Monica Margarit

Monica Margarit
Valahia University of Târgoviste · History

Ph.D.

About

133
Publications
34,969
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447
Citations
Citations since 2016
82 Research Items
356 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060
Additional affiliations
September 2000 - present
Valahia University of Târgoviste
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (133)
Book
Full-text available
This volume focuses on the role and means of archaeological experimentation in understanding the processes involved in the design, manufacture and use of past artefacts. We set out looking for contributions that would test existing theoretical hypotheses but also others that bring forth innovative approaches. When asking for contributions, we sugge...
Article
At Gumelniţa settlements north of the Danube (second half of the 5th millennium BC and beginning of the 4th millennium BC), barbed points are artefacts constantly present in the archaeological assemblages. They are mainly made on red deer antlers, selected based on their width, particularly adapted to the production of barbed points. Their manufact...
Article
Full-text available
Testudines are widespread reptiles in Eurasia, especially in steppe-climate areas. The presence of shell remains and other anatomical elements in household waste deposits at various prehistoric sites suggests that the tortoise may have been a source of food. It is also possible that, taking advantage of the natural shape of the carapaces, prehistor...
Book
Full-text available
Scopul prezentei lucrări este de a rediscuta ansamblul arheologic din materii dure animale provenit din cercetările arheologice efectuate de S. Marinescu-Bîlcu și Al. Bolomey între anii 1970-1974 și 1979-1985, în așezarea de la Drăgușeni-Ostrov, aparținând culturii Cucuteni. Ansamblul analizat cuprinde doar piesele păstrate în colecția Institutului...
Chapter
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The 2001-2004 archaeological excavations at Chitila-Fermă (Bucharest, Romania) uncovered features and archaeological materials attributed to 4th century BC-1st century AD and the 2nd-5th centuries AD. To the 2nd-5th centuries AD were assigned a few osseous items interpreted by V. Boroneanţ as bearing the remains of an ancient form of writing. This...
Article
Full-text available
The exploitation of animal resources in an economic system, to process artifacts, has the same sequence of phases: acquisition; transformation; use; and abandonment. This operation involves the implementation of a sequence of actions, first to extract the raw material and then to the manufacture of products obtained from it, and finally their use....
Article
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The goal of the present paper is to re-discuss the wild boar canine assemblage from the Cucuteni site at Drăgușeni-Ostrov. The archaeological research was carried out by S. Marinescu-Bîlcu and Al. Bolomey between 1970-1974 and 1979-1985. The assemblage is currently curated at the ‘Vasile Pârvan’ Institute of Archaeology, the Romanian Academy. The m...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper was studied eight bivalve shells (with pigments traces) were collected from Cheia archaeological site (Eneolitihic site, dated between the end of the 6th millennium and the beginning of the 5th millennium cal BC, Romania), in order to establish correlations related to morphology, composition, longevity and belonging to the archaeologi...
Article
Full-text available
Valves of the Unio sp. processed to be made into personal adornments are discovered from several settlements of Gumelnița culture (the second half of the 5th millennium B.C.). These assemblages includes pieces in different phases of transformation, from irregular splinters, to finished pieces in the shape of circular beads used as personal adornmen...
Chapter
Full-text available
Figurinele lucrate din os reprezintă o creație originală a culturii Gumelnița-Karanovo VI-Kodjadermen. Există mai multe tipuri de astfel de figurine, cele mai răspândite fiind cele plate. Alături de acestea, o categorie de piese specială este reprezentată de figurinele prismatice. Acestea sunt lucrate de obicei din metopodii de porc (domestic sau s...
Article
Full-text available
The 2001– 2004 archaeological excavations at Chitila-Fermă (Bucharest, Romania) uncovered features and archaeological materials attributed to 4th century BC– 1st century AD and the 2nd– 5th centuries AD. To the 2nd– 5th centuries AD were assigned a few osseous items interpreted by V. Boroneanț as bearing the remains of an ancient form of writing. T...
