Moïra Mikolajczak

Moïra Mikolajczak
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain | UCLouvain · Psychological Sciences Research Institute

PhD, UCLouvain (post-doc: Stanford University)

About

205
Publications
231,960
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Introduction
Moïra Mikolajczak currently works at the Psychological Sciences Research Institute, UCLouvain. Moïra's current research interest focus on parental burnout (its nature, measurement, causes, consequences, biological correlates, prevention, treatment and cultural variations).
Additional affiliations
October 2010 - December 2014
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (205)
Article
Parental burnout is a specific syndrome resulting from enduring exposure to chronic parenting stress. It encompasses three dimensions: an overwhelming exhaustion related to one's parental role, an emotional distancing from one's children and a sense of ineffectiveness in one's parental role. This study aims to facilitate further identification of t...
Article
Full-text available
Parenting can be wonderful. However, it also can be stressful, and when parents lack the resources needed to handle stressors related to parenting, they may develop parental burnout. This condition is characterized by an overwhelming exhaustion related to one’s parental role, an emotional distancing from one’s children, and a sense of parental inef...
Preprint
Full-text available
High levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children. It is not yet clear, however, whether parental burnout varies by culture, and if so, why it might do so. In this study, we examined the prevalence of parental burnout in 42 countries (17,409 parents; 71...
Article
This article lifts the veil on an existing but long taboo phenomenon: Parental burnout (PB), an exhaustion syndrome related to the parenting role. PB is caused by a perceived gap between parenting resources and demands, and it has a host of serious consequences for parents and their children.
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all societies worldwide. The heightened levels of stress that accompanied the crisis were also expected to affect parenting in many families. Since it is known that high levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to a condition that has severe consequences for health and well-being, we examined whether the...
Article
Parental burnout (PB) results from a chronic imbalance between risks and resources and has severe and extended consequences on the wellbeing of parents and their children. Because same-sex (SS) and different-sex (DS) families face partially different stressors (e.g., SS parents are more stigmatized) but have also partially different resources (e.g....
Article
Full-text available
Parental burnout results from chronic stress in parenting, and it can be accompanied by harmful behaviors such as parental neglect and violence (Mikolajczak & Roskam, 2018). Network analysis examines psychological phenomena within a system of its constituents, and thus it is promising for understanding the distinct features of parental burnout and...
Book
Full-text available
Les émotions sont des éléments clefs de notre bien-être tout comme elles peuvent être impliquées dans des problèmes de santé mentale importants (dépression, troubles anxieux…). Les demandes de thérapie ou d’accompagnement sont presque toujours en lien avec la présence d’émotions difficiles : tristesse, impuissance, déception, anxiété, solitude, col...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Parental burnout is a prevalent condition that affects parents’ functioning and health. While various protective factors have been examined, little is known about their interplay. In the current study, we examined the joint effect of two protective factors against parental burnout (one external—social support, and one internal—cognitive...
Article
Résumé Introduction La prévention de l’épuisement professionnel est un enjeu majeur pour les entreprises. Toutefois, elles n’ont pas toujours la possibilité d’avoir accès à des outils adaptés pour la mise en place de politique de prévention. Objectif Elle s’inscrit dans le projet de créer et de diffuser un questionnaire, adapté aux besoins des sa...
Article
Full-text available
Parental burnout is a unique and context-specific syndrome resulting from a chronic imbalance of risks over resources in the parenting domain. The current research aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA) across Spanish-speaking countries with two consecutive studies. In Study 1, w...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of the “cult of the child” highlights a radical change in child representation. Having been neglected and even disrespected for centuries, children are now valued, and their interests are placed above all others. This change in views of children, reflected in changes in laws, institutions and practices, has also spread to two pillars of...
Article
Full-text available
In Western countries, recent decades have witnessed a revolution toward gender equality. Inequalities have been greatly reduced in areas such as education or employment. Because inequalities lead to distress, this development has largely benefited women. One notable exception is the realm of parenting, which has remained rife with inequalities even...
Article
Full-text available
Burnout, while historically considered a work-related condition, can be associated with parenting where it can have direct impacts upon parental outcomes and one's personal resources such as mental health. However, little is known about the domain-incongruent effects of burnout and thus whether parental burnout can manifest within the workplace. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Counter-intuitively, sociodemographic characteristics account for a small proportion of explained variance in parental burnout. The present study conducted during the Covid-19 pandemic asks whether (i) sociodemographic characteristics are more predictive of parental burnout than usual in a situation of lockdown, (ii) situational factors, that is, t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Burnout, while historically considered a work-related condition, can be associated with parenting where it can have direct impacts upon parental outcomes and one’s personal resources such as mental health. However, little is known about the domain-incongruent effects of burnout and thus whether parental burnout can manifest within the workplace. Th...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted families’ lives around the world. The measures used to contain transmission have led to increased stress and put parents at increased risk for parental burnout (PB). The aim of the current study was to examine the association between COVID-related parental stress and PB, and to test whether emotion regulation (ER)...
