Montserrat Soler

Montserrat Soler
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Center for Advanced Studies of Blanes

Dr., PhD in Geomorphology

About

30
Publications
1,926
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546
Citations
Citations since 2017
3 Research Items
150 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023051015202530
2017201820192020202120222023051015202530

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Sea spray aerosol (SSA) formation plays a major role in the climate system. The Antarctic Peninsula (AP) is affected by the greatest warming occurring in the Southern Ocean; changes in cryospheric and biological processes are being observed. Whilst there is some evidence that organic material produced by ice algae and/or phytoplankton in the high A...
Article
Seagrasses are distributed all along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea being Posidonia oceanica and Cymodocea nodosa the most common species. They promote sedimentation, leading to the formation of well-structured soils. Over the last decade, a growing attention has been paid to their role as CO2 sinks in the form of organic carbon (Corg) and to t...
Article
Few studies to date have examined the effect of the high temperatures attained during wildfire events on the pigments present in forest foliage. Here, we seek to analyse the main photosynthetic pigments in the leaves of the oak, cork oak and eucalyptus following a wildfire. We also subject leaves of these last two species to a range of contact temp...
Article
Acoustic Doppler devices (Unidata Starflow) have been deployed for velocity measurements and discharge estimates in five contrasted open-channel flow environments, with particular attention given to the influence of sediment transport on instrument performance. The analysis is based on both field observations and flume experiments. These confirm th...
Article
Full-text available
The Vallcebre catchment (Llobregat river head-waters) shows an important variety on land uses and geomorphic environments: forest, pasture, farmed and abandoned agricultural terraces, and badlands. Three nested catchments (Cal Rodó, Ca L'Isard and Can Vila) were equipped to measure hydrological and sedimentological yield from different land conditi...
Article
Full-text available
Sediment concentration in the gauging stations of the Vallcebre research basins has been estimated for over ten years from stream water samples obtained by automatic samplers and from continuous measurements made by optical infra-red backscattering turbidimeters (OBS) and ultrasonic beam attenuation sediment sensors (US). The relationship between s...
Article
Badland landscapes are known to be the main sediment sources in the upper Llobregat basin and particularly in the small Vallcebre research basins (Eastern Pyrenees). The dynamics of these badlands is dominated by physical weathering during winter and by water erosion during intense rainstorms in summer. Nevertheless, as these landscapes represent a...
Article
Investigations started 20 years ago in the Vallcebre research basins with the objective of better understanding the hydrological functioning of Mediterranean mountain basins. The Vallcebre basins are located in a Mediterranean mountain area of the Pyrenean ranges (northeastern Spain). Average annual precipitation is 862±206 mm and potential evapotr...
Article
Hydrological response and runoff generation processes have been studied in the Vallcebre research basins for almost 20 years, which has allowed building of a more complete perceptual model of the hydrological functioning of Mediterranean mountain basins. There was no simple relationship between rainfall and runoff depths, neither on a seasonal nor...
Article
Water depth and sediment concentration have been measured with a good time resolution (every 2 min during flood events and every 20 min for the rest of the time) since 1994 at the gauging station of the Cal Rodó catchment (4.17 km2). Since October 2008, mean water velocity has been measured at the same resolution using an incoherent (or continuous)...
Article
Full-text available
The Cal Rodó catchment (4.17km2) is located in a Mediterranean mountain area. Land cover is dominated by pastures and forest and badlands represent 2.8% of the surface of the catchment. Elevation ranges between 1100m and 1650m and average annual precipitation is about 900mm with heterogeneous distribution along the year. Autumn and spring are the s...
Article
Sediment loads in streams are currently estimated using diverse kinds of sediment rating curves (SRC) that allow the interpolation and extrapolation of the discrete observations of sediment concentrations to the whole range of recorded discharges. Several authors showed that when non-linear equations are used, it is necessary to apply a bias correc...
Article