Article
The Vârghiș Gorges karst system (Perșani Mountains, Eastern Carpathians) constituted a point of interest for speleologists, paleontologists and archaeologists since the second half of the 19th century. Their efforts succeeded in highlighting the notable archaeological potential of the area, although the actual research results were not always thoro...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on osseous objects specific to the Hamangia culture (5th millennium cal BC) have paid more attention to exotic raw materials, such as the Spondylus valve or the Antalis shell, to the detriment of local raw materials such as bone. However, the latter can also provide us with important technological and cultural information about prehistoric...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the technological exploitation and transformation of wild boar teeth into tools during the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic north of the Lower Danube. Four main variables were taken into consideration: raw material procurement, blank production, object manufacture, and equipment maintenance. Tool finds from various prehistoric si...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is focused on the various kinds of personal adornments that were used during the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic in the Iron Gates region (southwest Romania). We review how the adornments were used, based on an analysis of their morphology and use-wear, and attempt to identify the sequence of actions involved in their manufacture. We docu...
Article
Full-text available
Raw materials from aquatic environments were systematically used for domestic activities even before the appearance of modern humans. Here, the authors analyse the possible use of freshwater mussel valves of the Unio species, whose surfaces preserve marks resulting from their use. They consider the ways in which wear develops on these valves, start...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the most significant tell settlement north of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI cultural complex that occupied the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. During 2018...
Article
Full-text available
Le site énéolithique d´Atmageaua Tătărască a livré 63 pièces en matières dures animales. Il s’agit essentiellement de pièces finies, de facture exceptionnelle (il existe également certains autres produits et sous-produits du schéma technique de transformation) confectionnées sur os, bois de cervidé, dent de Sus scrofa et valve d’Unio et Cardium. Ce...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we examine in detail the prehistoric personal adornments from Cuina Turcului rockshelter (Mehedinți County, Romania). Early Mesolithic ("Epipalaeolithic") and Early Neolithic assemblages are compared from the perspectives of context, typology and use-wear. Ornaments from the "Epipalaeolithic" horizons include shells of freshwater gast...
Article
Full-text available
The territory situated to the north of the Lower Danube represents the ideal space for observing the interaction between local communities, local environment and newcomers who arrived here at the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC. Thousands of burial mounds and relatively few flat graves present an array of common or exceptional inventories, indic...
Book
Full-text available
The International Colloquium: “Beauty and the eye of the beholder: personal adornments across the millennia” took place at Valahia University, Târgoviște, Romania, between 12 and 14 September 2019. Bearing in mind the complexity of the subject, the participants were invited to discuss a variety of topics, expressing the views of various “beholders”...
Chapter
Full-text available
The present article discusses in detail nine Early Neolithic adornments and clothing ornaments discovered during the rescue archaeological surveys conducted at Tărtăria-Pietroșița, Romania. With the exception of a bead made from a ceramic vessel fragment, all items were manufactured from osseous materials such as bone and shell, and the microscopic...
Chapter
Full-text available
The manner in which marine valves have been circulated and processed in various forms during the Neolithic and the Eneolithic throughout the European continent is a pretext for numerous discussions among specialists. Efforts have been made to identify their original areas, the circulation routes and forms (raw material vs. finished item) used by so...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Eneolithic necropolis from Urziceni-Vamă is located in the free zone of the Romanian-Hungarian border at Urziceni – Vállaj, on a small terrace in the marshy valley of the Negru Brook. The necropolis is dated between 4300-4000 cal BC. Inhumation is the norm in burials, with individuals placed in crouched position on the left or the right side, o...
Article
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The necropolis of Sultana-Valea Orbului (Călărași County) has been investigated by Done Șerbănescu (starting with 1974). Over 250 inhumation graves which were attributed to the Boian culture have been discovered. For this study, we analyzed the archaeological assemblage preserved in the Museum of Gumelnița Civilization from Oltenița (Călărași Count...
Article
Full-text available
The faunal materials preserved from the Eneolithic tell-settlement of Căscioarele Ostrovel were an important source of information that contributed to the characterization of the animal paleo-economy of this site, as well as of the animal bone industry. In this presentation we analyse from a techno-functional point of view a series of dog mandibles...
