Morgan Craig

Morgan Craig
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Mathematics and Statistics

PhD (Pharmaceutical sciences); MSc (Mathematics)

About

56
Publications
5,246
Reads
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644
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
CHU Sainte-Justine
Position
  • Researcher
June 2018 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
March 2016 - May 2018
Harvard University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2011 - March 2016
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Sciences pharmaceutiques
September 2009 - August 2011
University of Manitoba
Field of study
  • Mathematics
September 2003 - May 2006
Université de Saint-Boniface
Field of study
  • Mathematics

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Ovarian cancer is commonly diagnosed in its late stages, and new treatment modalities are needed to improve patient outcomes and survival. We have recently established the synergistic effects of combination tumor necrosis factor‐related apoptosis‐inducing ligand (TRAIL) and procaspase activating compound (PAC‐1) therapies in granulosa cell tumors (...
Preprint
Virtual clinical trials (VCTs) have gained popularity for their ability to rationalize the drug development process using mathematical and computational modelling, and to provide key insights into the mechanisms regulating patient responses to treatment. In this chapter, we cover approaches for generating virtual cohorts with applications in cancer...
Article
Full-text available
Oncolytic viruses (OVs) are an emerging cancer immunotherapy. Despite notable successes in the treatment of some tumours, OV therapy of central nervous system cancers has failed to show efficacy. We used an ex vivo tumour model developed from human glioblastoma tissue to evaluate the infiltration of herpes simplex OV rQNestin (oHSV-1) into glioblas...
Article
Cyclic thrombocytopenia (CTP) is a rare disease of periodic platelet count oscillations. The pathogenesis of CTP remains elusive. To study the underlying pathophysiology and genetic and cellular associations with CTP, we applied systems biology approaches to two patients with stable platelet cycling and reciprocal thrombopoietin (TPO) cycling at mu...
Article
Full-text available
Data analysis is widely used to generate new insights into human disease mechanisms and provide better treatment methods. In this work, we used the mechanistic models of viral infection to generate synthetic data of influenza and COVID-19 patients. We then developed and validated a supervised machine learning model that can distinguish between the...
Preprint
Ovarian cancer is commonly diagnosed in its late stages, and new treatment modalities are needed to improve patient outcomes and survival. We have recently established the synergistic effects of combination tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and procaspase activating compound (PAC-1) therapies in granulosa cell tumours...
Article
Full-text available
We extend our established agent-based multiscale computational model of infection of lung tissue by SARS-CoV-2 to include pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models of remdesivir. We model remdesivir treatment for COVID-19; however, our methods are general to other viral infections and antiviral therapies. We investigate the effects of drug potency...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is a complex disease that is difficult to treat. Network and data science offer alternative approaches to classical bioinformatics pipelines to study gene expression patterns from single-cell datasets, helping to distinguish genes associated with the control of differentiation and aggressivity. To identify the key molecular regulators...
Article
Full-text available
The genome of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the pathogen that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has been sequenced at an unprecedented scale leading to a tremendous amount of viral genome sequencing data. To assist in tracing infection pathways and design preventive strategies, a deep understanding of t...
Article
Background: Renin-angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi) are commonly used among patients hospitalized with a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection (COVID-19). We evaluated whether continuation versus discontinuation of RAASi were associated with short term clinical or biochemical outcomes. Methods: The RAAS-COVID-...
Preprint
Data analysis is widely used to generate new insights into human disease mechanisms and provide better treatment methods. In this work, we used the mechanistic models of viral infection to generate synthetic data of influenza and COVID-19 patients. We then developed and validated a supervised machine learning model that can distinguish between the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. The lipid nanoparticle (LNP)-formulated mRNA vaccines are a widely adopted two-dose vaccination public health strategy to manage the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical trial data has described the immunogeneicity of the vaccine, albeit within a limited study time frame. Our aims were to use a within-host mathematical model for LNP-formulated m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a complex disease that is difficult to treat. Establishing the complex genetic interactions regulating cell fate decisions in GBM can help to shed light on disease aggressivity and improved treatments. Networks and data science offer novel approaches to study gene expression patterns from single-cell datasets, helping to disti...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) produce all blood cells via a tightly controlled production system. Disruptions to control mechanisms can induce serious disorders, including leukemias. In this review, we provide an overview of how mathematical modelling has contributed to our understanding of normal and pathological HSC biology....
Article
Full-text available
Intra-tumour heterogeneity is a leading cause of treatment failure and disease progression in cancer. While genetic mutations have long been accepted as a primary mechanism of generating this heterogeneity, the role of phenotypic plasticity is becoming increasingly apparent as a driver of intra-tumour heterogeneity. Consequently, understanding the...
Article
Full-text available
