Muhammad Anwar-ul-Haq

Muhammad Anwar-ul-Haq
University of Agriculture Faisalabad · Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences

PhD

About

118
Publications
39,139
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1,878
Citations
Citations since 2017
53 Research Items
1392 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Introduction
(i) Selection of stress tolerant genotypes of wheat and Cotton (water, salinity and temperature ) (ii) Conservation of water by mulch, manures and tillage techniques (iii) Generation of comprehensive technology to regulate soil and crop health for sustainable wheat and cotton production by DSSAT, APSIM and AQUA Crop models.

Publications

Publications (118)
Article
Cerium (Ce4+) and cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2-NPs) have diversified reported effects on plants. Once dispersed in the environment their fate is not well understood, especially in co-existence with other pollutants like cadmium (Cd). The effect of co-application of Ce and Cd are reported in various studies, but the role of Ce source (ionic or b...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity stress is a major abiotic stress limiting the crop production worldwide. Salt accumulation in root zone and uptake of toxic ions (i.e., Na⁺ and Cl⁻) causes disturbance in water uptake by osmotic stress, oxidative stress, salt injury of roots and specific ion toxicity to the plants reducing the crop growth and production. Silicon (Si) treat...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeSalinity and drought are the main abiotic stresses which affect agricultural crop production worldwide. Various approaches and beneficial amendments are used to increase crop stress tolerance and production under world prevailing water deficit and saline conditions.Methods Our experiment was planned to assess the beneficial role of silicon u...
Article
Full-text available
Wheat undergoes a severe reduction in vigor, yield, and production under saline stress due to disturbance in physiological, biochemical, and chemical processes. Silicon (Si) is known as a beneficial element to crops especially under abiotic stresses, i.e., salinity. Its positive effect on cultivated crops under stress conditions is widely reported...
Chapter
Full-text available
The present food system (including production, transportation, processing, packaging, storing, retail, and consumption) is a source of nutrition for the great majority of the world population in addition to supporting the livelihoods of about 200 million people. Food supply per capita has increased by more than 30% since 1961, this is accompanied b...
Article
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The continuous use of brackish groundwater for irrigation is detrimental for soil and crop attributes. A three-year research study was designed for the wheat crop to assess the effects of brackish groundwater on crop yield and soil health under a surface irrigation system. Three sites were selected in different cropping zones of Pakistan. The treat...
Chapter
Natural ecology has been affected by the cosmetic inclined towards urbanization and industrialization. Water and land resources are the major entities to be affected by this revolution. These resources are not only shrinking but also deteriorating due to a variety of anthropogenic activities. Land degradation possesses a severe threat to sustainabl...
Article
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Heat stress at reproductive stage is one of the major limiting factors to reduce crop yield. This study aimed at investigating the impacts of thiourea on growth, physiology, and yield traits of camelina and canola genotypes under heat stress. The experiment comprised of three factors: (i) genotypes, Camelina sativa (611 and 618), Brassica napus (Hi...
Article
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There is a very narrow margin in selenium deficiency and toxicity although it is an important element for humans, animals, and plants. Effects of selenium (Se) on the growth and physiomorphological parameters in maize were studied grown in soil spiked with sodium selenate (Na2SeO4) in 5 different concentrations (i.e., 0. 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, and 20.0 mg...
Article
A field study was designed to explore the impacts of foliar-applied chemically and green synthesized titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) on cadmium (Cd) uptake in wheat plants. The wheat was grown in field which was contaminated with Cd and plants were subjected to foliar episodes of TiO2 NPs during plant growth period. Leaf extracts of two p...
Article
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The wastewater utilization for irrigation purposes is common practice in peri-urban areas located in vicinity of developed cities. This water contains elements like chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd) and nitrate (NO3-N) that poses health risk when exposed to human. In this study effect of wastewater irrigation from Chakara wastewater plant, F...
