Moshe Mazor

Moshe Mazor
Soroka Medical Center | soroka · Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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560
Publications
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Publications

Publications (560)
Article
Objective: In the last few decades, attention has been focused on morbidity and mortality associated with late preterm delivery (34–36 + 6/7 weeks), accounting for 60–70% of all preterm births. This study is aimed to determine: 1) the prevalence of late preterm deliveries (spontaneous and medically indicated) in our population; and 2) the rate of n...
Article
Purpose: Determine the relationship between oligohydramnios and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in a unique cohort of preterm preeclamptic patients. Materials and methods: A retrospective matched case control study comparing 81 preterm parturients (28 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks) with preeclampsia and oligohydramnios to 81 preterm preeclamptic pati...
Article
Objective: We aimed to determine the differences in the pattern and magnitude of thrombin generation between patients with preeclampsia (PE) and those with SGA. Methods: This cross-sectional study included women in the following groups: 1) normal pregnancy (NP) (n = 49); 2) PE (n = 56); and 3) SGA (n = 28). Maternal plasma thrombin generation (T...
Preprint
Full-text available
Implantation, trophoblast development and placentation are crucial processes in the establishment and development of normal pregnancy. Abnormalities of these processes can lead to pregnancy complications named the great obstetrical syndromes (preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, fetal demise, premature prelabor rupture or membranes, prete...
Preprint
Implantation, trophoblast development and placentation are crucial processes in the establishment and development of normal pregnancy. Abnormalities of these processes can lead to pregnancy complications named the great obstetrical syndromes (preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, fetal demise, premature prelabor rupture or membranes, prete...
Preprint
Full-text available
Obstetrical complications including preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, preterm prelabor rupture of membranes and fetal demise are all the clinical endpoint of several underlying mechanisms (i.e. infection inflammation, thrombosis, endocrine disorder, immunologic rejection, genetic, and environmental), therefore, they may be rega...
Preprint
Obstetrical complications including preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, preterm prelabor rupture of membranes and fetal demise are all the clinical endpoint of several underlying mechanisms (i.e. infection inflammation, thrombosis, endocrine disorder, immunologic rejection, genetic, and environmental), therefore, they may be rega...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The molecular basis of failure to progress in labor is poorly understood. This study was undertaken to characterize the myometrial transcriptome of patients with an arrest of dilatation (AODIL). Study design: Human myometrium was prospectively collected from women in the following groups: (1) spontaneous term labor (TL; n=29) and (2)...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Objective: Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT), a circulating anti-inflammatory molecule, rises 4-6-fold during acute phase responses and during pregnancy. AAT deficiency is linked with various pregnancy complications. The aim of this study is to determine plasma concentrations and activity of AAT and serum cytokine levels in blood samples from wome...
Article
Objectives: To determine the obstetrical complications and perinatal outcomes of patients with recurrent episodes of preterm contractions (PTC) that eventually delivered at term compared to those who delivered preterm. Methods: A retrospective study evaluating pregnancy complications and adverse perinatal outcomes of patients with recurrent epis...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypothyroidism are each associated with increased rate of pregnancy complications. However, their combined morbidity during gestation is poorly studied. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of the combined morbidity of DM & hypothyroidism and whether it is associated with adverse...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Objective: To examine the effect of interpregnancy interval (IPI) on outcomes of pregnancy after recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Methods: A retrospective cohort study including 325 patients treated at a RPL clinic, with two or more consecutive pregnancy losses followed by a subsequent (index) pregnancy, of whom 163 had IPI≤6 months, and 21...
Article
Recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL) represent psychological trauma. This may be due to the fact that in about 50% of the cases the etiology is not found and also as a result of the fear of the results of the next pregnancy. Patients with RPL develop different psychological and psychiatric effects after pregnancy losses. This article reviews the Litera...
Article
Objectives: The aims of this study were (1) to determine the success rate of induction of labor (IOL) in women with a prior cesarean section (CS) and (2) to compare the perinatal outcome of a trial of labor (TOL) in women with one prior CS who had an IOL, spontaneous onset of labor, or an elective repeated CS (ERCS). Material and methods: This s...