During the SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic, several vaccines, including mRNA and adenovirus vector approaches, have received emergency or full approval. However, supply chain logistics have hampered global vaccine delivery, which is impacting mass vaccination strategies. Recent studies have identified different strategies for vaccine dose administration...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: To mitigate the risk of neutropenia during chemotherapy treatment of triple-negative breast cancer, prophylactic and supportive therapy with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is administered concomitant to chemotherapy. The proper timing of combined chemotherapy and G-CSF is crucial for treatment outcomes. Methods: Leve...
Article
Full-text available
To understand the diversity of immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 and distinguish features that predispose individuals to severe COVID-19, we developed a mechanistic, within-host mathematical model and virtual patient cohort. Our results suggest that virtual patients with low production rates of infected cell derived IFN subsequently experienced highly...
Article
Stem cell differentiation cascades are critical components of healthy tissue maintenance. Dysregulation in these systems can lead to serious diseases, including cancer. Myoepithelial mammary cells are produced from differentiated mammary stem cells in processes regulated, in part, by estrogen signalling and concentrations. To quantify and predict t...
Preprint
Full-text available
During the SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic, several vaccines, including mRNA and adenovirus vector approaches, have received emergency or full approval. However, supply chain logistics have hampered global vaccine delivery, which is impacting mass vaccination strategies. Recent studies have identified different strategies for vaccine dose administration...
Article
Full-text available
Granulosa cell tumors (GCT) constitute only ~5% of ovarian neoplasms yet have significant consequences, as up to 80% of women with recurrent GCT will die of the disease. This study investigated the effectiveness of procaspase-activating compound 1 (PAC-1), an activator of procaspase-3, in treating adult GCT (AGCT) in combination with selected apopt...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of the RAAS-COVID-19 randomized control trial is to evaluate whether an upfront strategy of temporary discontinuation of renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibition versus continuation of RAAS inhibition among patients admitted with established COVID-19 infection has an impact on short term clinical and biomarker outco...
Article
Full-text available
Background Immunotherapies, driven by immune-mediated antitumorigenicity, offer the potential for significant improvements to the treatment of multiple cancer types. Identifying therapeutic strategies that bolster antitumor immunity while limiting immune suppression is critical to selecting treatment combinations and schedules that offer durable th...
Article
Clonal hematopoiesis, a condition in which individual hematopoietic stem cell clones generate a disproportionate fraction of blood leukocytes, correlates with higher risk for cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms behind this association are incompletely understood. Here, we show that hematopoietic stem cell division rates are increased in mice and...
Preprint
Full-text available
To understand the diversity of immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 and distinguish features that predispose individuals to severe COVID-19, we developed a mechanistic, within-host mathematical model and virtual patient cohort. Our results indicate that virtual patients with low production rates of infected cell derived IFN subsequently experienced highl...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: Computational and mathematical modeling have become a critical part of understanding in-host infectious disease dynamics and predicting effective treatments. In this review, we discuss recent findings pertaining to the biological mechanisms underlying infectious diseases, including etiology, pathogenesis, and the cellular intera...
Article
The primary goal of drug developers is to establish efficient and effective therapeutic protocols. Multifactorial pathologies, including dynamical diseases and complex disorders, can be difficult to treat, given the high degree of inter- and intra-patient variability and nonlinear physiological relationships. Quantitative approaches combining mecha...
Article
Drug resistance has profoundly limited the success of cancer treatment, driving relapse, metastasis, and mortality. Nearly all anticancer drugs and even novel immunotherapies, which recalibrate the immune system for tumor recognition and destruction, have succumbed to resistance development. Engineers have emerged across mechanical, physical, chemi...
Article
Full-text available
A central challenge in medicine is translating from observational understanding to mechanistic understanding, where some observations are recognized as causes for the others. This can lead not only to new treatments and understanding, but also to recognition of novel phenotypes. Here, we apply a collection of mathematical techniques (empirical dyna...
Article
Full-text available
In spite of the recent focus on the development of novel targeted drugs to treat cancer, cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the standard treatment for the vast majority of patients. Unfortunately, chemotherapy is associated with high hematopoietic toxicity that may limit its efficacy. We have previously established potential strategies to mitigate chem...
Article
Full-text available
Despite recent advances in immunotherapies, cytotoxic chemotherapy continues to be a first line treatment option for the majority of cancers. Unfortunately, a common side effect in patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment is neutropenia. To mitigate the risk of neutropenia and febrile neutropenia, prophylactic treatment with granulocyte‐colony st...
Preprint
Full-text available
The 2019 novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is an emerging pathogen of critical significance to international public health. Knowledge of the interplay between molecular-scale virus-receptor interactions, single-cell viral replication, intracellular-scale viral transport, and emergent tissue-scale viral propagation is limited. Moreover, little is known...
Preprint
Full-text available
In spite of the recent focus on the development of novel targeted drugs to treat cancer, cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the standard treatment for the vast majority of patients. Unfortunately, chemotherapy is associated with high hematopoietic toxicity that may limit its efficacy. We have previously established potential strategies to mitigate chem...
