Mónica Moraes R.

Mónica Moraes R.
Universidad Mayor de San Andres | UMSA · Instituto de Ecología, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia

PhD

About

138
Publications
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1,147
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Additional affiliations
July 1990 - present
Universidad Mayor de San Andres
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Full time professor and researcher
July 1990 - February 2019
Universidad Mayor de San Andres
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (138)
Article
Full-text available
Overhunting of mammals may negatively affect plant populations though indirect impacts on mammal-plant interactions such as herbivory. In this paper, we examined how hunting of terrestrial mammals impacts the survival of seedlings and juveniles of the palm Astrocaryum gratum. To determine A. gratum seedling survivorship patterns, an experiment with...
Article
Full-text available
The shortage of reliable primary taxonomic data limits the description of biological taxa and the understanding of biodiver-sity patterns and processes, complicating biogeographical, ecological, and evolutionary studies. This deficit creates a significant taxo-nomic impediment to biodiversity research and conservation planning. The taxonomic impedi...
Article
Ethnobiology is the study of the relationships that different societies establish with nature, through the anlysis of knowledge, uses and perceptions. Bolivia is a country with great biological and cultural diversity. In the last two decades, Bolivia has initiated a political process in view to defend indigenous identity and governance, which inclu...
Book
Full-text available
The Science Panel for the Amazon (SPA) is an unprecedented initiative convened under the auspices of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). The SPA is composed of over 200 preeminent scientists and researchers from the eight Amazonian countries, French Guiana, and global partners. These experts came together to debate,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Amazonian lowland tropical rainforests cover ~5.79 million km2. Based on geology, the Amazon lowland forest area can be divided into six regions. The Guiana Shield and Brazilian Shield (in the southern Ama- zon) are on very old, nutrient-poor soils, while the Western Amazonian regions (northern and southern) and the regions along the Amazon River a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Scientists have not been able to estimate, to the nearest order of magnitude, the number of species in the Amazon. Although the Amazon includes one of the largest forests in the world, it is also one of the least known biologically. Documenting its biodiversity is challenging because of its immense size, heterogeneity, and limited access. Based on...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As a species endemic to Bolivia, the scope of management and conservation is global. Some aspects that have a direct and indirect impact on the janchicoco palm are considered.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is a brief description of the Bolivian endemic palm, Parajubaea torallyi. Includes its morphology, distribution, uses and natural history.
Preprint
Full-text available
Palms (family Arecaceae) are conspicuous and structural elements in forests ecosystems of tropical regions and mountain forests in South America. Additionally, many species of palms are culturally and economically important to human populations. Because of their ecological and ethnobotanical significance, understanding the drivers of palm distribut...
Book
Full-text available
The urge to organise the world around us is an essential part of human nature. Naming and categorising enable us to store and access information ef ciently. The need to name and categorise extends to the natural world and, in particular, to living organisms. The science underpinning this area of knowledge is called Taxonomy, and is as old as humani...
Book
Full-text available
In this second edition of the "Flora of Bolivian Palms", the knowledge about this important family of plants was updated based on recent taxonomic monographs, new classification systems according to molecular analysis and the increase of scientific collections in little known sites. A list of 98 species native to Arecaceae in 28 genera and four sub...
Article
Full-text available
The use of Ceroxylon pityrophyllum or "Ramo palm" in Bolivia is the weaving of leaves during "Palm Sunday"; because it is a seasonal activity, distribution and harvesting categories are unknown. The objective of the work was to evaluate the population structure, regeneration, density and spatial distribution of individuals, as well interpret the ma...
Article
Full-text available
Artículo publicado en Moraes R., M. (ed.) 2020. Palmeras y usos: Especies de Bolivia y la región. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, Plural editores, La Paz. 136 p. Publisher: Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia. Editor: Plural edito...
Book
Full-text available
Mónica Moraes R. (editora) 2020 Este libro presenta los casos más destacados y representativos de las palmeras y sus categorías de uso, por el entorno de su comercio y aprovechamiento regional. También se incluye a tres especies que se aprovechan solo en Bolivia. Cuando correspon-de, la información que se incluye para presentar enfoques más complet...
