Monica Serrano

Monica Serrano
University of Barcelona | UB · Department of Economic Theory

About

32
Publications
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440
Citations

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
INTRODUCTION. This paper contributes to the study of peer interactions in the university classroom. METHOD. We evaluate the effects of teamwork on individual academic performance in four Team Based Learning (TBL) courses in the degrees of Economics and Business Administration. RESULTS. We found that the average grade of the rest of the team members...
Chapter
Palma’s papers (Development and Change 42:87–153, 2011, Development and Change 45:1416–1448, 2014) have shown that in most countries exist extreme inequalities in income distribution. This extreme inequality occurs because higher income population appropriates a significant part of income previously received by lower income groups without affecting...
Article
In standard type 1 input-output models, households’ activities are part of the exogenous final demand. This means that their scale and composition are exogenously determined. That is, if some other final demand categories change (say public investment or exports) this does not influence the behaviour of the household categories. In type 2 input-out...
Article
Economic growth has different impacts on gender gaps. In recent decades the growing participation of women in the labour market has reduced the gender employment gap, however a notable gender pay gap still persists standing at around 15% on average in the European Union. In this context, this paper evaluates the impact of economic growth patterns o...
Article
Students who have to retake courses at university are often not only low achieving, but also unmotivated and lacking in self-confidence. In this study, we present the first report of a teaching strategy based on the implementation of the flipped classroom model, team-based learning, and frequent testing strategies in groups of students retaking a s...
Article
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Aquest article proposa l'ús de l'aula invertida i l'aprenentatge en equip per millorar les actituds d'aprenentatge de l'alumnat en els Grups d'Intensificació d'Estudis (GIE) a la Universitat de Barcelona. El GIE està dissenyat per a aquell alumnat que repeteix una assignatura en algun dels graus impartits a la Facultat d'Economia i Empresa de la Un...
Article
The analysis focuses on carbon-motivated border tax adjustment (CBTA). CBTA are tariffs applied to imports designed to avoid drawbacks of emission reduction policies when only one or few regions (the abating regions) implement them. Through CBTA the abating regions level out different treatment applied to domestic and imported products. In this pap...
Article
The aim of this study is to analyze the effect that the Energy Tax Directive reform proposed in 2011 would have, if implemented, on the level of prices in the different sectors of the 27 countries of the European Union. We apply a multiregional and multisectoral model of trade flows that takes into account all the intersectoral and intercountry int...
Article
The analysis of income distribution (ID) has traditionally been of prime importance for economists and policy-makers. However, the standard input–output (I–O) model is not particularly well equipped for studying current issues such as the consequences of decreasing access to primary inputs or the effects of specific redistributive policies. This pa...
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Habitualmente las estadísticas oficiales consideran exclusivamente las emisiones que un país produce en el interior de su territorio. Este enfoque, conocido como “responsabilidad del productor”, no tiene en cuenta el papel del comercio internacional. Esta limitación ha dado lugar a una perspectiva diferente para asignar las emisiones por países. Se...
Article
The construction of Household Satellite Accounts (HSAs) to value household production is not a new object of study. However, as their use has widened, research efforts have focused on resolving technical aspects of valuation assessment and far less attention has been paid to the underlying conceptual aspects. The purpose of this study is to contrib...
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Full-text available
This study analyses the evolution of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and acidification emissions for Italy in the years 1995-2005. Looking at data, while emissions that contribute to the local problem of acidification have been decreasing quite constantly, GHG emissions have been showing a slight increase due to the rise of carbon dioxide. The aim i...
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This paper compares two concepts to evaluate the international responsibility of a country with respect to its emissions. Using a multi-regional input–output model, we show that the trade emission balance and the responsibility emission balance yield the same result. In practical work, however, a lack of data availability implies that the same tech...
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Full-text available
The Domestic Technology Assumption (DTA) allows estimating emissions embodied in trade when full multiregional input-output tables are not available or are not useful due to the scope of the analysis. The usual way to apply the DTA is considering that emissions per monetary value unit of each sector in any country are the same that in the country a...
