Muhammad Farooq

Muhammad Farooq
Sultan Qaboos University | SQU · Department of Plant Sciences

B.Sc (Hons), M.Sc (Hons), PhD, MPAS, YAFTWAS

About

621
Publications
619,651
Reads
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31,093
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - June 2020
Sultan Qaboos University
Position
  • Professor
May 2016 - August 2016
Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany
Position
  • Guest Professor
December 2013 - present
King Saud University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (621)
Article
This 5-year study (2012-17) aimed to evaluate the impacts of sesbania (Sesbania rostrata Bremek. & Oberm) brown manure (SBM) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) in rice (Oryza sativa L.)-based rotations on weeds, soil properties, and rice yield. Four rice production systems; (1) wheat – rice (control), (2) wheat – rice + SBM, (3) wheat – sorghum-rice,...
Article
Drought stress is one of the major yield limiting factors in grain legumes. The severity and intensity of drought stress are predicted to increase in the future. Drought stress in grain legumes at any stage causes significant yield reduction owing to a decrease in stand establishment (misfunctioning of germination enzymes like proteases and amylase...
Article
Frequent and intense drought episodes impact agricultural productivity by challenging plant water status. The maintenance of hydraulic conductivity plays a key role in deciphering stress-induced impacts. Understanding drought-induced changes to root anatomical traits is important to improve plant drought adaptation. However, little is known about t...
Article
Full-text available
Frequent and intense drought episodes impact agricultural productivity by challenging plant water status. The maintenance of hydraulic conductivity plays a key role in deciphering stress-induced impacts. Understanding drought-induced changes to root anatomical traits is important to improve plant drought adaptation. However, little is known about t...
Article
Full-text available
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) play a vital role in alleviating biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. They enable plant growth under adverse circumstances and help improving the yield through several direct or indirect mechanisms. With the aid of PGPR, plant can fix atmospheric nitrogen, produce phytohormones, enhance water and nutrie...
Article
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During the last few decades, multiple agronomic innovations have been introduced to boost up the yield potential of agricultural crops. Among these innovations, use of conservation agriculture approaches, and use of resource conservation technologies, e.g. direct-seeded rice (Oryza sativa L.), zero-tillage wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), laser land l...
Article
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Cadmium(Cd) is one the leading environmental contaminants. The Cd toxicity and its potential stabilization strategies have been investigated in the recent years. However, the combined effects of biochar and microorganisms on the adsorption of Cd and maize plant physiology, still remained unclear. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to evaluate...
Article
Soil organic carbon (SOC) and nitrogen (N) mineralization are important biogeochemical processes associated with soil fertility. These processes are influenced by physically, chemically, and biologically stabilized organic carbon (C) fractions, the mechanisms of which are not well-known. The present study was conducted to evaluate the combined effe...
Article
Nitrogen pollution in the environment has become a global concern. Being multidimensional and complex, nitrogen pollution requires a comprehensive package of efforts for its effective management. This article reviews the existing technologies for the treatment and management of nitrogen pollution, water soluble or gaseous, originating from wastewat...
Article
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The low cost of plant bioregulators can help improve plant defense systems under stress conditions. In this study, the potential role of thiourea to ameliorate the adverse effects of heat stress in canola was evaluated. The 2-year study comprised of (i) exogenous thiourea applications (1000 mg L−1); no applications, hydropriming, water spray, thi...
Article
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Algae are photosynthetic prokaryotic or eukaryotic ubiquitously found group of organisms. Their enormous potentiality in coping up with various environmental crises has been well documented. Algae have proven to be ideal for biomonitoring of water pollution and help in removing the pollutants with their process of bioremediation apart from the prod...
Article
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) growth and yield are severely compromised by boron (B) deficiency in alkaline calcareous soils of Pakistan. Biochar produced through low-temperature pyrolysis helps to maintain acidic functional groups in such soils. The aim of this study was to enhance B availability in biochar-amended alkaline calcareous soils in...
Article
Soil-derived nutrients by plant roots can be limited under increasing environmental stresses such as higher incidence and duration of heat and drought, which affect agricultural productivity and environmental quality in multiple ways. These unprecedented challenges urge the adoption of novel and resource-efficient strategies to close yield gaps. Fo...
Article
With the intensification of crop production pressure and the urgency of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, semi-arid regions have increasingly become one of the key areas of research. However, due to the relatively low indigenous soil organic matter (SOM), it is worth pondering whether the long-term introduction of cropland management measures wi...
