Monica A Kehoe

Monica A Kehoe
Department of Agriculture and Food

PhD

About

129
Publications
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Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Full-text available
Five Australian potyviruses, passion fruit woodiness virus (PWV), passiflora mosaic virus (PaMV), passiflora virus Y, clitoria chlorosis virus (ClCV) and hardenbergia mosaic virus (HarMV), and two introduced potyviruses, bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) and cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CAbMV), were detected in nine wild or cultivated Passiflora...
Article
Full-text available
Next generation sequencing is quickly emerging as the go-to tool for plant virologists when sequencing whole virus genomes, and undertaking plant metagenomic studies for new virus discoveries. This study aims to compare the genomic and biological properties of Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) (genus Potyvirus), isolates from Lupinus angustifolius pl...
Article
Full-text available
Cassava is a major staple food for about 800 million people in the tropics and sub-tropical regions of the world. Production of cassava is significantly hampered by cassava brown streak disease (CBSD), caused by Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV). The disease is suppressing cassava yields in eastern Afr...
Article
Full-text available
Disease outbreaks caused by turnip yellows virus (TuYV), a member of the genus Polerovirus, family Luteoviridae, regularly occur in canola and pulse crops throughout Australia. To understand the genetic diversity of TuYV for resistance breeding and management, genome sequences of 28 TuYV isolates from different hosts and locations were determined u...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the natural and experimental host range and aphid and graft transmission of the tentative polerovirus phasey bean mild yellows virus (PBMYV). Eleven complete coding sequences from PBMYV isolates were determined from a range of hosts and locations. We found two genetically distinct variants of PBMYV. PBMYV-1 was the originally de...
Article
Full-text available
In 2014, cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) was detected for the first time in Australia infecting watermelon crops in the Northern Territory (NT). In July 2016, a leaf sample was collected from a cucumber plant with leaf mottle and distortion symptoms growing in a commercial plastic tunnel house at Geraldton, Western Australia (WA). Testin...
Article
We report the discovery of the invasive aphid Aphis lugentis for the first time in Australia. This aphid specialises on Compositae, particularly on Senecio species. Aphids were tended by several ant species at a site on Kangaroo Island, South Australia, which is unlikely to be the location of the original introduction. We recommend the investigatio...
Article
Forty-seven potato virus A (PVA) isolates from Europe, Australia, and South America’s Andean region were subjected to high-throughput sequencing, and 46 complete genomes from Europe (n = 9), Australia (n = 2), and the Andes (n = 35) obtained. These and 17 other genomes gave alignments of 63 open reading frames 9,180 nucleotides long; 9 were recombi...
Article
Grapevine rupestris vein feathering virus (GRVFV; tentative genus Marafivirus; family Tymoviridae ) was first detected from a Greek grapevine (Vitis vinifera), with asteroid mosaic-like symptoms (El Beaino et al. 2001; Ghanem-Sabanadzovic et al. 2003) and was also infected with grapevine fleck virus. GRVFV has been detected in the United States, So...
Article
Full-text available
Cassava is a staple food crop in sub-Saharan Africa; it is a rich source of carbohydrates and proteins which currently supports livelihoods of more than 800 million people worldwide. However, its continued production is at stake due to vector-transmitted diseases such as Cassava mosaic disease and Cassava brown streak disease. Currently, the manage...
Article
The Ord River Irrigation Area (ORIA) produces annual crops during the dry season (April to October), and perennial crops all-year-round, and is located in tropical northwestern Australia. Sandalwood plantations cover 50% of the ORIA’s cropping area. Aphids cause major crop losses through transmission of viruses causing debilitating diseases and dir...
Article
In the remote Ord River Irrigation Area (ORIA) in tropical northwest Australia, severe Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) epidemics threaten dry season (April-October) cucurbit crops. In 2016-2017, wet season (November-March) sampling studies found a low incidence ZYMV infection in wild Cucumis melo and Citrullus lanatus var. citroides plants, and...
Article
Full-text available
A conspicuous leaf scorch of wheat associated with Didymellaceae family was observed on commercial wheat varieties in Western Australia during recent years. Two fungal species isolated from leaf lesions were identified based on morphological characteristics and DNA sequencing. Neoascochyta europaea was isolated from symptomatic leaf lesions on the...
