Mugunthan Perumal

Mugunthan Perumal
Universiti Putra Malaysia | UPM · Institute of Ecosystem Science Borneo

Ph.D. (Ecology); M.Sc. (Soil Science); B.Sc. (Hons) (Plant Resource Science & Management)

About

29
Publications
11,238
Reads
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113
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
109 Citations
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Introduction
Mugunthan Perumal currently works at the Institute of Ecosystem Science Borneo, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Campus, Sarawak. Mugunthan does research in Agricultural Plant Science, Forestry, and Soil Science.
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - November 2019
University Malaysia Sarawak
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
February 2015 - November 2019
University Malaysia Sarawak
Field of study
  • Ecology
September 2012 - November 2014
University Malaysia Sarawak
Field of study
  • Soil Science
June 2009 - November 2012
University Malaysia Sarawak
Field of study
  • Plant Resource Science and Management

Publications

Publications (29)
Article
Full-text available
Planting high-quality seedlings with desirable growth attributes are associated with successful survival and growth performance following outplanting. Considering that most tree species from the Dipterocarpaceae family are on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, proper conservation of such species is necessary. Very little is known with no clea...
Article
Full-text available
Better understanding and implementation of nursery cultural regimes to improve seedling quality with high survival capability and optimal growth potential are one of the pivotal aspects of a successful forest restoration program. An experiment was set to determine the influences of inorganic and organic fertilizers on the morphological quality attr...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted to determine the status of soil properties after enrichment planting in comparison to an adjacent secondary forest and to evaluate the effect of enrichment planting of Shorea macrophylla (de Vriese) on the soil fertility status with special reference to Soil Fertility Index (SFI) and Soil Evaluation Factor (SEF) at Sampadi For...
Article
Full-text available
Reforestation may offer one means of mitigating the processes of forest land degradation and is indispensable in an effort to conserve forest biological diversity in the tropics. Thus, a preliminary assessment was conducted in order to evaluate the survivorship and growth performance of Shorea macrophylla (de Vriese) after enrichment planting for r...
Article
Full-text available
Implementation of effective soil conservation management is required in order to rehabilitate and manage degraded forest land in the tropics. For the humid tropics of Sarawak, Malaysia, extensive information on the soil characteristics for rehabilitation of degraded forest lands is essential to guide future forest management programme. In this stud...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Sarawak State Government has appointed Sarawak Timber Industry Development Corporation (STIDC) to spearhead the development of the bamboo industry in Sarawak. Since research on bamboo in Sarawak has received meagre attention and baseline information on the early survival rate and field growth attributes of bamboo are pivotal for the development...
Book
Full-text available
It is a great privilege for us to present the authors and delegates of the conference with the proceedings of the inaugural International Conference on Food and Industrial Crops (ICFIC2022). We hope that you will find it informative, exciting and motivating. This version of e-proceeding contains a total of 28 papers submitted to the ICFIC2022 deliv...
Article
Full-text available
Information on early growth performance and survival rate of bamboos are pivotal for the development of the Sarawak bamboo industry. Thus, a study on the early growth performance of ten bamboo taxa was conducted at the Sarawak Bamboo Pilot Project site in Sabal, Simunjan, Sarawak, Malaysia. Six taxa were originated from Yogyakarta, Indonesia, and t...
Article
Full-text available
In-situ soil assessment such as field soil compaction can often be a helpful approach in help determining soil suitability for certain crops. In this study, an assessment was conducted to characterize the Soil Penetration Resistance (SPR) in planted sago palm (Metroxylon spp.) plantation at different growth of rosette and trunking stages under mine...
Article
Full-text available
Adanan IC, Wasli ME, Perumal M, Ying HS. 2020. Characterization of soil properties in relation to Shorea macrophylla growth performance under sandy soils at Sabal Forest Reserve, Sarawak, Malaysia. Biodiversitas 21: 1467-1475. A study was conducted in the Sabal Forest Reserve, Sarawak, to characterize soil properties in terms of soil morphological...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to obtain the basic wood properties of planted Borneo ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri) from a plantation established about 80 years ago. Stem diameter at 1.3m above the ground, tree height, and stress-wave velocity (SWV) of stem were measured on 36 planted E. zwageri trees. Later, core samples were collected from four trees...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted in the Sabal area, Sarawak, to evaluate the physicochemical properties of sandy-textured soils under smallholder agricultural land uses. Study sites were established under rubber, oil palm, and pepper land uses, in comparison to the adjacent secondary forests. The sandy-textured soils underlain in all agricultural land uses ar...
Article
Full-text available
Soil hardness plays a vital role in evaluating the physical properties of soil structure. With regards to the impact of compaction on practical forest management issues, most report and review forms were available. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the soil condition in riparian forest restoration planted with indigenous species along Kay...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted in riparian forest along Kayan Ulu River, Sarawak, Malaysia, to investigate the effects of soil compaction and relative light intensity (RLI) on survival and growth performance of planted Shorea macrophylla. The study sites were stands reforested in different years performance, soil compaction, and RLI were measured. SPD96 tre...