Article
Full-text available
Oncolytic virotherapies, including the modified herpes simplex virus talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC), have shown great promise as potent instigators of anti-tumour immune effects. The OPTiM trial, in particular, demonstrated the superior anti-cancer effects of T-VEC as compared to systemic immunotherapy treatment using exogenous administration of...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding intrinsic and acquired resistance is crucial to overcoming cancer chemotherapy failure. While it is well-established that intratumor, subclonal genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity significantly contribute to resistance, it is not fully understood how tumor sub-clones interact with each other to withstand therapy pressure. Here, we re...
Article
We use the McKendrick equation with variable ageing rate and randomly distributed mat-uration time to derive a state dependent distributed delay differential equation. We show that the resulting delay differential equation preserves non-negativity of initial conditions and we characterise local stability of equilibria. By specifying the distributio...
Preprint
Oncolytic virothcrapics, including the modified herpes simplex virus talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC), have shown great promise as potent instigators of anti-tumour immune effects. The OPTiM trial in particular demonstrated the superior anti-cancer effects of T-VEC as compared to more traditional immunotherapy treatment using exogenous administrati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Hematopoiesis is a dynamic process involving the up- and down-regulation of genes, as well as feed-back loops that stimulate or suppress circulating cytokine concentrations. More complete pictures of the gene regulatory networks that control the production of the blood system have emerged with the advent of single-cell sequencing techniques and ref...
Preprint
Full-text available
We use the McKendrick equation with variable ageing rate and randomly distributed maturation time to derive a state dependent distributed delay differential equation. We show that the resulting delay differential equation preserves non-negativity of initial conditions and we characterise local stability of equilibria. By specifying the distribution...
Article
In mathematical pharmacology, models are constructed to confer a robust method for optimizing treatment. The predictive capability of pharmacological models depends heavily on the ability to track the system and to accurately determine parameters with reference to the sensitivity in projected outcomes. To closely track chaotic systems, one may choo...
Article
Full-text available
We compare and contrast the transit compartment ordinary differential equation modelling approach with distributed and discrete delay differential equation models. We focus on Quartino's extension to the Friberg transit compartment model of myelosuppression, widely relied upon in the pharmaceutical sciences to predict the neutrophil response after...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of antiretroviral therapy is significantly compromised by medication non-adherence. Long-acting enteral systems that can ease the burden of daily adherence have not yet been developed. Here we describe an oral dosage form composed of distinct drug-polymer matrices which achieved week-long systemic drug levels of the antiretrovirals dol...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a comprehensive mathematical model of platelet, megakaryocyte, and thrombopoietin dynamics in humans. We show that there is a single stationary solution that can undergo a Hopf bifurcation, and use this information to investigate both normal and pathological platelet production, specifically cyclic thrombocytopenia. Carefully estimating...
Article
Full-text available
Neutropenia is a serious toxic complication of chemotherapeutic treatment. For years, mathematical models have been developed to better predict hematological outcomes during chemotherapy in both the traditional pharmaceutical sciences and mathematical biology disciplines. An increasing number of quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) models that c...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a physiological model of granulopoiesis which includes explicit modelling of the kinetics of the cytokine granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) incorporating both the freely circulating concentration and the concentration of the cytokine bound to mature neutrophils. G-CSF concentrations are used to directly regulate neutrophil pr...
Article
Full-text available
To the editor: In the 5 May 2016 issue of Blood , Silvestre-Roig et al[1][1] explored the phenotypic heterogeneity and the versatility of neutrophils, a heterogeneity established in part by an adaptable neutrophil lifespan. As noted by the authors, the classical understanding of the neutrophil
Chapter
Interindividual variability (IIV) is considered a crucial factor for the general use of mathematical modelling in physiology. However, mechanistic models of physiological systems are commonly built for an average patient, raising the question of their applicability at the population level. Using our previously developed physiological model of neutr...
Article
Full-text available
Our knowledge of dinosaurs comes primarily from the fossil record. Notwithstanding the condition of these vestiges, paleontologists reconstruct early reptilian life by comparison to previously discovered specimens. When relics are missing, reasonable deductions are used to fill in the gaps.
Article
The choice of chemotherapy regimens is often constrained by the patient's tolerance to the side effects of chemotherapeutic agents. This dose-limiting issue is a major concern in dose regimen design, which is typically focused on maximising drug benefits. Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia is one of the most prevalent toxic effects patients experienc...
Article
A common and dose-limiting side effect of chemotherapy is the development of neutropenia (a reduction in neutrophil numbers). To avoid or mitigate drops in absolute neutrophil counts (ANCs), patients are typically given recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF/filgrastim) to minimise the myelosuppressive nature of anti-cance...

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