Monica Monici

Monica Monici
University of Florence | UNIFI · Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Sperimentali e Cliniche

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107
Publications
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Publications

Publications (107)
Article
Full-text available
During space flight, especially when prolonged, exposure to microgravity results in a number of pathophysiological changes such as bone loss, muscle atrophy, cardiovascular and metabolic changes and impaired wound healing, among others. Interestingly, chronic low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance appear to be pivotal events linking many of...
Article
Full-text available
Wound healing is slowed in Space. Microgravity and possible physical factors associated with Space affect alterations in fibroblast, matrix formation, dysregulation in apoptosis and inflammation. The microbial populations settled on skin, space modules, in space suits, are also playing a pivotal role, as wound healing is also affected by the microb...
Article
Full-text available
As human spaceflight continues with extended mission durations, the demand of effective and safe drugs is going to increase. To date, the medications used during missions (for space motion sickness, sleep disturbances, allergies, pain and sinus congestion) are administered under the assumption that they act similarly as on Earth. During spaceflight...
Article
Full-text available
The complexity of microglia phenotypes and their related functions compels the continuous study of microglia in diseases animal models. We demonstrated that oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) induced rapid, time- and space-dependent phenotypic microglia modifications in CA1 stratum pyramidalis (SP) and stratum radiatum (SR) of rat organotypic hippoca...
Article
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The aim of personalized medicine is to detach from a “one-size fits all approach” and improve patient health by individualization to achieve the best outcomes in disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Technological advances in sequencing, improved knowledge of omics, integration with bioinformatics and new in vitro testing formats, have enabl...
Article
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Astronauts on board the International Space Station (ISS) are exposed to the damaging effects of microgravity and cosmic radiation. One of the most critical and sensitive districts of an organism is the eye, particularly the retina, and > 50% of astronauts develop a complex of alterations designated as spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome....
Article
Full-text available
The target of human flight in space has changed from permanence on the International Space Station to missions beyond low earth orbit and the Lunar Gateway for deep space exploration and Missions to Mars. Several conditions affecting space missions had to be considered: for example the effect of weightlessness and radiations on the human body, beha...
Article
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Brain photobiomodulation (PBM) is an innovative treatment for a variety of neurological conditions, including cerebral ischemia. However, the capability of PBM for ischemic stroke needs to be further explored and its mechanisms of action remain currently unclear. The aim of the present research was to identify a treatment protocol capable of induci...
Preprint
Full-text available
As human spaceflight continues with extended mission durations, the demand of effective and safe drugs is going to increase. To date, the medications used during missions (for space motion sickness, sleep disturbances, allergies, pain and sinus congestion) are administered under the assumption that they act similarly as on the Earth. During spacefl...
Preprint
Astronauts on board the International Space Station (ISS) are exposed to the damaging effects of microgravity and cosmic radiation. One of the most critical and sensitive districts of their organism is the eye, and in particular the retina, so that more than half of them develops a complex of alterations designated as Spaceflight Associated Neuro-o...
Article
Full-text available
Microgravity-induced bone loss is currently a significant and unresolved health risk for space travelers, as it raises the likelihood for irreversible changes that weaken skeletal integrity and the incremental onset of fracture injuries and renal stone formation. Another issue related to bone tissue homeostasis in microgravity is its capacity to re...
Article
Full-text available
The fine control of inflammation following injury avoids fibrotic scars or impaired wounds. Due to side effects by anti-inflammatory drugs, the research is continuously active to define alternative therapies. Among them, physical countermeasures such as photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) are considered effective and safe. To study the cellular and m...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Evidence-based and effective treatments for COVID-19 are limited, and a new wave of infections and deaths calls for novel, easily implemented treatment strategies. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) is a well-known adjunctive treatment for pain management, wound healing, lymphedema, and cellulitis. PBMT uses light to start a cascade of pho...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with lung inflammation and cytokine storm. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) is a safe, non-invasive therapy with significant anti-inflammatory effects. Adjunct PBMT has been employed in treating patients with lung conditions. Human studies and experimental models of respiratory disease suggest PBMT...
