Moreno I Coco

Moreno I Coco
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Faculty of Medicine and Psychology

PhD Informatics

About

54
Publications
9,964
Reads
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654
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - December 2021
University of East London
Position
  • Senior Lecturer
May 2015 - August 2018
The University of Edinburgh
Position
  • Leverhulme Research Fellow
March 2013 - April 2015
University of Lisbon
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
The ability to maintain visual working memory (VWM) associations about the identity and location of objects has at times been found to decrease with age. To date, however, this age-related difficulty was mostly observed in artificial visual contexts (e.g., object arrays), and so it is unclear whether it may manifest in naturalistic contexts, and in...
Preprint
Typicality is a key semantic dimension supporting the categorical organization of items based on their features. Typical items share more features with other members of their category than atypical items, which are more distinctive. Typicality influences episodic recollection. Yet, the neural substrates of this effect have never been studied. This...
Preprint
The ability to maintain visual working memory (VWM) associations about the identity and location of objects decrease with age. To date, however, this age-related difficulty was mostly observed in artificial visual contexts (e.g., object arrays), and so it is unclear whether it may manifest in naturalistic contexts, and in which ways. In this eye-tr...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Long-term visual memory representations, measured by recognition performance, degrade as a function of semantic interference, and their strength is related to eye-movement responses. Even though clinical research has examined interference mechanisms in pathological cognitive aging and explored the diagnostic potential of eye-movements i...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients underperform on a range of tasks requiring semantic processing, but it is unclear whether this impairment is due to a generalised loss of semantic knowledge or to issues in accessing and selecting such information from memory. The objective of this eye-tracking visual search study was to determine whether semantic...
Article
Full-text available
Similarity-based semantic interference (SI) hinders memory recognition. Within long-term visual memory paradigms, the more scenes (or objects) from the same semantic category are viewed, the harder it is to recognize each individual instance. A growing body of evidence shows that overt attention is intimately linked to memory. However, it is yet to...
Chapter
Full-text available
Eye-tracking technology has been around now for more than 150 years helping us to understand the cognitive mechanisms that allow us to navigate the visual environment in a seemingly effortless way. In this article, I begin by briefly reviewing the history of this technology and delve into its signals and the measurements that can be extracted from...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recurrence quantification analysis is a widely used method for characterizing patterns in time series. This article presents a comprehensive survey for conducting a wide range of recurrence-based analyses to quantify the dynamical structure of single and multivariate time series, and to capture coupling properties underlying leader-follower relatio...
Article
[LINK TO ACCESS THE FULL TEXT: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1b6ZX2Hx2jDiN] Observational learning is a form of social learning in which a demonstrator performs a target task in the company of an observer, who may as a consequence learn something about it. In this study, we approach social learning in terms of the dynamics of coordination rather...
Article
In the published article "Extra-foveal Processing of Object Semantics Guides Early Overt Attention During Visual Search. Atten Percept Psychophys (2019). https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01906-1", 1) the full name of the second author is given incorrectly.
Article
Full-text available
Eye-tracking studies using arrays of objects have demonstrated that some high-level processing of object semantics can occur in extra-foveal vision, but its role on the allocation of early overt attention is still unclear. This eye-tracking visual search study contributes novel findings by examining the role of object-to-object semantic relatedness...
Article
Full-text available
Research on structural priming in the visual-world paradigm (VWP) has examined how visual referents are looked at when participants are repeatedly exposed to sentences with the same or a different syntactic structure. A core finding is that participants look more at a visual referent when it is consistent with the primed interpretation. In this stu...
Article
Full-text available
In vision science, a particularly controversial topic is whether and how quickly the semantic information about objects is available outside foveal vision. Here, we aimed at contributing to this debate by coregistering eye movements and EEG while participants viewed photographs of indoor scenes that contained a semantically consistent or inconsiste...
