained from different food sources. In contrast, polyphenols are metabolites and are abundantly present in plants, so their combination plays a crucial role in defining the functional properties of a food product. In the current review, the protein-polyphenol interactions have been briefly reviewed, along...
Article
Renewable fuel production, especially bioethanol, continues to show great promise in meeting current energy demands while reducing greenhouse gas emissions for a more sustainable environment. The indigenous fruit of kepayang was researched and used to manufacture bioethanol in this article. Pretreatment, acid hydrolysis, fermentation, and distillat...
Article
Full-text available
The nanocarbon-based mixture was shown to be an effective adsorbent for removing dyes and heavy metals from wastewater via adsorption. The goal of this research was to prepare and investigate the properties of a bio-carbon mixture made from Dabai (Canarium odontophyllum) nutshell with the addition of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and montmorillonite (MMT...
Poster
Basalt fiber (BF) reinforced nylon-6 (PA6) composite is gaining popularity in the automotive industry. It reduces the composite weight, improves mechanical performance, and has high strength-to-weight ratios while being an eco-sustainable and renewable source. In addition, the use of biochar as a bio-filler or green filler in thermoplastic and ther...
Article
Full-text available
In Sarawak, a state of Malaysia on Borneo Island, clean water supply coverage is estimated to be 81.4% in 2020, whereby those without access to clean water are rural residents. Although the state aims to achieve full clean water supply coverage by 2025, budget limitations make this impossible. This research proposes a decentralized water supply sys...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its non-toxicity and environmentally friendly nature, carbohydrate-based fatty acid (CFA) esters are encouragingly used as antimicrobials and synthetic intermediates. They also are notably applied in food, surfactant, and pharmaceutical industries. In this respect, methyl 2,6-di-O-isopentanoyl-α-D-glucopyranoside (2), synthesized in a single...
Chapter
As the world’s infrastructure develops, so does the need for concrete building materials. Malaysia is one of the nations that use pulverized coal to create power, and the burning of coal produces tons of bottom ash, which is considered industrial waste. Industrial waste disposal must be appropriately handled since it may influence the environment....
Chapter
Glass has become necessary and irreplaceable in daily human life due to its benefits like abrasion resistance, durability, and availability in any form. The high demand for glass in our daily lives has resulted in a significant amount of glass waste. To address the issue of glass wastes, which has negative repercussions on individuals, culture, and...
Chapter
Since its invention in 1907, plastic has been widely utilized worldwide. As plastics were thrown away after a single use, a severe problem arose, resulting in substantial pollution and contamination of the environment. Plastic bottles accounted for a significant portion of the plastic trash disposal. Plastic bottles are frequently made from waste p...
Chapter
The purpose of this study is to investigate the different characteristics of Portland Cement Pervious (PCP). It has the potential to address a few critical environmental concerns, including groundwater recharging and stormwater runoff reduction. The lack of fine aggregate in the concrete mix results in pervious concrete interconnected empty spaces...
Chapter
This research aims to look at the effects of using uncrushed cockle shells (UCS) as a coarse aggregate in standard weight concrete (NWC). The local fish called it “blood cockle”, is also known as “Kerang” in Malay. Landfill management issues and air pollution resulted from the disposal of large amounts of waste shells into landfills. As more and mo...
Chapter
This research looked at varying percentages of natural coarse aggregate partially substituted with Coarse Ceramic Aggregate (CCA) in the same mixture design as normal-weight concrete. CCA can be obtained from construction waste due to the end of the life cycle of a building after demolition. This research looks at the behaviour of various percentag...
Chapter
The workability and strength of green-mix concrete in an experiment using high fly ash concrete cast with various percentages of plastic trash are presented in this study. The specimens were cast into cubes and cylinders and cured for 7 days, 28 days, and 56 days in a water tank. Plastic waste fibres were added to the fly ash concrete with an aspec...
Chapter
This study investigated sawdust waste as a partial replacement for sand as fine aggregates in producing lightweight sawdust concrete (SC). In Malaysia, sawmills create a considerable amount of wood waste, which has caused environmental issues as it is turned into burning materials. This investigation used sawdust to substitute river sand in the con...
Chapter
Glass has been made and used in various ways, such as bulbs, bottles, and cathode-ray tubes, all of which have a limited lifespan and are disposed of in landfills, causing multiple environmental concerns. Due to the physical and chemical similarities between glass and sand, glass waste can be used in concrete mixing by substituting glass waste for...
Chapter
The effects of coal bottom ash (CBA) as a partial sand replacement and coal fly ash (CFA) as a partial Portland Cement replacement in high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete are investigated in this paper. CBA and CFA are waste products from coal-fired power plants worth studying because of the large amount produced each year. Furthermore, this study p...
Book
This book presents solutions for optimizing sustainable concrete fabrication techniques. It shows how to reinforce sustainable concrete by various waste materials such as glass waste, uncrushed cockle shell, plastic waste and ceramic tiles. It also reports on properties’ enhancement of high-strength concrete materials. The book presents an analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Significant effects of organoclay and poly(melamine-co-formaldehyde)-methylated (PMFM) impregnation on the mechanical, morphological, and thermal characteristics of raw pulai wood were investigated in this work. The material's modulus of elasticity (MOE) as well as the maximum compression force (MCF) of the impregnated organoclay/PMFM pulai wood sa...
