Muhammad Ashraf Ali

Muhammad Ashraf Ali
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology | BUET · Department of Civil Engineering

PhD

About

128
Publications
50,585
Reads
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4,585
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
1687 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
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Introduction
Muhammad Ashraf Ali currently works at the Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. Muhammad does research in Environmental Engineering and Science. His research interests include water quality and treatment, groundwater contamination, arsenic contamination of groundwater, sanitation and fecal sludge management, and EIA.
Additional affiliations
October 2008 - present
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Position
  • Professor
February 1999 - October 2008
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 1995 - February 1999
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
August 1991 - December 1994
Carnegie Mellon University
Field of study
  • Environmental Engineering
August 1989 - August 1991
Carnegie Mellon University
Field of study
  • Environmental Engineering
August 1983 - August 1988

Publications

Publications (128)
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a case study focusing on the impacts of combined sewer overflows on the water quality of the receiving water body, Hatirjheel. Hatirjheel, the largest surface water body in Dhaka City with an area of about 1.012 km², receives discharges from nine combined sewer overflow (CSO) structures. The water quality of Hatirjheel is poor t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today a world without plastics is unimaginable. But their non-biodegradability poses serious threat to the ecosystem, especially to the aquatic environment. Probable adverse effects of microplastics include adsorption of persistent organic pollutants, bio-accumulation, and death of various aquatic organisms, which eventually leads to loss of biodiv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Precipitation of CaCO3 has long been a concern in water treatment/distribution systems; however, this problem has been identified only recently in some areas (e.g., Meherpur) of Bangladesh. Scaling is the most obvious manifestation of CaCO3 precipitation in water distribution systems, resulting in flow restrictions and head loss and accelerates equ...
Presentation
Full-text available
Precipitation of CaCO3 has long been a concern in water treatment/distribution systems; however, this problem has been identified only recently in some areas (e.g., Meherpur) of Bangladesh. Scaling is the most obvious manifestation of CaCO3 precipitation in water distribution systems, resulting in flow restrictions and head loss and accelerates equ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Poor air quality is a major concern in Dhaka city. In Dhaka, DoE has three Continuous Air Monitoring Station (CAMS) located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar (CAMS-1), Farmgate (CAMS-2) and Mirpur (CAMS-3) where concentrations of "criteria pollutants" are measured. Recorded data show that ambient concentrations of PM and NO 2 significantly exceed the standard...
Article
Full-text available
Widespread groundwater arsenic contamination in south, southwestern and northeastern regions and high salinity in the southwestern coastal region are the two major challenges for drinking water supply in Bangladesh. In this study, we assessed various water supply technologies used for mitigating arsenic and salinity in Laksam of Cumilla and Assasun...
Article
Full-text available
Owing to the depletion of natural gas reserves and economic constraints of imported oil, Bangladesh plans on shifting to an electricity mix dominated by coal. Among a number of planned coal-fired power plants, five power plants each with 1320-MW generation capacity are expected to be installed by 2030 in areas within 5-km radius of Payra, situated...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh has achieved remarkable success in reducing the prevalence of open defecation to almost zero, from as high as 34 per cent in 1990. However, significant disparity exists in sanitation coverage, with relatively low coverage and poor quality sanitation in poor communities. In addition, poor management of faecal sludge is leading to serious...
Book
Full-text available
"Resilient and Inclusive WASH Technology Album" is a readily usable album with details of technologies including key features, suitability, challenges, important operation and maintenance requirements and detail drawings, so that it can be contextualized as necessary during of its use.
Article
Manganese (Mn) and arsenic (As) are common natural groundwater contaminants and are present at concentrations much higher than the recommended drinking water guidelines. In this study, laboratory investigations were carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of three different types of manganese oxide (MnO 2 )-coated media in removing manganese and...
Article
Full-text available
Polluted sediment bed can act as a secondary pollution source for the overlying water layer in pol-luted water bodies. This study investigates contaminant (selected nutrient and heavy metals) flux from the sediment of Tongi Khal (canal) through laboratory batch experiments. The results of this research suggest that accumulated pollutants in bed sed...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is an assessment report of performance of Biofil toilets in Rohingya camps. The study conducted by a team of ITN-BUET, with support from Oxfam and UNHCR.
Conference Paper
Regular monitoring and systematic analysis of river water quality data is a prerequisite for the development of effective pollution prevention strategies to protect the rivers around the world. This study endeavours to assess the pollution status of two important rivers in Bangladesh by using a new water quality information system, FEWS-Bangladesh....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ecosystem health of the peripheral rivers of Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, has degraded significantly over the last few decades. Though some of these peripheral rivers are marked as Ecologically Critical Area (ECA) by the Government, there is no system in place for monitoring of water quality and ecosystem health of the rivers. In this stu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dhaka with a population density of around 23,234 per square kilometer is experiencing major health impacts resulting from poor air quality (World population review, n.d.). The aim of this study was to understand the trend of air quality of Dhaka city considering meteorological and seasonal influences. The critical air pollutant for Dhaka city is pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, contribution of surface water in water supply is gradually increasing. Surface water currently accounts for about 22% of DWASA water supply, almost all of it comes from Saidabad Water Treatment Plant (SWTP). In response to high Fe, As and Mn in groundwater and lowering of groundwater table, surface water treatment plants (WTPs) have...