Mrinal Samanta

Mrinal Samanta
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture | CIFA · Fish Health Mangement

Ph.D.

About

78
Publications
9,473
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1,998
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Additional affiliations
December 2014 - August 2016
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (78)
Article
This study in the amphibian Xenopus laevis provides new evidence of the critical role of macrophages in the persistence of ranaviruses in a quiescent state as well as in the reactivation of these pathogens into a virulent infection. Among the multiple microbial sensors expressed by macrophages, our data underscore the preponderant involvement of TL...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor necrosis factor superfamily (TNFSF) molecules are important inflammatory cytokines, which are involved in diverse immunological functions such as B-cell regulation and B-cell-mediated immune responses. Existence of numerous tumor necrosis factor (TNF) members in the evolutionary lower vertebrate species has been reported; however, their immun...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in innate immune system act as primary sensors in detecting the microbial components and activate their signaling cascades to induce NF-κB (nuclear factor NF-κB) towards the augmentation of immunoglobulin (Ig) synthesis. To gain insights into the efficacy of NF-κB pathway in immunoglobulin D (IgD) synthesis in the Indian...
Article
Myxovirus resistance (Mx) proteins belonging to the dynamin superfamily of high molecular weight GTPases exist in various isoforms and play crucial role in innate immunity. In addition to the isoforms, Mx1 also plays important role in exerting its anti-viral actions against a broad range of animal RNA viruses. In rohu (Labeo rohita), mx1 full-lengt...
Article
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Background Caspase-8, a member of the family of conserved cysteine proteases, plays a crucial role in the initiation phase of the apoptotic death-signaling cascade and thereby attracts interest for its study across the animal species including fish. In India, rohu ( Labeo rohita ) is an important freshwater fish species; thus, this study on caspase...
Article
TOLL‐interacting protein (Tollip) is a critical regulator of TLRs (toll‐like receptors) signaling pathway. It is predominantly associated with TLR2 and TLR4 during the acute inflammatory conditions and inhibits the TLR‐mediated NF‐κB activation by suppressing the auto‐phosphorylation of interleukin‐1 receptor associated kinase (IRAK1) and its kinas...
Article
Lgp2 (laboratory of genetics and physiology 2) is a cytosolic viral sensor of the RLR (retinoic acid‐inducible gene 1 like receptor) family member without the caspase recruitment domain, having both inhibitory and stimulatory roles in RLR‐signalling pathway. In India, Labeo rohita (rohu) is one of the leading and economically favoured freshwater fi...
Article
Background: Silver barb (Puntius gonionotus) is a promising medium-sized carp for freshwater aquaculture in Asia. This study's aim was to investigate the ideal dietary α-linolenic acid (ALA): linoleic acid (LA) ratio for maximizing long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) synthesis and their deposition in the muscle of silver barb, at par...
Article
Mitogen‐activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are crucial Ser/Thr protein kinases that play important roles in innate immunity by converting extracellular stimuli into a wide range of cellular responses including production of cytokines. In this study, two MAPK genes viz., jnk1 and erk1 have been cloned and characterized in rohu (Labeo rohita) a commer...
Article
Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase (IRAK1) is one of the crucial signal transduction mediators in TLR/IL-1R signaling pathways in host immune system. To investigate about it in rohu (Labeo rohita), one of the economically important freshwater fish species in the Indian subcontinent, we cloned, characterized and analyzed its expression followi...
Article
Hepcidin, a cationic cysteine-rich antimicrobial peptide (AMP) acts in hormone regulation and iron homeostasis in the host body. However, the biological property of hepcidin in immune reaction remains unexplored. In aquatic milieu, environmental and pathogenic stressors cause detrimental infections, which are defended by various immunological cells...
Article
The immune system with large number of molecules protects the host against a plethora of continuously evolving microbes. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules serve as cardinal elements of the adaptive immune system responsible for the activation of the adaptive immunity in the host. The present study reports MHCI molecule in freshwater...
Article
The molecular crosstalk of proximal innate immune receptor signaling mediated by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) is crucial in generating an adaptive immune response. The extracellular-signal regulated kinases (ERK) participate in propagating intracellular signals initiated by stimulated TLRs to transcription factors eliciting cytokine release. Although...
Article
Among various caspases, caspase-9 plays a crucial role in the initiation phase of apoptotic cascade. To investigate about it in a high-valued freshwater fish species rohu (Labeo rohita), we cloned and characterized full-length caspase-9 cDNA (Lrcasp9) and analyzed its expression following bacterial infections and anti-viral vaccinations. The Lrcasp...
