Moriaki Yasuhara

Moriaki Yasuhara
The University of Hong Kong | HKU · School of Biological Sciences

PhD Osaka City University

About

175
Publications
86,398
Reads
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4,297
Citations
Introduction
I have broad interests in marine palaeoecology and macroecology. My recent research has focused on the spatio-temporal dynamics of large-scale biodiversity patterns, the impact of climate on species diversity, and the controlling factor(s) of biodiversity pattern/change in deep-sea ecosystems. I am also interested in human-induced marine ecosystem degradation.
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - present
The University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2011 - January 2017
The University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2010 - December 2010
Kochi University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
April 2001 - March 2003
Osaka City University
Field of study
  • Geosciences
April 1999 - March 2001
Osaka City University
Field of study
  • Geosciences
April 1995 - March 1999
Osaka City University
Field of study
  • Geosciences

Publications

Publications (175)
Article
Full-text available
A major research question concerning global pelagic biodiversity remains unanswered: when did the apparent tropical biodiversity depression (i.e., bimodality of latitudinal diversity gradient [LDG]) begin? The bimodal LDG may be a consequence of recent ocean warming or of deep-time evolutionary speciation and extinction processes. Using rich fossil...
Article
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Direct observations of marine ecosystems are inherently limited in their temporal scope. Yet, ongoing global anthropogenic change urgently requires improved understanding of long-term baselines, greater insight into the relationship between climate and biodiversity, and knowledge of the evolutionary consequences of our actions. Sediment cores can p...
Article
Fossil records from tropical oceans predict biodiversity loss in a warmer world
Article
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There is growing interest in the integration of macroecology and palaeoecology towards a better understanding of past, present, and anticipated future biodiversity dynamics. However, the empirical basis for this integration has thus far been limited. Here we review prospects for a macroecology-palaeoecology integration in biodiversity analyses with...
Chapter
Climate, more specifically temperature, is one of the main drivers of large‐scale biodiversity patterns, as warmer tropics harbor more species than colder high latitudes, constituting the latitudinal diversity gradient, the most pervasive ecological pattern on Earth. Understanding the impacts of anthropogenic global warming on terrestrial vegetatio...
Article
We present the first continuous middle through late Pleistocene record of fossil ostracods from the Maldives in the northern Indian Ocean, derived from sediment cores taken at Site U1467 by Expedition 359 of the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP). Site U1467 lies at 487 m water depth in the Inner Sea of the Maldives archipelago, an ideal...
Article
Biodiversity databases are changing the longevity of data in the era of open science. They also represent a collaboration opportunity in analyzing large-scale (paleo)biological patterns beyond a local project or a time scale. Ostracods, microscopic crustaceans, are a component in many biodiversity databases. They live in most kinds of aquatic envir...
Article
Poseidonamicus is one of the most intensively studied genera among marine fossil ostracods due to its common occurrence in the world deep oceans and its distinctive morphological features. Many studies using Poseidonamicus have contributed to our understanding in a wide range of research topics, from evolutionary developmental biology to paleoenvir...
Article
Presented here is an illustrated checklist of benthic marine Ostracoda (Crustacea) recorded from Recent surface sediments of the sub-polar North Atlantic Ocean (SPNA). It presents 142 species (and species groups) belonging to 62 genera from 41 sampling sites collected from the water depths of 144–2749 m.We provide census data with scanning electr...
Article
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In this paper, we outline the need for a coordinated international effort toward the building of an open-access Global Ocean Oxygen Database and ATlas (GO2DAT) complying with the FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable).
Article
Hong Kong is one of the most urbanized coastal cities in the world. Yet, despite extensive anthropogenic impacts, adjacent marine environments harbour tremendous biodiversity. We investigated how the diversity, taxonomic composition, and biogeography of meiobenthic ostracods in Hong Kong's coastal waters vary in response to natural and anthropogeni...
Article
The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), the most well-studied transient hyperthermal event in Earth history, is characterized by prominent and dynamic changes in global marine ecosystems. Understanding such biotic responses provides valuable insights into future scenarios in the face of anthropogenic warming. However, evidence of the PETM biot...
