Monica Cations

Monica Cations
Flinders University · College of Education, Psychology and Social Work

BPsych(Hons) MPsych(Clin) PhD
MRFF/NHMRC Emerging Leadership Fellow, Flinders University

About

100
Publications
11,604
Reads
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902
Citations
Citations since 2017
82 Research Items
896 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
Monica Cations is a registered psychologist and epidemiologist who has worked in the ageing and dementia field for over a decade. Her research is translational with a focus on psychological wellbeing in aged care environments and young people using aged care. Monica is a Lecturer in Lifespan Development in the College of Education, Psychology and Social Work at Flinders University, supported by a Hospital Research Foundation Early Career Fellowship.
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - June 2020
South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute
Position
  • PostDoc Position
August 2017 - August 2019
Flinders University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
June 2016 - present
Flinders University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
February 2018 - July 2021
University of South Australia
Field of study
  • Psychology
January 2014 - February 2018
UNSW Sydney
Field of study
  • Public Health
March 2007 - November 2010
Flinders University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (100)
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: Despite limited efficacy and significant safety concerns, antipsychotic medications are frequently used to treat behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in long-term residential care. This study evaluates the sustained reduction of antipsychotic use for BPSD through a deprescribing intervention and education of health...
Article
Background and Objectives Multidisciplinary rehabilitation is not incorporated into the usual care pathway for dementia despite increasing demand from key advocates. Clinician views regarding the relevance of rehabilitation in dementia care are not well known. This qualitative study explored the perspectives of health professionals regarding barrie...
Article
Objective To assess the psychological impacts and risk for elder abuse associated with historical intimate partner violence (IPV) in older women. Design Prospective cohort study Setting All Australian states and territories. Participants 12,259 women aged 70-75 years at baseline participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Healt...
Article
Full-text available
Care quality has important implications for people with dementia. We examined trends and geographical variation of four clinical quality indicators (CQIs) in Australia. This retrospective cohort study included all people with dementia using Australian government-subsidised aged care in 2008–2016 (n = 373,695). Quality indicator data were derived fr...
Article
Objective: The multiyear diagnostic journey for young onset dementia (YOD) is fraught with clinical and personal difficulties and poses significant uncertainty for people living with YOD and their families. Most existing research has examined the personal and/or clinical barriers to a timely diagnosis of YOD, but less evidence exists regarding sys...
Article
Objective: To review studies reporting on the effectiveness of psychiatry service delivery for older people and people with dementia in hospital and residential aged care. Methods: A systematic search of four databases was conducted to obtain peer-reviewed literature reporting original research published since June 2004 evaluating a psychiatry s...
Article
Post‐diagnosis young onset dementia (YOD) care is often fragmented, with services delivered across aged care, healthcare, and social care sectors. The aim of this project was to test the feasibility and potential effectiveness of a learning collaborative implementation strategy for improving the cross‐sector integration of care for people with YOD...
Article
Objectives: To examine the incidence, trends, and differences between age groups and sex in Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS)-subsidised mental health service utilisation by older Australians over the past 10 years. Methods: A cross-sectional cohort study between 1 July 2009 and 30 June 2019 was conducted using publicly available MBS data for old...
Article
Objectives: Considering the adverse outcomes of COVID-19, it is essential to provide adequate support and care for people with dementia and informal carers. Technology can reduce the distress associated with social distancing rules and the decreased access to in-person services. This study aimed to explore the use of technology and its perceived e...
Article
Objective: While Trauma-informed care (TIC) has the potential to improve the quality of aged and dementia care, the challenge remains in translating the principles of TIC into practice. This study aimed to characterise what trauma-informed aged care looks like in practice, by learning from an aged care service acknowledged as delivering trauma-inf...
Article
Background: Studies related to clinical quality indicators (CQIs) in dementia have focused on hospitalizations, medication management, and safety. Less attention has been paid to indicators related to primary and secondary care. Objective: To evaluate the incidence of primary and secondary care CQIs for Australians with dementia using government...
Article
Objective To describe patterns of use of the available Government-subsidised mental health services among people living in Australian residential aged care facilities.MethodsA retrospective population-based trend analysis was conducted, including all non-Indigenous people living in an Australian facility between 2012 and 2017. Adjusted incidence pr...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionUp to 70% of older adults have experienced a psychologically traumatic event in their life. Traumatic events can have lifelong effects on functioning and emotion regulation and can affect behavior and experiences in care settings. Common healthcare practices and environments can be re-traumatizing for trauma survivors. These features ma...