Article
Full-text available
During the visual search, cognitive control mechanisms activate to inhibit distracting information and efficiently orient attention towards contextually relevant regions likely to contain the search target. Cognitive ageing is known to hinder cognitive control mechanisms, however little is known about their interplay with contextual expectations, a...
Article
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Background and aims Implicit learning mechanisms associated with detecting structural regularities have been proposed to underlie both the long-term acquisition of linguistic structure and a short-term tendency to repeat linguistic structure across sentences (structural priming) in typically developing children. Recent research has suggested that a...
Article
Full-text available
Writing and reading are dynamic processes. As an author composes a text, a sequence of words is produced. This sequence is one that, the author hopes, causes a revisitation of certain thoughts and ideas in others. These processes of composition and revisitation by readers are ordered in time. This means that text itself can be investigated under th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objects are the building blocks of scenes, and for this reason, the time-course of object recognition has been a key topic of investigation in the vision sciences. It is well known that object meaning is extracted within the first few fixations after scene onset. However, there is conflicting evidence on whether this can occur in extra-foveal visio...
Preprint
Full-text available
In vision science, a topic of great interest and considerable controversy is the processing of objects that are (in)consistent with the overall meaning of the scene in which they occur. How quickly can we access the semantic properties of objects and does this happen before the object is directly looked at? Here we brought novel evidences to this d...
Article
Full-text available
Humans have the fascinating capacity to understand, and anticipate the actions of other humans in the same space, without requiring verbal communication. This "intention reading" capacity is underpinned by a common motor-repertoire that is shared by all humans, and afforded by a subtle coordination of eye-head-arm movements that encodes the cues an...
Article
Full-text available
When people communicate, they coordinate a wide range of linguistic and non-linguistic behaviors. This process of coordination is called alignment, and it is assumed to be fundamental to successful communication. In this paper, we question this assumption and investigate whether disalignment is a more successful strategy in some cases. More specifi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Humans have fascinating skills for grasping and manipulation of objects during which they execute coordinated eyes-head-arms movements to accomplish everyday tasks. When working in a shared space, humans use eye gaze and body movements as cues to understand the actions of working partners. Action understanding is achieved utilizing a conventional m...
Article
Full-text available
Human to Human sensorimotor interaction can only be fully understood by modeling the patterns of bodily synchronization and reconstructing the underlying mechanisms of optimal cooperation. We designed a tower-building task to address such a goal. We recorded upper body kinematics of dyads and focused on the velocity profiles of the head and wrist....
Article
Full-text available
Background According to the context blindness hypothesis (Vermeulen, 2012) individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience difficulties in processing contextual information. This study re-evaluates this hypothesis by examining the influence exerted by contextual information on visual short-term memory. Method In a visual short-term memo...
Article
Full-text available
Expectancy mechanisms are routinely used by the cognitive system in stimulus processing and in anticipation of appropriate responses. Electrophysiology research has documented negative shifts of brain activity when expectancies are violated within a local stimulus context (e.g., reading an implausible word in a sentence) or more globally between co...
Article
Full-text available
The cognitive architecture routinely relies on expectancy mechanisms to process the plausibility of stimuli and establish their sequential congruency. In two computer mouse-tracking experiments, we use a cross-modal verification task to uncover the interaction between plausibility and congruency by examining their temporal signatures of activation...
Article
Full-text available
The human sentence processor is able to make rapid predictions about upcoming linguistic input. For example, upon hearing the verb eat, anticipatory eye-movements are launched toward edible objects in a visual scene (Altmann & Kamide, 1999). However, the cognitive mechanisms that underlie anticipation remain to be elucidated in ecologically valid c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cognitive mechanisms sustaining reading, viewing and working memory are mostly independently examined. In this study, we investigate their interaction in a visual-world priming task. Participants first read relative clauses (RC) morphologically disambiguated for high-(to NP1, HA) or low-attachment (to NP2, LA) (e.g., The helper|helpers of the baker...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the production of subject relative clauses (SRc) in Italian pre-school children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and age-matched typically-developing children (TD) controls. In a structural priming paradigm, children described pictures after hearing the experimenter produce a bare noun or an SRc description, as part of a pict...