Article
Full-text available
The archaeological excavations at „Cuina Turcului” Rockshelter (1964-1969) were triggered by the hydroenergetic project Iron Gates I. The present paper focuses on the functional analysis („tools”) of the osseous assemblage curated at the „Vasile Pârvan” Institute of Archaeology, attributed to the Early Neolithic (Starčevo-Criș) and the Early Bronze...
Article
Full-text available
The tell‐settlement of Pietrele is a landmark for the understanding of the Gumelnița communities north of the Danube. Archaeological research began in 1943 under the direction of D. Berciu who subsequently published a synthesis report of the main finds but it was just a quantitative enumeration of items without a description of the technological an...
Article
Full-text available
The Necropolis of Chirnogi – Suvita Iorgulescu (Calarasi county) was located on the high terrace of the Danube and was investigated by Done Serbanescu (in 1989) by means of the archaeological excavations carried out for the construction of the Danube-Bucharest Channel. For this study, we analysed the archaeological assemblage preserved in the Museu...
Article
Full-text available
Red deer canine ornaments have been known since the Upper Paleolithic as symbolic markers of the status of the possessor. A recent discovery made at the Iron Age cremation necropolis of Valea Stânii (Romania) probably provides the latest prehistoric occurence of this type of personal ornament. This find was part of the grave goods in the burial in...
Book
Full-text available
After a short introduction dedicated to the possible significations of the prehistoric personal adornments, the following sections were structured chronologically: the first part refers to the hunter-gatherer communities (the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic) north of the Danube, followed by the second chapter focused on the farmer-breeder communities i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Personal ornaments (beads, pendants, rings and bracelets) made from various raw materials (shell, bone, tooth, stone, ceramic) have been recovered from a relatively small number of Early Neolithic sites in Southeast Europe. This paper reviews the evidence of the beads from Early Neolithic Romania and the neighbouring areas, with one specific bead t...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to analyze the funeral inventory (especially artifacts made of hard animal materials) deriving from the grave 79 of the Eneolithic necropolis of Urziceni (Vamă). A 40–50-year-old man was buried in this grave placed in a crouched position. Eight artifacts made of three types of hard animal materials were deposited next t...
Chapter
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In the Bronze Age settlement of Odaia Turcului (Dâmbovița County) four levels of habitation have been identified, of which three are attributed to the Glina culture and one to the Odaia Turcului cultural group. In this study are presented the archaeological materials discovered in the four archaeological levels and and which sums up 21 artifacts (1...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
History of personal adornments overlaps the history of Homo sapiens, with first adornments produced and wore by the most ancient modern humans in Africa and elsewhere. Such artefacts are an inexhaustible source of reflection as they carry the means of uncovering the symbolic and religious behaviors of prehistoric groups; they may reflect certain so...
Article
Full-text available
Excavations between 1973 and 1984 at an open-air site on the island of Ostrovul Corbului (Botul Cliuci) in the downstream area of the Iron Gates of the Danube revealed abundant remains of Mesolithic occupation. The investigations brought to light habitation structures (pit houses), hearths and burials, as well as rich lithic and osseous assemblages...
Article
Excavations between 1973 and 1984 at an open-air site on the island of Ostrovul Corbului (Botul Cliuci) in the downstream area of the Iron Gates of the Danube revealed abundant remains of Mesolithic occupation. The investigations brought to light habitation structures (pithouses), hearths and burials, as well as rich lithic and osseous assemblages...
Chapter
Full-text available
Schela Cladovei is one of the most important Mesolithic–Neolithic sites in Southeast Europe. The range of archaeological materials recovered from this site in over five decades of archaeological investigation is considerable, yet very few details have been published. In this paper we review the osseous assemblage from the first three seasons of exc...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we want to make known an unfinished piece of Cervus elaphus antler from the Porț „Corău” neolithic settlement. We can assume that it was intended to get a sickle handle or a bevelled tool. Even if it is a single artifact, it provides us with valuable information about the technological options of the community. For surface processing...