Article
The aim of this study was to explore how formal social support changed after implementation of the COVID-19 public health measures and how these restrictions affected people living with dementia and their informal carers in Australia. Sixteen informal carers and two people living with dementia were interviewed between August and November 2020. Part...
Article
Protracted homelessness creates a biopsychosocial circumstance for poor health outcomes, including a worsening cognitive profile with an increased risk for dementia. Dementia is a global public health concern, and it is reported that up to 40% of all dementia may be attributed to potentially modifiable lifestyle risk factors. Whilst Alzheimer’s dis...
Article
Full-text available
Background Emerging evidence shows an impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on people living with dementia and informal carers, without any evidence-based global comparison to date. The aim of this international study was to explore and compare the perceived impact of COVID-19 and associated public health restrictions on the lives of people living with d...
Article
Full-text available
Background People with young onset dementia (YOD) have unique needs and experiences, requiring care and support that is timely, appropriate and accessible. This relies on health professionals possessing sufficient knowledge about YOD. This study aims to establish a consensus among YOD experts about the information that is essential for health profe...
Article
Background: Understanding how the age of dementia symptom onset affects the longitudinal course of dementia can assist with prognosis and care planning. Objective: To synthesize evidence regarding the relationship of age of symptom onset with the longitudinal course of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and frontotempora...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Emerging evidence shows an impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on people living with dementia and informal carers, without any evidence-based global comparison to date. The aim of this international study was to explore and compare the perceived impact of COVID-19 and associated public health restrictions on the lives of people living with d...
Article
Background Emerging evidence describes impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic upon people living with dementia and their informal carers, however without evidence-based global comparisons to date. The aim of this international study was to explore and compare the impact of COVID-19 and associated public health restrictions on the lives of people living w...
Article
Background Social distancing rules and the closure of services associated with the COVID-19 pandemic have strongly impacted the physical and mental health of people with dementia. Digital technologies can represent an effective means to compensate for the distress associated with social distancing rules and the decreased use of in-person services....
Article
Background The number of research projects into residential aged care (RAC) during the COVID-19 pandemic is increasing, however there are limited data on the cross-country comparison of experiences residents living with dementia and their families. Our study aimed to 1) give an overview of the RAC restrictions and changes (visiting policy, governme...
Article
Background Limited access to medical and social services during the coronavirus outbreak has contributed to the exclusion of vulnerable populations, such as people with dementia and older adults. These limitations and the resulting social isolation have highlighted the importance of social relationships and their relationship to the mental health o...
Article
People reflect on their own aging, and this subjective awareness has an influence on developmental outcomes. Scholars have recently operationalized subjective aging in terms of awareness of age-related change (AARC), which captures awareness of both gains and losses. We examined associations of AARC-gains and AARC-losses with physical functioning,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Geriatric hospital wards are highly medicalised environments with limited opportunities for choice and control, and can be distressing for older survivors of psychological trauma. While trauma-informed models of care (TIC) are effectively applied across mental health and other settings, the utility of these models in aged care settings h...
Article
Introduction: Goal setting is an integral part of the rehabilitation process and assists occupational therapists to target therapy towards achieving meaningful outcomes. People with mild cognitive impairment or dementia may experience barriers participating in goal setting due to preconceptions that the person cannot participate owing to changes i...
Article
Objective Post-diagnosis service delivery for young-onset dementia (with onset prior to 65 years) recently moved to the disability system in an attempt to address systemic barriers to best practice in aged care. The objective of this study was to examine experiences and satisfaction with disability services so far among people with young-onset deme...
Article
Objectives: Little is known about how prepared the aged care system is to meet the specific needs of Care Leavers and Forgotten Australians. We explored service provider and advocate perspectives about the barriers and facilitators for appropriate and safe care for this group. Methods: Three focus groups with sixteen professional stakeholders ex...
Article
Full-text available
In increasingly constrained health and aged care services, strategies are needed to improve quality and translate evidence into practice. In dementia care, recent failures in quality and safety have led the WHO to prioritise the translation of known evidence into practice. While quality improvement collaboratives have been widely used in healthcare...
Article
Background Hip fractures are associated with increased mortality and functional limitations. However, the effect that dementia has on these outcomes in individuals in aged care settings after fracture is not well established. This study examined the association of dementia with post-hip fracture mortality, permanent residential aged care entry, tra...
Article
Full-text available
After prolonged periods of criminalisation, 20th and 21st century law reform has now moved abortion care closer to being regulated as health care in all Australian jurisdictions. However, no jurisdiction has yet tested the proposition that specific laws for abortion care are unnecessary. This article analyses the capability of health law, policy an...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Clinical quality registries (CQRs) are being established in many countries to monitor, benchmark, and report on the quality of dementia care over time. Case ascertainment can be challenging given that diagnosis occurs in a variety of settings. The Registry of Senior Australians (ROSA) includes a large cohort of people with dementia from all...