Article
Full-text available
Link 1: https://www.theborneopost.com/2022/03/20/priceless-in-the-eyes-of-the-world/
Article
Full-text available
Luffa reinforced polylactic acid (PLA) bio-composites were prepared and examined. The luffa surface was treated using three chemicals, i.e., sodium hydroxide, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, and acetic anhydride, which enhanced luffa compatibility with PLA. Mechanical testing was done on the chemically modified luffa reinforced PLA bio-composites, i....
Article
Full-text available
Biodegradable plastics are among the most promising materials to replace conventional petroleum-based plastics that have caused many adverse impacts on the environment, such as pollution (land, water, etc.) and global warming. Among a range of biodegradable plastics, poly lactic acid (PLA) is not only widely available but also safe to be decomposed...
Chapter
Electronic and electrical waste (e-waste) is the fastest-growing waste source on the planet. Currently, most of the e-waste is disposed of via the general waste stream or incinerated and landfilled. The feasibility of producing a polymer composite based on e-waste recylates is investigated in this chapter. The most suitable thermoset resin for the...
Chapter
Many attempts have been made to limit the environmental impact of textile production. Recently, well-known corporations have backed programs encouraging the use of recycled materials, reducing solid waste, and reducing raw material waste. The possibilities of repurposing textile waste into multifunctional goods while mitigating environmental impact...
Chapter
This chapter presents a collection of studies focusing on the recycling of rubber waste and plastic waste. The advantages and disadvantages of using recycled rubber waste and recycled plastic waste for composite material preparations are also discussed. According to findings from numerous studies, researchers have incorporated both recycled rubber...
Chapter
The chapter emphasizes a variety of points, including the issue of plastic waste and its major environmental and human health consequences. Plastics that are commonly used in various industries are also discussed. The industry’s solution to recycling such plastics is also demonstrated. Additionally, this chapter also covers a short history of compo...
Chapter
This chapter discusses pulp and paper waste from different unit operations. Traditional methods were ineffective in extracting the recalcitrant material, hence there is a need for pretreatment of pulp and paper waste to solubilize and use sludge solids. The use of pulp and paper waste in biocomposites, either as a filler or as a fiber, increases th...
Chapter
Composite products made from bioresources, recycled materials, waste energy, and their variations are gaining popularity. The use of biocomposites in the construction of lightweight components have piqued the interest of automotive manufacturers. Manufacturing developments have been rendered possible by a hybrid biocomposites made of petrochemical-...
Chapter
The marine arena is our largest source of food supplies and one of the highest and biggest diversity products or byproducts supplier. Due to this diversity, its products and byproducts have a great potential to be used as reinforcement in biocomposites. From fish scales, bones, and crabs, all these parts can be used as reinforcement due to their ex...
Chapter
The use of recycled plastic and natural fibers as components in composite materials is explored in depth in this chapter. Recycled plastic natural fibers composites will support a variety of industries because the raw materials cost is lower and natural fibers are a green resource that develops abundantly as opposed to synthetic-based polymers deri...
Chapter
The effect of recycled plastic biocomposites on the economy and the socio-environment was thoroughly explored in this chapter. It also looked at the current global plastic landscape and the state of the art of certain bio-based biodegradable plastics that have been studied in order to gain a better understanding of the subject, suggest alternatives...
Chapter
Plastics are one of the most valuable resources on the planet, and they are rapidly replacing cement, glass, metals, wood, and other materials in a variety of applications. Plastics are easy to deal with, resource-saving, nontoxic, and can be visually pleasing. Plastics are mostly made from oil and gas, with sugar and corn as renewable feedstocks....
Chapter
This chapter addresses current knowledge and understanding of waste and recycled plastic biocomposites. In the overview, the distinctions between composites and biocomposites are discussed, including the history of biocomposites as well as their properties. Additionally, education regarding biocomposites general understandings from a variety of fie...
Chapter
Food residue and its waste is becoming one a hot topic in many industries, which contributes to the high waste disposal due to its short period of degradation. Food residues also have a big potential to be used as reinforcement, either in the form of fiber or filler. and bonded with recycled plastic to become a biocomposites. This chapter discusses...
Book
Recycled plastic biocomposites have attracted widespread attention from both researchers and manufacturers due to the significant improvements in their physico-mechanical, thermal, rheological, and barrier properties when compared to conventional materials, as well as their potential regarding commercialization and zero waste. Recycled Plastic Bioc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Japan and its robotics technology have a long history of technological advancement, whereas it progressed to unprecedented levels of expertise in robot creation and deployment since debuted in 1928. According to the International Federation of Robotics, Japan is now the world’s leading robotics producer. Japanese history shows that they have succes...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of chemical treatment on silicon manganese slag and the effect of curing time on the compressive strength of completely replacement coarse aggregate silicon manganese concrete (SMC) relative to normal weight concrete (NWC) with gravel as coarse aggregate is the subject of this paper. Alkali and acidic base chemicals are used to alter the...
Chapter
In this chapter, the structure of cellulose, molecular weight of cellulose, chemical structure characterization techniques, X-ray and neutron small angle scattering technique, surface area analysis, thermal properties of cellulose characterization techniques, and mechanical properties of cellulose characterization techniques were reviewed and discu...
Chapter
Either as a filler or reinforcement for polymers, cellulose fibers are known to exhibits a significant contribution on the properties of the composites made. Due to extensive research, in the last decade, synthetic fiber reinforced polymer composites have been developed for applications involve high performance structural or nonstructural materials...