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Muhamad Arif is a PhD Student at the School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University. Before coming to Griffith, Arif was a lecturer at the Department of International Relations, Universitas Indonesia and a researcher for the ASEAN Studies Program of The Habibie Center. His research focuses on the intersection between domestic politics and foreign policy, maritime security, and strategic culture.
October 2020 - September 2021
Center for Social Integrity
August 2015 - September 2020
The Habibie Center
The objectives of this article are twofold. First, it seeks to posit Jokowi’s foreign and security policies in the broader historical context of Indonesian foreign and security policymaking. Throughout history, Indonesia’s responses to its external environment, as manifested in its foreign and security policies, have been significantly influenced b...
Security and safety in Indonesia’s waters and maritime jurisdiction has long been a critical interest of not only the world’s biggest archipelagic country but also the international community. Choke points and sea lines of communication within Indonesia’s jurisdiction have long served as critical veins of global seaborne trade. Moreover, as the wor...
Overlooked by the higher-profile naval modernization, recent developments show the substantial expansion, both qualitatively and quantitatively, and utilization of coast guards by major powers in the region, including China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. Recent developments show that coast guards in Southeast Asia are ut...
Strategic culture plays a significant role in shaping current practices of maritime security in Indonesia. Rooted in the history and experiences of the military and the state itself, Indonesian maritime strategic culture shapes the perceived roles and responsibilities of the Indonesian primary and most capable maritime security agency, the Tentara...
Tulisan ini berusaha menjelaskan bagaimana mispersepsi dapat memicu konflik antar negara. Dengan menggunakan kerangka teoritik model spiral konflik (spiral model) yang diajukan oleh Robert Jervis terhadap kasus persaingan kontemporer Amerika Serikat dan Tiongkok, tulisan ini menunjukkan bagaimana penilaian ancaman (threat assesment) dapat memicu te...
The focus of this study is on Indonesia's option to conduct military intervention as its foreign policy in Timor Portugis on 7 December 1975. The purpose of this study is to identify factors that influence the government of Indonesia to choose military intervention as in the case of Portuguese Timor. This study uses qualitative approach with data g...