Montserrat Alonso Sardón

Montserrat Alonso Sardón
Universidad de Salamanca · Preventive Medicine and Public Health

MD, PhD, MPH

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187
Publications
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Publications

Publications (187)
Article
Full-text available
Background Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a well-known neglected parasitic disease. However, evidence supporting the four current treatment modalities is inadequate, and treatment options remain controversial. The aim of this work is to analyse the available data to answer clinical questions regarding medical treatment of CE. MethodsA thorough elect...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the epidemiology and burden of Q fever (QF) in Spain. Methods: We designed a retrospective descriptive study using the minimum basic data set in patients admitted to hospitals of the National Health System between 1998 and 2015 with a diagnosis of Q fever (ICD-9: 083.0.). Results: We found 4...
Article
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Background: Loiasis is an uncommon and poorly understood parasitic disease outside endemic areas of Africa. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and biological patterns and treatment of imported loiasis by sub-Saharan migrants diagnosed in Madrid, Spain. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted with sub-Saharan immigrants seen...
Article
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Background Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an emerging infectious disease caused by a Nairovirus. CCHF is a tick-borne disease that is predominantly associated with Hyalomma ticks and have a widespread distribution in Africa, Asia and Europe. CCHF usually presents as a subclinical disease, but in some cases, it may present as a hemorrhagi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is considered an emerging or even a probable re-emerging pathogen in southern Europe. Presence of this virus had been reported previously in Spain in 2010.AimWe aimed to evaluate the potential circulation of CCHFV in western Spain with a serosurvey in asymptomatic adults (blood donors).Metho...
Article
Objective: To explore the clinical burden and epidemiologic profile of hospitalized patients with wounds during the first wave of COVID-19. Methods: A retrospective and observational study was conducted to analyze the inpatient episodes of wound care in the University Hospital of Salamanca (Spain) during the initial COVID-19 crisis from March 1,...
Article
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(1) Background: Aspergillus produces high morbidity and mortality, especially in at-risk populations. In Spain, the evolution of mortality in recent years due to this fungus is not well established. The aim of this study was to estimate the case fatality rate of aspergillosis in inpatients from 1997 to 2017 in Spain. (2) Methodology: A retrospectiv...
Preprint
Background Babesiosis is a zoonosis caused by an intraerythrocytic protozoan of the genus Babesia and transmitted mainly by ticks of the Ixodes spp . complex. There is no comprehensive global incidence in the literature, although the United States, Europe and Asia are considered to be endemic areas. In Europe, the percentage of ticks infected with...
Article
Resumen La sexualidad es un fenómeno complejo y multidimensional que constituye un componente fundamental en las relaciones humanas. El embarazo es un periodo crucial en la vida de las mujeres y los cambios fisiológicos que ocurren durante este periodo inciden en su sexualidad. Objetivo Conocer qué impacto produce la gestación en las conductas sex...
Article
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Objective: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem that causes multiple comorbidities. People in prisons who inject intravenous drugs are at increased risk of HCV infection, and HCV infection is 15-fold more prevalent among prisoners compared with the community. The objective of this study was to analyse the clinical and...
Experiment Findings
Evento de clausura del proyecto trasfronterizo POCTEP "Neuroqualyfam", 24 de marzo de 2022
Article
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Background Pressure Injuries (PIs) are major worldwide public health threats within the different health-care settings. Objective To describe and compare epidemiological and clinical features of PIs in COVID-19 patients and patients admitted for other causes in Internal Medicine Units during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Design A descripti...
Article
Background Mucormycosis is a worldwide angio-invasive fungal infection that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. A few European studies have focused on the epidemiology. Methodology A retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was performed with inpatients diagnosed with mucormycosis (ICD-9-CM, code 117.7, cases 1997-2015; and ICD-10...
Article
Full-text available
Dementia has reached epidemic proportions and become a huge Public Health problem. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. In Spain, more than 800,000 people suffer from AD (Spanish Society of Neurology‐SEN). Age is the main risk marker for developing this disease. Its prevalence is three times higher in women than in men due...
Preprint
Background: Mucormycosis is a worldwide angio-invasive fungal infection that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. A few European studies have focused on the epidemiology. Methodology: A retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was performed with inpatients diagnosed with mucormycosis (ICD-9-CM, code 117.7, cases 1997-2015; and ICD-1...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Dementia has reached epidemic proportions and become a huge Public Health problem. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. In Spain, more than 800,000 people suffer from AD (Spanish Society of Neurology-SEN). Age is the main risk marker for developing this disease. Its prevalence is three times higher in women than...