Article
In this paper we apply an environmentally extended input-output model to analyse a specific issue related to the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis. The purpose is to study whether the consumption structure ofwealthier households has a positive effect on the reduction of environmental pressures. Combining information from different databases, w...
Article
Este artículo analiza la responsabilidad española por las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero generadas en 1995 y 2000 considerando las emisiones «contenidas» en exportaciones e importaciones. Para ello hemos utilizado un modelo input-output multirregional ampliado con datos sobre emisiones atmosféricas que permite aplicar los conceptos de res...
Article
The relationships between economic growth and environmental pressures are complex. Since the early nineties, the debate on these relationships has been strongly influenced by the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis, which states that during the first stage of economic development environmental pressures increase as per capita income increases, b...
Article
This paper evaluates two alternative tax policies aimed at reducing atmospheric pollutant emissions. One based upon an environmental tax that burdens directly firms’ emissions, and the other one that burdens both directly and indirectly household consumption’s emissions. Applying input-output approach, we reallocate the emissions generated in the e...
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Full-text available
This paper analyses the emissions embodied in international trade. We develop an environmental extended, open, static input-output model considering imports depend on the economy production. This model allows us to define and compare the producer and/or consumer responsibility concepts. We also analyse the emissions embodied in both exports and imp...
Article
This paper analyses the relationship between Spanish household consumption patterns and atmospheric pollutant emissions in 2000. Applying an input-output approach we estimate the relative responsibility of different types of households in the emissions of nine different atmospheric pollutants: the six greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6, HFCs and...
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Full-text available
This research provides a description of the process followed in order to assemble a Social Accounting Matrix for Spain corresponding to the year 2000 (SAMSP00). As argued in the paper, this process attempts to reconcile ESA95 conventions with requirements of applied general equilibrium modelling. Particularly, problems related to the level of aggre...
Article
Full-text available
The relationships between economic growth and environmental pressures are complex. Since the early nineties, the debate on these relationships has been strongly influenced by the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis, which states that during the first stage of economic development environmental pressures increase as per capita income increases, b...
Article
Full-text available
La aplicación del principio contable de la producción y del consumo permite determinar la responsabilidad de la contaminación atmosférica desde dos perspectivas diferentes. En este artículo, sobre la base del principio contable del consumo, se analiza la relación entre los patrones de consumo de los hogares españoles y las emisiones de los gases de...
Article
Full-text available
The aggregation of the indirect taxes in the input-output framework of the current "European System Account", ESA-95, has generated some difficulties in order to calibrate "applied general equilibrium models", AGEMS. This work presents a new methodology, based upon the supply and use tables contained in the input-output ESA-95 framework, aimed to s...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the relationship between household expenditures and environmental pressures has become a question of major importance, since household consumption causes directly and indirectly the greatest demand of natural resources and the majority of environmental impacts. From the 1970's, several authors have analysed total energy and/or atmosphe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper defines and compares two concepts to evaluate the international responsibility of one country regarding emissions: the trade emission balance and the responsibility emission balance. We use a multiregional input-output model. First, we show that both approaches yield the same result. Then, we introduce the same technology assumption and...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Over the last six decades, industrial farming has led to a loss of land cover diversity and landscape degradation all over Spain. This entails a worrisome bio-cultural loss of an age-old legacy of site-specific knowledge, farm practices, landscape mosaics, crop varieties, livestock breeds and cultural foodscapes that peasants had accumulated over centuries. There is a consensus in European Union on the need to promote sustainable agriculture and, consequently, to link back to the territory the provision of basic environmental services of agroecosystems, now outsourced, such as the conservation of genetic diversity, of pest and disease control and the replenishment of soil fertility among others. Such services are provided optimally through organic management of agroecosystems but also through the proper management of landscapes, where the physical-biological cycles that ensure the sustainability of agricultural production are closed. Consequently, the management of agroecological territories requires a land-use