Article
Full-text available
Scientists reflect on a year of civil unrest. Writing from Syria, Bolivia, Sudan, Iran, Chile, Ecuador, Lebanon, Venezuela, Hong Kong and Catalonia, correspondents tell of altered priorities, day-to-day challenges and hope in the dark times.
Article
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As Bolivia approaches presidential elections in October 2019, the country’s environmental leadership is at stake. We discuss urgent challenges and opportunities for reconciling conservation and societal needs in this mega-diverse country.
Article
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As Bolivia approaches presidential elections in October 2019, the country’s environmental leadership is at stake. We discuss urgent challenges and opportunities for reconciling conservation and societal needs in this mega-diverse country.
Chapter
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The inventory of Bolivia's vascular plants lists 2402 endemic species (ca. 20% of 12,339 of native flora). Among angiosperms, there are 2263 species from 124 families and 641 genera, whereas among pteridophytes, there are 139 species from 16 families and 29 genera. Seven families with the greatest number of endemic species are Orchidaceae (418), As...
Article
Full-text available
Los Andes tropicales de Bolivia –con formaciones de vegetación de mayor vulnerabilidad a procesos naturales y frente a la actividad humana– contienen plantas vasculares que requieren ser atendidas para su conservación y manejo adecuado. Con el fin de generar referencias a nivel de país, se planteó considerar las especies de plantas con riesgos de c...
Article
Full-text available
The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) was established by the Conference of Parties in 2002 to decrease the loss of plant diversity, reduce poverty and contribute to sustainable development. To achieve this overarching goal, the GSPC has established a series of targets, one of which is to ensure that plant diversity is well understood, s...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Las palmeras son elementos florísticos de mucha importancia en los ecosistemas boscosos de Bolivia por su elevada diversidad y su importancia económica para las comunidades locales. Una de las especies de mayor importancia cultural y económica en el departamento de Santa Cruz es Trithrinax schizophylla (palmera de saó). En el presente estud...
Article
Full-text available
Andean orogenesis has driven the development of very high plant diversity in the Neotropics through its impact on landscape evolution and climate. The analysis of the intraspecific patterns of genetic structure in plants would permit inferring the effects of Andean uplift on the evolution and diversification of Neotropical flora. In this study, usi...
Article
In August 2017, the Bolivian government passed a contentious law downgrading the legal protection of the Isiboro-Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory (TIPNIS, for its Spanish acronym), the ancestral homeland of four lowland indigenous groups and one of Bolivia's most iconic protected areas. Due to its strategic position straddling the Ande...
Article
Full-text available
El aprovechamiento de recursos vegetales por las comunidades rurales se expresa en base de beneficios de subsistencia, agricultura comercial y extracción masiva de productos entre algunos. El bosque tucumano-boliviano conforma la provincia biogeo-gráfica de Yungas en las laderas orientales de los Andes con elevada diversidad de especies bajo un rég...
Chapter
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Bolivia is a country with a wide range of incalculable wealth, reflected in the abundance and diversity of its natural resources, culture and traditions. The sharp contrasts in its territory and people show that this is a part of the world with an enormous amount of diversity. Bolivia is inhabited by populations which, despite this legacy, have und...
Article
Full-text available
La documentación de las especies neotropicales de la familia Arecaceae, basada en los recientes aportes a su taxonomía y su relación con los paisajes naturales, actualiza los patrones espaciales a los cuales se adaptan en su rango de distribución. En este caso se relevan 121 registros de especímenes de las 11 especies del género Attalea de Bolivia...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. Bolivia ha generado en 2012 el primer catálogo de plantas vasculares con un total de 12165 especies nativas frente a un estimado de 20 mil. Esta contribución pretende analizar una lista exhaustiva de las especies de árboles de Bolivia, siguiendo el sistema de clasificación APG IV y secundando el esfuerzo realizado para GlobalTreeSearch a n...