Article
Full-text available
Personal ornaments, especially those made from the shells of marine mollusks and animal teeth, have been recovered from many Mesolithic sites across Europe. This paper reviews the evidence of personal ornaments from the Meso¬lithic of the Iron Gates, where such finds were identified in five sites on the Romanian bank: the cave and rock shelter site...
Article
Full-text available
Tell-settlement of Vidra was located on the left bank of the Sabar stream and it was discovered by D.V. Rosetti in 1929 with the occasion of a fieldwork investigation. It was intermittently excavated between 1931-1958. The settlement had several levels of habitation belonging to the Boian and Gumelnița cultures. In this paper are presented the figu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the identification of changes in the processing of osseous materials in the southeast European Neolithic, beginning with three types of production by manufacture wear technique typical for the region: bipartition by abrasion, segmentation with fibre and perforation by wear technique. The processing of osseous materials is stro...
Article
Full-text available
Prehistoric personal adornments have benefited from detailed studies because they are an inexhaustible source of reflection. From these objects can be identified the symbolic and religious behaviour of prehistoric groups; they may also reflect the socio-economic aspects of these communities and may even serve as markers of cultural boundaries and e...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the present paper is to make known an extremely interesting archaeological assemblage of the Vădastra culture, discovered during archaeological research carried out at Măgura ‘Buduiasca’ settlement. The methodology used aimed to identify the operational schemes used for the manufacture of different typological categories, and to find in...
Article
Full-text available
The Mesolithic settlements in the Iron Gates have yielded rich assemblages of antler, bone and Sus scrofa canines, exemplified here by the site of Alibeg (Romania). These raw materials represent for the Iron Gates region, a hallmark of local Mesolithic. The typological categories identified are bevelled tools, scrapers, preforms and blanks. Débitag...
Article
Until recently, the cave-based Middle Palaeolithic in Romania offered almost exclusively archaeological collections without chronological control, the limited number of radiocarbon samples reported usually lacking a precise archaeological context. In an effort to improve such limitations, we initiated an interdisciplinary research of the archaeolog...
Chapter
Full-text available
The ornaments made by Spondylus shells play a significant role in evolution and development of human communities from the 5th millennium BC in the Balkans. This paper focuses on the Spondylus ornaments discovered in Southeastern Romania dated to the Eneolithic (c. 5000-3900 cal. BC). These items enabled identification of the same technological elem...
Article
Full-text available
The ornaments played a significant role in the life of human communities during the Holocene. This paper explores various aspects (with reference to malacology, technology, function, use-wear, art and symbolism) of the perforated shells made of Lithoglyphus naticoides across Europe during prehistory, with a particular focus on the site of Sultana-M...
Article
e Mesolithic site at Ostrovul Banului was investigated by Vasile Boroneant in 1966, prior to the building of the Iron Gates I hydroelectric dam. 227 items made of hard animal materials (in various stages of manufacturing) were the subject of the present research. Four categories of raw materials were identi ed: deer antler, long bone diaphyses, tee...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the biggest tell settlement North of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI civilization that occupied in the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. In 2017, a complex in...
Article
Full-text available
Eyed needles have been traditionally linked to sewing/embroidering actions, clearly associated with means of processing/decorating clothes or adornment clasping. For a long time, the appearance of these tools was placed in Central and Western Europe, in Magdalenian times. Recent discoveries have pushed back this moment with ca. 50 ka. On the Romani...
Article
Full-text available
Located in southwestern Romania in the Iron Gates Gorges, the Mesolithic site at Icoana was submerged during construction of the Iron Gates I dam and hydro-power station. Vasile Boroneanț briefly investigated the site from 1967 until it was completely flooded, in 1969. Based on recent AMS 14C dates, Icoana was occupied during the Middle Mesolithic...
Article
Full-text available
Măgura 'Buduiasca' (‘Boldul lui Moș Ivănuș’) settlement has an important place among the Prehistoric settlements from the Balkans. It is characterised by continuous habitation from the Early Neolithic through to the Early Chalcolithic allowing an understanding of the development of utilitarian objects and personal adornments in respect of the raw m...