Article
Full-text available
Background To determine whether patients with placenta previa who delivered preterm have an increased risk for recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. Methods This retrospective population based cohort study included patients who delivered after a primary cesarean section (n = 9983). The rate of placenta previa, its recurrence, and the risk for recur...
Article
Objective: α-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is an anti-protease, anti-inflammatory and tissue-protective molecule. Normal circulating levels are <3.5 mg/dl and rise during pregnancy. Although AAT deficiency is associated with several pregnancy and placental disorders, little is known regarding AAT levels and preeclampsia. Since unopposed inflammation might co...
Article
Full-text available
To compare obstetric characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of patients following two vs. three or more primary recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL). A retrospective cohort study including 168 patients with primary RPL followed by subsequent (index) pregnancy, 124 patients with three or more consecutive RPL, and 60 patients with two consecutive RPL was...
Article
Full-text available
To compare epidemiological and obstetric characteristics, etiology and next pregnancy outcomes of women with primary vs. secondary recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). A retrospective cohort study, including 420 patients with two or more consecutive pregnancy losses followed by a subsequent (index) pregnancy, of whom 162 were primary RPL women and 258 w...
Article
Full-text available
To determine the effects of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) versus repeated cesarean sections (RCS) after a primary cesarean section (CS), on the rate of intraoperative and postpartum maternal morbidity. This is a retrospective population-based cohort study. During the study period (1988-2005) there were 200,012 deliveries by 76,985 women at ou...
Article
Full-text available
Fetal hypoxemia has been proposed to be one of the mechanisms of preterm labor (PTL) and delivery. This may have clinical implications since it may alter: (i) the method/frequency of fetal surveillance and (ii) the indications and duration of tocolysis to an already compromised fetus. The aim of this study was to examine whether there is a differen...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of changing the approach of performing episiotomy on immediate delivery complications in primiparous women by comparing two periods of time with different episiotomy rates. A retrospective population-based study comparing singleton vaginaL deliveries of nulliparous women for immediate delivery co...
Article
To determine whether fetuses affected by either chromosomal abnormalities or central nervous system (CNS) malformations are prone to complications during pregnancy and delivery. In this study, 320 singleton pregnancies with CNS malformations and 133 singleton pregnancies with chromosomal abnormaLities were compared with 149,112 singleton births wit...
Article
Women with recurrent spontaneous pregnancy loss (RPLJ are in a complex scenario, due to the work-up evaLuation that is negative in about 50% of the cases, and the stress associated with the outcome of the next pregnancy. Therefore, these patients experience psychoLogicaL conditions including anxiety and depression. The basic examination includes: p...
Article
The study was aimed to compare trace elements concentrations in women with and without severe pre-eclampsia (PE). A prospective case-control study was conducted comparing 43 parturients with severe PE (who received magnesium sulfate [MgSO4]) and 80 healthy parturients and their newborns, matched for gestational age and mode of delivery. Inductively...
Article
Full-text available
The fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) is associated with impending onset of preterm labor/delivery, microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and increased perinatal morbidity. FIRS has been defined by an elevated fetal plasma interleukin (IL)-6, a cytokine with potent effects on the differentiation and proliferation of hematopoietic prec...
Article
PROBLEM: The use of monoclonal antibodies for CD45RA and CD45RO antigens is important in defining maturational and functional stages on lymphocytes.METHOD: To characterize distribution of two isoforms of CD45 antigen CD45RA and CD45RO on CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD56+ lymphocyte subsets from first trimester human decidua, two-color flow cytometry were...
Article
The objective of the study was to determine whether 1 previous miscarriage is associated with an increased rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the following pregnancy. Second pregnancies of women with and without a miscarriage in their initial pregnancy were compared. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to control for confou...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Fetal neutrophilia is present in two-thirds of cases with the fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS). The mechanisms responsible for this finding have not been elucidated. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is the primary physiologic regulator of neutrophil production and plays a key role in the rapid generation and rel...
