Mourad Tighiouart

Mourad Tighiouart
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center · Cedars Sinai Medical Center

About

194
Publications
10,669
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,235
Citations

Publications

Publications (194)
Chapter
We present early phase cancer clinical trial designs for drug combinations focusing on continuous dose levels. For phase I trials, the goal is to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) curve in the two-dimensional Cartesian plane. Parametric models are used to describe the relationship between the doses of the two agents and the probability of d...
Article
TPS624 Background: Immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) is synergistic with HER2-directed therapy in pre-clinical models. Clinically, pembrolizumab (K)-mediated ICI plus HER2-directed therapy with trastuzumab (H) was safe and demonstrated modest activity in H-resistant HER2-positive (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer. Because ICI may confer more robust...
Article
Background: Chemotherapy-induced toxicities are prevalent in patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy and often impact on activities of daily living and other aspects of function and well-being. Understanding which patients are more likely to experience long-term chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and hot flashes may help tailor t...
Article
TPS636 Background: Cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the preferred first-line treatment for advanced or unresectable pancreatic cancer with combination regimens including 5-fluoruracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX), or gem and nab-p. The use and response of second- and third-line therapies remains dismal, thus the optimization...
Article
We propose an adaptive design for early-phase drug-combination cancer trials with the goal of estimating the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). A nonparametric Bayesian model, using beta priors truncated to the set of partially ordered dose combinations, is used to describe the probability of dose limiting toxicity (DLT). Dose allocation between success...
Article
Background: Glioblastoma is a heterogeneous malignancy with multiple subpopulations of cancer cells present within any tumor. We present the results of a phase 1 clinical trial utilizing an autologous dendritic cell vaccine pulsed with lysate derived from a glioblastoma stem-like cell line. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed and recurrent gl...
Article
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence suggests that a ketogenic diet (KD) may limit neoplastic growth, but limited data exist regarding the effect of KD on daily activity, cognition, and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) for patients with glioblastoma. METHODS Newly diagnosed GBM patients participating in a single-arm phase 1 trial of a 16-week KD plu...
Article
INTRODUCTION There is abundant interest in the potential therapeutic and supportive role of a ketogenic diet (KD) for glioblastoma patients. We conducted a single-arm phase 1 trial to assess the safety and feasibility of KD plus standard-of-care (SOC) in glioblastoma patients (NCT03451799). METHODS Adults within 3 months of diagnosis participated...
Article
Full-text available
Background Graphical displays and data visualization are essential components of statistical analysis that can lead to improved understanding of clinical trial adverse event (AE) data. Correspondence analysis (CA) has been introduced decades ago as a multivariate technique that can communicate AE contingency tables using two-dimensional plots, whil...
Chapter
We discuss several innovative phase I and phase I–II designs for early phase cancer clinical trial with drug combinations focusing on continuous dose levels of both agents. For phase I trials with drug combinations, the main objective is to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) curve in the two-dimensional Cartesian plane. A parametric model is...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Chronic pain is highly prevalent and associated with a large burden of illness; there is a pressing need for safe, home-based, non-pharmacological, interventions. Virtual reality (VR) is a digital therapeutic known to be effective for acute pain, but its role in chronic pain is not yet fully elucidated. Here we present a protocol for t...
Article
Background: Modern disease staging systems have restructured human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative (HPV-) and HPV-positive (HPV+) oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC) into distinct pathologic nodal systems. Given that quantitative lymph node (LN) burden is the dominant prognostic factor in most head and neck cancers, we investigated whether HPV- and HPV+ O...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE Severe (grade 3-4) acute graft-versus-host disease (AGVHD) is a major cause of death after unrelated-donor (URD) hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT), resulting in particularly high mortality after HLA-mismatched transplantation. There are no approved agents for AGVHD prevention, underscoring the critical unmet need for novel therapeutics. A...