Article
Full-text available
In this case study we successfully teamed the PDQeX DNA purification technology developed by MicroGEM, New Zealand, with the MinION and MinIT mobile sequencing devices developed by Oxford Nanopore Technologies to produce an effective point-of-need field diagnostic system. The PDQeX extracts DNA using a cocktail of thermophilic proteinases and cell...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this case study we successfully teamed the PDQeX DNA purification technology developed by MicroGEM, New Zealand, with the MinION and MinIT mobile sequencing devices developed by Oxford Nanopore Technologies to produce an effective point-of-need field diagnostic system. The PDQeX extracts DNA using a cocktail of thermophilic proteinases and cell...
Article
Full-text available
Restricting Turnip yellows virus (TuYV) spread in canola (Brassica napus) crops often relies upon the application of systemic insecticides to protect young vulnerable plants from wide-scale green-peach aphid (GPA; Myzus persicae) colonization and subsequent virus infection. For these to be applied at the optimal time to ensure they prevent epidemic...
Article
In Western Australia (WA) viruses belonging to the Luteoviridae have been identified infecting crops, including Barley yellow dwarf virus, Cereal yellow dwarf virus, Phasey bean mild yellows virus, Potato leaf roll virus, and Turnip yellows virus (TuYV). It is thought there are other viruses of the Luteoviridae in WA, however efforts to determine t...
Article
Full-text available
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the primary source of protein and nutrients in the majority of households in sub-Saharan Africa. However, pests and viral diseases are key drivers in the reduction of bean production. To date, the majority of viruses reported in beans have been RNA viruses. In this study, we carried out a viral metagenomic ana...
Conference Paper
• In 2018, severe Turnip yellows virus (TuYV) epidemics in pre-flowering canola crops were caused by early green-peach aphid (GPA) incursions and infestation. Such epidemics are likely to become more frequent due to earlier sowing times, high susceptibility of current commercial varieties, and variable efficacy of neonicotinoid seed dressing. • Fo...
Article
Full-text available
Plant viral diseases are one of the major limitations in legume production within sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), as they account for up to 100% in production losses within smallholder farms. In this study, field surveys were conducted in the western highlands of Kenya with viral symptomatic leaf samples collected. Subsequently, next-generation sequencin...
Article
Full-text available
Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) caused by Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Uganda cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV) is a major constraint to cassava production in Mozambique. Full genome sequences of CBSD‐associated virus isolates contribute to the understanding of genetic diversity and the development of new diagnostic primers that can b...
Article
Widespread Turnip yellows virus (TuYV) infection causes severe seed yield and quality losses in rapeseed (Brassica napus) crops grown in broadacre agricultural systems worldwide. Current TuYV detection protocols are expensive and time consuming, and can have poor specificity and sensitivity. Typically, they are used as a diagnostic tool to test alr...
Article
Full-text available
Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) caused by Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV) is the main constraint to cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) production in Mozambique. Using RT-PCR to amplify partial coat protein nucleotide sequences, we detected for the first time the occurrence of CBSV in two non-cass...
Article
Full-text available
Viral symptomatic groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) leaf samples were collected in the heterogeneous agro-ecosystem of the western highlands of Kenya. High throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was carried out on total plant RNA using the Illumina HiSeq platform. Subsequently, de novo assembly and sequence similarity searches identified the complete ge...
Article
Full-text available
Sweet potato is a major food security crop within sub-Saharan Africa where 90% of Africa production occurs. One of the major limitations of sweet potato production are viral infections. In this study, we used a combination of whole genome sequences from a field isolate obtained from Kenya and those available in GenBank. Sequences of four sweet pota...
Article
Full-text available
Crop losses due to viral diseases and pests are major constraints on food security and income for millions of households in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Such losses can be reduced if plant diseases and pests are correctly diagnosed and identified early. Currently, accurate diagnosis for definitive identification of plant viruses and their vectors in S...