planning performed on a larger scale than at farm gate level, a task for which there is hardly any accumulated knowledge. The comparative study of past and present agricultural landscapes, associated with larger units of cultural management of agrarian systems in their historical dimension, can be extremely useful for this purpose. In Spain the degree of transformation of agroecosystems has been very deep, and current agricultural systems are becoming increasingly homogeneous and far from the edaphoclimatic and cultural conditions of their territory. This urges a multidisciplinary historical study of the long-term evolution of these agricultural landscapes, together with the recovery of farm knowledge on the labour practices that created and maintained these agroecosystems. In this sense, history can cooperate to rescue peasant and scientific knowledges about landscape organization through the study of past agrarian systems. This study requires the use of historiographic techniques in combination with other disciplines such as Agroecology and Landscape Ecology to produce a novel Landscape Agroecology. The methodologies developed by our teams that make possible this biophysical and spatial analyses (MEFA, LACAS, ELIA and others) can contribute, together with historical analysis of their drivers and trends, to rescue the knowledge of traditional agricultural systems management and to cooperate in designing more sustainable landscapes. Moreover, applying this knowledge to organic farming can help to improve its sustainability degree, and to reduce production costs improving the viability of this type of agriculture that will undoubtedly become the agriculture of the future. Only multidisciplinary teams can address such a complex research topic, addressed by a new type of Sustainability History able to bring together Natural and Social Sciences with Humanities. For the development of this project, several representative cases of the main agricultural systems of the Mediterranean area will be chosen. The territorial requirements of organic farms in their landscapes will also be analyzed through the study of a representative group of them. The results will be discussed and applied with representatives of the autonomous and local administrations, farmer associations and organic farming certification entities. The BIOLANDSCAPEs project RTI2018-093970-B is funded by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities of Spain from January 2019 to December 2021, as a Partnership Grant between the Agro-ecosystem History Laboratory (Pablo de Olavide University), the University of Barcelona and the Metropolitan Laboratory of Ecology and Territori (IERMB).
Project
The basic aim of the SFS international project is to study and compare the historical Socio-Ecological Transitions from past organic farm systems to current industrial agricultures in a set of different case studies located at both sides of the Atlantic, by using as a common methodological background new approaches to Material and Energy Flow Accounting (GJ, N-P-K, Carbon and water balances in farming) applied to agroecosystem functioning in a way the allows linking these biophysical bookkeeping with the patterns and processes of cultural landscapes. Our Multi-EROI Energy Analysis (MEEA) of Farm Systems applies a circular bio-economy viewpoint to account for energy efficiency of farming that differentiates for the first time among external inputs and internal loops. This allows setting the different profiles of diverse farm typologies by calculating several Energy Returns on Investment (EROIs) instead of one. Through the equation that relates these EROIs one another, optimal paths to energy efficiency improvement by varying the proportion between internal reuses and external inputs can be obtained. Our Energy-Landscape Integrated Analysis (ELIA) is a ground-breaking method of landscape agroecology assessment. Relying on the previous multi-EROI energy analysis, ELIA model accounts through graph modelling the complexity-information embedded in any pattern of energy flows driven by farmers in agroecosystems. Then it relates the circular turnover of the energy flows stored within agroecosystems with the diversity of land cover patterns, to see how they are imprinted in the land cover diversity of heterogeneous landscapes that differentiate habitats for an associated biodiversity. ELIA is applied at landscape scale, whereas an Intermediate Disturbance-Complexity model (IDC) can also be assessed at broader regional scales by using land-use specific values of Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production (HANPP). The SFS project SSHRC895-2011-1020 is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada from 2012 to 2018 as a Partnership Grant between the Universities of Saskatchewan (Canada, with Geoff Cunfer as PI), Alpen Adria Universität Klagenfurt in Vienna (Austria), Universidad Pablo de Olavide in Seville and University of Barcelona (Spain), and Universidad Nacional in Bogotá and Pontificia Universidad Javeriana de Cali (Colombia), with some collaborators in the universities of Michigan and Arizona State (United States), La Habana (Cuba), the Universidad Nacional and Masaryk University in Brno (Check Republic). The Spanish project HAR2015-69620-C2-1-P on “Sustainable Farm Systems? A Historical Interpretation of Spanish Agriculture from a biophysical perspective”, which I coordinated at the UB as PI with the Agro-ecosystem History Laboratory at the Pablo de Olavide University in Seville is associated to the international SFS Partnership Grant and provides matching contributions funded from January 2016 to December 2018 by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.