Article
The deep sea comprises more than 90% of the ocean; therefore, understanding the controlling factors of biodiversity in the deep sea is of great importance for predicting future changes in the functioning of the ocean system. Consensus has recently been increasing on two plausible factors that have often been discussed as the drivers of deep-sea spe...
Article
Natural and anthropogenic factors shape present-day benthic marine ecosystems. Understanding their combined influence on benthic communities is limited, however, by a lack of biological monitoring. Using a conservation paleobiology approach, this study establishes biological baselines and assesses the effects of natural and anthropogenic environmen...
Article
Trace elements of marine shells are important tools for reconstructing past ocean conditions, which are usually obtained through empirical calibrations with ocean parameters. For example, Mg/Ca ratios of ostracod shells have been linked to ocean temperature. However, some uncertainties usually arise from extraneous impacts, such as the selection of...
Article
The epoch of the Anthropocene, a period during which human activity has been the dominant influence on climate and the environment, has witnessed a decline in oxygen concentrations and an expansion of oxygen-depleted environments in both coastal and open ocean systems since the middle of the 20th century. This paper provides a review of system-spec...
Chapter
Full-text available
• The abyss lies between 3 and 6 km water depth and covers more of the Earth’s sur- face than all other habitats combined. • The present chapter is the first in the World Ocean Assessment that is dedicated to the abyss, covering biodiversity, regional dif- ferences, biogeography, and changes and impacts as a result of natural stressors and anthropo...
Chapter
Full-text available
The present subchapter contains an update to chapter 46 of the first World Ocean Assessment (United Nations, 2017a). It also extends the coverage of high-latitude sea ice environments to include a discussion of habitats associated with icebergs and ice shelves. The subchapter overlaps with the high-latitude biodiversity aspects of many of the subch...
Article
Deep-time sea-level changes associated with the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) are of great interest to paleoceanographers and paleontologists, especially in shallow marine settings, like the Atlantic Coastal Plain PETM sections of the Eastern North American Continental Shelf. Accurate paleo-water depth reconstruction is essential to prope...
Article
Full-text available
With a particular focus on the earliest Cambrian diversification of small shelly fossils (SSFs), stratigraphic analysis was conducted on the lower Cambrian Zhongyicun Member at the Hongjiachong section in the Chengjiang area, Yunnan, China. From ca. 3-m-thick bedded phosphorites (Unit A) in the lower part of the member, we recovered unique SSFs. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The coastal tussac (Poa flabellata) grasslands of the Falkland Islands are a critical seabird breeding habitat but have been drastically reduced by grazing and erosion. Meanwhile, the sensitivity of seabirds and tussac to climate change is unknown because of a lack of long-term records in the South Atlantic. Our 14,000-year multiproxy record reveal...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biodiversity keeps our planet stable. Each species, no matter how small, plays an important role in this global balancing act. That’s why the current pace of biodiversity loss is so alarming. Unfortunately, slowing that pace is extremely difficult. Scientists must first take on the virtually impossible task of measuring the richness and variety of...
Article
Full-text available
Observations of coral reef losses to climate change far exceed our understanding of historical degradation before anthropogenic warming. This is a critical gap to fill as conservation efforts simultaneously work to reverse climate change while restoring coral reef diversity and function. Here, we focused on southern China’s Greater Bay Area, where...
Article
Full-text available
Twenty-six genera and 34 species of early Miocene Indian shallow-marine ostracodes were examined for taxonomy and paleobiogeography. A new genus Paractinocythereis and new species Costa ponticulocarinata were described. Early Miocene Indian ostracode fauna shows strong affinity to Eocene–Miocene Eastern and Western Tethyan ostracode faunas and Mioc...