Article
Full-text available
Exercise modulates metabolism and the gut microbiome. Brief exposure to low mT-range pulsing electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) was previously shown to accentuate in vitro myogenesis and mitochondriogenesis by activating a calcium-mitochondrial axis upstream of PGC-1α transcriptional upregulation, recapitulating a genetic response implicated in exercis...
Article
The Italian Space Agency, within the frame of the mission “Beyond” has promoted the "YiSS—Youth ISS Science" competition, to involve secondary school students in the process of conception and execution of a space experiment. The XENOGRISS experiment was selected by the Italian Space Agency to fly onboard the ISS. The project foresees an active invo...
Article
Full-text available
Wound healing is a very complex process that allows organisms to survive injuries. It is strictly regulated by a number of biochemical and physical factors, mechanical forces included. Studying wound healing in space is interesting for two main reasons: (i) defining tools, procedures, and protocols to manage serious wounds and burns eventually occu...
Article
Full-text available
Neuropathic pain is characterized by an uncertain etiology and by a poor response to common therapies. The ineffectiveness and the frequent side effects of the drugs used to counteract neuropathic pain call for the discovery of new therapeutic strategies. Laser therapy proved to be effective for reducing pain sensitivity thus improving the quality...
Article
This work inserts in the research field regarding the effects of altered gravity conditions on biological plant processes. Pinus pinea seeds germination was studied in simulated microgravity (2x10−3g) and hypergravity (20g) conditions. The effects of simulated gravity were evaluated monitoring the levels of the key enzymes, involved in the main met...
Article
Introduction: Laser therapy is widely used in the management of tendon diseases and injuries, being effective in reducing pain and promoting tissue repair. However, laser transmission properties in the different biological tissues are not completely known. Our aims were: 1) define a method to model and measure the penetration depth (PD), a fundamen...
Article
Full-text available
Cells, tissues and organs of astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS) are exposed to the damaging effects of microgravity and cosmic radiation. Space Agencies are forced to find effective therapeutic countermeasures to safeguard astronauts’ health. Since retina is one of the most vulnerable target, we undertook a project entitled The...
Article
Introduction: Laser therapy is widely used in the management of tendon diseases and injuries, being effective in reducing pain and promoting tissue repair. However, laser transmission properties in the different biological tissues are not completely known. Our aims were: 1) define a method to model and measure the penetration depth (PD), a fundamen...
Article
Gravity influences physical and biological processes, especially during development and homeostasis of several tissues in the human body. Studies under altered gravity have been receiving great attention towards a better understanding of microgravity, hypogravity (<1g) or hypergravity (>1g) induced alterations. In the present work, the influence of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The "Mars-500 project" allowed to evaluate the changes in psychological/physiological adaptation over a prolonged confinement, in order to gather information for future missions. Here, we evaluated the impact of confinement and isolation on body composition, glucose metabolism/insulin resistance and adipokine levels. Methods: The "Mars-...
Article
Full-text available
To prepare the ESA (European Space Agency) spaceflight project “Wound healing and Sutures in Unloading Conditions”, we studied mechanisms of apoptosis in wound healing models based on ex vivo skin tissue cultures, kept for 10 days alive in serum-free DMEM/F12 medium supplemented with bovine serum albumin, hydrocortisone, insulin, ascorbic acid and...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past three decades, physicians have used laser sources for the management of different pain conditions obtaining controversial results that call for further investigations. In order to evaluate the pain relieving possibilities of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT), we tested two near infrared (NIR) laser systems, with different power, again...
Conference Paper
Mechanical loading like gravity is known to play a critical role during development and on the homeostasis of several tissues in the human body, particularly of the musculoskeletal system. In the particular case of tendons, these tissues act as mechanically active bridges by transmitting forces generated by muscles to bones. Thus, tendons are subje...
