Muhammad ATHAR Khan

Muhammad ATHAR Khan
University of Lahore | UOL · University Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences

MPH (USA), Ph. D. (USA)

About

280
Publications
29,085
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
370
Citations
Citations since 2017
23 Research Items
221 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023010203040
2017201820192020202120222023010203040
2017201820192020202120222023010203040
2017201820192020202120222023010203040
Introduction
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
University of Lahore
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2013 - October 2014
University of the Punjab
Position
  • Professor
April 2009 - present
King Edward Medical University
Position
  • Professor
Education
May 1984 - April 1985
University of Minnesota
Field of study
  • Public Health
April 1983 - May 1987
University of Minnesota
Field of study
  • Epidemiology
May 1976 - May 1981
University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Field of study
  • Clinical Medical & Surgery

Publications

Publications (280)
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND The twentieth century witnessed women expanding the range of possibilities for their gender; by participating as professionals in different fields and by actively dissolving the boundaries of the traditionally held gender roles and they continue to work even during the most crucial phase of their life, that is pregnancy. Discussing the f...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was designed to investigate the disease characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in buffaloes and antibiotic susceptibility of isolates. Visual inspection and palpation indicated as; hind quarters were asymmetric (n=2), Clinical symptoms (n=2), Udder and teat’s wounds (n=2), Scar tissue (n=1), Warts (teat) (n=1) and all o...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To find out the association of seeking ophthalmic assessment in children with parental history of refractive errors. Methods: After the approval of ethical review board, an analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in eight high schools of public and private sector at Lahore during the period of seven months from August 2017 to M...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Objective: To assess the magnitude of refractive errors among high school children. Methods: The cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted from April to August 2017 in four public-sector high schools in Lahore, Pakistan. Using multistage simple random sampling, all publicsector high schools of the city were initially included. Scree...
Article
Introduction: There are certain factors which are present at workplacesbut cannot be seen as the potential hazards for the health of a normal women but when itcomes to pregnant working women and mothers, these factors can have profound effectson health of women during pregnancy. These factors found are transportation, duty hours,medical and materni...
Article
Full-text available
Leptospirosis is a global zoonotic infectious disease having alarming public health concerns. Generally this is an occupation related disease and the victims belong to animal slaughtering, owners of pet shops, farm workers, handlers of meat, sewerage and agriculture workers. Leptospirosis affect multiple organs in human body and may lead to myocard...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study was conducted to find out the occupation based HCV prevalence in the rural communities of Punjab. Settings: Rural communities of Punjab, Pakistan. Study Design: Epidemiological, descriptive, cross sectional study. Study Period: January 2013 to June 2016. Methods: Punjab was divided into three regions. Three districts were sel...
Article
Objectives: This study was conducted to find out the occupation basedHCV prevalence in the rural communities of Punjab. Settings: Rural communities of Punjab,Pakistan. Study Design: Epidemiological, descriptive, cross sectional study. Study Period:January 2013 to June 2016. Methods: Punjab was divided into three regions. Three districtswere selecte...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To estimate the prevalence rate of hepatitis-C (HCV) viral infection in terms of detection of serum antibodies in the patients of different categories of communicable and non-communicable diseases in the communities of rural Punjab, Pakistan. Study Design: Observational / descriptive / cross sectional study. Place and Duration of Study:...
Article
Full-text available
p> Abstract Background: Hepatitis C virus infection is a very serious and alarming public health concern worldwide. The virus is transmitted through blood and blood related infected products. However sexual and vertical transmission is also reported. Although the infection by Hepatitis C virus is endemic in nature but prevalence as well as incide...
Article
Introduction: e-Health is a combination of medical informatics, public health,business and information technology. Health information technology has increased theproductivity by reengineering of health care but it requires new measurement tools to monitorthe impact of it .e-health is not only for the development of technologies but also it includes...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: e-Health is a combination of medical informatics, public health, business and information technology. Health information technology has increased the productivity by reengineering of health care but it requires new measurement tools to monitor the impact of it .e-health is not only for the development of technologies but also it inclu...
Article
To estimate the prevalence of Hepatitis B, C and HIV among residents of border area of Wagha Pind Lahore through active disease surveillance. A cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological study. At Federal Government Dispensary and Health Check Post Wagha Border, Wagha Village Lahore. The study was performed from 25th Jan’2017 to 7th July’2017.The...
Article
Full-text available
In Pakistan avian influenza surveillance has been both active and passive. Here, we present the results of a survey effort focusing solely on the live bird markets and wild bird species from different zoos and national parks to understand the impact of live bird markets on the spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. A cross sectional s...
Article
Sex discrimination in a newborn child is still present in Pakistan. It is despite relativewealth, rapid globalization, female education and socioeconomic development. Althoughmother’s education improves quality of childcare, but still it does not reduce discriminationagainst her children. The mental torture a female goes through in a life time for...