Article
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Gaoping Submarine Canyon (GPSC) off southwestern Taiwan is a high energy canyon connected to a small mountain river with extremely high sediment load (∼10 kt km–2 y–1). Due to heavy seasonal precipitation (>3,000 mm y–1) and high tectonic activity in the region, the GPSC is known for active sediment transport processes and associated submarine geoh...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change manifestation in the ocean, through warming, oxygen loss, increasing acidification and changing particulate organic carbon flux (one metric of altered food supplies), is projected to affect most deep‐ocean ecosystems concomitantly with increasing direct human disturbance. Climate drivers will alter deep‐sea biodiversity and associate...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is a consequence of evolutionary and ecological mechanisms acting over long history, and thus is best investigated with organisms that have rich fossil records. However, combined neontological-palaeontological investigations are mostly limited to large, shelled invertebrates, which keeps our mechanistic...
Article
Better understanding of deglacial meltwater pulses (MWPs) is imperative for future predictions of human-induced warming and abrupt sea-level change because of their potential for catastrophic damage. However, our knowledge of the second largest meltwater pulse MWP-1B that occurred shortly after the start of the Holocene interglacial remains very li...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity knowledge shortfalls, especially incomplete information on species distributions, can lead to false conclusions about global biodiversity patterns. Diversity estimation theory statistically uses species occurrence records and sampling completeness (coverage) to predict diversity in terms of species richness, dominance and evenness. We...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a novel class of measures to quantify sample completeness of a biological survey. The class of measures is parameterized by an order q ≥ 0 to control for sensitivity to species relative abundances. When q = 0, species abundances are disregarded and our measure reduces to the conventional measure of completeness, that is, the ratio of the...
Article
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The deep sea (>200 m depth) encompasses >95% of the world’s ocean volume and represents the largest and least explored biome on Earth (<0.0001% of ocean surface), yet is increasingly under threat from multiple direct and indirect anthropogenic pressures. Our ability to preserve both benthic and pelagic deep-sea ecosystems depends upon effective eco...
Article
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This paper described Xylocythere sarrazinae sp. nov. (Ostracoda: Cytheroidea: Cytheruridae: Eucytherurinae), collected at 2196 m depth from the Grotto hydrothermal edifice (Main Endeavor Field, Juan de Fuca Ridge) in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. This new species was found living in association with Ridgeia piscesae tubeworm assemblages. It is th...
Article
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br/>Motivation Traits are increasingly being used to quantify global biodiversity patterns, with trait databases growing in size and number, across diverse taxa. Despite growing interest in a trait‐based approach to the biodiversity of the deep sea, where the impacts of human activities (including seabed mining) accelerate, there is no single repo...
Article
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The coastal environment of the Changjiang delta has been influenced by recent anthropogenic activities such as dam construction and increased sewage and fertilizer inputs. Previous work examined the compositional shift of marine plankton to assess ecological impacts of these activities on marine ecosystems in the Changjiang discharge area. Here we...
Article
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Aim The deep waters around Iceland, known as the North Atlantic Gateway, constitute an ideal location to investigate deep‐sea ecological hypotheses. We constructed a comprehensive deep‐sea macroecological dataset of the North Atlantic Gateway region and investigated the controlling factors of large‐scale, deep‐sea species diversity patterns. Locat...
Article
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Despite the publication of several taxonomic studies during the last few years, our knowledge of bryozoans from the diversity hotspot of the Indo-West Pacific remains seriously deficient. Here we describe 11 bryozoan species, comprising two anascan- and nine ascophoran-grade cheilostomes, from the middle Miocene (Langhian–Serravallian) of Sedan in...
Article
Full-text available
Twenty-five genera and 32 species of Eocene shallow-marine ostracods from Madagascar were examined for taxonomy and palaeobiogeography. Eight new species – Paijenborchellina madagascarensis sp. nov., Neocyprideis polygonoreticulata sp. nov., Alciella irizukii sp. nov., Neomonoceratina afroangulosa sp. nov., Muellerina eocenica sp. nov., Stigmatobra...
Article
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Deep-sea benthic ostracod assemblages covering the last 2 Myr were investigated in Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1426 (at 903 m water depth) in the southern Sea of Japan. Results show that (1) orbital-scale faunal variability has been influenced by eustatic sea-level fluctuations and oxygen variability and (2) secular-scale faunal transit...