Article
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of arsenic (As) on physiological and biochemical attributes of quinoa, and human health risks associated with the consumption of As contaminated grains of quinoa. Quinoa genotype, Puno was grown on soil contaminated with various levels of arsenite; 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 mg As kg⁻¹ soil. R...
Article
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Lead (Pb) is considered an important environmental contaminant due to its considerable toxicity to living organisms. It can enter and accumulate in plant tissues and become part of the food chain. In the present study, individual and combined effects of Bacillus sp. MN-54 and phosphorus (P) on maize growth and physiology were evaluated in Pb-contam...
Article
Sunflower is one of the most cultivated oil seed crop in the world. Hence, the adaptation strategies for sunflower production and food security are crucial for mitigating the negative impacts of climate change. The experiments were conducted for two years to assess the climate change impacts and developing suitable adaptation strategies for sunflow...
Chapter
Elements essentially required for the proper functioning of plants are termed as “essential nutrients” that are classified into macro (H, O, C, P, K, N, Ca, Mg, S) and micro (B, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, Ni, Mo, Cl) nutrients. Micronutrients though required in minute quantity are an integral part of plant nutrition, and their absence from the system signific...
Chapter
Malnutrition like hunger, deficiency of essential nutrients, and obesity is affecting more than 2 billion people worldwide. In mineral malnutrition, iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) deficiency affect a very large portion of the global population. The deficiency of Fe is responsible for the initiation of anemia as Fe is the main part of hemoglobin, while Zn...
Article
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Lead (Pb) is a very serious contaminant in soil because of its widespread application in agricultural, residential and industrial environments and it has ultimately harmful impacts on plant and human health. Organic amendments such as biochar (BC) and compost may reduce heavy metal toxicity in a plant. The main focus of the present research work wa...
Preprint
Soil salinity, together with zinc (Zn) and manganese (Mn) deficiencies, adversely affects rice growth and yield. The comparative salinity stress mitigation response of rice to Zn or Mn remains largely unknown. Rice cultivars, viz. Basmati-515 and KSK-282, were grown in saline soil having electrical conductivity (EC) of 7.5 dS m−1 (as control) paral...
Article
This study evaluates the effectiveness of potassium sulphate (K2SO4) fertilization under salt stressed conditions on physiological and biochemical characteristics and sugar contents of two soybean cultivars (Pioneer and Jack). The treatments including 0 mM K2SO4, 9 mM K2SO4, 0 mM salinity and 90 mM salinity were tested in combination with both cult...
Article
Soil salinity, together with zinc (Zn) and manganese (Mn) deficiencies, adversely affects rice growth and yield. The comparative salinity stress mitigation response of rice to Zn or Mn remains largely unknown. Rice cultivars, viz. Basmati-515 and KSK-282, were grown in saline soil having electrical conductivity (EC) of 7.5 dS m −1 (as control) para...
Article
Salinity is a major limiting factor which disrupts the plant physiology as well as reduces the plant growth. Salinity stress can be minimized by potassium application as it regulates the plant growth. Protective effect of potassium application on NaCl induced stress in two tomato genotypes (Nasir and Skyland-II) at two levels of NaCl (0 and 7.5 dS...
Article
Cadmium (Cd) contamination of arable soils and its subsequent accumulation in food is one of the global issues which needs urgent attention. Field experiments were conducted to explore the impacts of ten silicon (Si) rich amendments on Cd bioavailability and accumulation by maize and wheat irrigated with sewage effluents. Results depicted that appl...
Article
Full-text available
Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major health issue worldwide, which can be alleviated by biofortification. Agronomic biofortification is a practical solution to overcome the Fe deficiency in cereals without sacrificing on yield. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Fe application on productivity, grain biofortification, and grain quality...
Chapter
Full-text available
Land degradation is a serious threat to agriculture which is adversely affecting the soil functions and productivity, while degraded soils stretch up to 6 billion ha worldwide. The population of the world is increasing day by day and agricultural land is declining due to degradation. It is estimated that 30% of forestry, 20% of agricultural land, a...