Chapter
Vaginal bleeding during gestation is an ominous sign indicating an adverse pregnancy outcome. Bleeding can occur during all stages of gestation. It complicates up to 20% of pregnancies during the first trimester and is regarded as a sign of threatened abortion. During the second and third trimesters, vaginal bleeding was found to be a risk factor f...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate pregnancy outcome in patients with condyloma acuminata. A retrospective cohort study comparing pregnancy outcome of women with and without condyloma acuminata was performed. A sub-group analysis was performed between patients with localized disease (n = 40), extended disease (n = 25) and no condyloma acuminata (n = 227,202). Using a...
Article
Trace elements are minerals required in minute quantities to maintain proper physical functioning. The role of trace elements in the process of parturition is poorly understood. This study was aimed to determine levels of trace elements' concentration in maternal plasma and umbilical venous and arterial plasma at term during active labor vs electiv...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate risk factors and pregnancy outcome of patients with placental abruption. A population-based study comparing all pregnancies of women with and without placental abruption was conducted. Stratified analysis using multiple logistic regression models was performed to control for confounders. During the study period there were 185,476 del...
Article
To investigate time trends and risk factors for peripartum cesarean hysterectomy. A population-based study comparing all deliveries that were complicated with peripartum hysterectomy to deliveries without this complication was conducted. Deliveries occurred during the years 1988-2007 at a tertiary medical center. A multiple logistic regression mode...
Article
Full-text available
Biomarkers for preterm labor (PTL) and delivery can be discovered through the analysis of the transcriptome (transcriptomics) and protein composition (proteomics). Characterization of the global changes in low-molecular weight compounds which constitute the 'metabolic network' of cells (metabolome) is now possible by using a 'metabolomics' approach...
Article
The present study was aimed to investigate perinatal outcome of elderly nulliparous patients. A retrospective study was performed comparing pregnancy outcomes of nulliparous patients at three age groups: less than 35 years (reference group), 35-40 years, and above 40 years. The linear-by-linear association test was used to examine linear associatio...
Article
Timing of elective repeat caesarean section should take into account both fetal and maternal considerations. The percentage of caesarean deliveries has dramatically increased during the last decades. It undoubtedly leads to an increase in the number of women having multiple caesarean sections. While maternal morbidity increases with increased numbe...
Article
The objective of the study was to assess the factors affecting the latency period in woman with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and evaluate morbidity associated with prolonged latency. A population-based retrospective study including all women with PPROM (prior to 37 weeks' gestation) during the years 1998-2008 was conducted. Compar...
Conference Paper
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perineal massage during the second stage of labor using oil enriched with vitamins, increases the chances of delivering with an intact perineum as compared to perineal massage using liquid wax (without additional vitamins). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was designed including 164 wome...
Article
Preterm labor (PTL) has been associated with an increased thrombin generation in the maternal circulation and amniotic fluid. Tissue factor (TF) is a potent initiator of the coagulation cascade, which can trigger the hemostatic system to generate thrombin. The aims of this study were to determine whether spontaneous PTL with intact membranes is ass...
Article
To identify the incidence, risk factors, and perinatal outcome of newborns with congenital finger or toe (digital) anomalies. A retrospective study including all neonates born at a tertiary medical center during 2001-2006 with congenital digital anomalies was conducted. The comparison group consisted of newborns without such anomalies born during t...
Article
Full-text available
Preterm labor is associated with excessive maternal thrombin generation, as evidenced by increased circulating thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) III complexes concentration. In addition to its hemostatic functions, thrombin has uterotonic properties that may participate in the mechanism leading to preterm birth in cases of intrauterine bleeding. Thrombin...
Article
The complement system plays an important role in host defense against infection. Concentrations of complement split products or anaphylatoxins (C3a, C4a, and C5a) in biological fluids are considered to reflect complement activation. The purpose of this study was to determine if term and preterm parturition are associated with evidence of complement...
Article
Full-text available
The activation of the complement system results in the generation of split products with pro-inflammatory properties. The objective of this study was to determine whether preeclampsia and small-for-gestational age (SGA) are associated with changes in the maternal plasma concentrations of anaphylatoxins C3a, C4a and C5a. A cross-sectional study was...
