Monica Gori

Monica Gori
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia | IIT · U-VIP Unit for Visually Impaired People

PhD

About

243
Publications
27,163
Reads
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3,182
Citations
Citations since 2016
169 Research Items
2618 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - November 2020
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia
Position
  • Tenured
Description
  • The impact of my work on the scientific community can be summarized by 118 journal papers, 3 book chapters, and many conference abstracts. Internationally accepted indices of impact and productivity show that my work has received 2399 citations, leading me to an H-index of 25.
October 2015 - October 2020
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia
Position
  • Faculty Member
Description
  • During this period I have had the fantastic opportunity to start and develop the U-VIP (Unit for Visually Impaired People) research line, which was created in 2015. I mentored, inspired and led the people in my lab to build a cohesive and interdisciplinary team. Our group focuses on a specific goal: understanding how our brain represents the environment to develop new solutions for impaired children and adults. I am very pleased with the results of our activities.
May 2009 - October 2015
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • During this period I worked with Giulio Sandini. In IIT I developed a new laboratories (visual-haptic lab and child lab) and supervised Ph.D. and Master students. Along with engineers, I also developed many mechatronic devices that have been used for experiments with children. I also started important collaborations including those with Prof. Juergen Konczac (Minnesota University, USA) and with Prof. Melvin Goodale (Western University, Canada).
Education
January 2008 - July 2008
University of California, Berkeley
Field of study
  • Multisensory Integration