Article
Article Info AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES Salinity is a major problem reducing crop productivity in many parts of the world. Development of salt-tolerant cultivars by screening in the vegetative stage is an effective, easy and economical way to combat salinity. The present study was conducted to determine the salt tolerance of some newly appro...
Article
Salt stress poses a major threat against rice that is reinforced by Zn deficiency especially in calcareous and alkaline soils due to high pH, calcareousness, and climate of arid to semi-arid. The current study was conducted with the objective to ameliorate the salt stress impact through exogenous Zn application. There were four rice genotypes (BAS-...
Article
Full-text available
Water scarcity is an alarming issue in arid and semi arid regions of Pakistan, which cause drought stress and reduced plant growth. A pot experiment was conducted to study the effective role of Si for the growth of maize hybrids (FH-922, FH-949, FH-988 and FH-1137) with brackish water application. The physical parameters like plant height, shoot fr...
Article
Chromium (Cr) is an ecological poison and its concentration is reaching to lethal intensities in soil and plants by irrigating the soil with raw industrial effluents, particularly in developing nations like Pakistan. Poultry manure and gypsum are recognized for their capability to immobilize heavy metals in soils for plant uptake and filtering to g...
Article
Silicon (Si) is reported to improve salt stress tolerance of cereals, but little is known about the effects of Si on flows and partitioning of sodium (Na+), chloride (Cl–), and essential mineral ions at the tissue and cellular level. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was exposed to 200 mM NaCl for 30 d in hydroponics, with or without 2 mM Si. X-ray micr...
Article
Shortage of freshwater resources compelled the farmers to use sewage and textile effluents for irrigation leading to accumulation of trace metals (Cr, Cu, Pb, Cd, Ni) to toxic levels and affecting plant growth and harming animals and humans. An experiment was conducted using raw (1:0) textile (TEX) and sewage (SWG) effluents and their dilution (1:1...
Article
Although biochar and conventional organic materials have been widely studied for lowering cadmium (Cd) uptake by plants but information regarding their comparative effectiveness is lacking. In this study, biochars from different feedstocks viz. rice husk biochar (RHB), cotton sticks biochar (CSB) and wheat straw biochar (WSB) were compared with con...
Article
Shortage of freshwater resources compelled the farmers to use sewage and textile effluents for irrigation leading to accumulation of trace metals (Cr, Cu, Pb, Cd, Ni) to toxic levels and affecting plant growth and harming animals and humans. An experiment was conducted using raw (1:0) textile (TEX) and sewage (SWG) effluents and their dilution (1:1...
Article
Full-text available
To cite this paper: Naz, T., J. Akhtar, M.M. Iqbal, M. Anwar-ul-Haq, G. Murtaza, N.K. Niazi, Atique-ur-Rehman, O. Farooq, M. Ali and B. Dell, 2019. Assessment of gas exchange attributes, chlorophyll contents, ionic composition and antioxidant enzymes of bread wheat genotypes in boron toxic, saline and boron toxic-saline soils. Abstract Combined sal...
Article
Background: Inadequate Blood Transfusion is responsible for various problemsin children with Thalasseima. On the other hand, repeated transfusions are related with hazards.About 25-50% of the children with thalassemia major have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)or diabetes. Objectives: To find out the frequency of IGT in children with blood transfus...
Article
Full-text available
The different types of sewage sludge generated from different urban sources are commonly used for irrigation in agriculture and contain heavy metals (as manganese, cadmium, lead and zinc). This sewage water is mostly used for vegetable production in peri-urban areas and is a source of heavy metals. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate th...
Article
Objectives: To find out safe mode of delivery for patients with previous lowersegment Cesarean Section. Study Design: Descriptive analytical study. Setting: Departmentof Obs and Gynae, Civil Hospital, Bahawalpur. Period: From June 2017 to November 2017.Material and Methods: 200 women with previous lower segment Cesarean section. Womenscheduled for...