Article
Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of combined obstetrical pathology of small for gestational age and hydramnios as a predictor of peripartum complications, intrapartum morbidity and poor neonatal outcome. Methods: The study population consisted of 152 small for gestational age neonates with hydramnios out of 67,806 singleton de...
Article
Fetal death can lead to disseminated intravascular coagulation or fetal death syndrome. However, currently it is not clear what are the changes in the coagulation system in patients with a fetal death without the fetal death syndrome. This study was undertaken to determine: (1) whether fetal death in the absence of fetal death syndrome is associate...
Article
Low maternal plasma protein Z (PZ) concentrations were reported in patients with pre-eclampsia (PE), a small for gestational age (SGA) neonate, and a fetal demise (FD). Anti-protein Z antibodies (APZ-AB) have been proposed as a possible underlying mechanism leading to low plasma PZ concentrations. The objective of this study was to determine the ma...
Article
To test the association between familial history of diabetes mellitus and birth-weight as well as mode of delivery stratified for the presence of the disease. A population-based study, comparing birth outcome of patients with and without familial history of diabetes mellitus was conducted. Patients lacking prenatal care were excluded from the analy...
Article
Evaluating the correlation between the nuchal translucency (NT) measurement throughout its range of values independent of gestational age, and adverse pregnancy outcome: in euploid structurally normal fetuses. A prospective observational study was conducted in which NT measurements were made in consecutive singleton euploid fetuses derived from an...
Article
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of cesarean section (CS) in pregnant women with a diagnosis of thrombophilia and to identify risk factors for CS. The women were recognized by an ICD-9 code from a computerized database. Maternal records were reviewed between the years 2000 and 2005. Pregnancy characteristics of 86 women with thrombophilia were...
Article
Full-text available
Hemoglobin and its catabolic products have been associated with amniotic fluid (AF) discoloration and intra-amniotic infection/inflammation (IAI). However, the origin of AF hemoglobin (maternal or fetal) has not been determined. The aims of this study were to determine if fetal hemoglobin can be detected in AF obtained from normal pregnancies, and...
Article
This study was undertaken to determine fetal heart rate (FHR) tracing patterns associated with congenital hypothyroidism. FHR patterns of 59 women whose babies were diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism were retrospectively compared with tracings of 78 of their siblings. Tracings were interpreted during the first stage of labor. Multivariable an...
Article
Caudal regression syndrome (CRS) is a rare complex abnormality, characterized by agenesis of the sacrum and lumbar spine, with lower limb neurological deficit and accompanying deformities of the pelvis, lower extremities, genitourinary, gastrointestinal and cardiac systems. Pregnancies complicated by insulin treated diabetes carry higher risk of fe...
Article
The main objective of the present study was to determine whether the summer season is a risk factor for oligohydramnios, by comparing the frequency of oligohydramnios during the summer months versus its frequency during the rest of the year. A retrospective population-based study including all pregnancies of patients with oligohydramnios that deliv...
Article
To characterize neonatal morbidity and mortality rates in extreme preterm deliveries (between 23 and 27 weeks' gestation) with and without PPROM, and to evaluate the association between PPROM and chorioamnionitis. A retrospective population-based study was conducted on preterm singleton pregnancies delivered between 23 and 27 weeks' gestation from...
Article
To determine the prevalence and risk factors for premature rupture of membranes (PROM) among pregnancies complicated with small for gestational age (SGA) neonates. A computerised database was used to identify deliveries of SGA neonates in pregnancies complicated with PROM between the years 1988 and 2002. Pregnancies with PROM and SGA neonates were...
Article
We sought to determine whether nuchal translucency (NT) thickness of >or= 2 mm poses a risk for adverse perinatal outcome. A prospective observational study was conducted including all singleton pregnancies undergoing NT screening between 11 and 13.6 weeks' gestation, from January 1999 to October 2006, in a University Medical Center. Aneuploid and...
Article
To investigate pregnancy outcome of patients with a history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A population-based study comparing all pregnancies of patients with and without a history of DVT was conducted. Deliveries occurred during the years 1988-2007 at a tertiary Medical Center. Stratified analyses were performed using multivariable logistic regres...