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Muhammad Zahid Iqbal

Muhammad Zahid Iqbal
Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical & Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Pharm. D, MBA, M. Sc (Clinical Pharmacy), PhD (Clinical Pharmacy)

About

127
Publications
15,006
Reads
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199
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - January 2022
Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
May 2012 - May 2014
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (127)
Article
Objective: The objective of the current study was to assess the psychometric characteristics of Perceived Stress Scale 10 (PSS-10) in cardiovascular patients. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was performed in cardiovascular patients using the PSS-10. Sociodemographic and patients reported clinical data were collected. Descriptive and inferentia...
Article
Background: Most studies showed fair evidence on the benefits of Coenzyme Q10 supplements in improving cardiac functions and preventing cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to assess knowledge of Coenzyme Q10 supplements among cardiac patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study and 134 patients were conveniently enrolled based on inclu...
Article
Background: This study aimed to assess attitude of cardiac patients about Coenzyme Q10 supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study using convenience sampling based on inclusion and exclusion criteria was conducted among cardiac patients. This study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire, derived from extensive literature reviews. R...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to determine impact of clinical characteristics on quality of life (QoL) in heart failure patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study using a newly developed and validated research tool and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure (MLHF) research tool, was conducted in heart failure patients. Data was collected by convenience...
Article
Objective: The objective of the current study was to assess the psychometric properties of Perceived Stress Scale 10 (PSS-10) among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was performed among AF patients using the PSS-10. Sociodemographic and patients reported clinical data were collected. Descriptive and inferential...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The study aimed to evaluate treatment effectiveness of biologic-DMARDs and their impact on overall disease control and management among rheumatoid arthritis patients being treated on biologic-DMARDs. Methods: The study was performed among RA patients and disease activity score (DAS) were calculated using DAS 28. Descriptive and inferenti...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetes mellitus is a lifestyle modification disease that requires corporation from patients, which can be achieved by increasing patients' education level regarding the condition. In Malaysia, pharmacists are providing these services in DMTAC clinics in hospitals. The objective was to evaluate the influence of pharmacist intervention on hypertens...
Research
. Diabetes mellitus is a lifestyle modification disease that requires corporation from patients, which can be achieved by increasing patients’ education level regarding the condition. In Malaysia, phar�macists are providing these services in DMTAC clinics in hospitals. The objective was to evaluate the influ�ence of pharmacist intervention on hype...
Article
Full-text available
As diabetes mellitus is a lifestyle associated disease thus for achieving rigorous glycemic control , not only the physician adherence and compliance to the given guideline are important, but patient adherence to medication regimens also plays a vital role. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of pharmacist led educational intervention on diabet...
Article
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The impact of pharmacists is proven for patient drug therapy, appropriateness, effectiveness, and patient compliance towards the treatment plan. The current study aimed to appraise the impact of pharmacist-led educational intervention on diabetic nephropathy determinants among diabetic patients in Malaysia. In two different tertiary care hospitals,...
Article
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Background and objective: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease which can lead to different complications in patients if not treated properly. An appropriate intervention from health care providers is needed to stop and decrease the progression of diabetic complication in diabetic patients. This study aimed to measure the effect of pharmacist int...
Article
Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder that can initiate organ damage inside the body if not treated appropriately. Apart from tight glycemic control, a suitable educational intervention is also needed from health-care providers to stop or decrease the progression of organ damage in diabetic patients. This study intended...
Article
This study assessed the prevalence of anemia, its severity and types among Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients. The study also evaluated the current prescribing pattern of medicine for anemia management among CKD patients. It also identified the demographic and clinical predictors affecting the prevalence of anemia among CKD patients. The study w...
Article
Customers are increasingly turning to professional social media networks to learn about businesses and make purchasing decisions. The purpose of this study is to get a better understanding of SMM activities customization and word of mouth, brand experience sensory experience and behavioral experience and social media benefits, cognitive and persona...
Article
Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the awareness of university students about oral health and hygiene in a university in Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the students of four different faculties (pharmacy, medical, biotechnology and business) in a university in Malaysia with the help of pre-validated...
Article
Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the knowledge of ALS among students in a university in Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional and observational study was performed among the students of three different healthcare provider faculties (Medical, Pharmacy and Dental) in a university with the help of pre-validated research questionnai...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the attitude of university students towards Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in a medical university. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among the students of three different faculties (Medical, Pharmacy and Dental) in a medical university in Malaysia using a self-prepared and pre...
Article
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Purpose: There is a wide range of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), which has increased drastically and affected treatments overall. The knowledge and practice of Chinese herbal medicine among the general population is considered as positive. Literature shows that the effectiveness and acceptance of alternative therapies is stil...