Publications

Publications (243)
Article
Full-text available
It is evident that the brain is capable of large-scale reorganization following sensory deprivation, but the extent of such reorganization is to date, not clear. The auditory modality is the most accurate to represent temporal information, and deafness is an ideal clinical condition to study the reorganization of temporal representation when the au...
Article
Temporal perception is so profoundly linked to hearing that congenitally and early deaf individuals appear to experience visual temporal impairments. However, most studies investigated visual temporal perception in deaf individuals using static stimuli, while ecological objects with which we interact in everyday life often move across space and tim...
Article
Full-text available
Vestibular cues are crucial to sense the linear and angular acceleration of our head in three-dimensional space. Previous literature showed that vestibular information precociously combines with other sensory modalities, such as proprioceptive and visual, to facilitate spatial navigation. Recent studies suggest that auditory cues may improve self-m...
Article
Full-text available
Early visual deprivation typically results in spatial impairments in other sensory modalities. It has been suggested that, since vision provides the most accurate spatial information, it is used for calibrating space in the other senses. Here we investigated whether sight restoration after prolonged early onset visual impairment can lead to the dev...
Article
Full-text available
Moderate physical activity can influence cognitive functions and visual cortical activity. However, little is known about the effects of exercise on fundamental perceptual domains, such as spatial and temporal representation. Here we tackled this issue by testing the impact of physical activity on a temporal estimation task in a group of adult volu...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic caused unexpected and unavoidable changes in daily life worldwide. Governments and communities found ways to mitigate the impact of these changes, but many solutions were inaccessible to people with visual impairments. This work aimed to investigate how blind individuals subjectively experienced the restrictions and isolation...
Article
Clear evidence demonstrated a supramodal organization of sensory cortices with multisensory processing occurring even at early stages of information encoding. Within this context, early recruitment of sensory areas is necessary for the development of fine domain-specific (i.e., spatial or temporal) skills regardless of the sensory modality involved...
Article
Full-text available
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, reading facial expressions has become more complex due to face masks covering the lower part of people's faces. A history of psychiatric illness has been associated with higher rates of complications, hospitalization, and mortality due to COVID-19. Psychiatric patients have well-documented difficulties r...
Article
Full-text available
It has been widely demonstrated that time processing is altered in patients with schizophrenia. This perspective review delves into such temporal deficit and highlights its link to low-level sensory alterations, which are often overlooked in rehabilitation protocols for psychosis. However, if temporal impairment at the sensory level is inherent to...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has led significant social repercussions and forced people to wear face masks. Recent research has demonstrated that the human ability to infer emotions from facial configurations is significantly reduced when face masks are worn. Since the mouth region is specifically crucial for deaf people who speak sign language, the cur...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial representation is a crucial skill for everyday interaction with the environment. Different factors seem to influence spatial perception, such as body movements and vision. However, it is still unknown if motor impairment affects the building of simple spatial perception. To investigate this point, we tested hemiplegic children with (HV) and...
Conference Paper
Working memory (WM) plays a crucial role in helping individuals perform everyday activities and interact with the external environment. However, despite valuable insights into visual memory mechanisms, the multi-sensory aspects of WM have not been thoroughly investigated, especially in congenitally blind individuals, primarily due to a lack of prop...
Poster
Full-text available
The brain continuously perceives and analyses information from the environment to predict and coordinate movements. Estimating Time to Contact (TTC) is a complex task but necessary to predict, for example, the interaction between objects or persons. It has been demonstrated that in the visual domain, humans use both kinematic and temporal informati...
Preprint
Background: The ability to process sensory information is an essential adaptive function, and hyper- or hypo-sensitive maladaptive profiles of repones to environmental stimuli generate sensory processing disorders linked to cognitive, affective, and behavioural alterations. The research on neuroradiological correlates of the sensory processing prof...
Article
Sensory adaptation is a feature-specific modulation of neural responses and is potentially fundamental to maximizing perceptual sensitivity. Despite its function being unclear, it has been hypothesized that sensory adaptation modifies the neurons' response codes, increasing the ability to process sensory signals on a larger scale. To better underst...
Article
The mechanisms involved in the origin of dreams remain one of the great unknowns in science. In the 21st century, studies in the field have focused on 3 main topics: functional networks that underlie dreaming, neural correlates of dream contents, and signal propagation. We review neuroscientific studies about dreaming processes, focusing on their c...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial memory relies on encoding, storing, and retrieval of knowledge about objects’ positions in their surrounding environment. Blind people have to rely on sensory modalities other than vision to memorize items that are spatially displaced, however, to date, very little is known about the influence of early visual deprivation on a person’s abili...
Article
In this review, we discuss how specific sensory channels can mediate the learning of properties of the environment. In recent years, schools have increasingly been using multisensory technology for teaching. However, it still needs to be sufficiently grounded in neuroscientific and pedagogical evidence. Researchers have recently renewed understandi...
Article
Full-text available
The distance of sound sources relative to the body can be estimated using acoustic level and direct-to-reverberant ratio cues. However, the ability to do this may differ for sounds that are in front compared to behind the listener. One reason for this is that vision, which plays an important role in calibrating auditory distance cues early in life,...
Article
When moving through space, we encode multiple sensory cues that guide our orientation through the environment. The integration between visual and self-motion cues is known to improve navigation. However, spatial navigation may also benefit from multisensory external signals. The present study aimed to investigate whether humans combine auditory and...
Article
Full-text available
Working memory is a cognitive system devoted to storage and retrieval processing of information. Numerous studies on the development of working memory have investigated the processing of visuo-spatial and verbal non-spatialized information; however, little is known regarding the refinement of acoustic spatial and memory abilities across development...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial memory is a cognitive skill that allows the recall of information about the space, its layout, and items’ locations. We present a novel application built around 3D spatial audio technology to evaluate audio-spatial memory abilities. The sound sources have been spatially distributed employing the 3D Tune-In Toolkit, a virtual acoustic simula...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to encode space is a crucial aspect of interacting with the external world. Therefore, this ability appears to be fundamental for the correct development of the capacity to integrate different spatial reference frames. The spatial reference frame seems to be present in all the sensory modalities. However, it has been demonstrated that d...
Article
When a brief flash is quickly presented aligned with a moving target, the flash typically appears to lag behind the moving stimulus. This effect is widely known in the literature as a flash-lag illusion (FLI). The flash-lag is an example of a motion-induced position shift. Since auditory deprivation leads to both enhanced visual skills and impaired...
Conference Paper