Article
Full-text available
Findings of emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza in commercial poultry farms that was conducted from April 2006 to June 2008 that majority of the outbreaks occurred at the age of 45 weeks at layer and breeder farms. The cumulative morbidity and mortality rate ranged 57-95% and 5-43% respectively. The highest culling percentage recorded in...
Article
Objective: To find out the frequency of healthy overweight/obese females as determined by body mass index in a cluster. Study Design: Descriptive/cross sectional study Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Out-Patient Department of CMH Landi Kotal hospital from 1st Jan 2016 to 30th June 2016. Materials and Methods: A non-prob...
Article
Full-text available
Leptospirosis is an important disease of all vertebrates including humans. Infection and/or disease may be caused by any of the 250 pathogenic serovars of the species leptospira interrogans arranged into 24 serogroups. The spirochete survives and propagates in the neutral or alkaline water. The occupational groups like veterinarians, butchers, sewe...
Article
Objective: Study was designed to assess the knowledge, skill and attitude of community midwives before and after three days training workshop on the subject insertion of intrauterine device, as a tool for family planning. Study Design: Observational / descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at Community Medicine, Sh...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To determine the frequency of appendicular mass (tumour) and abscess at tertiary care teaching hospital. Study Design: Cross sectional descriptive study. Period: One year. Setting: Department of Surgery at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad / Jamshoro, a tertiary care teaching hospital. Patients and Methods: All the patients presente...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sexual health among females in a low middle income country like Pakistan substantially affects quality of life. Vaginal Candidiasis is a common infection found among the females leading to discomfort and pain during the sexual intercourse. Objective: To determine the sexual health, among young sexually active females with vaginal candid...
Article
In Pakistan the total fertility rate is 4.5 which is too high and the main reason forthis is the low contraceptive prevalence rate of only 28%. A woman’s ability to space and limither pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and as well as on the outcome of eachpregnancy”. The population of Pakistan represents 2.56% of the world’s total popula...
Article
Full-text available
In Pakistan the total fertility rate is 4.5 which is too high and the main reason for this is the low contraceptive prevalence rate of only 28%. A woman's ability to space and limit her pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and as well as on the outcome of each pregnancy ". The population of Pakistan represents 2.56% of the world's total po...
Article
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of ibuprofen and celecoxib in controlling post endodontic pain. METHODOLOGY:AQuasi Experimental study was conducted in the Operative Dentistry Department ofAltamash Institute of Dental Medicine during fourteen months study period. One hundred patients who required root canal treatme...
Article
The burden of geriatric diseases has a significant impact upon the socio-cultural, socioeconomic and administration of health services. The study was carried out to identify a burden of geriatric conditions, magnitude of disease problems and involvements of body systems in the parents of medical doctors from Lahore. After taking the consent, interv...
Article
Epidemiology and risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were investigated in this study. A total of 83 antenatal care (ANC) patients, who attended public/private hospitals of Lahore during 2009 were evaluated for their anti-HCV status using the 3rd generation ELISA test, with reference to the subject's demographic and behavioral risk fa...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of animal health services is a major hindrance in the control of livestock diseases in Pakistan. Consequently decreased production is a major factor in poverty alleviation in a developing country like Pakistan, where small livestock owners are the backbone of agriculture. The present study is therefore designed to evaluate the effectivenes...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Industrial labour is an important population section as it is actively engaged in the industry of the nation. Labour work force and health have bi-directional relationship, as hazardous work can produce negative effect on health in terms of injury and disease. Since sickness and absenteeism is an indicator to measure the health status o...
Data
The purpose of study was to evaluate the effect of sex over normal physiology of buffalo neonates against induced E. coli antiserum K99 infection. In this study thirty calves were divided into three groups i.e., Group A; the male neonates; Group B; the female neonates and Group C; the control group. Physiological data gathered within first 24 hours...
Article
Full-text available
The current study was designed to investigate the seroprevalence of hepatitis C in blood donors and also to find out the risk factors associated with its occurrence. An analytical cross sectional study was conducted at blood banks of various public and private hospitals of Lahore during the year 2009. A total of 245 blood donors were selected throu...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was designed to investigate the disease characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in buffaloes and antibiotic susceptibility of isolates. Visual inspection and palpation indicated as; hind quarters were asymmetric (n=2), Clinical symptoms (n=2), Udder and teat's wounds (n=2), Scar tissue (n=1), Warts (teat) (n=1) and all o...
Article
Full-text available
A case-control epidemiological study was carried out to estimate the haematological and serum biochemical risk factors associated with parturient haemoglobinuria on 30 haemoglobinuric and 60 apparently healthy buffaloes selected from district Chakwal during December, 2010 and January, 2011. Non coagulated and coagulated blood samples were collected...
Article
Full-text available