Article
Full-text available
Fossil ostracods have been widely used for Quaternary paleoenvironmental reconstructions, especially in marginal marine environments (e.g., for water depth, temperature, salinity, oxygen levels, pollution). But our knowledge of indicator species autoecology, the base of paleoenvironmental reconstructions, remains limited and commonly lacks robust s...
Article
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Neogene diversity history in the world center of biodiversity known as the Indo-Australian Archipelago (IAA) or the Coral Triangle remains poorly understood. Of particular interest is the recently reported Pliocene diversity jump that is considered to have established the present-day biodiversity level of the region needs rigorous inspections. We i...
Article
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Twelve genera and 19 species of deep-sea ostracods from the Shatsky Rise, north-western Pacific, were examined and illustrated for taxonomy. Three new species, Cytheropteron nasutum sp. nov., Poseidonamicus shatskyensis sp. nov. and Legitimocythere stellae sp. nov., are described. Based on these Shatsky Rise ostracods and a comprehensive literature...
Conference Paper
Submarine cave is a cryptic system that was believed to be immune to external climate change. However, our study in a submarine cave in Okinawa has found that the benthic cave ecosystem could be affected by intensified East Asian Winter Monsoon, based on the synchronicity of species diversity of ostracods, foraminifers and bivalves and the paleocli...
Article
Full-text available
Fossil ostracods have been widely used for Quaternary paleoenvironmental reconstructions especially in marginally marine environments (e.g. for water depth, temperature, salinity, oxygen levels, pollution). But our knowledge of the autoecology of indicator species, the base of paleoenvironmental reconstructions, remains limited and commonly lacks r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supp...
Article
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Biodiversity has been changing both in space and time. For example, we have more species in the tropics and less species in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, constituting latitudinal diversity gradient, one of the patterns we can see most consistently in this complex world. We know much less regarding the biodiversity gradients with time. This is b...
Article
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The East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) is a key component of the Asian Monsoon system affecting regional precipitation in East Asia and thus human culture, society, and development. Despite this, decadal- to centennial-scale EASM dynamics remain poorly understood over the last millennium. Here we used high-resolution benthic microfossil proxies to re...
Cover Page
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COVER: Focus-stacked microscopy photograph of extracted fossil ostracods, showing excellent preservation (width of image field is ~3 mm). Specimens are from a Holocene sediment core (BJ8-03-70GGC, 3.566°S, 119.383°E, water depth 482 m) in the central part of the Makassar Strait in the eastern Java Sea. See Iwatani et al., “Intermediate-water dynami...
Article
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The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea, connecting to adjacent seas by four shallow straits (water depths <130 m). Marginal seas are ideal for studying biotic responses to large-scale environmental changes as they often are sensitive to glacial-interglacial and stadial-interstadial climatic cycles. However, only a limited number of studies cover time p...
Article
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The Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is thought to influence thermohaline circulation dynamics and is important for understanding global climate and the marine ecosystem. The physical and chemical properties of North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW) and the underlying deep water incorporated into the ITF appear to be the result of climate-related prec...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Large‐scale biodiversity patterns are often discussed in the context of ‘out of the tropics’ (OTT) dynamics and/or tropical niche conservatism (TNC), but empirical evidence of these processes remains very limited. The aim of this study was to infer diversification processes and mechanisms of Cenozoic diversity dynamics using woody angiosperms....
Article
Full-text available
The ostracod genus Cytheropteron (Ostracoda: Crustacea) has been widely used for paleoenvironmental, paleoceanographic, and paleobiogeographic studies. But species-level data remain limited, especially for deepwater species. Here, we show the depth and spatial distribution patterns of 33 species of the ostracod genus Cytheropteron found in recent s...
Article
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We report the first direct evidence for the transoceanic transport of living marine Ostracoda. Seven benthic, phytal species, Sclerochilus verecundus Schornikov, 1981, Sclerochilus sp. 1, Sclerochilus sp. 2, Obesostoma cf. setosum (Okubo, 1977), Obesostoma sp., Paradoxostomatidae sp., and Xestoleberis setouchiensis Okubo, 1979, were transported in...