Motoshi Hayano

Motoshi Hayano
Keio University | Keidai · Department of Ophthalmology

PhD

About

20
Publications
3,628
Reads
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453
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - October 2019
Keio University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
April 2010 - March 2013

Publications

Publications (20)
Preprint
Chromatin is compartmentalized in nuclei and its architecture and nuclear location may have impacts on chromatin events. Rif1, identified as a potent suppressor of hsk1-null mutation (defective in initiation of DNA replication) in fission yeast, recognizes G-quadruplex structures and inhibits origin firing in their 50∼100-kb vicinity, leading us to...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has been raging around the world and public health measures such as lockdowns have forced people to go out less often, reducing sunlight exposure time, green space use, and physical activity. It is well known that exercise has a positive impact on mental health, but the impact of external environmental factors such as sunlight...
Article
Maintaining genomic integrity and stability is crucial for life; yet, no tissue-driven mechanism that robustly safeguards the epithelial genome has been discovered. Epidermal stem cells (EpiSCs) continuously replenish the stratified layers of keratinocytes that protect organisms against various environmental stresses. To study the dynamics of DNA-d...
Preprint
Light stimuli from the external environment serves as a signal. Photoreceptors receive photons at the outer nuclear layer of the retina. Non-visual photoreceptors, such as opsin5 (also known as OPN5 or neuropsin), are expressed in the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and hypothalamus to regulate the circadian cycle and body temperature. Here, we show...
Article
Full-text available
Photobiological neuromodulation and its clinical application has been investigated in recent years. The response of the gamma-oscillation to human visual stimuli is known to be both burst and resonant in nature, and the coupling between alpha and gamma oscillations may play a functional role in visual processing. To date, there is no study that exa...
Article
Full-text available
A decrease in the elasticity of the ocular lens during aging is associated with loss of the accommodative ability of the eye, leading to presbyopia. Although near vision impairment is a social issue affecting the length of healthy life expectancy and productivity of elderly people, an effective treatment to improve near vision has not yet become av...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGVHD) is a multifactorial inflammatory disease that affects patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Multiple organs, including the lacrimal glands (LGs), are negatively affected by cGVHD and lose function due to the resultant fibrosis. An abnormal immune response is thought to be a major factor i...
Preprint
Full-text available
There are numerous hallmarks of aging in mammals, but no unifying cause has been identified. In budding yeast, aging is associated with a loss of epigenetic information that occurs in response to genome instability, particularly DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Mammals also undergo predictable epigenetic changes with age, including alterations to D...
Preprint
Full-text available
All living things experience entropy, manifested as a loss of inherited genetic and epigenetic information over time. As budding yeast cells age, epigenetic changes result in a loss of cell identity and sterility, both hallmarks of yeast aging. In mammals, epigenetic information is also lost over time, but what causes it to be lost and whether it i...
Article
Mrc1 is a conserved checkpoint mediator protein that transduces replication-stress signal to downstream effector kinase. Loss of mrc1 checkpoint activity results in aberrant activation of late/dormant origins in the presence of hydroxyurea. Mrc1 was also suggested to regulate orders of early-origin firing in a checkpoint-independent manner, but its...
Chapter
Eukaryotic genomes are replicated from tens of thousands of replication origins that are scattered along the chromosomes. In yeasts, timing of firing of these origins is regulated by cis-acting sequences and factors that may interact with them. Competition for limiting initiation factors also could regulate the order of origin firing in yeasts. In...
Article
Origins of DNA replication on eukaryotic genomes have been observed to fire during S phase in a coordinated manner. Studies in yeast indicate that origin firing is affected by several factors, including checkpoint regulators and chromatin modifiers. However, it is unclear what the mechanisms orchestrating this coordinated process are. Recent studie...
Article
One of the long-standing questions in eukaryotic DNA replication is the mechanisms that determine where and when a particular segment of the genome is replicated. Cdc7/Hsk1 is a conserved kinase required for initiation of DNA replication and may affect the site selection and timing of origin firing. We identified rif1Δ, a null mutant of rif1(+), a...
Article
Cdc7/Hsk1 is a conserved kinase required for initiation of DNA replication that potentially regulates timing and locations of replication origin firing. Here, we show that viability of fission yeast hsk1Δ cells can be restored by loss of mrc1, which is required for maintenance of replication fork integrity, by cds1Δ, or by a checkpoint-deficient mu...
Article
How early- and late-firing origins are selected on eukaryotic chromosomes is largely unknown. Here, we show that Mrc1, a conserved factor required for stabilization of stalled replication forks, selectively binds to the early-firing origins in a manner independent of Cdc45 and Hsk1 kinase in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. In mrc1Δ cel...
Article
In fission yeast, replication fork arrest activates the replication checkpoint effector kinase Cds1(Chk2/Rad53) through the Rad3(ATR/Mec1)-Mrc1(Claspin) pathway. Hsk1, the Cdc7 homologue of fission yeast required for efficient initiation of DNA replication, is also required for Cds1 activation. Hsk1 kinase activity is required for induction and mai...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies indicate that the balance between cell survival and proapoptotic signals determines which cells commit to life or death. We have shown that the balance between follicle-stimulating hormone and prolactin determines differentiation or apoptosis in 7th generation spermatogonia during newt spermatogenesis; however, the molecular mechanis...