Preprint
Full-text available
The United Nations has listed Zero Hunger as one of the 17 global sustainable development goals to end extreme poverty by 2030. Plant viruses are a major constraint to crop production globally causing an estimated $30 billion in damage leaving millions of people food insecure. In Africa, agriculture employs up to 50% of the workforce, yet only cont...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sweet potato is a major food security crop within sub-Saharan Africa where 90 % of Africa’s sweet potato production occurs. One of the major limitations of sweet potato production are viral infections. In this study, we used a combination of whole genome sequences from a field isolate from Kenya and those available in GenBank. Sequences of four swe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sweet potato is a major food security crop within sub-Saharan Africa where 90 % of Africa’s sweet potato production occurs. One of the major limitations of sweet potato production are viral infections. In this study, we used a combination of whole genome sequences from a field isolate from Kenya and those available in GenBank. Sequences of four swe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background:Endornavirus es are non-pathogenic viruses infecting multiple agricultural important crops including legumes, with global distribution. However, there is an absence on the complete genome of endornaviruses from legumes in particular with the sub-Saharan region. In this study, we report the first complete genomes of PvEV1 and PvEV2, and t...
Preprint
Background:Endornavirus es are non-pathogenic viruses infecting multiple agricultural important crops including legumes, with global distribution. However, there is an absence on the complete genome of endornaviruses from legumes in particular with the sub-Saharan region. In this study, we report the first complete genomes of PvEV1 and PvEV2, and t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Bemisia tabaci species (B. tabaci), or whiteflies, are the world's most devastating insect pests. They cause billions of dollars (US) of damage each year, and are leaving farmers in the developing world food insecure. Currently, all publically available transcriptome data forB. tabaciare generated from pooled samples, which can lead to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plant viral diseases are one of the major limitations in legume production within sub Saharan Africa (SSA), as they account for up to 100 % in production losses within smallholder farms. In this study, field surveys were conducted in the western highlands of Kenya with viral symptomatic leaf samples collected. Subsequently, next-generation sequenci...
Article
Full-text available
Cassava is the main staple food for over 800 million people globally. Its production in eastern Africa is being constrained by two devastating Ipomoviruses that cause cassava brown streak disease (CBSD); Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV), with up to 100% yield loss for smallholder farmers in the region...
Data
111 cassava brown streak virus sequences downloaded from GenBank all with the highly conserved DAG motif in the coat protein. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Biological characteristics of 11 Potato virus S (PVS) isolates from three cultivated potato species (Solanum spp.) growing in five Andean countries and 1 from Scotland differed in virulence depending on isolate and host species. Nine isolates infected Chenopodium quinoa systemically but two others and the Scottish isolate remained restricted to ino...
Article
Full-text available
Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood, 1856) (Greenhouse whitefly) is an agricultural pest of global importance. It is associated with damage to plants during feeding and subsequent virus transmission. Yet, global phylogenetic relationships, population structure, and estimation of the rates of gene flow within this whitefly species remain largely une...
Article
Full-text available
We present here the first complete genome sequence of the tobamovirus Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) from Australia, obtained from an infected cucumber plant. Compared with other CGMMV genomes, its closest nucleotide identities were 99.6% to KP772568, 99.3% to KF155229, and 99.1% to DQ767631 from Canada, Israel, and India, respectively.
Article
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) isolates from cucurbit crops growing in northern Australia and East Timor were investigated to establish possible genetic connectivity between crop viruses in Australia and Southeast Asia. Leaves from symptomatic plants of pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata and C. maxima), melon (Cucumis melo), and zucchini (C. pepo) we...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Bemisia tabaci species (whiteflies) are the world’s most devastating insect pests within crops in the tropics. They cause billions of dollars (US) of damage each year and are leaving farmers in the developing world food insecure. Understanding the genetic and transcriptomic composition of these insect pests, the viruses they transmit and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Genetic diversity within Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood, 1856) remains largely unexplored, particularly within regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. In this study, T. vaporariorum samples were obtained from three locations in Kenya: Katumani, Kiambu and Kajiado counties. DNA extraction, PCR and Sanger sequencing were carried out on ~750 bp fragment o...