Chapter
Psychological well-being includes functioning within oneself and in relationships with others. People with dementia who struggle with self-identity, lose friendships, experience higher rates of depression and anxiety than others their age, and behaviors that may indicate psychological distress are common. Randomized controlled trials suggest that m...
Article
Objectives To explore perceptions and expectations regarding aged care among older Forgotten Australians, informing better ways of delivering safe and inclusive care for this group. Methods In‐depth interviews were undertaken with sixteen Forgotten Australians to understand their perspectives, hopes and perceived barriers to receiving appropriate...
Article
Full-text available
Background People with dementia are not routinely offered rehabilitation services despite experiencing disability associated with the condition and accumulating evidence for therapies such as exercise, occupational therapy, and cognitive or physical rehabilitation. It is important to understand the needs and preferences of people with dementia rega...
Article
The quality of dementia care in Australia is dependent on the clinician involved and the extent to which they apply best available evidence. The Clinical Practice Guidelines for Dementia in Australia (the Guidelines) provided comprehensive guidance for clinicians about best practice for people with dementia and their care partners. Dissemination of...
Article
People with dementia (PwD) can face barriers when trying to access care after a diagnosis, particularly in young‐onset dementia (YOD). Little is known however about the effects of ethnicity on access to anti‐dementia medication and how these differ between age groups. The aim of this study was to analyse national data on variations in the current u...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Australian Transition Care Program (TCP) is a national intermediate care service aiming to optimise functional independence and delay entry to permanent care for older people leaving hospital. The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes of TCP and identify demographic and clinical factors associated with TCP ‘success’, to assi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Non-pharmacological interventions including physical activity programmes, occupational therapy and caregiver education programmes have been shown to lead to better outcomes for people with dementia and their care partners. Yet, there are gaps between what is recommended in guidelines and what happens in practice. The aim of this study...
Article
Background and objectives: The translation of reablement programs into practice is lagging despite strong evidence for interventions that maintain function for the person living with dementia as well as improve carer wellbeing. The aim was to evaluate the implementation of an evidence-based program, Care of People with Dementia in Their Environmen...
Preprint
Full-text available
In increasingly constrained health and aged care services, strategies are needed to improve quality and translate evidence into practice. In dementia care, recent failures in quality and safety have led the World Health Organisation to prioritise the translation of known evidence into practice. While quality improvement collaboratives have been wid...
Article
The aim of this study was to assess the long-term risk for mortality and incident dementia associated with exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) at any time over the life course. Data were taken from the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health, a population-based cohort study initiated in 1996. Analysis is based on 12,085 community-dw...
Article
Full-text available
Objective : To measure public opinion about access to abortion in South Australia. Methods : An online survey conducted in 2019. SPSS statistical package version 22 was used for data analysis, with data weighted by age, gender, and region. Results : The majority (65%) of the 1,012 respondents supported the ready availability of abortion care and an...
Article
Objectives People with dementia can face barriers when trying to access care after a diagnosis, particularly in young-onset dementia (YOD). Little is known about the effects of ethnicity on the use of anti-dementia medication and variations between age groups. The aim of this study was to analyze national data on variations in the uptake of anti-de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Non-pharmacological interventions including physical activity programs, occupational therapy and caregiver education programs have been shown to lead to better outcomes for people with dementia and their care partners. Yet, there are gaps between what is recommended in guidelines and what happens in practice. The aim of this study was t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In increasingly constrained healthcare budgets worldwide, efforts to improve quality and reduce costs are vital. Quality Improvement Collaboratives (QICs) are often used in healthcare settings to implement proven clinical interventions within local and national programs. The cost of this method of implementation, however, is cited as a...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Use of antipsychotic drugs in long-term aged care (LTC) is prevalent and commonly exceeds the recommended duration, but contributors to this problem are not well understood. The objective of this study is to provide a snapshot of the features of and contributors to prolonged use of antipsychotic medications (>12 weeks) among a sample of...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The Clinical Practice Guidelines for Dementia in Australia provide evidence-based recommendations for the assessment, diagnosis, and care of people with dementia and their informal carers. The extent to which current Australian post-diagnosis care reflects these recommendations is not well understood. This brief report provides a snapsh...
