Morten Kyng

Morten Kyng
Aarhus University | AU · Department of Computer Science

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73
Publications
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5,427
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Introduction
Additional affiliations
September 1976 - present
Aarhus University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
At a time where computer technology is putting human lives and work under pressure, we discuss how to provide alternatives. We look back at Participatory Design (PD) which was originally about possibilities and alternatives as much as it was about specific solutions. The paper aims to revitalize and revise PD to help people influence big issues. Th...
Article
The democratic control approach was developed through work on telehealth in Denmark. The major public health providers found that either the system quality was low or the price was too high. In addition, the IT systems were not able to share data to support integrated patient care. To remedy this situation, government, regions and municipalities ag...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies show that self-care technologies can support patients with chronic conditions and their carers in understanding the ill body and increasing control of their condition. However, many of these studies have largely privileged a medical perspective and thus overlooked how patients and carers integrate self-care into their daily lives and m...
Article
div class="page" title="Page 1"> This paper presents and discusses an initiative aimed at creating direct and long lasting influence on the use and development of telemedicine and telehealth by healthcare professionals, patients and citizens. The initiative draws on ideas, insights, and lessons learned from Participatory Design (PD) as well as fro...
Article
Human factors risk analysis and usability tests in telemedicine contexts primarily seek to investigate how to reduce the likelihood of slips, lapses and mistakes. However, to ensure trustworthiness in e-health data, one must also be aware of more intentional patient actions which could potentially compromise patient safety and/or the integrity of t...
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Context Telemedicine, the provision of health care at a distance, is arguably an effective way of increasing access to, reducing cost of, and improving quality of care. However, the deployment of telemedicine is faced with standards that are hard to use, application-specific data models, and application stove-pipes that inhibit the adoption of tele...
Conference Paper
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Managing chronic conditions can be challenging. People in such conditions, and the people around them, have to: deal with symptoms, adapt to the resulting disability, manage emotions, and change habits to keep the condition under control. Self-care technologies have the potential to support self-care and mediate the relationship between patients (a...
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p>Managing chronic conditions can be challenging. People in such conditions, and the people around them, have to, for example: deal with symptoms, adapt to the resulting disability, manage emotions, and change habits to keep the condition under control. Self-care technologies have the potential to support self-care, however they often disregard the...
Article
The introduction of the `app store' concept has challenged the way software is distributed and marketed: developers have easier access to customers, while customers have easy access to innovative applications. Apps today are increasingly focusing on more "mission-critical" areas like healthcare with the Apple AppStore counting more than 40,000 apps...
Article
Participatory design (PD) activities in private homes challenge how we relate to the PD process, compared to PD in professional settings. Grounded in a project related to chronic dizziness among older people, we identified four challenges when performing PD with ill, weak users in their private homes. The challenges are (1) designing for, and negot...
Conference Paper
Motivation -- Participatory Design (PD) activities in private homes challenge how we relate to the PD process, compared to PD in professional settings. Grounded in a project related to chronic dizziness among older people, we outline four challenges. These challenges, we argue, have to be carefully addressed when PD processes include the home. Rese...
Conference Paper
Participatory Design (PD) has a strong tradition in professional settings, including e.g. hospitals and nursing homes. As care and rehabilitation practices move, to a greater extent, out of the hospitals and into private homes a new take on PD is needed to facilitate design activities with patients or laypeople as the primary user groups and to des...
Conference Paper
Technological advances in miniaturisation and communication are enabling revolutionary transformations: computation can be embedded in almost any object and the increasing bandwidth and ubiquity of communication networks connects objects and frees them spatially. However, the ambitions for ubiquitous computing typically go further. For example 'amb...
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Full-text available
This paper discusses how we in the participatory design (PD) research community may contribute to the evolution of ICT design 1 practices into something that is much more attuned to people using ICT and to their interests. The main idea is that to do so we need to focus more on issues in the gap between politics and techniques, e.g., project fundin...
Article
In this chapter we present and discuss a case on the development and use of technologies for emergency response, which shares important aspects with Media Spaces. We first describe the characteristics of emergency response, based on field and literature studies. We then present visions for technological support of emergency responders and outline i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today the design of most healthcare technology is driven by the considerations of healthcare professionals and technology companies. This has several benefits, but we argue that there is a need for a supplementary design approach on the basis the citizen and his or her everyday life. An approach where the main focus is to develop healthcare technol...
Article
Full-text available
Participatory design (PD) is a research approach to the development of technological solutions to real-world problems, an approach that shares many concerns and some of its roots with action research. In this article, the authors discuss their experience in conducting a PD research project intended to develop a technological and a related organizat...