Article
Photosynthesis is crucial for the survival of all living biota, playing a key role in plant productivity by generating the carbon skeleton that is the primary component of all biomolecules. Salinity stress is a major threat to agricultural productivity and sustainability as it can cause irreversible damage to photosynthetic apparatus at any develop...
Article
Rice is one of the leading cereal crops feeding millions across the globe. Various factors including stand establishment methods (direct seeding, transplanting), water management (continuous flooding, intermittent flooding (alternate wetting and drying), aerobic culture), plant population, soil type and its management, weed-crop competition duratio...
Article
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Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a moderately salt-tolerant plant. This study was conducted to evaluate responses of two contrasting alfalfa genotypes (OMA-84-salt sensitive and OMA-285-salt tolerant) to components (Na+, and/or Cl−) of salt stress. Alfalfa genotypes were exposed to Na+−salts (without chloride), Cl-−salts (without sodium), and NaCl (...
Article
Background: Zinc (Zn) deficiency and low soil fertility are the major factors of low yield in chickpea. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Zn application and plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) (endophyte Enterobacter sp. MN17) on soil health and aboveground biomass of desi and kabuli chickpea under natural field conditions. Zn...
Article
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is one of the leading vegetable crops around the world. However, its growth, yield, and quality are reduced by several abiotic stresses such as salt stress. This study, consisted of two independent experiments was conducted to examine the effects of salt stress in potato and influence of nanoparticle-sized zinc (ZnO-NP...
Article
Full-text available
Barley-based cropping systems (BCS) alter barley production by influencing weed infestation rates and soil nutrient dynamics. This two-year field study evaluated the interactive effects of five BCS and five weed control strategies (WCS) on soil properties and the growth and yield of barley. Barley was planted in five different cropping systems, i.e...
Article
Drought poses a severe threat to global wheat production and world food security. This study was conducted to evaluate bread wheat genotypes for drought tolerance based on different morphological, biochemical, and physiological traits. The responses of 25 bread wheat genotypes of Pakistani origin were evaluated based on morphological, biochemical,...
Article
In the Loess Plateau region of China, winter wheat often undergoes prolonged cloudy days without rain which may affect the grain yield and quality. This study examined the impacts of shading and drought conditions during the grain filling period of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) on photosynthesis, grain yield and quality traits in a greenhouse...
Article
Globally, increasing water scarcity and higher production costs are the challenges in the cultivation of conventional transplanted rice (TPR). Under such conditions, dry direct-seeded rice (DDSR) with water-saving techniques like alternate wetting and drying (AWD) or aerobic rice system (AR) is a promising solution. Continuous flooded (CF) and wate...
Article
Soil fertility has become a major issue in the Loess Plateau, China. The present study explored the effects of maize straw biochar application on soil nitrogen (N) fractions, microbial biomass carbon (C), and wheat yields in a calcareous, sandy loam soil in the Loess Plateau region. Six maize straw biochar (BC) application rates were applied to the...
Article
Heat stress is causing serious problems in crop production, leading to catastrophic losses in crop yield worldwide. The study was conducted to evaluate the role of thiourea to ameliorate the negative impact of high-temperature stress on plant growth, seed yield, and seed oil content in camelina. The study comprised of (i) camelina genotypes, Austra...
Article
Zinc deficiency impedes wheat productivity and is major cause of malnutrition in humans consuming wheat products low in Zn, especially in developing countries, which experience low rates of soil and foliar Zn application owing to high cost of chemical Zn fertilisers. This pot study was conducted to evaluate the potential of seed priming with Zn for...
Article
Climate change is adversely affecting wheat yields as the associated rising temperatures damage its reproductive physiology. Heat stress affects wheat at various stages of growth, but flowering and reproductive phases are the most sensitive to high temperatures as flower opening usually occurs in cooler environments. Heat stress at meiosis causes o...
Article
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Like all other sectors, higher education in the agriculture sector has been affected by the COVID-19. Both teachers and students have faced problems in communication, learning and motivation during online education. The major issues include the limited internet access coupled with poor supply of electricity especially in rural areas, in most of the...
Article
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In the present study, attapulgite (ATP)-maintained nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) at different Fe/ATP mass ratios (1:3 and 1:5) was synthesized by liquid phase reduction for its use to remove chromium Cr(VI) in aqueous solution. The morphology, crystalline structure, chemical composition, and valent states of these nZVI/ATP composites were evalu...
Article
In modern agriculture and globalization, the release of trace metals from manufacturing effluents hinders crop productivity by polluting the atmosphere and degrading food quality. Sustaining food safety in polluted soils is critical to ensure global food demands. This review describes the negative effects of trace metals stress on plant growth, phy...