Article
Full-text available
Situated language production requires the integration of visual attention and linguistic processing. Previous work has not conclusively disentangled the role of perceptual scene information and structural sentence information in guiding visual attention. In this paper, we present an eye-tracking study that demonstrates that three types of guidance,...
Poster
Full-text available
We investigate repeated exposure within-trial and the interaction between this short-term priming and long-term adaptation on predictive eye-movements during situated language understanding.
Article
Full-text available
Psycholinguistic research using the visual world paradigm has shown that the processing of sentences is constrained by the visual context in which they occur. Recently, there has been growing interest in the interactions observed when both language and vision provide relevant information during sentence processing. In three visual world experiments...
Article
Full-text available
The role of the task has received special attention in visual-cognition research because it can provide causal explanations of goal-directed eye-movement responses. The dependency between visual attention and task suggests that eye movements can be used to classify the task being performed. A recent study by Greene, Liu, and Wolfe (2012), however,...
Article
Full-text available
Object detection and identification are fundamental to human vision, and there is mounting evidence that objects guide the allocation of visual attention. However, the role of objects in tasks involving multiple modalities is less clear. To address this question, we investigate object naming, a task in which participants have to verbally identify o...
Article
Full-text available
An ongoing issue in visual cognition concerns the roles played by low- and high-level information in guiding visual attention, with current research remaining inconclusive about the interaction between the two. In this study, we bring fresh evidence into this long-standing debate by investigating visual saliency and contextual congruency during obj...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the R package crqa to perform cross-recurrence quantification analysis of two time series of either a categorical or continuous nature. Streams of behavioral information, from eye movements to linguistic elements, unfold over time. When two people interact, such as in conversation, they often adapt to each other, leading these...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background / Purpose: Subjects were shown a photograph for 5 seconds, and then it was removed from the screen. They were then asked to name as many objects from the image as possible. How well can we predict which objects they will name? Main conclusion: Using a mixture of attentional, image and lexical features we can do a fairly good job of...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work measuring the visual importance of objects has shown that only spatial information, such as object position and size, is predictive of importance, whilst low-level visual information, such as saliency, is not (Spain and Perona 2010, IJCV 91, 59–76). Objects are not important solely on the basis of their appearance. Rather, they are im...
Article
Full-text available
Most everyday tasks involve multiple modalities, which raises the question of how the processing of these modalities is coordinated by the cognitive system. In this paper, we focus on the coordination of visual attention and linguistic processing during speaking. Previous research has shown that objects in a visual scene are fixated before they are...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLIC) experience difficulties in processing Subject relative clauses (SRC). This has been interpreted as evidence that they lack syntactic representations for SRC. Our study investigates the spontaneous production of SRC in typically developing children (TDC) and SLIC in a structural priming paradigm, and...
Thesis
Full-text available
This thesis investigates the mechanisms underlying the formation, maintenance, and sharing of reference in tasks in which language and vision interact. Previous research in psycholinguistics and visual cognition has provided insights into the formation of reference in cross-modal tasks. The conclusions reached are largely independent, with the focu...
Article
Full-text available
Language production often happens in a visual context, for example when a speaker describes a picture. This raises the question whether visual factors interact with conceptual factors during linguistic encoding. To address this question, we present an eye-tracking experiment that manipulates visual clutter (density of objects in the scene) and anim...
Article
Full-text available
A range of cognitive modalities are involved in everyday tasks, which raises the questions to which extend these modalities are coordinated. In this paper, we focus on two particular as-pects of this coordination: linguistic structure and visual atten-tion during sentence production, based on the hypothesis that similar scan patterns are associated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
By knowing what people look at while performing tasks, we would be able to better design devices that facilitate users' interaction. Eye tracking is a useful technique to study visual attention but the data are often spatially and temporally complex to analyze. To this aim more sophisticated analytical tools are needed to give meaning to data, espe...