Article
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Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the perception of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) among future healthcare providers in a university in Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional and observational study was conducted among the students of three different healthcare provider faculties in a university in Malaysia with the help of pre-valida...
Article
Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the knowledge of future healthcare providers about Japanese Encephalitis in a university in Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the students of three different healthcare provider faculties in a university in Malaysia with the help of pre-validated research questionnai...
Article
Objective: The present study was conducted to appraise future healthcare providers' perceptions in medical, dental, and pharmacy students on Ebola virus disease (EVD) in university in Malaysia. Methodology: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between healthcare students from the medical pharmacy and dental faculties using a self-dev...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important medical and public health issue world widely. The incidence has been exponentially increased in the majority of developing countries. Evidence revealed that diabetics are more prone to infections than non-diabetic patients. UTI is one of the infections that occurs more frequently among DM patients. This cross-...
Article
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Context: Diabetes mellitus is a progressive disease. In poor glycemic control, it can cause severe and non-reversible complications. A proper educational intervention from health care providers is needed for patients to decrease the progression of diabetes and its complications. Aims: To evaluate the effect of pharmacist-led educational interventi...
Article
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the perception of future healthcare providers regarding Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in a private medical university. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method. A self-developed and pre-validated tool was used to collect data from students studyin...
Article
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the knowledge of future healthcare providers regarding the Ebola virus disease (EVD) in a private university. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method. A self-developed and pre-validated tool was used to collect data from students studying in three heal...
Article
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the attitude of future health care providers regarding the treatment and management of mental health disorders (MHDs). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method. A self-developed and pre-validated tool was used to collect data from students studying in t...
Article
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the good oral practices (GOP) among university students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method. A self-developed and pre-validated tool was used to collect data from students studying at a university in Malaysia. The Statistical Package...
Article
Objective: To assess the attitude of healthcare students regarding Japanese Encephalitis (JE) in a medical university. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method. A self-developed and pre-validated tool was used to collect data from students studying in three healthcare faculties of a university i...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study aimed to determine sociodemographic correlates of practice towards oral hygiene (OH) among university students in a private university. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among university students in Malaysia using a prevalidated questionnaire. The convenient stratified sampling method was adopted to recruit part...
Article
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Background: Despite substantial guidelines on the effective management of hypertension, many studies demonstrated an underutilization of evidence-based medicine (EBM) for the treatment of hypertension patients. This study aimed to evaluate the antihypertension therapy and the impact of patients' specific predictors on the utilization of EBM among h...
Article
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Objective The aim was to validate the Urdu version of General Medication Adherence Scale (GMAS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis disease.MethodsA 2-month (March–April 2019) cross-sectional study was conducted in randomly selected out-patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The sample size was calculated using item-subject ratio of 1:20. The scale...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The effect of anticoagulation control on overall Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients taking warfarin in Pakistan has not been explored yet. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate HRQoL among warfarin patients in Pakistan. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted among patients on warfarin in Pakistan. By purpos...
Article
Aim To carry out cross‐culture adaptation and validation of the English version of Rheumatoid Arthritis Knowledge Assessment Scale (RAKAS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods A cross‐sectional study was conducted for 2 months in 2 tertiary care hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. Sample size was calculated based on item‐subject ratio....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The study was focused on the possible factors which can act as barriers in children immunization. It was conducted in a suburb comprising of multiethnic population with different demographic characteristics. Methods: The study was based on five questions associated with the childhood immunization and conducted in suburb of a Malaysian Stat...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aim The effect of anticoagulation control on overall Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients taking warfarin in Malaysia has not been explored yet. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate HRQoL among patients on warfarin in Malaysia. Methods HRQoL among patients on warfarin was measured using WHOQOL-BREF (World Health Org...
Article
Background: The main objective of this study was to determine and compare current drug-related knowledge and clinical skills in terms of medication error identification among future healthcare professionals. Methods: Study participants were asked to identify errors in three different prescriptions. Around 15 minutes were given to complete the quest...
Article
Introduction: These days, living a good quality life has become a luxury rather than a necessity and investigating the quality of life (QoL) across teaching professionals seems to be beneficial. This study aimed to determine the association between demographic and socioeconomic variables and the QoL among pharmacy academics. Methods: Stratified ran...
Article
Introduction: Endodontics is the division of dentistry that mainly dealt with the physiology, pathophysiology, pathology and morphology of human dental tissues. The study determined the knowledge among patients who underwent root canal treatment (RCT). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried among RCT patients visiting various dental clinics....