Article
The high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is a highly conserved nonhistone chromosomal protein ubiquitously present in almost all cell types. In the nucleus, it facilitates DNA repair and replication, V(D)J recombination, stabilization of nucleosome, and in the cytoplasm, it regulates autophagy and apoptosis. In addition to these intracellular...
Article
Full-text available
The disparate diversity in immunoglobulin (Ig) repertoire has been a subject of fascination since the emergence of prototypic adaptive immune system in vertebrates. The carboxy terminus region of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) has been well established in tetrapod lineage and is crucial for its function in class switch recombination (C...
Article
Follicle-stimulating hormone (Fsh) and luteinizing hormone (Lh), secreted from pituitary, stimulate gonadal function by binding to their cognate receptors FSH receptor (FSHR), and LH/ choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR). Rohu (Labeo rohita) is a commercially important seasonal breeder freshwater fish species, but till date, the regulation of expres...
Article
The primordial immunoglobulin class, IgD is the first non-IgM isotype discovered in teleosts. The crucial role of IgM and IgZ in imparting systemic and mucosal immunity respectively has been widely established in various fish species. However, the putative function of unique IgD isotype during pathogenic invasions has not been explored much. The pr...
Article
The quorum sensing (QS) phenomenon regulates a myriad of pathogenic traits in the biofilm forming fish pathogen, Aeromonas hydrophila. Blocking the QS mechanism of A. hydrophila is a novel strategy to prevent disease in fish. This study evaluated the effect of tannic acid, a QS inhibitor, on A. hydrophila-associated QS regulated phenomena. A streak...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play key roles in innate immunity from lower to higher vertebrates. Among various TLR types, TLR4 was reported to recognize LPS in higher vertebrates resulting in the activation of down-stream signaling pathway. Except in some teleosts, function of TLR4 in most fish species including rohu (Labeo rohita) a commercially imp...
Article
B-cell activating factor (BAFF), an important member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, plays critical roles in the modulation of B-cell functions and enhancement of immune response in the host. Like higher vertebrates, the important role of BAFF in boosting immune response against diverse pathogens was also envisaged in fishes. We therefore...
Article
Immunoglobulins (Igs) play critical roles in protecting host against diverse pathogenic invasion and diseases. Among all Ig isotypes, IgD is the most recently-evolved and enigmatic molecule detected in all vertebrates species except birds. In South-East Asia, Labeo rohita (rohu) is the leading candidate fish species for freshwater aquaculture, and...
Article
The pathogenesis of Aeromonas hydrophila, a potent fish pathogen, is attributed to its ability to cause motile aeromonad septicaemia leading to apoptosis in a myriad of fish species, including freshwater carp Catla catla. However, the underlying mechanism of antagonistic activity of probiotics against A. hydrophila induced apoptosis is not elucidat...
Article
Immunoglobulins (Ig) serve as a crucial arm of adaptive immune system against detrimental pathogenic threats in teleosts. However, the existence of novel Ig isotype IgZ has not yet been elucidated in the Indian major carp, Catla catla. The present study reports the presence of IgZ ortholog in C. catla (CcIgZ) and further demonstrates its comparativ...
Article
The damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) released from the damaged tissue/cells are recently reported as endogenous ligands to activate toll-like receptors (TLRs) and nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain (NOD) receptors signaling pathways. In the aquatic environment, reduction in dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration causes hypoxic s...
Article
To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the ability of the bacteria to survive at high temperature, gene expression profile of B. borstelensis at 55°C during 5 and 10min heat shock period was carried out by high-throughput sequencing technology. A total of 2555 non-redundant transcripts were annotated. A total of 575 genes at 5min and 400...
Article
Full-text available
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain (NOD) receptors are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and play crucial role in innate immunity. In addition to PAMPs, PRRs recognize endogenous molecules released from damaged tissue or dead cells [damage-ass...
Article
Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is one of the key cytokines that plays a major role against viral and intracellular bacterial infection. In addition to the IFN-γ gene, teleost fish possess a second copy known as IFN-γ-related (IFN-γrel) gene. This report describes structural and functional properties of IFN-γrel gene in the Indian major carp, rohu (Labeo...
Article
The leucine rich repeat (LRR) motifs of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain like receptors (NLRs) play key roles in recognizing and binding various pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) resulting in the activation of downstream signaling and innate immunity. Therefore, identification of LRR motif is very important to study ligand...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of innate immune receptors that sense pathogens or their molecular signatures and activate signaling cascades to induce a quick and non-specific immune response in the host. Among various types of TLRs, TLR22 is exclusively present in teleosts and amphibians and is expected to play the distinctive role in inna...