Article
Objectives: To compare three treatment modalities for the management of myofascial pain of jaw muscles. Methods: Thirty (N = 30) patients with low pain-related impairment were randomly assigned to receive laser therapy (LST), oral appliance therapy (OA), or counseling (CSL). Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain levels and the Muscular Index (MI) of the C...
Article
Full-text available
Wound healing is crucial for the survival of an organism. Therefore, in the perspective of space exploration missions, it is important to understand if and how microgravity conditions affect the behavior of the cell populations involved in wound healing and the evolution of the process. Since fibroblasts are the major players in tissue repair, this...
Conference Paper
Besides biochemical signals and topography, mechanical forces play a role in native tendon niche, as well as in tissue repair. Indeed, during body movements, muscles transmit generated forces to tendons and, thus, different tendons are subjected to distinct mechanical loads and, even on the same tendon, different activities can induce different lev...
Article
Full-text available
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) applied in magnetotherapy have frequency lower than 100 Hz and magnetic field intensity ranging from 0.1 to 20 mT. For many years, the use of magnetotherapy in clinics has been increasing because of its beneficial effects in many processes, e.g., skin diseases, inflammation and bone disorder...
Article
Full-text available
Candida spp. usually colonize ulcerative lesions of atrophic mucosa in patients with chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis inducing severe inflammation. The spread of antifungal-resistant strains strongly encouraged the search of complementary or alternative therapeutic strategies to cure inflamed mucosa. In this paper, we studied the effects of a ne...
Article
Hyponatremia represents an independent risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures, affecting both bone density and quality. A direct stimulation of bone resorption in the presence of reduced extracellular sodium concentrations ([Na+]) has been shown, but the effects of low [Na+] on osteoblasts have not been elucidated. We investigated the effects o...
Article
Full-text available
Altered gravity is a strong physical cue able to elicit different cellular responses, representing a largely uninvestigated opportunity for tissue engineering/regenerative medicine applications. Our recent studies have shown that both proliferation and differentiation of C2C12 skeletal muscle cells can be enhanced by hypergravity treatment; given t...
Data
Full-text available
Figure S1. reports additional fluorescence microscopy images (ß3-tubulin immunostaining) taken at low magnification to show PC12 cell neurite outgrowth and extension after hypergravity treatments. Figure S2. depicts the distributions of neurite lengths measured on different samples exposed to hypergravity. Figure S3. shows additional low magnificat...
Article
Full-text available
The endothelial cells (ECs), which line the inner surface of vessels, play a fundamental role in maintaining vascular integrity and tissue homeostasis, since they regulate local blood flow and other physiological processes. ECs are highly sensitive to mechanical stress, including hypergravity and microgravity. Indeed, they undergo morphological and...
Article
Full-text available
Microgravity-induced muscle atrophy is a problem of utmost importance for the impact it may have on the health and performance of astronauts. Therefore, appropriate countermeasures are needed to prevent disuse atrophy and favour muscle recovery. Muscle atrophy is characterized by loss of muscle mass and strength, and a shift in substrate utilizatio...
Article
Full-text available
Laser therapy is used in physical medicine and rehabilitation to accelerate muscle recovery and in sports medicine to prevent damages produced by metabolic disturbances and inflammatory reactions after heavy exercise. The aim of this research was to get insight into possible benefits deriving from the application of an advanced IR laser system to c...
Article
Full-text available
Lunar dust properties are partly unknown and even less known are the effects on human health. Based on reports of the Apollo astronauts and studies performed so far, it is expected that lunar dust could cause skin, ocular and respiratory diseases. Since lunar dust is very pervasive, it could easily contaminate any injuries, abrasions, burns and alt...
Patent
The light capsule object of the present invention is an ingestible device designed to illuminate the gastric cavity of the stomach for therapeutic purposes directed against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria. It comprises: a casing transparent to visible light, in turn containing punctiform light sources, preferably constituted by LEDs, posit...