Article
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a parasitic disease caused by the larval forms of species of the tapeworm Echinococcus. The most common location is the liver. To assess the frequency and clinical characteristics of portal hypertension (PH) and the risk factors for PH development, we performed a retrospective observational study of inpatients diagnose...
Article
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Brucellosis remains one of the main zoonoses worldwide. Epidemiological data on human brucellosis in Spain are scarce. The objective of this study was to assess the epidemiological characteristics of inpatient brucellosis in Spain between 1997 and 2015. A retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was performed. Data were requested from the Healt...
Poster
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Prevalencia úlcera cutánea: 5% (216/4286). No se observaron diferencias de género (razón hombre/mujer: 27/32 COVID-19 vs. 26/33 no-COVID-19; p=0,853) y la edad media en pacientes COVID-19 fue ligeramente inferior (80,3±13,1 vs. 83,7±9,1; p=0,098). Prevalecieron las úlceras por presión (85.1% COVID-19 vs. 73.9% no-COVID-19), siendo el riesgo en paci...
Article
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Cat scratch disease, whose causative agent is Bartonella henselae, is an anthropozoonosis with a worldwide distribution that causes significant public health problems. Although it is an endemic disease in Spain, the available data are very limited. The aim of our study was to describe cat scratch disease inpatients in the National Health System (NH...
Article
Background The diagnosis of photoallergic contact dermatitis (PACD) is confirmed by photopatch testing (PPT). In Spain, the latest recommendation on which allergens to test in PPT dates from 1995. Methods In the last 4 years, we studied 455 patients with epicutaneous tests and performed PPT on 33 of those patients (7.3%). Results The most prevale...
Article
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Background Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a widespread tick-borne viral disease caused by the Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). CCHFV has been implicated in severe viral haemorrhagic fever outbreaks. During the summer of 2016, the first two cases with genotype III (Africa 3) were reported in Spain. The first objective of o...
Article
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Background: Aspergillosis is a serious infection, and in Spain, the influence of epidemiology and climate on the resulting expenses of aspergillosis is not well established. Aim: A retrospective descriptive study using the Minimum Basic Data Set was performed on records of patients admitted to hospitals of the National Health System between 1997...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mansonella perstans infection can be considered one of the most neglected tropical infectious diseases. Very few studies have reported on the clinical picture caused by infection with this nematode. Therefore, our study was aimed to describe the clinical patterns and treatment of imported M. perstans infection by migrants from Africa....
Article
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A systematic review and meta‐analysis were conducted to clarify the effect of an early mobilisation programme on the prevention of hospital‐acquired pressure injuries in an intensive care unit as opposed to standard care. We searched a total of 11 databases until 1 May 2020 and included seven studies (n = 7.520) related to the effect of early mobil...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Mansonella perstans infection can be considered one of the most neglected tropical infectious diseases. Very few studies have reported on the clinical picture caused by infection with this nematode. Methods: The present study evaluated a large cohort of migrants who have been diagnosed, examined and treated for imported M. perstans infe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Mansonella perstans infection can be considered one of the most neglected tropical infectious diseases. Very few studies have reported on the clinical picture caused by infection with this nematode. Methods: The present study evaluated a large cohort of migrants who have been diagnosed, examined and treated for imported M. perstans infe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Mansonella perstans infection can be considered one of the most neglected tropical infectious diseases. Very few studies have reported on the clinical picture caused by infection with this nematode. Therefore, our study was aimed to describe the clinical patterns and treatment of imported M. perstans infection by migrants from Africa. M...
Conference Paper
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Background Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a widespread tick-borne viral disease caused by the homonymous Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), a Nairovirus of the Nairoviridae family. CCHFV has been implicated in severe viral haemorrhagic fever outbreaks. Nevertheless, it has been reported that a large proportion of CCHFV infe...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiological impact of murine typhus in patients who required hospitalization in the National Health System (SNS) in Spain between 1997 and 2015. Background Murine typhus (MT) is a zoonosis caused by Rickettsia typhi. MT is transmitted from rats, cats, dogs and opossums to humans by their fleas...
Article
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Background Although eosinophilia is a condition that appears frequently in clinical practice, its prevalence in the general population in Spain is not well-defined. Objective To determine the prevalence of eosinophilia in blood donors. Methodology Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Asymptomatic blood donors from the Haemotherapy and Blood Donati...