Conference Paper
Soil hardness measurement is recommendable for comprehensive understanding of the soil conditions prevailing in degraded tropical forests. Restoration trials have demonstrated a wide variety of edaphic and climatic conditions by using indigenous species. The aim of this study is to restore the riverbank ecosystem by evaluating the soil condition of...
Article
Full-text available
Shifting cultivation practices are regarded as the most important agricultural land-use in the marginal uplands of Sarawak for the livelihood of the rural communities. In response to various socio-economic consequences, previous practices on traditional form of shifting cultivation were altered into much sedentary farming practices. Soil productivi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Implementation of effective soil conservation management is vital to manage degraded limestone forest land in the tropics. For the humid tropics of Sarawak, extensive information on soil characteristics of degraded limestone forest lands are essential and required as a guideline for future forest management programmes. Thus, a preliminary assessmen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reforestation and effective soil conservation management is required to restore and manage degraded forest land in tropics. Information regarding the soil characteristics in forest land is essential as a guide in future reforestation programme. The differences in soil characteristics are usually attributed to differences in environmental factors su...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tropical forests are considered as the most productive among of all terrestrial ecosystems as they possess the functional roles for biodiversity conservation, world climate enhancement as well as soil conservation (Whitemore, 1998). Forest cover in Borneo was 75.7% in 1973; by 2010, the forest area had been reduced by 16.8 million ha in which, indi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Environmental degradation is proceeding at an unprecedented rate in many tropical regions, jeopardizing prospects for conservation of biological diversity and sustainable economic development of agricultural and forest resources (Parrotta 1991). Anthropogenic activities such as timber extraction, shifting cultivation and the establishment of commer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Changes in the forest ecosystem induced by human or other organisms will alter the diversity of the tree species and to certain extend the properties of the soil. For instance, soil compaction and erosion occurred as the result of deforestation activities. Hence, necessary action is needed to recover the degraded land areas affected by these activi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rapid population expansion throughout decades has put tremendous pressure on the agricultural land resources across the globe including Malaysia. With increasing cases of land degradation, the awareness in conserving the soil resources slowly gained attention from policymakers and public society. Soil quality indicators were developed by scientists...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soil fertility status can be estimated by using appropriate soil quality indices in order to provide fundamental information on the land suitability for reforestation activities. A study was conducted to characterize the soil physicochemical properties and to clarify the current soil fertility status using soil quality index for estimating soil fer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The assessment on relationship between soil properties and edaphic factors in the reforestation site is important to provide information on soil productivity and type of species preferences on degraded site. Hence, this information was vital for planning rehabilitation program at degraded area. The objectives of this study were to identify the soil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A preliminary assessment on the soils in reforestation sites at Sampadi Forest Reserve, Sarawak was conducted to clarify and compare the effects of enrichment planting on the soil physicochemical properties within the reforested areas and adjacent secondary forest. Reforestation areas which were planted with Shorea macrophylla de Vriese by line pla...
Article
Full-text available
Reforestation of degraded areas in Sarawak, Malaysia is vital in an effort to conserve the dynamic forest resources in Borneo. A preliminary assessment was conducted in providing the information on the growth performance and survival rate of planted indigenous Dipterocarp species (Dryobalanops beccarii Dyer) for reforestation purpose in Sarawak. In...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Information on the soil properties under artificial forest initiated after reforestation activity is important in order to understand the ecological information as a useful tool as guidelines for future reforestation activities, especially in the humid tropics. In this study, a preliminary survey and assessment was conducted in order to determine t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At present, the depletion in arable lands for shifting cultivation practices in Sarawak has led to modification of traditional swidden land into a sedentary form of agricultural practice. Along with incorporation of agrochemicals for crop cultivation and short term fallow system, such practice may lead to environmental degradation especially on the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A study on the growth performance and survival rate of planted Shorea macrophylla of different age stands was conducted at Sampadi Forest Reserve, Sarawak. The objectives of this study were to assess the growth performance and survival rate of planted S. macrophylla under reforestation activities that were implemented by Forest Department, Sarawak...

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