Suspended sediment transport is the main mechanism of stream sediment export. Sediment concentration is usually measured through sampling, but the use of sensors allows continuous estimation during floods, which usually transport most of the material. The relationship between gravimetric sediment concentration and the response of these sensors, as...
Article
Investigations started 20 years ago in the Vallcebre research catchments with the objective of better understanding the hydrological functioning of Mediterranean mountains catchments. Findings obtained during the last two decades have shown that due to their intermediate position between drier and wetter climatic areas, Mediterranean mountain areas...
Article
Investigations started 20 years ago in the Vallcebre research basins with the objective of better understanding the hydrological functioning of Mediterranean mountains basins. The Vallcebre basins (0.15-4.17 km2) are located in a Mediterranean mountain area of the Pyrenean ranges (1300 m a.s.l., North Eastern Spain), Average annual precipitation is...
Article
The relationships between suspended sediment concentrations and discharge were studied at the Can Vila (0.56 km2) and Ca l'Isard (1.32 km2) sub-basins of the Vallcebre research area (Eastern Pyrenees) during a period of 5 years that included 67 events of diverse magnitude. Abandoned agricultural fields and forests are the main land use in the Can V...
Article
This paper analyses the spatial and temporal variability of the hydrological response in a small Mediterranean catchment (Cal Rodó). The first part of the analysis focuses on the rainfall–runoff relationship at seasonal and monthly scale, using an 8-year data set. Then, using storm-flow volume and coefficient, the temporal variability of the rainfa...
Article
The Ca lʻIsard catchment (1.32 km2), a sub-basin of the Vallcebre experimental catchments, yields large amounts of sediments (about 580 Mg km− 2 year− 1) that are produced in relatively small but very active eroded areas (badlands). Several lines of evidence suggest that there is a delay between sediment production, caused by intense summer rainsto...
Article
Precipitation, discharge and suspended sediment concentrations were continuously measured during 10 years (1995–2004), at the Ca l'Isard sub-basin (1.32 km2) of the Vallcebre experimental catchments. Daily precipitation record is 22 years long. When the ranks of the events obtained with the diverse variables considered (precipitation depth, peak di...
Article
Full-text available
Precipitation, discharge and suspended sediment concentrations were continuously measured for ten hydrological years (1995-2004), in the Ca l'Isard sub-basin (1.32 km2) of the Vallcebre experimental catchments, Spain. The daily precipitation record is 22 years long. When all the events were analysed, the diverse variables considered (precipitation...
Article
Erosion processes and sediment dynamics were studied in a set of Mediterranean mountain catchments with very active badlands during a period of over 10 years. The relatively small badlands produced most of the sediments, whereas both the dense vegetation and the old soil conservation structures impeded significant erosion from the main area of the...
Article
Full-text available
El següent article és un estudi sobre el contingut de matèria orgànica als sòls del massís de les Gavarres tenint en compte dos aspectes, el primer segons sigui la litologia i segon el tipus d'ús del sòl. Per això s'ha dividit el massís entre els dos grans components litològics: granits i pissarres. A la vegada s'han estudiat els usos del sòl més r...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this research is to study the variations of the runoff and erosion along a 29º slope in a burnt area. The task has been done in Serra de Prades. Measurements have been undertaken with Gerlach troughs. The variation of the erosion longitudinaly have been analyzed with Gerlach traps. The variation of precipitation and some elements...
Article
The object of the study is to compare the importance of soil and nutrient losses from plots in an ever green oak (Quercus ilex) woodland under different environmental conditions; namely under undisturbed forest and at sites that had been clear felled and burnt under controlled conditions. At each site, the plots were instrumented with 10 Gerlach tr...
Article
Full-text available
Sediment transport. Dissolved load was the type of denudation most important in this catchment, because of the existence of soluble rocks (gypsum and limestone). Most of the suspended sediment transport was effected in October and November, the period with the more precipitation, as well as and during an unusual rain in late Winter. The average sus...
Article
Full-text available
[ES] Se presentan los resultados del muestreo automático del sedimento transportado en suspensión en tres estaciones de aforo instaladas en las cuencas experimentales de Vallcebre (Pirineo Oriental). Este trabajo analiza el tamaño de las partículas de sedimento recogidas por los muestreadores en tres de las estaciones del año (primavera, verano y o...

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