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, groundwater from shallow aquifer is widely used to irrigate dry season boro rice. But shallow aquifers in many regions are highly contaminated with arsenic (As). Reduction of As concentration of groundwater within irrigation channel could be an effective way to reduce arsenic loading in rice fields. Results from batch studies suggest...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, the contribution of surface water to the water supply is increasing due to the lowering of groundwater level and excessive arsenic, iron, and manganese in groundwater. Surface waters bodies in Bangladesh are characterized by high concentration of organic matters, contributed by both domestic and industrial sources. The presence of or...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In any surface water body, sediments are the ultimate sink of many of the pollutants. Contaminated sediments can act as a secondary source of pollution for the overlying water, releasing pollutants by different physiochemical or biological processes. Anthropogenic activity like dredging can accelerate release of pollutants from sediment, thereby qu...
Article
Full-text available
This column comprises notes and info not subjected to peer-review focusing on waste management issues in different corners of the world. Its aim is to open a window onto the solid waste management situation in any given country, major city or significant geographic area that may be of interest to the scientific and technical community. Bangladesh...
Article
Full-text available
Climate-induced waterlogging has been significantly affecting the lives and livelihood of people in the south-west coastal region of Bangladesh for a couple of decades. The objective of this study is to investigate the waterlogging hazards of Tala, a south-western coastal Upazila of Bangladesh by analyzing satellite image. An empirical model based...
Article
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, groundwater is the primary source of potable water. But it contains high concentration of arsenic, as well as iron and manganese in many regions. Arsenic and iron removal plants are used in many such areas. Previous studies have demonstrated effectiveness of coagulation (e.g., using alum and ferric chloride) process for removal of ar...
Article
Full-text available
Condensate water generated from air conditioning system is often treated as wastewater and discharged to the building drainage system. In this study, controlled experiments have been carried out to assess generation of condensate water under different weather and operational conditions. The most important parameters affecting condensate water gener...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Considering the present scarcity of safe water in many urban areas, rainwater harvesting can be an effective alternative solution for water security of Bangladesh. To assess the rainwater quality at different stages of few urban rainwater harvesting systems (URWHS) and effectiveness of their filtration system to prevent contamination, WaterAid Bang...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Condensate water generated from air conditioning system is often treated as wastewater and discharged to the building drainage system. In this study, controlled experiments have been carried out to assess generation of condensate water under different weather and operational conditions. The most important parameters affecting condensate water gener...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, groundwater is the primary source of potable water. But it contains high concentration of arsenic, as well as iron and manganese in many regions. Arsenic and iron removal plants are used in many such areas. Previous studies have demonstrated effectiveness of coagulation (e.g., using alum and ferric chloride) process for removal of ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Manganese (Mn) and arsenic (As) are common natural groundwater contaminants in Bangladesh and many other countries. WHO (2004) recommended health-based drinking water guideline values of0.4 mg/l and 0.01 mg/l for Mn and As, respectively. Removal of dissolved Mn by filtration through granular media (sand) could be an effective treatment method for M...
Presentation
Full-text available
The specific objectives of the study were to assess available water options for mitigation of arsenic problem and salinity problem in selected areas of Bangladesh (arsenic affected Laksam, Comillaand salinity-affected Assasuni, Satkhira).
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Bangladesh water extracted from arsenic (As) contaminated shallow aquifer is extensively used for irrigating dry season (boro) rice fields. This practice is increasing As concentration in top-soils, resulting in elevated concentration of As in rice plants, decreased rice yield and increased human exposure to As. Efforts have been made to reduce...
Book
Full-text available
This book is the culmination of the hard work of a number of experts who have long been championing the rainwater harvesting, and reflects a growing body of knowledge that is indigenous, experiential, and of fundamental importance to the sustainability of our country’s scarce water resources. It got published on the occasion of 3rd Bangladesh conve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Surface waters in Bangladesh and in many developing countries are characterized by high concentrations organic matter and ammonia, particularly during the dry season. These waters are often used as raw water for surface water treatment plants. In the presence of high concentration of ammonia, break point chlorination often becomes impractical becau...
Article
Full-text available
The results of a study on the type and quantity of solid wastes generated in a rural vegetable and cattle market, and biogas generation from the waste are presented in this paper. The market wastes were collected; individual items were separated and measured on both normal days and haat days. During a normal day, it was found that very insignifican...
Article
Full-text available
Surface waters in Bangladesh and many developing countries are characterized by high concentrations of organic matter and ammonia, particularly during the dry season. In the presence of high concentration of ammonia, break point chlorination often becomes impractical at treatment plant because of very high chlorine dose requirements; therefore, "ch...