Article
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1. Abstract This paper investigates how to design ICT support for emergency response. We conceptualize the incident site with people, vehicles, buildings etc. as boundary objects over which complex and imperfect work of coordination is done – and discuss how a 3D representation of these entities may be used as a way of bridging between the physical...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents research on participatory design of interactive systems for emergency response. We present the work by going through the design method with a focus on the new elements that we developed for the participatory design toolkit, in particular we emphasize the use of challenges and visions as ways to bridge between fieldwork and liter...
Conference Paper
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We describe our research-its approach, results and products-on Danish emergency medical service (EMS) field or "pre-hospital" work in minor and major incidents. We discuss how commitments to participatory design and attention to the qualitative differences between minor and major incidents address challenges identified by disaster sociolo-gists whe...
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This paper focuses on development of it support for health-care professionals acting in major incidents. We introduce the participatory design approach as adequate for analysis, de-sign and development of technologies for use in complex envi-ronments and situations, and describe the actual participatory design efforts. Then we present our analysis...
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ecessary to analytically separate the abstract concerns, e.g. analysis, design, and realisation from concrete activities and techniques. Thus we introduce a CESD model which provides a framework for handling this separation and at the same time makes it possible to identify and discuss the rich variety of relationships among concrete activities and...
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Intelligent Buildings have been the subject of research and commercial interest for more than two decades. The different perspectives range from monitoring and controlling energy consumption over interactive rooms supporting work in offices and leisure in the home, to buildings providing information to by-passers in plazas and urban environments. T...
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. M. Kyng (1989). Designing for a Dollar a Day. In Office: Technology and People, 4, pp. 157-170. 6. S. Bdker, P. Ehn, J. L. Knudsen, M. Kyng, & K. H. Madsen (1988). Computer Support for Cooperative Design (Invited Paper). In Proceedings of the Second Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, Sept. 26-29, Portland, Oregon, USA, pp. 377394....
Article
Full-text available
Computer support for design as cooperative work is the subject of our discussion in the context of our research program on Computer Support in Cooperative Design and Communication. We outline our theoretical perspective on design as cooperative work, and we exemplify our approach with reflections from a project on computer support for envisionment...
Article
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p>This note contains a presentation and overwiew of the papers that I have submitted for the degree doctor scientiarum (dr. scient.). Since the papers are written in English the official summary is in Danish. The summary is included at the end of this note. The introduction relates the subject matter of the submitted papers to current discussions...
Conference Paper
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This chapter discusses the concept of cooperative design. It what discusses system development should achieve and how it should take place. Computer applications that are created for the workplace need to be designed with full participation from the users—both from a democratic point of view and to insure that competencies central to the design are...
Article
this article, the two most important reasons for this are: . The design process needs to be based on experience with both the work to be supported and the technical possibilities and limitations. Few will probably argue against this. Our point, however, is that this eventually requires an approach in which professional designers and end users coope...
Article
Design is a process that is tightly coupled to use and that continues during the use of a system. This chapter discusses what may be involved in continuing design in use, and how one, in the initial design process, may create systems that are tailorable. Ideal tailorable systems are those in which there are means for the users, or supporters near t...
Conference Paper
Current trends in application development place increasing emphasis on early involvement of end-users. The paper presents an approach that takes user centered methods some steps further: co-operative design. Co-operative design views both users and developers as active participants who co-construct the design. Following an overview of the key eleme...
Conference Paper
This paper presents an approach to user involvement in product development thathas grown out of a Scandinavian tradition for cooperation with end-users in design. This tradition emphasizes early and continuing end-user involvement, and has over the last decade been applied successfully in several projects. Most of these projects have, however, been...
Conference Paper
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This paper investigates how to support work and in particular cooperation in large-scale technical projects. The investigation is based on a case study of a specific Danish engineering company and it uncovers challenges to Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) in this setting. The company is responsible for management and supervision of one of...
Article
Robert Campbell categorizes the word "scenario" as a buzzword, identifies four major uses within HCI and suggests that we adopt new terms differentiating these four uses of the word. My first reaction to reading the article was definitely positive, but rereading it gave me enough second thoughts to warrant a response. I should probably confess that...
Conference Paper
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p>This paper investigates CSCW aspects of large-scale technical projects based on a case study of a specific Danish engineering company and uncovers challenges to CSCW aplications in this setting. The company is responsible for management and supervision of one of the worlds largest tunnel/bridge construction projects. Our primary aim is to determi...
Article
This article will discuss how to design computer applications that enhance the quality of work and products, and will relate the discussion to current themes in the field of Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). Cooperation is a key element of computer use and work practice, yet here a specific “CSCW approach is not taken.” Instead the focus...