Article
The goal of this research was to investigate the developmental process of parental burnout by testing whether there were systematic prospective relations between the dimensions of parental burnout as measured with the Parental Burnout Inventory (PBI). We investigated this question in two cross-lagged three-wave longitudinal studies with French- and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Parental burnout results from chronic stress in parenting, and it can be accompanied by harmful behaviors such as parental neglect and violence. Network analysis examines psychological phenomena within a system of its constituents, and thus it is promising for understanding the distinct features of parental burnout and behaviors related to it. Rece...
Article
Since parental burnout can have detrimental consequences for parents, couples, and children, easy-to-use, reliable, and valid practical tools for the early detection of parental burnout are required. We developed and validated a brief scale to identify burned-out parents and parents at burnout risk. In Study 1, we developed the 5-item Brief Parenta...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the present paper was to develop a valid and reliable instrument to operation-alize the balance between job demands and resources in order to predict job burnout. After generating the items, we first conducted a cross-sectional study (Study 1) based on 656 participants, which provided preliminary evidence for the validity of the balance...
Article
Full-text available
Positive parenting prescriptions prevailing in Western countries encourage parents to regulate their emotions and, more specifically, to show more positive emotion to their children and control negative emotions while parenting. The beneficial effect of this practice on child development has been much documented, but its possible costs for parents...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional competence (EC) has been documented as one of the most influential resource to protect parents from parental burnout (PB). However, the dimensions of EC have inconsistent effects across studies: while intrapersonal EC consistently had a protective effect on PB, interpersonal EC was paradoxically documented both as a risk factor and a prot...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to create and validate a scale of bore-out at work: a measure for bore-out that could be used in French-speaking workplaces. Bore-out is a recently defined phenomenon, and few studies have been conducted to evaluate it- particularly in a French context. We investigated the dimensional structure of bore-out in a sample of F...
Article
Full-text available
Because research has shown systematic associations between self-discrepancies and several psychological disorders, self-discrepancy is considered as a transdiagnostic factor in psychopathology. The current research contributes to the literature by testing both cross-sectionally and longitudinally the role of self-discrepancies in parental burnout,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Parental burnout is a growing subject of research, but thus far this research has not examined whether the features of parental burnout fluctuate over time. Moreover, parenting and parental burnout are inextricable from their family context. Therefore, a critical next step involves examining how parental burnout features temporally unfold and inter...
Article
Full-text available
High levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children. It is not yet clear, however, whether parental burnout varies by culture, and if so, why it might do so. In this study, we examined the prevalence of parental burnout in 42 countries (17,409 parents; 71...
Article
Full-text available
Parenting perfectionism, especially the dimension of perfectionistic concerns—preoccupation with self-criticism including concern over mistakes and doubts about own behaviors—, has been shown to be a weighty factor for parental burnout. Drawing on the Balance between Risks and Resources (BR2) theory of parental burnout, this paper examines whether...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to chronic parental stress can lead to parental burnout, a syndrome encompassing three dimensions: an overwhelming exhaustion from one’s parental role, an emotional distancing from one’s children, and a sense of parental ineffectiveness. The first goal of this study was to examine whether there were different profiles of parents based on t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The use of network analyses in psychology has increasingly gained traction in the last few years. A network perspective views psychological constructs as dynamic systems of interacting elements. Objective: We present the first study to apply network analyses to examine how the hallmark features of parental burnout — i.e., exhaustion re...
Article
Full-text available
This study‐ the first study on parental burnout in an Arabic speaking country in the Middle East‐ aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Lebanese translation of the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA‐Lebanese). The PBA‐Lebanese was administered to 200 Lebanese parents (67% mothers). The results showed parental burnout is a valid construc...
Article
This study examined the factorial structure of the Polish version of the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA‐PL) and its relation with other variables, previously shown to be antecedents or outcomes of parental burnout. The PBA‐PL was administered to a total sample of 2,130 parents along with other instruments depending on the study. Factorial analyse...
Article
Emotional competence (EC) refers to individual differences in the way people identify, understand, express, regulate and use their own emotions and those of others. Research has shown that the level of EC is a significant determinant of crucial aspects of life: mental health and well‐being, physical health, interpersonal relationships, and work per...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of parental burnout only recently gained the attention of researchers, mainly through the International Investigation of Parental Burnout (IIPB), a 40‐country study of the prevalence of PB around the world. Based on the current gold‐standard instrument to evaluate parental burnout, that is the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA), the pres...
Article
Emotional competence (EC) refers to individual differences in the way people identify, understand, express, regulate and use their own emotions and those of others. Research has shown that the level of EC is a significant determinant of crucial aspects of life: mental health and well‐being, physical health, interpersonal relationships, and work per...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the current paper was to investigate the influence of childbirth on parents' trait emotional intelligence (EI). A three-wave longitudinal research program (during the second trimester of pregnancy, at 6 months postpartum, and at 1 year postpartum) using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model with a hierarchical linear modeling was condu...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present paper, we aim to examine whether emotional competence could buffer the effect of parenting perfectionism on parental burnout. By exploring two independent samples of parents collected in Belgium (N = 347) and Poland (N = 377), we indeed found: 1. parenting perfectionism puts parents at risk of parental burnout; 2. emotional competenc...