Article
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, surface water (e.g., pond/river water) and rainwater are important sources of potable water, particularly in areas suffering from arsenic contamination of groundwater and high salinity. However, surface water often suffers from high microbial contamination and needs disinfection for potable use. Disinfection is a challenge for small...
Article
Full-text available
In Bangladesh water extracted from arsenic (As) contaminated shallow aquifer is extensively used for irrigating dry season (boro) rice fields. This practice is increasing As concentration in top-soils, resulting in elevated concentration of As in rice plants, decreased rice yield and increased human exposure to As. Efforts have been made to reduce...
Article
Full-text available
Considering the increasing salinity intrusion in coastal areas, pollution of surface water bodies, groundwater contamination by arsenic and manganese, and groundwater depletion due to excessive withdrawal, rain water harvesting (RWH) has become a potential source of water supply in coastal and arsenic affected area in Bangladesh. A user-friendly so...
Poster
The research work presented in the poster evaluated potential of community based decentralized wastewater treatment systems evaluated from experiences gained at a locality in Khulna, Bangladesh. The specific objectives of this work involved: • System efficiency assessment considering different critical effluent discharge water quality parameters ac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Except for about 20% area of Dhaka city (covered by virtually non-functional sewerage system), all urban areas of Bangladesh are served by on-site sanitation (OSS) system. However, OSS systems in Bangladesh have been developed without any consideration to the management of fecal sludge. Disposal of fecal sludge in low-lying areas and in lakes and c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, most surface water bodies are susceptible to contamination from disposal of untreated domestic and industrial wastewater. Surface water bodies receiving wastewater are characterized by low levels of DO and high concentrations of BOD, COD, Ammonia and other nutrients. Year-long monitoring of Hatirjheel water quality showed sustained h...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Bangladesh has witnessed a remarkable growth in on-site sanitation facilities throughout the country over the last decade. The major progress in urban sanitation during this period is the elimination of open defecation amongst the poorest quintile through use of on-site sanitation (OSS) facilities. However, the on-site sanitation systems in Banglad...
Article
Extensive use of arsenic-contaminated well water for irrigation of rice fields in Bangladesh has led to elevated arsenic concentrations in rice plants, decreased rice yields, and increased human exposure to arsenic. The goal of this study was to investigate whether arsenic removal from irrigation water could be improved within distribution channels...
Conference Paper
This paper aims at understanding the meteorological influences in ambient air quality of Dhaka city by analyzing air quality and meteorological data. Trends in air quality over the past decade show large seasonal variations in both PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations, exceeding the national standards during dry season, while remaining somewhat below the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Manganese (Mn) is a common natural groundwater contaminant and high intake of Mn has adverse health impacts. Groundwater in many areas of Bangladesh exceeds the Mn standard for drinking water by a large margin. Thus, a cost-effective and efficient technology to remove Mn from groundwater is imperative for Bangladesh. Adsorption onto Mn-oxide coated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hatirjheel, which is now the largest surface water body within Dhaka, serves very important hydrologic functions of draining and detaining storm water from a large area of Dhaka city. As a part of a restoration project to save Hatirjheel from pollution and degradation, eleven especially designed sewage diversion structures (SSDSs) have been constru...
Article
Full-text available
Laboratory incubations of sediment collected from an arsenic-contaminated aquifer in Bangladesh revealed a hitherto undocumented pool of biodegradable sedimentary organic carbon. Sampling, homogenizing, handling, and/or experimentation with the sediment released organic carbon, causing dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations to reach 150–250...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Saidabad Water Treatment Plant (SWTP) serves as a major potable drinking water source for the Dhaka city which faces high concentration of algae problem during dry season. This study evaluates the possible application of copper salt in controlling algae at the SWTP. In this study, the chemical speciation of copper has been assessed using the so...
Technical Report
This report provides database of fecal sludge management service providers and their ranking based on a set of criteria to identify the most eligible service providers for receiving capacity building support.
Conference Paper
Arsenic-contaminated groundwater is widely used to irrigate dry-season rice (boro) in Bangladesh. This has greatly improved food security but is leading to increased As levels in soils and rice and may cause yield reductions in the long term. Owing to the gradual accumulation of As in paddy soil, the adverse effects of groundwater irrigation may al...
Article
Full-text available
Across Bangladesh, dry-season irrigation with arsenic-contaminated well water is loading arsenic onto rice paddies, leading to increased arsenic concentrations in plants, diminished crop yields, and increased human health risks. As irrigation water flows through conveyance channels between wells and rice fields, arsenic concentrations change over s...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of applied electric charge (0-200 Amp-min) and pH on the removal of colour and COD from textile wastewater have been analysed. Mild steel plates have been used as electrodes in both parallel and series connections. For colour and COD removal, four electrodes each with a surface area of 177.3 cm² and with inter-electrode distance of 2.3...
Article
Full-text available
With increasing use of arsenic (As) removal units for treatment of As-contaminated groundwater in rural Bangladesh, concerns have been raised regarding safe disposal of the As-rich wastes from such units and possible contamination of the environment. In the absence of any clear guideline for safe disposal of wastes generated from As removal units,...