Article
Full-text available
Reference is the cognitive mechanism that binds real-world en-tities to their conceptual counterparts. Recent psycholinguistic studies using eye-tracking have shed light on the mechanisms used to establish shared referentiality across linguistic and vi-sual modalities. It is unclear, however, whether vision plays an active role during linguistic pr...
Article
Full-text available
Research in visual cognition has shown that the task participants perform modulates eye-movement responses (Castelhano et al., 2009). In a memorization task, for instance, participants inspect a broader portion of the scene, relative to a search task. Psycholinguistic work using the visual world paradigm sets participants the task of sentence compr...
Article
Full-text available
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLIC) experi-ence difficulties in processing Subject relative clauses (SRC). This has been interpreted as evidence that they lack syntac-tic representations for SRC. Our study investigates the spon-taneous production of SRC in typically developing children (TDC) and SLIC in a structural priming paradigm,...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/41607/new-ideas-in-language-sciences-linguistics The language sciences are inherently interdisciplinary, intersecting with disciplines such as cognitive sciences, neuropsychology, informatics, musicology, and social sciences. New ideas in interdisciplinary sub-disciplines such as psycho-, neuro-, or computational linguistics have informed and enriched core topics in linguistics such as comprehension, production, and acquisition of language. For example, advances in computational linguistics have made it possible to challenge traditional approaches by providing powerful stochastic or Bayesian models of human language, or to improve quantitative methods. Novel methodological approaches (e.g., co-registration) emerging from cognitive psychology have contributed to shed light on the mechanisms of language processing and helped link it to other cognitive modalities while uncovering its underlying neural circuitry. Neurolinguistic research (e.g., comparisons of degenerative and non-degenerative language disorders) demonstrates the importance of including neurodiverse populations in linguistic research to fully understand the neural underpinnings of linguistic processes. Concurrently, renewed efforts investigating language in social interaction emphasize ecological validity, thus focusing usage-based linguistic approaches and challenging traditional concepts of modular ones. Despite these new advances and achievements transpiring from the various sub-disciplines, the field of Linguistics is still in need of a comprehensive overarching framework that may tie together and account for the various aspects of ‘how language works’. This editorial initiative is focused on collecting new insights, novel developments, latest discoveries, and recent advances in the inherently interdisciplinary field of Linguistics that will help to work towards such a framework. Integrating new ideas gained from computational models, new methodological approaches, as well as findings from language processing in ecologically valid contexts and in diverse populations will benefit and further our understanding of language and human communication. Our hope is to identify challenges to existing models, theories, and practices that will then serve as a base for future developments in this field. This Research Topic welcomes forward-looking empirical contributions outlining recent developments and novel theoretical approaches that link developments across different linguistic subdisciplines, methodologies, and populations. Examples of potential insights include work on the role of prediction, situated (event) perception, language comprehension and processing at the interfaces, the role of intonation and rhythm in speech comprehension and the acquisition of proficiency in reading, processing under adverse conditions, the use of co-registration methods, unification accounts, among others. We welcome all article types on new advancements within the field of Linguistics, including those addressing any potential challenges to existing linguistic models, theories, and empirical practices.
Project
ACTICIPATE addresses the challenge of designing robots that can share workspaces and co-work with humans. We rely on human experiments to learn a model/controller that allows a humanoid to generate and adapt its upper body motion, in dynamic environments, during reaching and manipulation tasks, and to understand, predict and anticipate the actions of a human co-worker, as needed in manufacturing, assistive and service robotics, and domestic applications. These application scenarios call for three main capabilities that will be tackled in ACTICIPATE: a motion generation the mechanism (primitives), with a built-in capacity for instant reaction to changes in dynamic environments; a framework to combine primitives and execute coordinated movements of the head, eyes, arm, and hand, in a way similar (thus predictable) to human movements, and model the action/movement coupling between co-workers in dyadic interaction tasks; and the ability to understand and anticipate human actions, based on a common motor system/model that is also used to synthesize the robot’s goal-directed actions in a natural way.