Preprint
We propose to apply stacked CA using contribution biplots as a tool to explore differences in AE data among treatments in clinical trials. We defined five levels of refinement for the analysis based on data derived from the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grades, domains, terms and their combinations. In addition, we develope...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer clinical trials typically generate detailed patient toxicity data. The most common measure used to summarize patient toxicity is the maximum grade among all toxicities and it does not fully represent the toxicity burden experienced by patients. In this article, we study the mathematical and statistical properties of the toxicity index (TI),...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a Bayesian adaptive design for early phase drug combination cancer trials incorporating ordinal grade of toxicities. Parametric models are used to describe the relationship between the dose combinations and the probabilities of the ordinal toxicities under the proportional odds assumption. Trial design proceeds by treating cohorts of two...
Article
Background: Preclinical studies and pilot patient studies have shown that chronic infarctions can be detected and characterized from cardiac magnetic resonance without gadolinium-based contrast agents using native-T1 maps at 3T. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic capacity of this approach for characterizing chronic myocardial infarctions (MIs)...
Article
4634 Background: Interleukin-1-alpha (IL-1α) promotes tumor inflammation by shaping the tumor microenvironment, including tumor infiltrating myeloid cell recruitment, angiogenesis, and skewing and suppression of anti-tumor immunity. IL-1a inhibition in cancer subjects increased lean body mass and decreased fatigue, pain, and appetite loss. We repor...
Article
Full-text available
Stromal-epithelial interactions dictate cancer progression and therapeutic response. Prostate cancer (PCa) cells were identified to secrete greater concentration of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) compared to noncancer epithelia. Based on the recognized coevolution of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) with tumor progression, we tested the role of cance...
Article
The use of drug combinations in clinical trials is increasingly common during the last years since a more favorable therapeutic response may be obtained by combining drugs. In phase I clinical trials, most of the existing methodology recommends a one unique dose combination as “optimal,” which may result in a subsequent failed phase II clinical tri...
Article
Background: The National Cancer Institute Moonshot℠ research initiative calls for improvements in the analysis and reporting of treatment toxicity to advise key stakeholders on treatment tolerability and inform regulatory and clinical decision-making. This study illustrates alternative approaches to toxicity evaluation using the National Surgical A...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The National Cancer Institute Moonshot℠ research initiative calls for improvements in the analysis and reporting of treatment toxicity to advise key stakeholders on treatment tolerability and inform regulatory and clinical decision-making. This study illustrates alternative approaches to toxicity evaluation using the National Surgical...
Conference Paper
Background: Immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) is synergistic with HER2-directed therapy in pre-clinical models. Clinically, pembrolizumab (K)-mediated ICI plus HER2-directed therapy with trastuzumab (H) was safe and demonstrated modest activity in H-resistant HER2-positive (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer. Because ICI may confer more robust activi...
Article
TPS780 Background: Patients with pancreatic cancer have the highest rate of weight loss among all advanced cancers. Of which, the majority develop cachexia, characterized by progressive and involuntary loss of weight and skeletal muscle mass. In preclinical studies, interleukin-1-alpha (IL-1α) antagonism has been found to neutralize tumor angiogene...
Conference Paper
Purpose/Objective: Blockade of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway with radiotherapy (RT) can enhance both local and systemic control in varying tumor types. Yet, no significant responses have been seen in pancreatic cancer (PC). We have previously shown that RT induces PD-1 and PD-L1 in PC following upregulation of interferon-gamma. This mechanism of adaptive...
Article
Background/purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose, toxicities, and response of sirolimus combined with oral metronomic therapy in pediatric patients with recurrent and refractory solid and brain tumors. Procedure: Patients younger than 30 years of age with recurrent, refractory, or high-risk solid and brain tumors were eligible. Patien...
Preprint
We propose an adaptive design for early phase drug combination cancer trials with the goal of estimating the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). A nonparametric Bayesian model, using beta priors truncated to the set of partially ordered dose combinations, is used to describe the probability of dose limiting toxicity (DLT). Dose allocation between success...
Article
Full-text available
Myocardial oxygenation—the ability of blood vessels to supply the heart muscle (myocardium) with oxygen—is a critical determinant of cardiac function. Impairment of myocardial oxygenation is a defining feature of ischemic heart disease (IHD), which is caused by pathological conditions that affect the blood vessels supplying oxygen to the heart musc...