Article
Introduction: Severe hypoxic ischemic organ damage is caused by asphyxia innewborns which can follow fatal outcomes or severe life-long pathologies like renal insufficiency.We wanted to note the frequency of renal derangement in neonates having asphyxia neonatoumin this study. Setting & Period: Department of Pediatrics, Bahawal Victoria Hospital (B...
Article
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Boron (B) is an essential nutrient required in very small amount by crop plants and it can become toxic to plants when present in slightly higher amount. Increasing concentration of B is often found in association with salinity. The presence of salinity and high B may result in synergistic or antagonistic effects on plant growth. A hydroponic trial...
Chapter
Rare earth oxide nanoparticles (REONPs) have a high privilege in agriculture due to their unique properties as compared to their bulk counterparts. The most important REONPs include scandium, cerium, and other lanthanides, which are frequently used as fertilizer additives in many countries. Several approaches are being adopted for the commercial sy...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater is cornerstone of global food production, and its quality plays a vital role in crop development. Success of agriculture in Pakistan relies heavily on groundwater because of reduced surface water supplies and rainfalls. The current study was conducted to assess the spatio-temporal quality of groundwater in the Lower Chenab Canal (LCC) e...
Article
The role of silicon (Si) in alleviating biotic and abiotic stresses in crops is well evidenced by empirical studies; however, the mechanisms by which it works are still poorly known. The aim of this study is to determine whether or not phytolith composition and distribution in wheat are affected by drought and, if so, why. Durum wheat was grown usi...
Article
Silicon (Si) is a constructive element for plant growth. Its application plays a multiple role to increase plant growth through influencing physiological and metabolic processes in higher plants under both biotic and abiotic stresses. A hydroponic study was conducted to investigate the interactive effect of salinity and silicon (Si) on plant bioche...
Article
Full-text available
A pot experiment was conducted to study the response of wheat to concurrent stresses of salinity and nickel (Ni)-toxicity. Soil was spiked with Ni (0, 20 and 40 mg kg⁻¹) combined with two levels of salinity (control and 10 dS m⁻¹) using nickel (ii) nitrate hexahydrate ⁽Ni(NO3)2.6H2O) and sodium chloride (NaCl) respectively in a completely randomize...
Chapter
Modern civilization with the rapid growth in population, large scale urbanization and industrialization around the globe, results in deterioration of soil and irrigation water quality. It is becoming necessary to understand the responses of crops towards these environmental issues. Among various abiotic stresses, salinity is considered an important...
Article
To check the efficacy of potassium in alleviating oxidative stress under salt stress, salt-tolerant (Indent-1) and salt-sensitive (Red Ball) tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) genotypes were exposed to three levels of sodium chloride (NaCl) (0, 75, 150 mM) and two levels of potassium (4.5 and 9 mM) in solution and foliar form. Thirty days of tr...
Article
Full-text available
Potassium (K+) nutrition ensures growth and quality of crops both under normal and saline soils. In view of that a study was conducted to assess the impact of various doses of K+ on growth, bio-chemicals, protein and oil contents of four soybean (Glycine max L.) genotypes under saline condition. Soybean genotypes were grown in pots having treatment...
Article
Effects of NaCl salinity and cadmium on the anti-oxidative activity of enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione reductase (GR) and lipid peroxidation contents; malondialdehyde (MDA) were studied in two maize hybrids of different salt tolerance characteristics. An increase in...
Article
Full-text available
In arid and semi-arid regions of the world, soil salinity is becoming a major problem for crop production due to changing climate and shortage of good quality water. In these circumstances, screening, breeding and cultivation of food crop species or genotypes with high tolerance to salinity may be considered as the most feasible and effective appro...