The present work aims to introduce a novel robotic platform suitable for investigating perception in multi-sensory motion tasks for individuals with and without sensory and motor disabilities. The system, called RoMAT, allows the study of how multisensory signals are integrated, taking into account the speed and direction of the stimuli. It is a ro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To orient and move efficiently in the environment, we need to rely on multiple external and internal cues. Previous studies reported the combined use of spatialized auditory cues and self-motion information in spatial navigation and orientation. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of a setup composed of a motion platform and an acoustic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vision seems essential for cross-modal calibration of auditory cues in spatial perception. Previous findings showed that, in some specific tasks such as sound localization, blind individuals have enhanced skills, suggesting that the audiomotor loop might partially compensate for early visual loss in the calibration of auditory space; however, direc...
Article
Objective: This study investigates how spatial working memory skills, and the processing and retrieval of distal auditory spatial information are influenced by visual experience. Method: We developed an experimental paradigm using an acoustic simulation. The performance of congenitally blind and sighted participants (n = 9 per group) was compare...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that primary school children may face difficulties in acquiring mathematical competence, possibly because teaching is generally based on formal lessons with little opportunity to exploit more multisensory-based activities within the classroom. To overcome such difficulties, we report here the exemplary design of a novel multisensor...
Article
Vision and touch play a critical role in spatial development, facilitating the acquisition of allocentric and egocentric frames of reference, respectively. Previous works have shown that children’s ability to adopt an allocentric frame of reference might be impaired by the absence of visual experience during growth. In the current work, we investig...
Article
Full-text available
The human brain creates an external world representation based on magnitude judgments by estimating distance, numerosity, or size. The magnitude and spatial representation are hypothesized to rely on common mechanisms shared by different sensory modalities. We explored the relationship between magnitude and spatial representation using two differen...
Article
Full-text available
Associations between sensory features of different natures are defined as crossmodal correspondences. In the context of size perception, low pitch sound frequencies are often associated with larger objects and high pitch with smaller objects. Here we investigate such crossmodal correspondences in sighted and visually-impaired children. In Experimen...
Article
Full-text available
The acquisition of postural control is an elaborate process, which relies on the balanced integration of multisensory inputs. Current models suggest that young children rely on an ‘en-block’ control of their upper body before sequentially acquiring a segmental control around the age of 7, and that they resort to the former strategy under challengin...
Article
Full-text available
Multisensory experience is crucial for developing a coherent perception of the world. In this context, vision and audition are essential tools to scaffold spatial and temporal representations, respectively. Since speed encompasses both space and time, investigating this dimension in blindness allows deepening the relationship between sensory modali...
Article
Full-text available
Congenitally blind infants are not only deprived of visual input but also of visual influences on the intact senses. The important role that vision plays in the early development of multisensory spatial perception1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 (e.g., in crossmodal calibration8, 9, 10 and in the formation of multisensory spatial representations of the body and...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have shown that impairments in a sensory modality can induce perceptual deficits in tasks involving the remaining senses. For example, people with retinal degenerative diseases like Macular Degeneration (MD) and with central scotoma show biased auditory localization abilities towards the visual field's scotoma area. This result indi...
Article
Background Parent-child interaction is essential to promote adaptive emotional, cognitive, and social development. The majority of previous research on parent-child interaction is largely dependent on face-to-face exchanges that require the interactive partners to visually recognize reciprocal communicative bids. Therefore, previous findings in the...
Article
Full-text available
During locomotion, goal-directed orientation movements in the horizontal plane require a high degree of head-trunk coordination. This coordination is acquired during childhood. Since early visual loss is linked to motor control deficits, we hypothesize that it may also affect the development of head-trunk coordination for horizontal rotations. Howe...
Conference Paper
The role of head and trunk movements must be taken into account to understand how we process spatial information. To date, no robust methodology allows for such investigation; therefore, we created the VRCR platform. It is a virtual reality archery-like serious game for the assessment of head-trunk motor coordination, head-trunk visuomotor transfor...
Article
When vision is unavailable, auditory level and reverberation cues provide important spatial information regarding the environment, such as the size of a room. We investigated how room-size estimates were affected by stimulus type, level, and reverberation. In Experiment 1, 15 blindfolded participants estimated room size after performing a distance...
Preprint
Combining and integrating cues from different sensory channels is fundamental in developing a spatial representation of the environment. In the sighted population, the visual channel is essential in the spatial representation calibration; indeed, blind individuals show some impairments. One may compensate the vision loss to some degree by exploitin...
Article
Full-text available
To date, COVID-19 has spread across the world, changing our way of life and forcing us to wear face masks. This report demonstrates that face masks influence the human ability to infer emotions by observing facial configurations. Specifically, a mask obstructing a face limits the ability of people of all ages to infer emotions expressed by facial f...
Article
Full-text available
Visual experience is crucial for the development of neural processing. For example, alpha activity development is a vision-dependent mechanism. Indeed, studies report no alpha activity is present in blind adults. Nevertheless, studies have not investigated the developmental trajectory of this activity in infants and children with blindness. Here, w...
Article
Full-text available
Self-motion perception used for locomotion and navigation requires the integration of visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive input. In the absence of vision, postural stability and locomotor tasks become more difficult. Previous research has suggested that in visually deprived children, postural stability and levels of physical activity are overall...
Article
It is not clear how multisensory skills develop and how visual experience impacts on multisensory spatial development. Conflicting results show that visual calibration precedes multisensory integration for the audio-visual spatial bisection task (Gori et al., 2012a, 2012b) while in other tasks such as spatial localization, visual calibration occurs...
Article
Full-text available
Research has shown that the ability to integrate complementary sensory inputs into a unique and coherent percept based on spatiotemporal coincidence can improve perceptual precision, namely multisensory integration. Despite the extensive research on multisensory integration, very little is known about the principal mechanisms responsible for the sp...
Article
Full-text available
Being able to estimate time precisely is fundamental to interact with the environment, and it is startling how our ability to track temporal intervals is prone to distortion. Unsurprisingly, researchers have studied temporal distortions extensively. Within the internal clock model framework, they have been often accounted for a change in the pacema...
Article
Full-text available
Sensory cues enable navigation through space, as they inform us about movement properties, such as the amount of travelled distance and the heading direction. In this study, we focused on the ability to spatially update one's position when only proprioceptive and vestibular information is available. We aimed to investigate the effect of yaw rotatio...
Article
Full-text available
Past research investigating the spatial abilities of visually impaired people, provided conflicting results. There is thus an urgent need to develop standardized tests for the evaluation of spatial cognition when vision is absent or disrupted. To this aim, we developed a haptic version of the Kohs Block Design Test and investigated the spatial non-...