Poster
A poster presenting findings from a systematic review of the cost effectiveness of quality improvement collaboratives. paper under review at present
Article
Introduction: Both genetic and nongenetic factors contribute to the risk profile of young onset dementia (YOD), but risk factors often co-occur. This matched case-control study examined whether nongenetic risk factors cluster together, to inform targeted prevention efforts. Methods: Ninety-six participants with non-autosomal-dominant degenerativ...
Article
Purpose of review: Although young onset dementia (YOD) causes high levels of burden and distress, factors that contribute to its onset are not well understood. Identifying relevant modifiable risk and protective factors for YOD can inform efforts to prevent or delay onset of symptoms to later in life. Recent findings: Studies of modifiable facto...
Article
Psychotropic medications have a high risk of serious adverse events and small effect size for changed behaviours for people with dementia. Non-pharmacological approaches are recommended as first-line treatment for changed behaviours, yet psychotropic medications remain highly prevalent in long-term aged care settings. This narrative review describe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Dissemination of clinical practice guidelines alone is insufficient to create meaningful change in clinical practice. Quality improvement collaborative models have potential to address the evidence-practice gap in dementia care because they capitalise on known knowledge translation enablers and incorporate optimal approaches to impleme...
Article
Full-text available
Antipsychotic and other tranquilising medicines are prescribed to help care staff manages behaviour in one-quarter of older people living in Australian long-term care homes. While these medicines pose significant health risks, particularly for people with dementia, reliance on their use occurs when staff are not educated to respond to resident beha...
Data
The HALT emergency behaviour response protocol was used by the study's nurses and champions when investigating, interpreting, and responding to resident behaviour that staff found extremely challenging, including person-centred approaches.
Article
Full-text available
Background: There are effective non-pharmacological treatment programs that reduce functional disability and changed behaviours in people with dementia. However, these programs (such as the Care of People with dementia in their Environments (COPE) program) are not widely available. The primary aim of this study is to determine the strategies and p...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To synthesise results of population surveys assessing knowledge and attitudes about prevention and treatment of dementia. Methods MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and grey literature were searched for English language entries published between 2012 and May 2017. Survey questions were grouped using an inductive approach and responses were pool...
Data
PRISMA flowchart describing the process of study selection. (DOCX)
Data
OVID search strategy (Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO). (DOCX)
Data
Prevention results. M = Mean *Reverse scores used for pooling. (DOCX)
Data
Treatment results. M = Mean *Reverse scores used for pooling a59% ‘disagree’ or ‘strongly disagree’, 20% ‘don’t know’ b91% disagree, 2% uncertain. (DOCX)
Data
Results of quality assessment of peer-reviewed journal articles. Y = Yes, N = No, U = Unclear. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Several brain reserve, vascular risk, and other modifiable factors have been associated with late-onset dementia, but their association with young onset dementia (YOD) has not been adequately explored. Objective: To examine the association of cognitive reserve enhancing factors, cardiovascular risk factors (including smoking), depres...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To summarise quantitative evaluations of interventions designed to support the careers of women in academia of any discipline. Method A systematic search of English entries in PubMed, CINAHL and Google Scholar was conducted in September 2017. Methodological quality of the studies was independently assessed by two authors using the Joanna...
Article
Full-text available
Multidisciplinary rehabilitation is increasingly accepted as valuable in the management of chronic disease. Whereas traditional rehabilitation models focussed on recovery, maintaining independence and delaying functional decline are now considered worthwhile aims even where full recovery is not feasible. Despite this, rehabilitation is notably abse...
Article
Objectives: This 10 weeks feasibility study investigated whether residential care nurses with 12 hours advanced oral health training in assessments and saliva testing could formulate, implement and monitor individualised oral care plans of early dementia residents. Method: Four trained lead advocate nurses using SXI-D, OHIP14, oral health assess...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite limited evidence for efficacy and safety concerns, antipsychotic medications are commonly prescribed to manage behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Guidelines mandating appropriate, short-term use are rarely followed in practice. The aim is to examine conditions under which antipsychotics are prescribed in long term ca...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Aims Despite reporting high levels of burden, supporters of people with young onset dementia (YOD) underuse formal community services. Previous quantitative studies in YOD are of limited utility in guiding service design because they did not consider important contextual barriers to service use. The aim of this study was to identify all...
Conference Paper
People with dementia are increasingly vocal about their right to make decisions regarding their own care. Enabling informed choice is a challenge in long term care where many residents are in the later stages of dementia. Care facilities are bound by both financial and legal responsibilities and task-centred care can be rooted in staff culture. A C...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Antipsychotic medications continue to be used in the management of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) despite adverse effects and revised guidelines. The Halting Antipsychotic use in Long Term care (HALT) project aimed to deprescribe these medications and improve non-pharmacological behavior management. Method We re...