Mónica Peña

Mónica Peña
Universidad Diego Portales · School of Psychology

Doctora en Educación.
Associate Professor Universidad Diego Portales

About

34
Publications
15,457
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308
Citations
Introduction
I'm a social psychologist and an educator. I am also a researcher. My fields of interest are multiple, but I can summarize them in politics & policies (educational and others) and their effects on subjectivities, especially children & childhood. Discourse Unit member.
Additional affiliations
December 2009 - present
Universidad Diego Portales
Position
  • Académica.
Description
  • Académica.

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN El siguiente artículo analiza mediante diversos autores de la filosofía contemporánea, el concepto de inclusión como un concepto polisémico y problemático que tiene al menos tres nudos conceptuales: el reconocimiento del otro como núcleo básico, la diversidad identitaria que debe ser asumida como proliferación continua de diferencias y la p...
Article
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Se presentan los resultados de una investigación participativa con 6 escuelas rura-les chilenas, centrándose en los facilitadores y las barreras para la inclusión. Esto en un contexto de una educación altamente segregada, con un acelerado cierre de escuelas rurales y en el marco de una Ley de Inclusión centrada en el acceso esco-lar. A través de ta...
Article
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Resumen Este estudio pretende comprender mejor las formas en que la psicología, como disciplina en el marco escolar, entiende el trabajo con niños, niñas y adolescentes. A partir de un estudio cualitativo discursivo, analizamos 37 fichas de derivación a una Clínica de atención psicológica, perteneciente a una universidad, de pacientes niños y adole...
Article
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We analyse the meanings that rural schoolteachers construct about inclusion, following the entry into force of the School Inclusion Law in Chile in 2015. Rural schools are more than half of the schools in Chile. This is a qualitative study involving six rural schools in the north, centre and south of the country, with a basis in action research and...
Article
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One of the main policies that promote school inclusion in Chile is the School Integration Programs (PIE). These programs arise from a state subsidy model for schools that is delivered based on the identification of special educational needs that have been defined by diagnoses based on the DSM-V manual. This work delves into the relationship between...
Data
Este resumen son los resultados de una investigación acción participativa que hicimos con 3 establecimientos de la Región Metropolitana el 2021 en que trabajamos con niños y niñas acerca de sus expectativas con la nueva Constitución.
Chapter
Full-text available
El capítulo trata sobre el problema de la justicia territorial en la educación chilena, donde las escuelas rurales, a pesar de ser numéricamente superiores a las urbanas, han tenido que adaptarse a políticas urbanas que ignoran sus características propias y sus contextos. Se hace un análisis histórico a la vez que se integran diversos elementos de...
Article
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El Programa de Integración Escolar (pie) es una política de inclusión escolar que funciona bajo el principio de subvenciones especiales entregadas a niños y niñas con necesidades educativas especiales. Las escuelas rurales también han podido optar a formar parte de pie. En este artículo se presenta una investigación-acción que buscaba potenciar las...
Article
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Este trabajo busca sistematizar la experiencia del análisis crítico de discurso (ACD) de textos que son parte del campo político, a partir de los principios propuestos por el lingüista británico Norman Fairclough, con algunos ejemplos empíricos, agregando algunos elementos de la teoría feminista. Se indaga en presupuestos funcionales como la necesi...
Article
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This article aims to explain the complex relationship between problematic children and women as caretakers and guardians, as well as the relationship between the notions of problematic children and the Attention Deficit Disorder, from a critical discursive perspective. To this end, the issue of problematic children was discussed by the field of Psy...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Dentro de un estudio más amplio sobre competencias críticas de niños y niñas en condición de vulnerabilidad, el espacio y la territorialidad aparecen como variables fundamentales para comprender el aprendizaje. Este trabajo muestra la organización espacial que hacen niños y niñas de sus aprendizajes dentro de sus escuelas (una urbana, otra...
Article
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Within a broader study on critical skills of children in vulnerable conditions, space and territoriality appear as fundamental variables for understanding learning. This work shows the spatial organization that children make of their learning, within their schools (one urban, one rural). It introduces the concept of "vulnerability" in the Chilean p...
Preprint
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Attention deficit−hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a common psychiatric diagnosis in both children and adults since the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. But the diagnosis was much less common—even unknown—in other parts of the world. By the end of the twentieth century, this was no longer the case, and ADHD diagnosis and treatment became...
Chapter
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What are the specific trajectories of ADHD in Chile? What is the current situation? How does the past express itself in the present, and what does this point toward in the future? These are some of the questions that we explore throughout this chapter as we discuss some of the social and historical processes that have shaped the way ADHD is current...
Article
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The experience of psychologists can be very delicate when psychology is part of the solution that neoliberal policies propose. A system which aims are privatize and individualize put Psychology and psychologists under the beliefs that there are not alternatives or choices. This article aims to understand the role of psychologists and researchers wh...
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine if a group of 8th graders of a low socioeconomic status school recognize different social conditions, and their relation to education, through a game of social identities. Game results and their discussion process were analyzed with the method of critical discourse analysis. The results indicate that children...
Article