Article
Establishing rice (Oryza sativa L.) crops by direct-seeding requires less water and less labor than transplanting. However, farmers need to know the net effects of suites of practices. So, evaluations of direct-seeding should also consider its interactions with other factors, including a practice, such as seed-priming. This paper reports on an expe...
Article
Low nitrogen use efficiency is one of the major problems causing low yield in mashbean (Vigna mungo L.). In this study, the influence of sorghum mulch and nitrogen (N) application rates in improving the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), soil health and performance of mashbean was evaluated. Mashbean seeds were sown with two levels of nitrogen 50 and 7...
Article
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Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the leading staple and strategic food crop in the Sultanate of Oman; however, the national wheat production can meet less than 1% of the domestic requirements. The balance is met through imports from Australia, Canada, Russia, and Argentina. However, reliance on imported wheat alone may put Oman at risk in the...
Article
In this study, the responses of bread wheat genotypes of Omani origin to salt stress (40, 80, and 120 mM NaCl) were evaluated to elucidate the salt tolerance mechanism. The tested bread wheat genotypes varied significantly for their responses to different levels of salt stress. A significant decrease in plant growth and carbon assimilation was note...
Article
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the staple food for millions of people in Asia and the world; however, it is also the largest consumer of freshwater resources worldwide. More than 75% of the world's rice is grown under flooded conditions. However, the long-term sustainability of this flooded system is threatened by the rapid changes in climatic events ca...
Chapter
Earlier emergence and vigorous seedling stand are key indicators of crop perfor�mance. Seed priming as cost-effective hydration technique is central to enhance crop vigor to optimize input use in production and affect grain nutritional quality and food security in rice systems. Poor seedling growth and sub-optimal plant density associated with dela...
Article
In this study, the performance of three different statured wheat cultivars viz. Faisalabad-2008 (standard height and low tillering, SHLT), Td-1 (low height and high tillering, LHHT) and Galaxy-2013 (standard height and high tillering, SHHT) was evaluated under five wheat crop establishment methods including broadcasting, line sowing, no-till sowing...
Article
Cadmium (Cd) pollution in farmland soils is a serious concern due to its devastating effects on living organisms. This requires developing effective strategies to inhibit the Cd absorption and accumulation by vegetables. In this study, the influence of soil applied biochar (BC) (10 and 30 g kg⁻¹) and foliage applied selenium (Se) fertilizer (1 and...
Article
Full-text available
Background In northern Iran and other cold regions, winter freezing injury and resultant yield instability are major limitations to strawberry production. However, there is scarcity of information on the physiological and biochemical responses of strawberry cultivars to freezing stress. This study aimed to investigate the physiological and biochemi...
Article
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High weed infestation and low nitrogen (N) recovery are among the major causes of lower yield in dry-seeded rice (DSR) compared with transplanted rice. The effects of N rate and planting density dynamics on rice productivity and N-use efficiency (NUE) have been extensively studied in transplanted rice. However, information on the combined impact of...
Article
Full-text available
Quinoa is a climate-resilient food grain crop that has gained significant importance in the last few years due to its nutritional composition, phytochemical properties and associated health benefits. Quinoa grain is enriched in amino acids, fiber, minerals, phenolics, saponins, phytosterols and vitamins. Quinoa possesses different human-health prom...
Article
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Weed infestations significantly reduce the growth and yield of field crops. Herbicides are mostly used for weed management due to their quick results. However, resistant biotypes to available herbicides are rapidly increasing around the word. This situation calls for the development of alternative weed management strategies. Crop rotation and allel...
Article
Heat stress can have devastating effects on agricultural production and crop productivity. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of exogenously applied thiourea on heat stress tolerance through osmotic adjustment in camelina (Camelina sativa L.). The study comprised of three factors: i) Heat stress; HS0=25°C (control) and HS1=35°C (stress...
Article
Full-text available
Cowpea is a highly nutritious grain legume crop, cultivated mostly in a semi-arid environment and frequently confronts sporadic dry periods during different stages of plant growth, which drastically reduce its productivity. The current study was enacted to evaluate the biochar application and seed priming induced drought tolerance in cowpea. The se...
Article
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify physiological and morphological traits linked with drought tolerance and variation among different bread wheat genotypes. Methods: In this study, 20 different bread and durum wheat genotypes were characterized on morphological, biochemical, and physiological traits under well-watered (70% water holding...