Article
Full-text available
We performed a Ph2 trial in adults and children to test abatacept for AGVHD prevention (‘ABA2’, Clinicaltrials # NCT01743131), based on our promising preclinical and pilot patient data. ABA2 had 2 cohorts: A) HLA-mismatched (‘7/8’, n = 43), a single-arm study with pre-specified CIBMTR matched analysis (vs CNI+MTX or CNI+MTX+ATG). B) HLA-matched (‘8...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the impact of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) and chemotherapy on survival in salivary gland cancer (SGC) treated with curative-intent local resection and neck dissection. Study design: Retrospective population-based cohort study. Setting: National Cancer Database. Subjects and methods: Patients with SGC who were und...
Article
Full-text available
Background Locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) has a dismal prognosis with current treatment modalities and one-third of patients die from local progression of disease. Preclinical studies with orthotopic PC demonstrated dramatic synergy between radiotherapy (RT) and the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1/2 inhibitor (PARPi), veliparib. We conduct...
Article
Full-text available
Despite of an extensive statistical literature showing that discretizing continuous variables results in substantial loss of information, categorization of continuous variables has been a common practice in clinical research and in cancer dose finding (phase I) clinical trials. The objective of this study is to quantify the loss of information incu...
Data
R Code. R Code used for the simulations. (ZIP)
Data
Data. Data obtained from the simulations. (ZIP)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) is standard for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients with positive margins or extranodal extension (ENE) following surgery. However, emerging evidence suggests the number of positive lymph nodes (LNs) is the dominant determinant of survival in non-oropharyngeal HNSCC, and thus may better...
Article
Full-text available
A Bayesian adaptive design for dose finding of a combination of two drugs in cancer phase I clinical trials that takes into account patients heterogeneity thought to be related to treatment susceptibility is described. The estimation of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) curve is a function of a baseline covariate using two cytotoxic agents. A logist...
Preprint
The use of drug combinations in clinical trials is increasingly common during the last years since a more favorable therapeutic response may be obtained by combining drugs that, for instance, target multiple pathways or inhibit resistance mechanisms. However, most of the existing methodology in phase I trials recommends a single maximum tolerated d...
Article
Introduction and Objective: Keratins (KRTs) were reported to interact with multiple cellular proteins and initiate signaling cascades that promote cell proliferation, migration and metastasis in cancers. Keratin13 (KRT13), a member of the intermediate filament proteins, plays important role in breast cancer progression and metastasis. The objective...
Article
We present a two‐stage phase I–II design of a combination of two drugs in cancer clinical trials. The goal is to estimate safe dose combination regions with a desired level of efficacy. In stage I, conditional escalation with overdose control is used to allocate dose combinations to successive cohorts of patients and the maximum tolerated dose curv...
Article
BACKGROUND Current lymph node (LN) staging for salivary gland cancer (SGC) is extrapolated from mucosal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, given its unique biology and clinical behavior, it is possible that a SGC‐specific LN staging system would be more accurate. METHODS Patients from the National Cancer Data Base with nonmetastatic S...
Article
BACKGROUND Multidisciplinary management of head and neck cancer (HNC) must reconcile increasingly sophisticated subspecialty care with timeliness of care. Prior studies examined the individual effects of delays in diagnosis‐to‐treatment interval, postoperative interval, and radiation interval but did not consider them collectively. The objective of...
Article
Background: Postoperative concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) improves outcomes for younger adults with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and positive margins or extranodal extension (ENE), but its benefit for older adults is not well established. Methods: Patients from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) with HNSCC undergoing curat...
Article
Importance Nodal staging for laryngohypopharyngeal cancers is based primarily on size and laterality, with less value placed on absolute number of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs). We are aware of no studies to date that have specifically addressed the prognostic effect of quantitative nodal burden in larynx or hypopharynx malignancies. Objective To a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Current staging systems for oral cavity cancers incorporate lymph node (LN) size and laterality, but place less weight on the total number of positive metastatic nodes. We investigated the independent impact of numerical metastatic LN burden on survival. Methods Adult patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma undergoing upfront sur...
Article
Drug combination trials are increasingly common nowadays in clinical research. However, very few methods have been developed to consider toxicity attributions in the dose escalation process. We are motivated by a trial in which the clinician is able to identify certain toxicities that can be attributed to one of the agents. We present a Bayesian ad...