Leptospirosis is an important zoonotic problem occurring globally. To study the serosurveillance of canine leptospirosis, 429 dogs (265 males; 164 females) blood samples were collected around Lahore city and its peri-urban areas and processed by using canine Leptospira IgG ELISA kit. Of 429 samples, 36.1% were positive serologically for canine lept...
Article
Background: Dry eye disease (DED) is one of the most frequently encountered ocular morbidities. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of sodium hyaluronate eye drop for eight weeks in patients with DED. Patients and Methods: This was a multi-centre, open-label, uncontrolled clinical trial carried out at different centres of P...
Article
Purpose: The present study was an attempt to elucidate the seroprevalence of equine influenza virus (H3N8) in two geographically distinct regions of Pakistan where vaccination is not routinely practiced. Methods: A total number of 315 animals of family Equidae were included in the survey. Blood samples and nasal swabs were collected from the sam...
Article
Full-text available
During extreme months of winter, December and January, every year, the migratory birds from Siberia travel to Indus Valley and other parts of Indo-Pakistan subcontinent. These migratory birds include, ducks, geese, swans and the water fowls. These birds are known to carry all avian influenza viruses and by shedding virus, they are assumed to be vec...
Article
Objectives: To study the differences in the thickness of anterior abdominal wall muscle, in age matched individuals having different body mass indices; and to determine if there is any correlation between the thickness of muscle with that of the body mass index (BMI). Design: Cohort prospective. Methods: 4160 observations were made on 260 healthy m...
Article
An experiment was conducted to study the utilization of soymilk as milk replacer for raising calves. Nine crossbred calves were selected and divided into three groups on the basis of their body weight and genotype. The calves of group A were reared by cow milk, group B reared by strained soymilk and group C reared by unstrained soymilk. It was foun...
Article
Effect of three hygienic conditions (T 1 -washing and disinfection of udder and teats, milker hands, and a sanitary rinse of milking pails using calcium hypochlorite solution with 200 ppm Cl; T 2 -washing of udder and teats, milker hands and milking pails with normal water; and T 3 -without any kind of preparation of udder and teats, milker hands a...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was conducted to investigate the milk quality from different genotype. A total 48 dairy cows belong to different genotypes such as Holstein cross, Jersey cross, Sahiwal cross and Red Chittagong were selected. Milk compositional viz. specific gravity, Acidity test, Fat test, Protein test, Solids-not-fat (SNF) test and total solids...
Article
Full-text available
Population based case control study of parturient hemoglobinuria was conducted in District Chakwal during April 2009 to January 2011 for quantification of epidemiological risk factors associated with condition. Data of 180 case-control pairs were analyzed for various hypothesized risk factors. Odds ratios calculated for ≥7 years age (5.56), ≥7 mont...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first report of carrier of Streptococcus equi (S. equi) in naturally infected mules in Pakistan. A total of 20 mules (10 <2 year and 10 of 2-5 years) infected with strangles that remained positive after one week of recovery were selected and monitored for 12 weeks. After the end of 2nd week all mules < 2 years of age were positive but a...
Article
Full-text available
Monovalent and polyvalent vaccines are commonly used rabies cell culture vaccines that can vary in their immunogenic efficacy in dogs. In this study, immunogenic efficacy of two monovalent vaccines (Rabisin and Rabisyva-VP13) and a polyvalent vaccine (Hexadog DHP-LR) was compared. Sixteen adult, healthy, non-vaccinated dogs were randomly assigned t...
Article
Full-text available
Ketoprofen (KTP) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), used to alleviate inflammation and rheumatic problems in humans and animals. A single intravenous dose of ketoprofen was administered in eight healthy horses at dose of 3.0 mg/kg body weight through jugular vein. Blood samples (3-5ml) were drawn pre-medication at zero-hr, and then...
Article
The present study reports the sero-surveillance of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) conducted in 90 randomly selected villages of the six districts of central Punjab. Serum samples (n=4500) from buffaloes and cattle were subjected to liquid phase blocking ELISA for the estimation of circulating antibodies. The results of the study showed that FMD serot...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The burden of geriatric diseases has a significant impact upon the socio-cultural, socioeconomic and administration of health services. The study was carried out to identify a burden of geriatric conditions, magnitude of disease problems and involvements of body systems in the parents of medical doctors from Lahore. Methods: After takin...
Article
Full-text available
The present investigation was executed to study the sero-surveillance of hemorrhagic septicemia (HS) in buffaloes and cattle in district Dera-Ghazi-Khan, Punjab, Pakistan. The average geometric mean titers (GMT) recorded against HS in diseased buffaloes and cattle were 5.7 and 6.1, respectively. The morbidity, mortality and case fatality rates were...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment was carried out to monitor the quality of soymilk as milk replacement for rear¬ing calves. For this purpose, six crossbred dairy calves were selected and divided into two similar groups on the basis of their body weight and genotype. The calves of group A were reared by cow milk and group B reared by combination of cow milk and soymil...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (11)
Archived project
1) To determine the employment factors and their role, which are likely to influence the progress of pregnancy, its outcome and health of women during the postnatal period 2) To determine the issues and concerns faced by employers regarding pregnancy at a workplace 3) To recommend approaches and interventions to create awareness regarding the detrimental effects of employment factors.
Project
The objectives of the study are: To assess the relationship of fast food with high blood pressure and diabetes in different age groups and gender. To give suggestions to improve the dietary habit of population to prevent them from ill effects of these diseases.