Article
Full-text available
Current approaches used to name within-species, plant virus phylogenetic groups are often misleading and illogical. They involve names based on biological properties, sequence differences and geographical, country or place-association designations, or any combination of these. This type of nomenclature is becoming increasingly unsustainable as numb...
Article
Full-text available
We present here the complete genome sequences of a novel polerovirus from Trifolium subterraneum (subterranean clover) and Cicer arietinum (chickpea) and compare these to a partial viral genome sequence obtained from Macroptilium lathyroides (phasey bean). We propose the name phasey bean mild yellows virus for this novel polerovirus.
Article
Full-text available
Cassava brown streak disease is caused by two devastating viruses, Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV) which are frequently found infecting cassava, one of sub-Saharan Africa's most important staple food crops. Each year these viruses cause losses of up to $100 million USD and can leave entire families w...
Article
Full-text available
Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) causes crop losses worldwide. Seven Australian TuMV isolates originally obtained from five different species in two plant families were inoculated to 14 plant species belonging to four families to compare their host reactions. They differed considerably in virulence in Brassicaceae crop species and virus indicator hosts b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Accurate identification of viruses is critical for resistance breeding and for development of management strategies. To this end, we are developing PCR diagnostics for the luteoviruses / poleroviruses that commonly affect chickpea and pulse crops in Australia. This is helping to overcome the shortfalls in virus identifications that often result fro...
Article
Full-text available
Biological and whole genome properties were compared between eight historical European (1943-1984) and five Australian (2003-2012) Potato virus Y (PVY) isolates. Based on eliciting hypersensitivity genes Nc, Ny or Nz, the former belonged to biological strain groups PVYC (CT, CRM1), PVYO (CRN, KE, RS) or PVYZ (CM2, CRM2, DS). The latter were inocula...
Article
Cassava brown streak disease is caused by two devastating viruses, Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV) which are frequently found infecting cassava, one of sub-Saharan Africa’s most important staple food crops. Each year these viruses cause losses of up to $100 million USD and can leave entire families w...
Article
Full-text available
Pratylenchus quasitereoides n. sp. is described from Western Australia. It is characterized by 2 external incisures in the head cuticle, 4 lateral incisures at mid body, stylet length 17 µm to 19 µm, V greater than 75%, PUS less than 2 body diameters long and crenate tail terminus. Molecular data confirm the separation of the new species from morph...
Article
Full-text available
Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV), genus Potyvirus, has an extensive natural host range encompassing both dicots and monocots. Its phylogenetic groups were considered to consist of an ancestral generalist group and six specialist groups derived from this generalist group during plant domestication. Recombination was suggested to be playing a role in...
Article
Full-text available
In a region of Australia with a Mediterranean-type climate Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) infection of wheat occurs in localised epidemics following extended periods when no grass or cereal hosts are present. To achieve a greater understanding of the epidemiology of WSMV in this environment, diverse components of the disease cycle were examined,...
Article
Full-text available
Black pod syndrome (BPS) causes devastating losses in Lupinus angustifolius (narrow-leafed lupin) crops in Australia, and infection with Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) was suggested as a possible cause. In 2011, an end-of-growing-season survey in which L. angustifolius plants with BPS were collected from six locations in southwestern Australia was...
Article
In glasshouse experiments, Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) was transmitted from infected to healthy zucchini (Cucurbita pepo) plants by direct contact when leaves were rubbed against each other, crushed, or trampled, and, to a lesser extent, on ZYMV-contaminated blades. When sap from zucchini plants infected with three ZYMV isolates was kept at...
Article
Full-text available
Between 2006 and 2010, 5324 samples from at least 34 weed, two cultivated legume and 11 native species were collected from three cucurbit-growing areas in tropical or subtropical Western Australia. Two new alternative hosts of zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) were identified, the Australian native cucurbit Cucumis maderaspatanus, and the natural...
Article
Full-text available
The complete coat protein (CP) nucleotide sequences of nine historical (1943-1984) potato virus Y (PVY) isolates belonging to resistance strain groupings Y(C), Y(Z) or Y(O), and nine new Australian isolates from potato and tomato were compared with those of 85 others. New potato isolate BL was in resistance group Y(O). On phylogenetic analysis, the...