Article
High salinity in association with boron toxicity is becoming very adverse for crop production in arid to semi arid areas throughout the world. In order to investigate the effect of salinity in combination with boron toxicity on six cotton varieties, a hydroponic study was conducted in the rain protected wire house using 1/2 strength Hoagland's nutr...
Article
Salinity adversely affects plant growth, photosynthesis, and availability of nutrients including iron. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is susceptible to soil salinity and highly prone to iron (Fe) deficiency due to lower release of Fe-chelating compounds under saline conditions. In order to investigate the effects of salinity and low iron supply on growth,...
Article
Full-text available
Zinc (Zn) is an important micronutrient and is helpful for different metabolic processes of crop-plants, animals and human beings. In Pakistan most of the calcareous and alkaline soils are deficient in plant available Zn. Zinc concentration in the soils of rice tract in Pakistan is decreasing rapidly due to less addition of Zn in the soils and soil...
Article
Full-text available
Recently approved variety of sugarcane CPF-248 was grown at agriculture farms of Fatima Sugar Mills, Muzaffargarh, Pakistan. The experiment site was located at Latitude 30°17’52.58”N and Longitude 70°57’44.31”E. This experiment was conducted to sort out a suitable fertilizer timing schedule being practiced in the area. This promising variety was ev...
Article
Full-text available
Abundant plant growth and development prominently rely on adequate supply of macro and micro nutrients. Among various nutrients, nitrogen (N) and boron (B) holds great importance in sustaining and enhancing the productivity of sunflower. In calcareous soils of Pakistan, B deficiency is prevalent that affects the uptake of nutrients. The present fie...
Article
The activities of antioxidant enzymes were analyzed in six wheat genotypes under different concentrations of NaCl (0, 100 and 200 mM). Plants were harvested after either 15 or 30 days of salt stress. The most salt tolerant genotype (SARC-1) maintained lower Na+ and higher relative growth rate (RGR), shoot fresh weight (SFW), shoot-root ratio, and K...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soil water deficit is a recurrent problem in arid and semi-arid regions like the Mediterranean, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan. In these regions, durum wheat (Triticum durum, Pooideae) is grown as a staple because of its high tolerance to water deficit compared to other cereals. However, even brief drought events can alter its growth. Silico...
Article
A pot culture experiment was laid out to estimate the role of NH4NO3 fertilizer and growth behavior of maize under saline soil conditions in the wire house of Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad. There were three treatments with different levels of NaCl salinity and an equal amount of ammonium nitrate...
Article
Full-text available
A pot culture experiment was laid out to estimate the role of NH4NO3 fertilizer and growth behavior of maize under saline soil conditions in the wire house of Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad. There were three treatments with different levels of NaCl salinity and an equal amount of ammonium nitrate...
Article
Full-text available
A pot culture experiment was conducted to estimate the behavior of maize under saline soil conditions in the wire house of Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad. There were three treatments with different levels of salinity and equal amount of Ammonium Nitrate (NH 4 NO 3) in all pots including control wa...
Article
A solution culture experiment was conducted to evaluate the salinity tolerance of 15 tomato genotypes in Hoagland's nutrient solution with three levels of NaCl (0, 75, and 150 mM). The experiment was conducted in completely randomized design with three replicates. After 30 days of imposition of salt stress, gas exchange parameters including transpi...
Article
A field experiment was conducted on cotton crop to evaluate the effect of farm manure (FM) alone and in combination with the mineral fertilizers. FM was treated with the 1% application of effective microorganism prepared with molasses to enrich the status of FM as FM-Fermented. Cotton Varity Krishma was cultivated in field with treatments viz. cont...
Article
A hydroponic experiment was conducted to investigate the role of potassium (K) in extenuating the injurious effect of salt stress on maize hybrids differing in salt tolerance. Two salt-sensitive viz., 33H25 and 8441 and two salt-tolerant viz. 26204 and Hysun-33 maize hybrids were grown for four weeks in half strength Hoagland's solution. The nutrie...