Article
Full-text available
Species expansions into new habitats are often associated with physiological adaptations, for instance when rain forest lineages colonize dry habitats. Although such shifts have been documented for the Brazilian savanna (Cerrado), little is known about the biogeographic origin of species occupying an extreme South American habitat type, the coastal...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bolivia is a country with a wide range of incalculable wealth, reflected in the abundance and diversity of its natural resources, culture and traditions. The sharp contrasts in its territory and people show that this is a part of the world with an enormous amount of diversity. Bolivia is inhabited by populations which, despite this legacy, have und...
Book
Full-text available
Dentro del Plan Operativo Anual (2016) del Programa Ciencias de la Biodiversidad del Instituto Humboldt, Línea de Investigación en Recursos Hidrobiológicos, Pesqueros y Fauna Silvestre, se llevó a cabo el proyecto editorial “Morichales, cananguchales y otros palmares inundables de Suramérica”, el cual representa la segunda parte de una iniciativa p...
Article
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Resumen: La información biológica es fundamental para definir mejores prácticas para manejo y cosecha de los recursos naturales. En el área de influencia de Tumupasa (Prov. Iturralde, Dpto. La Paz, Bolivia) se documentaron 29 especies de palmeras (Arecaceae: 24 nativas y 5 introducidas) con 23 útiles. El objetivo principal fue evaluar la estructura...
Article
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Moraes R., M. & J.-C. Pintaud (2016). Attalea blepharopus Mart. (Arecaceae) from Bolivia revisited since Martius. Candollea 71: 27–32. In English, English abstract. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.15553/c2016v711a6 Populations in Bolivia of an Attalea Kunth species (Arecaceae) with regularly spaced pinnae were historically assigned to Attalea butyracea...
Article
Full-text available
Palms are one of the most important plant families to rural communities, contributing to subsistence and daily livelihoods. Several studies have investigated the usefulness of palms among adult populations. However, data concerning local knowledge of children are rare or lacking. The objective of this study was to document knowledge about palms amo...
Article
Full-text available
Cada grupo humano posee formas propias de interpretación, delimitación y uso de la naturaleza, por lo que genera ideas diferentes sobre su entorno (Klanovicz 2002). Los conocimientos generados por las interacciones entre los individuos y su medio están igualmente moldeados por los sentimientos, las creencias y por el propio comportamiento humano (M...
Article
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A new species of Attalea was described. A. pacensis is distributed in NW Bolivia, W Brazil and SE Peru. It is the unique species in the genus that shows straight and erect leaves.
Article
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Due its both high cultural and biological diversity, in Bolivia the traditional medicine is practiced. Medicinal plants are sold in the cities of La Paz and El Alto, known as "chifleras", were women are in charge and mostly belong to an Aymaran origin. The focus of this study was to document the traditional knowledge and uses of medicinal plants ma...
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of biological diversity requires valid names and taxonomic systems upgraded for correct species identification, scientific documentation and decision making for conservation purposes. In terms of the South American region, the registration of the family Arecaceae has been modified according to new findings, based on morphological com...
Article
Full-text available
Pragmatic methods to assess the status of biodiversity at multiple scales are required to support conservation decision-making. At the intersection of several major biogeographic zones, Bolivia has extraordinary potential to develop a monitoring strategy aligned with the objectives of the Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network...
Book
Full-text available
Richness, ethnobotany and potential production were part of a two-year project carried out in the locality of Tumupasa (Dept. La Paz), NW Bolivia. Ethnobotanical interviews to the Tacana people were applied in order to register useful species. Between 2013-2014 twelve Gentry plots were established in order to analyze population structure of five se...
Article
Full-text available
El Territorio Indigena Parque Nacional Isiboro Secure (TIPNIS) es rico en diversidad, ademas es habitado por pueblos etnicos, entre estos los Yuracare. Se realizo un estudio etnobotanico en cinco comunidades Yuracare. El trabajo consistio en entrevistas semi-estructuradas y coleccion botanica de palmeras nativas, en que se registro informacion sobr...