Article
This study aimed at the investigation of behavior of myoblasts in conditions of altered gravity. C2C12 cells underwent stimulations by different hypergravity intensities (2 h at 5 g, 10 g, and 20 g) in the Large Diameter Centrifuge of the European Space Agency (ESA), highlighting positive effects on both proliferation and differentiation.
Article
Lymphadenectomy and extended lymphadenectomy are still controversial issues in surgical oncology. The detection methods for metastatic lymph nodes include lymphoscintigraphy and radiolabelled antibody, but immunohistochemical sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification is commonly used. The potential diagnostic use of cell and tissue autofluorescence...
Article
Lymphadenectomy and extended lymphadenectomy are still controversial issues in surgical oncology. The detection methods for metastatic lymph nodes include lymphoscintigraphy and radiolabelled antibody, but immunohistochemical sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification is commonly used. The potential diagnostic use of cell and tissue autofluorescence...
Article
The number of astronauts involved in long-lasting missions and extra-vehicular activities is going to increase in the future. Consequently, the chance of injury due to traumatic events or unexpected emergency surgery will also increase and medical evacuation times to earth will be prolonged. Hence, the need to address requirements for surgery and t...
Article
We demonstrate a versatile concept for the quasi simultaneous and quantitative measurement of light extinction and scattering cross section spectra of nanoparticles in a darkfield microscope. We validate this method by the analysis of an aqueous suspension of gold nanorods and comparison with both numerical simulations and standard spectrophotometr...
Article
To perform colorimetric characterization of 2 blue light-filtering intraocular lens (IOL) models and an IOL that filters ultraviolet-violet (UV-v) light and compare the charactizations with those of a standard UV light-filtering IOL and the human crystalline lens at various ages. Department of Clinical Physiopathology, University of Florence, and N...
Article
Full-text available
CD133 is a hallmark of primitive myeloid progenitors. We have addressed whether human cord blood cells selected for CD133 can generate dendritic cells, and Langerhans cells in particular, in conditions that promote that generation from CD34(+) progenitors. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and anti-TGF-β1 antibody, respectively, were added in...
Article
This study aimed at the investigation of muscle-like cell behaviour in conditions of altered gravity. C2C12 cells underwent stimulations by different hypergravity intensities (5, 10, 20 g) in the Large Diameter Centrifuge of the European Space Agency (ESA), and their features in terms of proliferation and differentiation were compared to control cu...
Article
Full-text available
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an insulinotropic peptide with neurotrophic properties, as assessed in animal cell models. Exendin-4, a GLP-1 analogue, has been recently approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to morphologically, structurally, and functionally characterize the differentiating actions of...
Article
Full-text available
Lymphadenectomy and extended lymphadenectomy are still controversial issues in surgical oncology. The detection methods for metastatic lymph nodes include lymphoscintigraphy and radiolabelled antibody, but immunohistochemical sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification is commonly used. The potential diagnostic use of cell and tissue autofluorescence...
Article
Purpose To perform the colorimetric characterization of two different blue light filtered IOLs (Intra Ocular Lenses, from Alcon, USA and Hoya Corporation, Japan) and one UV-violet filtered IOL (Bausch & Lomb, USA) comparing them with standard UV filtered IOL (Alcon) and human crystalline lenses at various ages.Methods Three IOLs of each model with...
Article
It is well known that endothelial cells (ECs), which play a major role in cardiovascular system functioning, are very sensitive to mechanical stimuli. It has been demonstrated that changes in inertial conditions (i.e. microgravity and hypergravity) can affect both phenotypic and genotypic expression in ECs. In this report we describe the effects of...
Article
In the body, connective tissues have a major function in sustaining mechanical stresses. On the other hand, mechanical forces are important factors for connective tissue homeostasis. Connective tissues dynamically interact with mechanical and gravitational stimuli, changing their mechanical properties through the continuous modification of their co...