Article
Introduction: Several determinants directly affect the Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of root canal treatment (RCT) patients like knowledge, attitude, perceptions, age, gender, marital status, smoking and pre-exposure history of RCT. This study determined the sociodemographic determinants of OHRQoLamong patients underwent RCT. Methods...
Article
Introduction: Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) appears to be the main reason for hospitalization among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the substantial economic burden of COPD in terms of out-of-pocket costs (OOPCs) among COPD patients. Methods: This study consis...
Article
Objective: This study's objective was to determine the level of career satisfaction among practicing Community Pharmacists (CPs) and the impact of various factors on career satisfaction. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a self-administered instrument to access the current level of career satisfaction among CPs. The survey instrument questio...
Article
Introduction: Having a good health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important to ensure good job performance. However, it is subjective and it cannot be measured easily. This study aimed to evaluate HRQoL among universityhealthcare academics in public andprivate universities. Method: In this study,a stratified random sampling approach was employe...
Article
Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) imparts a substantial economic burden on an individual and society. Exacerbation of COPD (ECOPD) is the primary cost driver for this burden as it usually associated with hospital admissions of COPD patients. The present study aimed to determine the direct costs of acute ECOPD among COPD pat...
Article
Introduction: This study was designed to determine the out of pocket costs (OOPCs) of acute exacerbation of asthma (AEA) in asthma patients attending a public hospital. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was done by interviewing the patients using the convenience sampling technique. Data were obtained based on per episode of AEA. OOPCs were calcu...
Article
Aims: This study aimed to assess the current levels of job and workplace satisfaction among community pharmacists (CPs) and to explore the factors that can affect their job and workplace satisfaction. Methods: A self-administered research tool (questionnaire) was developed based on previously published literature. After its reliability and validity...
Article
Introduction: Medication errors caused devastating consequences affecting both the healthcare system and the patient’s trust. Junior doctors, pharmacists, and nurses are prone to make these mistakes. Thus, this study served a purpose to evaluate the pharmacological knowledge of the healthcare students (HCSs) i.e. pharmacy, medical, and nursing stud...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study evaluates physicians' adherence to Malaysian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Hypertension 2013 (MCPGs-HPT-2013) and the factors influencing patients' adherence to antihypertensive medications. Materials and Methods: Among a cohort of randomly selected 170 hypertensive patients, the prescribing trends of physicians were compar...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of healthcare students (Medicine, Pharmacy, and Dentistry) in a private university about mental health challenges (MHC). Materials and methods: A research cross-sectional observational was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of st...
Article
Warfarin therapy adherence is among important measures that often helps in avoiding drug-related problems among warfarin patients. To date, warfarin therapy adherence effect on overall Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among warfarin patients has not been studied in Malaysia. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association of warfarin the...
Article
Full-text available
A strict and adherence treatment is required by the patient with diabetes mellitus and it demands a proper self-medication by the patient. Pharmacists are involved in providing self-management support to the patients. This review evaluates the interventions of pharmacist for patients to improve self-management with diabetes mellitus and also to imp...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate parent's attitude towards childhood vaccination and to determine the factors associated with non-adherence of parents to the mandatory vaccination schedule in Sungai Petani, Kedah, Malaysia. Methods: a Validated questionnaire was used as an instrument for evaluating parent's attitude regarding childhood vaccination. Data obtain...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Cervical Cancer (CC), the entirely preventable cancer is the second largest killer in low and middle-income countries, with most death in women’s prime of life. The objective was to assess the knowledge, attitude & perception (KAP) related to cervical cancer, its screening and vaccination among female University students from medical,...
Article
Full-text available
Most overwhelming complications of Type 1 diabetes mellitus patients are responsible for complications related to the microvascular system most likely with kidney. In the kidney, hyperglycemia induced microangiopathy resulting not only thickening of the glomerular capillary basement membrane but also to the proliferation of the mesangial matrix and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives To determine the clinical efficacy (DAS-28) of spironolactone when added to continuing regimen of Disease-Modifying anitrheumatic durgs (DMARDs) therapy in 28 naive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, who failed to respond adequately on monotherapy or combination of conventional disease modifying agents. Methods A distinct study on 28 pa...
Poster
Full-text available
To evaluate parent’s knowledge attitude and practice (KAP)on vaccination and also to assess factors associated with low adherence to vaccination due to pharmaco-economic factors in urban region of Malaysia.
Article
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Objectives: The objective of the study is to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and perception of medical, dental and pharmacy students in AIMST University on the progress of Zika Virus. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study on a convenient random sample of 265 students from AIMST University was conducted by using pretested and validated que...