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Este artículo presenta y analiza algunos discursos de un grupo de niños considerados " vulnerables " en relación a la influencia de la clase social en el éxito o fracaso escolar, donde la meritocracia tiene un lugar relevante. Al inicio se analiza el concepto de meritocracia y su relación con la Modernidad y la Educación. Se describe la metodología...
Article
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Trabajamos con niños y niñas de una escuela “vulnerable” con el objetivo de conocer sus discursos sobre aprendizaje respecto a su clase social, desde una perspectiva de análisis crítico del discurso que considera que los discursos se constituyen socialmente y que los sujetos pueden tener una perspectiva crítica sobre sus realidades. A través de una...
Article
This case study presents a study in the field of education with children from a socially vulnerable sector of Santiago, Chile. My specific research interest was the discourses that children express about their learning experience. I consider the learning process to be a socially situated phenomenon rather than an individual and generic one. Some of...
Article
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Resumen 1 : Este trabajo analiza desde una perspectiva discursiva crítica, los discursos actuales sobre educación chilena y su relación con la discriminación, usando para ello dos fuentes discursivas: una columna de opinión escrita por el Secretario General de Colegios Particulares de Chile (CONACEP); y parte de los resultados del trabajo investiga...
Article
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The systematic closing of rural schools is a phenomenon that has developed for over a decade in Chile. The results presented herein originated from our research on the closing of municipal rural schools and its impact on the social relations between the school and local communities. In this paper we present the particular perspective of the childre...
Article
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: En este artículo, se presentan los resultados de un estudio que exploró los discursos acerca de la infancia y la adultez de niños y niñas de distintos estratos socioeconómicos de Santiago, a partir de entrevistas abiertas realizadas a grupos mixtos y de un sólo sexo (niñas y niños varones). Se da cuenta, en este marco, de discursos que, para habl...
Article
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A partir da pergunta sobre o que e para eles a infância ea idade adulta, um grupo de meninas diz aos pais e cenas do cotidiano com os colegas do sexo masculino que nao pretende rejeitar ou transformar a ordem hegemonica segurando tais relacoes, mas que os coloca em um lugar da alteridade e confronto. Depois de uma breve discussao sobre a possibilid...
Article
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This work examines from the perspective of critical discourse analysis, the Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosis as stated by the DSM–IV and ICD-10. It considers as basis the difficulties posed by medical taxonomy of childhood as a distinct social category from adulthood, the using the sign of hyperkinesia as an evidence of the d...
Article
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Contrary to popular belief, children have a capacity to interpret their environment subtlety and to take a critical stand about life and work styles that are present in current Chilean society. In conceptual terms, this research shows that childhood may be understood from perspectives that differ from psycho-evolutionary models, unveiling the child...
Article
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ond (1993), Chilean Education Esta revisión pretende dar una mirada de la teoría del conocimiento del epistemólogo Jean Piaget a partir de algunos malentendidos y controversias comunes como el papel de lo biológico y el lugar de los estadios que el autor propone. Asimismo, se analizarán brevemente algunas de las críticas que otros autores realizaro...
Article
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This article describes the results of a qualitative study, based on the perspective of critical discourse analysis, which explores the discourse on childhood of 10- and 11-year-old boys and girls from a middle-income socioeconomic sector in Santiago, Chile. Among the findings, a complex and relational notion of childhood is highlighted. The childre...
Article
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From the question of what childhood and adulthood means for children, group of girls talks about everyday scenes with their parents and male classmates. They do not intend to reject or to change the hegemonic order, but they put themselves in a place of otherness and confrontation. With an analysis about the possibility of political agency of the g...
Article
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Decree 170, a derivation of the demand subsidy model of education or voucher system implemented in Chile under the Pinochet dictatorship, is a formula to subsidize schools run by the private sector, aims at improving the integration of Chilean children with "special needs" in schools. In order to apply for these funds schools need expert diagnosis...
Article
Decree 170, a derivation of the demand subsidy model of education or voucher system implemented in Chile under the Pinochet dictatorship, is a formula to subsidize schools run by the private sector, aims at improving the integration of Chilean children with "special needs" in schools. In order to apply for these funds schools need expert diagnosis...
Article
Full-text available
The paper assumes that the complex privatization and decentralization process experienced by the Chilean education system since 1981 has had an impact on the individual who is educated, through issues that focus on those involved in education, specifically the students. These problems have been identified as the "psychologization" of the problems o...
Article
Full-text available
This article is based on a research that seeks to recover the children voices in the learning process within the school, considering childhood as a socio-cultural group. On the other hand, knowledge for the education amount to the acquisition of reason and truth, attacking styles of children's knowledge. The methodological model is qualitative thro...
Article
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Las TIC se han constituido en una estrategia fundamental para el logro de cambios pedagógicos porque generan redes de conocimiento, modifican la actitud de los sujetos involucrados en el aprendizaje y mejoran sustantivamente la calidad de la educación. Por ello, se ha instalado la discusión acerca de la enorme necesidad de trabajar sobre los actore...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
I'm interested in the understanding of political discourses of children and about children within the classroom. Social class and mental health diagnosis (separatedly and related) are the areas I've been working last few years.