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The Self-Adaptive Structures project aims to develop a new generation of structures whose design is based on self-adaptation. In the old concept of adaptive structures, adaptation scenarios were predefined and the decision to activate one configuration or another was a matter of basic intelligence or manual intervention. The concept of self-adaptive structures includes the possibility of reconfiguring the structure according to scenarios not initially planned. It is therefore a question of including algorithms allowing the diagnosis of new situations and the proposal of new configurations. Then, it is a question of developing structures made up of generic intelligent cells. These cells use different activation principles depending on the desired properties and the targeted reconfiguration kinetics. Finally, the reconfiguration must be driven by an electronic control system capable of analyzing the stresses undergone and applying a stimulus to each cell to reconfigure the structure. This project addresses these three scientific and technological challenges.