Article
Introduction: Definitive treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is challenging owing to its rarity, complicated regional anatomy, and the intensity of therapy. In contrast to other head and neck cancers, the effect of facility volume has not been well described for NPC. Methods and materials: The National Cancer Database was queried for pat...
Article
We present a Bayesian adaptive design for dose finding in cancer phase I clinical trials. The goal is to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) after possible modification of the dose range during the trial. Parametric models are used to describe the relationship between the dose and the probability of dose limiting toxicity (DLT). We investigat...
Article
Although there is an extensive statistical literature showing the disadvantages of discretizing continuous variables, categorization is a common practice in clinical research which results in substantial loss of information. A large collection of methods in cancer phase I clinical trial design establishes dose of a new agent as a discrete variable....
Article
Background: There is increasing evidence that primary tumor ablation can improve survival for some cancer patients with distant metastases. This may be particularly applicable to head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) because of its tropism for locoregional progression. Methods: This study included patients with metastatic HNSCC undergoin...
Article
Background: The treatment of head and neck cancers is complex and associated with significant morbidity, requiring multidisciplinary care and physician expertise. Thus, facility characteristics, such as clinical volume and academic status, may influence outcomes. Methods: The current study included 46,567 patients taken from the National Cancer...
Article
Full-text available
Myocardial blood flow (MBF) is the critical determinant of cardiac function. However, its response to increases in partial pressure of arterial CO2 (PaCO2), particularly with respect to adenosine, is not well characterized due to challenges in blood gas control and limited availability of validated approaches to ascertain MBF in vivo. By prospectiv...
Article
Objectives: Isolated acute vestibular syndrome (iAVS) presentations to the emergency department (ED) pose management challenges, given the concerns for posterior circulation strokes. False-negative brain imaging may erroneously reassure clinicians, whereas HINTS-plus examination outperforms imaging to screen for strokes in iAVS. We studied the fea...
Article
We describe a dose escalation algorithm for drug combinations in cancer phase I clinical trials. Parametric models for describing the association between the doses and the probability of dose limiting toxicity are used assuming univariate monotonicity of the dose-toxicity relationship. Trial design proceeds using the continual reassessment method,...
Article
We present a cancer phase I clinical trial design of a combination of two drugs with the goal of estimating the maximum tolerated dose curve in the two-dimensional Cartesian plane. A parametric model is used to describe the relationship between the doses of the two agents and the probability of dose limiting toxicity. The model is re-parameterized...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in the treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is controversial. Minimal data exists regarding the clinical significance of margin clearance distance and lymph node (LN) parameters, such as extent of dissection and LN ratio. We assessed the impact of these variables on clinical outcomes to m...
Article
TPS487 Background: Targeted inhibition of PARP1/2 is one way to further exploit the well-known synergy between gemcitabine (G) and radiotherapy (RT) in locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). PARP1/2 inhibitors, such as veliparib (V), have shown excellent anti-tumor activity when used with other cytotoxic therapies. This synergy may be further e...
Conference Paper
208 Background: Cabozantinib is a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that has recognized clinical activity in mCRPC. While phase 3 studies did not show a significant improvement in overall survival (OS), patients with VM had improved OS compared to those with only osseous metastases in subgroup analysis. Our group has also identified a...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a Bayesian adaptive design for early phase cancer trials of a combination of three agents. This is an extension of an earlier work by the authors by allowing all three agents to vary during the trial and by assigning different drug combinations to cohorts of three patients. The primary objective is to estimate the Maximum Tolerated Dose...
Article
We investigated whether native T1 maps at 3-T can reliably characterize chronic myocardial infarctions (MIs) in patients with prior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-STEMI (NSTEMI). Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance is the gold standard for characterizing chronic MIs, but it is contraindicated in p...
Article
Recent canines studies have shown that iron deposition within chronic myocardial infarction (CMI) influences the electric behavior of the heart. To date, the link between the iron deposition and malignant ventricular arrhythmias in humans with CMI is unknown. Patients with CMI (n=94) who underwent late-gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance...
Article
Full-text available
The standard 3 + 3 or " modified Fibonacci " up-and-down (MF-UD) method of dose escalation is by far the most used design in dose-finding cancer trials. However, MF-UD has always shown inferior performance when compared with its competitors regarding number of patients treated at optimal doses. A consequence of using less effective designs is that...