Article
The innate system's recognition of non-self and danger signals is mediated by a limited number of germ-line encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that recognize pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are single, non-catalytic, membrane-spanning PRRs present in invertebrates and vertebrates. They act by spe...
Article
Nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)1 and NOD2 are important cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) and key members of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family. They sense a wide range of bacteria or their products and play a key role in inducing innate immunity. This report describes the role of NOD1 and NOD2 receptors signallin...
Data
Full-text available
Figure S1. Multiple sequence alignment of rohu TLR2 with other species by MegAlign program. N-termini, C-termini, LRR, trans-membrane (TM) and TIR domain regions are labeled. Conserved residues are shown inside yellow box. Majority axis represents the highest occurrence of a residue in a column. Figure S2. Ramachandran plot analysis of (a) TLR2-ECD...
Article
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with various malignancies, including epithelial cancers. In this study, we analyzed the effect of EBV infection on epithelial cells by using EBV-converted epithelial cells. In EBV-positive cells, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway is constitutively activated. Inhibition of ERK activity lea...
Article
The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1) receptor recognizes various pattern-associated structures of microbes through its leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain and activates signaling cascades to induce innate immunity. This report describes the activation of NOD1 receptor signaling by gamma-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelic acid (or γ-D-Glu...
Article
Full-text available
The nucleotide binding oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1) is a cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptor (PRR), and is a member of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family. It senses various pathogens or their products, and plays an important role in inducing innate immunity. This report describes the identification of NOD1 and its down-stream signaling in...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment was conducted to compare the effects of iron oxide nanoparticles (T 1) and ferrous sulfate (T 2) on Indian major carp, Labeo rohita H. There were significant differences (P < 0.05) in the final weight of T 1 and T 2 compared with the control. Survival rates were not affected by the dietary treatments. Fish fed a basal diet (control) s...
Article
Full-text available
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play key roles in sensing wide array of microbial signatures and induction of innate immunity. TLR2 in fish resembles higher eukaryotes by sensing peptidoglycan (PGN) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) of bacterial cell wall and zymosan of yeasts. However, in fish TLR2, no study yet describes the ligand binding motifs in the leu...
Article
In lower eukaryotes-like fish, innate immunity contributed by various pattern recognition receptor (PRR) plays an essential role in protection against diseases. Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-2 is a cytoplasmic PRR that recognizes MDP (muramyl dipeptide) of the Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria as ligand and activates si...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are one of the key components of innate or non-specific immunity. Among various types of TLRs, TLR3 recognizes dsRNA, the genetic material or replicative intermediate of many RNA viruses and triggers TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β dependent signalling pathway to induce type I interferon (IFN) and pro-...
Article
In response to double stranded RNA (dsRNA) viruses, toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) in fish activates signaling like human, and induces innate immunity. This suggested the existence of dsRNA binding domains in fish TLR3 as reported in higher vertebrates. In in silico analysis, leucine rich repeat (LRR) regions (4-6, 13-14, 20-22), and LRR (8-15, 17-24)...
Article
Nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain-1 (NOD1) is a cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptor (PRR), and is a member of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family. It senses a wide range of bacteria and viruses or their products, and plays a key role in inducing innate immunity. In this report, NOD1 gene was cloned and characterized in rohu (Labeo r...
Article
Full-text available
Aeromonas hydrophila is a heterotrophic, gram negative bacterium which is primary or secondary cause of ulcers, fin rot, tail rot, and hemorrhagic septicaemia in fish. The treatments for this infection are only restricted to some antibiotics. So, novel materials are being searched for combating with bacterial infections and the resulting consequenc...
Article
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a member of TLR family. It recognizes a wide range of bacteria and their products, and is involved in inducing innate immune responses. In this article, we reported inductive expression of TLR2 and myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88)-dependent signaling in the Indian major carp, mrigal (Cirrhinus...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are one of the key components of innate immunity. Among various TLR types, TLR2 is involved in recognizing specific microbial structures such as peptidoglycan (PGN), lipoteichoic acid (LTA), zymosan etc., and after binding them it triggers myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88)-dependent signaling pathwa...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are one of the key components of innate immunity. Among various types of TLRs, TLR5 is involved in recognizing bacterial flagellin and after binding, it triggers myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88)-dependent signaling pathway to induce pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this report, we analyzed the expres...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study the haemolytic and proteolytic activity of extracellular products (ECP) secreted from Aeromonas hydrophila (CAHH14 strain) were studied with respect to temperature and different time of incubation as well as its lethal toxicity on rohu, Labeo rohita. The strain was isolated from Catla catla (showing abdominal dropsy symptom) co...