Poster
Introducción La fiebre hemorrágica del Crimea Congo (FHCC) es una enfermedad infecciosa, viral transmitida por garrapatas, causada por el virus homónimo (VFHCC), caracterizado por ser ARN negativo del género Nairovirus, familia Nairoviridae. Este virus ha sido identificado en territorios ubicados al sur del paralelo norte 50 países de Asia, África...
Article
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Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a chronic, complex and neglected zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Eosinophilia in CE is a classic analytic alteration, although its presentation and importance is very variable and not well established. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational study of inpatients diagnosed w...
Article
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Background: Cerebellar ataxia affects individuals in reproductive age. To date, few clinical cases of cerebellar ataxia and involvement of the cerebellum in sexual response were reported. We report a case of a woman that need to restore skills related for execution of sexual activity and coordination of movements during sexual intercourse. Case p...
Article
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a chronic, complex, and overlooked zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. In humans, it may result in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations depending on the type of complications, ranging from asymptomatic infection to fatal disease. The primary complications and risk factors associated with CE are no...
Article
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Background The aim of this study was to assess the relation between perceived social support and personal autonomy of individuals with intellectual disabilities and Health-Related Quality of Life. Methods A cross-sectional study with a multicentre sample was carried out including 162 institutionalized individuals with intellectual disability. The...
Article
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Background Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are serious mucocutaneous reactions. In Spain, the epidemiology and resulting expenses of these diseases are not well established. Methodology Retrospective descriptive study using the Minimum Basic Data Set (CMBD in Spanish) in patients admitted to hospitals of the Nat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Management options for cystic echinococcosis (CE) remain a serious problem. The main aim of this study was to examine the selection and complications of treatment applied in patients with CE. The second aim was to evaluate the mortality rate and causative factors. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with...
Article
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Resumen Objetivo El síndrome de desmoralización (SD) es una situación psicoemocional que se caracteriza por la desesperanza, el desamparo, la pérdida de sentido y el distrés existencial. Pretendemos conocer la prevalencia del SD en nuestro medio en pacientes avanzados atendidos por un equipo de cuidados paliativos. Metodología Se incluyeron de ma...
Article
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Background Strongyloides stercoralis is a parasite that causes strongyloidiasis, a neglected tropical disease. S. stercoralis is a soil-transmitted helminth that is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Strongyloidiasis can occur without any symptoms or as a chronic infection characterized by mild, unspecific symptoms...
Article
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Resumen Fundamento La educación inclusiva universitaria trata de transformar y mejorar el rol competencial de los futuros médicos en relación con las personas con discapacidad (PcD), grupo poblacional vulnerable y prevalente que necesita una atención de calidad para hacer efectivo su derecho a la salud. Objetivo Analizar y valorar la sensibilizac...
Article
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Background Arthrosis has a huge impact due to its consequences on suffering and function loss and because it damages the well-being and the physical, emotional and social aspects of Health-Related Quality of Life. Our objective was to assess the influence of Age and Sex on Knee Osteoarthritis and Total Knee Arthroplasty on the perception of the pat...
Poster
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Poster Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Tropical y Salud Internacional 2017
Article
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Background Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a chronic, complex and neglected zoonotic disease. CE occurs worldwide. In humans, it may result in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic infection to fatal disease. Clinical management procedures have evolved over decades without adequate evaluation. Despite advances in surgi...
Article
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Background: In Spain, 12% of the population are immigrants. The impact of immigration in Spain on cystic echinococcosis (CE) is unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of CE in immigrants in western Spain. Methods: First, a retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with CE in the University Hospital of Salaman...
Article
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The training of medical students demands practice of skills in scenarios as close as possible to real ones that on one hand ensure acquisition of competencies, and on the other, avoid putting patients at risk. This study shows the practicality of using high definition mannequins (SimMan 3G) in scenarios of first attention in neurological emergencie...
Article
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RESUMEN El estudio tiene por objetivo analizar la calidad de la información en relación con la automedicación en las páginas web de internet y estimar si se cumplen criterios de calidad. Para conseguir dicho propósitose efectuó un estudio observacional tipo transversal basado en la valoración de 15 páginas web institucionales relacionadas con la au...
Article
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Objective: To improve the quality of care in a Mental Health Hospital and identify the level of patient satisfaction. Material and method: A descriptive, longitudinal, and retrospective study was conducted on 666 patients who completed treatment in the Mental Health Day Hospital of Salamanca, during the period 1994-2012, using the Hospital Manag...