Conference Paper
This paper is about the kind of tools and techniques that are accessible to resource weak groups for use in design and evaluation of computer support. ‘Resource weak’ means in this connection, that the economic power and the ability to control the ‘local environment’ of the group is limited. The human resources of such groups are often (potentially...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Computer support for design as cooperative work is the subject of our discussion in the context of our research program on Computer Support in Cooperative Design and Communication. We outline our theoretical perspective on design as cooperative work, and we exemplify our approach with reflections from a project on computer support for envisionment...
Article
Full-text available
p>This paper presents a conceptual framework, useful when designing computer support for skilled workers. We call this framework a tool perspective . It has emerged as a result of a growing dissatisfaction with the systems perspective , which tends to give an outwardly understanding, making men, machines and materials look alike and reducing work t...
Conference Paper
p>In this paper we present a system description language and a technique of top-down specification and verification of distributed systems. Our language is called Epsilon, and it has been developed for the description and analysis of systems containing concurrent components. We have used and developed concepts from the Simula and Delta languages a...
Article
p>This paper presents the Epsilon language and defines its formal syntax and semantics. Epsilon is a language for the description of systems, which contain concurrent components, some of these being edp-equipment or by other means representing highly structured information handling. The actions consist of continuous changes described by equations,...
Article
p>This paper introduces a language, Epsilon, for the description of systems with concurrency, and presents a formal definition of Epsilon's semantics. The language is based on Delta ‹ the first major attempt to create a language solely aimed at system description without the restrictions placed on languages executable on digital computers. The desi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The full version of this paper has been published as: DAIMI PB-116, Computer Science Department, Aarhus University. It can be requested from the address above.
Article
p>This paper discusses the use of Petri nets as a semantic tool in the design of languages and in the construction and analysis of system descriptions. The topics treated are: Languages based on nets. The problem of time in nets. Nets and related models. Nets and formal semantics. Parallel program verification and nets. </ul
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Systems development is the process of constructing or modifying edp- based systems as a means of changing organizations. Since the early seventies Scandinavian trade unions have initiated a number of research projects within the field of edp-based systems and systems development as part of their endeavours to gain control over technological develop...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper introduces a language for the description of systems with concurrency, and presents a formal definition of its semantics. The language is based on Delta and the semantic model is an extension of Petri nets with a data part and with expressions attached to transitions and to places.
Article
p>Delta is a language designed for general system description. It is partly built upon Simula, but is more than a programming language, since it contains several features, which cannot be implemented on a computer system. E.g. a continuous time concept, concurrency between an unbounded number of components and the possibility of using predicates to...
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In this paper we discuss the two construction strategies: decomposition and composition (''top-down'' and ''bottom-up'' ). We consider the concepts of subsystems and aggregates as developed in the DELTA project, which may assist us when using the two construction strategies. We discuss some of the difficulties which may arise, and make a preliminar...
Article
p>The paper introduces both the interrupt concept and the related concepts of time consuming and instantaneous actions as developed in the DELTA Project within a truly parallel environment. It then discusses how to understand the concepts in a quasiparallel environment such as the class SIMULATION where one can only approximate continuous change....
Article
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p>The work reported in this paper is a part of the DELTA Project. The DELTA Project has as one of its objectives to develop language tools for description of complex, interacting and dynamic systems. The first DELTA language proposal will appear as a publication from the Norwegian Computing Center. In this report the authors use the DELTA language...
Article
UTOPIA is the name of a Nordic research project. It is in the Scandinavian languages the acronym for Training, Technology And Product from the Perspective of Skills and Democracy at Work (Utbildning, Teknik Och Produkt I Arbetskvalitetsperspektiv. ) The aim is to develop trade union oriented alternatives for computerbased text- and image processing...

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Projects (2)
Archived project
The goals of the project was to develop collaboration tools for distributed collaboration in advanced technical projects like the Great Belt Bridge construction project.
Project
The goal regarding obstetric self/home monitoring is to enable pregnant women with selected pregnancy complications to be at home instead of inpatient care, or frequent outpatient visits We have developed a generic open-source (license-free) telemedicine platform based on android mobile devices (iOS is in the pipeline) This platform has been used and further developed in the largest telemedicine project in Denmark - the KIH project The platform enables remote collection of data regarding: -CTG (using the Monica AN 24 fetal ECG device) -BP and pulse -Weight -Temperature -CRP (Using Afinion AS1000 microlab) -Blood glucose (including continous BG) -Oxygen saturation -Urine analysis (six) -Questionnaire (easy to use built-in questionnaire editor) We're now using self/home monitoring as standard of care for selected obstetric patients with the following pregnancy-complications: -PPROM -Preeclampsia -IUGR -High risk of preeclampsia (history, maternal disease) -Complicated history, primarily perinatal death in previous pregnancy