Article
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pleiotropic immune-regulatory cytokine that is expressed in various species of fish and higher vertebrates, and is activated during infection. In spite of its important role, IL-10 has not been well characterized either functionally or structurally in fish. To analyze its properties and function, we constructed a 3D mode...
Article
Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-2 is a cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptor (PRR) and is a member of NOD like receptor (NLR) family. It senses a wide range of bacteria and viruses or their products and is involved in innate immune responses. In this report, NOD-2 gene was cloned and characterized from rohu (Labeo rohita) whi...
Article
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a multifunctional cytokine and plays an important role in diseases. In this study, IL-10 gene was cloned and characterized from catla (Catla catla), which is a highly commercially important fish species in the Indian subcontinent. The result indicated that the full-length catla IL-10 (cIL-10) gene had five exons and four i...
Article
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pleiotropic cytokine, expressed in various species of fish and higher vertebrates, and is activated during infection. In this report, we describe the identification and characterization of IL-10 in the Indian major carp (IMC), rohu (Labeo rohita), which is the most preferred and commercially important species in the Indi...
Article
Full-text available
Three Vibrio species from the resident microflora of gastrointestinal tract of freshwater carps and prawns were isolated and confirmed biochemically as V. fluvialis from Cyprinus carpio/Labeo rohita; V. parahaemolyticus from Macrobrachium rosenbergii and V. harveyi from Macrobrachium malcomsoni. The genetic relationship among these Vibrio species w...
Article
Full-text available
Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA (EBER) is nonpolyadenylated, noncoding RNA that forms stem-loop structure by intermolecular base-pairing, giving rise to double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-like molecules, and exists abundantly in EBV-infected cells. Here, we report that EBER induces signaling from the Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), which is a sensor of...
Article
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small RNAs (EBERs) are polyA-, non-coding RNAs that are expressed abundantly in all forms of cells latently infected with EBV. EBERs (EBER1 and EBER2) contribute to the clonal proliferation of EBV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells in soft agar, tumorigenicity in SCID mice, up-regulation of the bcl-2 oncoprotein...
Article
The Genus Edwardsiella comprises of bacteria differing strongly in their biochemical characteristics, physiological features, natural habitat and pathogenic properties. The most common species of the genus is Edwardsiella tarda, recovered from a variety of environmental and animal sources. In this study 51 isolates including one reference strain ob...
Article
Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA (EBER) is nonpolyadenylated, noncoding RNA, forms stem-loop structure by intermolecular base-pairing giving rise to double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-like molecule and exists abundantly in EBV-infected cells. EBER induces IL-10 and thus supports the growth of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells. In this study, the mechanism...
Article
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the DNA tumor virus, which is known to be relevant to various cancers. EBV maintains latent infection in cancer cells, and there are three types of latent infection (type I-III) according to the patterns of viral latent genes expression. EBV has the ability to transform B cells into immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines...
Article
The applicability of PCR-RFLP of 16S rDNA and conventional phenotypic methods for differentiation of Edwardsiella tarda associated in freshwater fish culture system was studied. In this study, by conventional biochemical tests and antibiotic resistant patterns 2 and 14 groups were obtained. But these methods failed to discriminate the isolates habi...
Article
Members of the genus Pseudomonas are important phytopathogens and agents of human infections, while other strains and species exhibit bioremediation and biocontrol activities. Species-specific detection of Pseudomonas species in the environment may help to gain a more complete understanding of the ecological significance of these microorganisms. Th...
Article
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small RNAs (EBERs) are nonpolyadenylated, untranslated RNAs, exist most abundantly in latently EBV-infected cells, and are expected to show secondary structures with many short stem-loops. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) is a cytosolic protein that detects viral double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) inside the cell and...
Article
Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of 16S rDNA PCR product was carried out for 41 isolates of Pseudomonas spp. isolated from freshwater culture systems. Twenty 16s rDNA genotypes were obtained by digestion with three restriction enzymes (Alu I, Hue III and Msp I). Genomic diversity was observed at both inter-and intra-species level Out...
Article
The use of wide range of antibiotics to reduce losses associated with vibriosis has resulted in an increased population of multidrug resistant Vibrio strains. In the present study, two Vibrio species viz. V. alginolyticus & V. mimicus were isolated from dead post larvae of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii on the basis of their growth on...