Chapter
Sustainable production of grain legumes can ensure global food and protein security. Grain legumes contribute 33% of the global protein requirement of the human diet. Most grain legume crops are grown in rainfed and arid environments. Compared with cereals, few studies have focused on the yield improvement of food legumes. Over the decades, breedin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The synergistic effects of biochar and microorganisms on the adsorption of Cd and on cereal plant physiology remained unclear. Therefore, this experiment was performed to evaluate the combined effects of biochar pyrolyzed from (maize-straw (BC 1 ), cow-manure (BC 2 ), and poultry-manure (BC 3 ), and microorganisms including ( T. harzianum L. and B....
Article
Full-text available
Drought is a limiting factor of durum wheat production. Silicon (Si) is known by its positives effects on plant growth and development under these conditions. Thus, the current study was designed first to i) assess silicon impact on 11 durum wheat varieties performance under osmotic stress using four treatments in hydroponic trial: T1 = no stress,...
Article
Full-text available
Tillage is among the most important soil management practices, which exert strong impacts on weed flora composition in different cropping systems. The large-scale adoption of tillage and cropping systems warrants thorough investigation regarding their impacts on weed flora composition. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess weed flora compositio...
Article
Climate change has increased the frequency and intensity of abiotic stresses, especially drought has become the major threat to cotton production worldwide due to long and intense dry spells in many cotton growing areas. Drought stress curtails the photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism (starch, sucrose synthesis), activities of several enzymes in...
Article
Full-text available
Drought has profound effects on productivity of crops in arid and semi- arid regions causing deleterious effects on the functions of crops leading to oxidative stress. In the present study, extensive melatonin seed priming experiments were conducted to assess the antioxidant enzymes and biochemical responses of fresh and old primed seeds of safflow...
Article
Different crop sequences and tillage systems strongly affect weed flora composition and crop productivity. Exploring the impacts of tillage systems and crop sequences on weed infestation/flora and crop productivity may help in improving system productivity through the selection of optimum cropping sequence and tillage system. This two-year study as...
Article
Full-text available
Zinc (Zn) is an important micronutrient for crop plants and essential for human health. The Zn-deficiency is an important malnutrition problem known globally. Biofortified foods could overcome Zn deficiency in humans. Mungbean [ Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] is an important, pulse crop frequently grown in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Mung...
Article
Continuous rotation of rice with wheat in rice–wheat system has resulted in stagnant yields and reduced profit margins while deteriorating the soil health. Legume incorporation in existing rice–wheat rotations might be a viable option to improve soil health and productivity. We investigated the influence of puddled transplanted flooded rice and dir...
Article
Full-text available
Unpredicted variability in temperature is associated with frequent extreme low-temperature events. Wheat is a leading crop in fulfilling global food requirements. Climate-driven temperature extremes influence the vegetative and reproductive growth of wheat, followed by a decrease in yield. This review describes how low temperature induces a series...
Article
Full-text available
Sole biochar addition or microbial inoculation as a soil amendment helps to reduce cadmium (Cd) toxicity in polluted agricultural soils. Yet the synergistic effects of microorganisms and biochar application on Cd absorption and plant productivity remain unclear. Therefore, a pot experiment was conducted to investigate the combined effect of microor...
Article
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the major forage legumes grown in Oman, but its productivity is significantly affected by salt stress. In this study, 20 local Omani alfalfa landraces were characterized for morphological and biochemical traits, tissue minerals, and genetic diversity. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse with three sal...
Article
High temperature and drought stress during grain formation in wheat affect grain development. Along with the increasing human population pressure are predicted increases in temperature and decline in water resources. Wheat genotypes that can better tolerate combined heat and drought stress (H + D) are needed to ensure sustainable food production. W...
Article
Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) productivity is limited by drought stress and is often associated with mineral nutrient deficiencies such as zinc (Zn). Three independent experiments were conducted to optimize Zn application and its role in tolerance against drought in faba bean. In the first experiment, faba bean seeds soaked in aerated 0.001, 0.01, 0.05...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The present study aims to study the effects of biofertilizers potential of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and Bradyrhizobium japonicum (B. japonicum) strains on yield and growth of drought stressed soybean (Giza 111) plants at early pod stage (50 days from sowing, R3) and seed development stage (90 days from sowing, R5). Results: H...
Chapter
Roots are the first structure emerging from the seed and are crucial for healthy plant growth under optimal and suboptimal growth conditions. Seed priming is a presowing controlled‐hydration technique that enhances root growth, shoot emergence, and crop yield under diverse climatic conditions. This chapter highlights the physiology of root developm...