Article
This study aimed to examine the validity of the Brazilian–Portuguese version of the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA), the current gold‐standard measure of parental burnout (PB). We surveyed parents in Portugal (N = 407) and Brazil (N = 301). We (a) compared the factor structure of the Brazilian–Portuguese version with the original structure of the...
Article
Full-text available
Parental burnout (PB)—a condition characterized by intense exhaustion related to parenting, emotional distancing from one's children, and a loss of parental fulfillment—has received increasing attention in recent years, even more since the worldwide COVID‐19 crisis and the confinement of parents with their children. This crisis put the spotlight on...
Article
Full-text available
Parental Burnout (PB) is an exhaustion syndrome resulting from exposure to overwhelming parenting stress. The current gold‐standard instrument, namely, Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA) was used in the International Investigation of Parental Burnout (IIPB), a 40‐country study of the prevalence of PB around the world. The IIPB study has stimulated w...
Article
Full-text available
Compliments are verbal acts that take place on daily basis between at least two individuals (the complimenter and the complimentee). The frequency and effects of compliments contrast with the scarcity of research devoted to this issue. So far, compliments have mainly been studied through the lens of educational psychology, with the aim of examining...
Article
Full-text available
Parenthood remains one of the most gender-typed social roles in adulthood. Given gender inequality in parenting, it has been very surprising to find that parental burnout affects both mothers and fathers in equal proportion. The aim of the present study was to properly test gender effects in the nature, average level, antecedents, and consequences...
Book
Full-text available
Les clés indispensables pour comprendre et intervenir Il existe différents types de burn-out qui peuvent toucher la sphère professionnelle ou la sphère privée. Comment les distinguer ? Quels sont leurs points communs ? Leurs différences ? Comment les diagnostiquer ? Comment ajuster au mieux l’intervention à chaque type de burn-out ? Articulé autou...
Article
Parental Burnout (PB) is a chronic stress-related disorder experienced in the parental role. Recent studies have shown that PB is a serious condition with severe consequences for parents (e.g., suicidal ideations) and children (e.g., parental neglect and violence). However, PB's biological correlates have not yet been examined. Numerous studies sug...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The use of network analyses in psychology has increasingly gained traction in the last few years. A network perspective views psychological constructs as dynamic systems of interacting elements. Objective: We present the first study to apply network analyses to examine how the hallmark features of parental burnout — i.e., exhaustion re...
Article
While emotional intelligence is generally associated with positive outcomes, little is known about the specific contribution of its intra- and interpersonal dimensions, even less about their interaction. By taking a variable that a priori involves both dimensions, that is, parenting, this study aimed to examine the possibility that intra- and inter...
Poster
Although the literature supports the positive link between (a) social engagement and (b) psychological well-being and perceived health, it is still unclear whether social engagement is also related to objective health indicators. This study compares five clusters of participation in social activities during leisure time: (1) no social participation...
Preprint
Full-text available
While emotional intelligence is generally associated with positive outcomes, little is known about the specific contribution of its intra- and interpersonal dimensions, even less about their interaction. By taking a variable that a priori involves both dimensions, i.e., parenting, this study aimed to examine the possibility that intra- and interper...
Preprint
Full-text available
Positive parenting prescriptions prevailing in Western countries encourage parents to regulate their emotions and, more specifically, to show more positive emotion to their children and control negative emotions while parenting. The beneficial effect of this practice on child development has been much documented, but its possible costs for parents...
Preprint
Parental Burnout (PB) is a chronic stress-related disorder experienced in the parental role. Recent studies have shown that PB is a serious condition with severe consequences for parents (e.g., suicidal ideations) and children (e.g., parental neglect and violence). However, PB’s biological correlates have not yet been examined. Numerous studies sug...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past two decades, research about the role of Oxytocin (i.e., OT) in human behavior has grown exponentially. However, research efforts have not yet allowed developing a unified theory of OT effects. Relatedly, growing concerns about the robustness of conclusions drawn in the field have been raised. The present article contributes to this de...
Article
Full-text available
Several authors argue that interpersonal changes such as benevolence, compassion, and empathy should naturally emerge from a diligent practice of mindfulness. While empirical data from secularized and standardized mindfulness interventions do not fully support this assumption, a group of authors suggest that making underlying Buddhist teachings exp...
Article
Full-text available
Parenting can be difficult, and when difficulties are experienced as being chronic and/or overwhelming, parental burnout may occur. It is not yet clear, however, to what extent parental burnout can be distinguished from job burnout (which shares core definitional features) or depressive symptoms (which often co-occur with parental burnout). Here we...
Preprint
Full-text available
To date, the field of emotion regulation (ER) has largely focused on intrinsic ER (i.e., regulation of one’s own emotions) and has only recently started to investigate extrinsic ER (i.e., regulation of another person’s emotions). This paper selectively reviews current findings in order to answer the following questions: (1) What is extrinsic ER and...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional competence (EC) reflects individual differences in the identification, comprehension, expression, regulation, and utilization of one’s own and others’ emotions. EC can be operationalized using the Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC). This scale measures each of the five core emotional competences (identification, comprehension, expressi...