Mohammad Soleimani

Mohammad Soleimani
Tehran University of Medical Sciences | TUMS · Department of Ophthalmology (Farabi)

Associate professor Tehran University of Medical Sciences
We are working on keratitis and ocular trauma in Farabi Eye Hospital

About

127
Publications
15,489
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Citations
Introduction
Mohammad Soleimani currently works at the Department of Ophthalmology (Farabi), Tehran University of Medical Sciences as a faculty member.Their current project is a prospective study on keratitis.
Additional affiliations
February 2019 - present
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
December 2013 - February 2019
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (127)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To report characteristics of microbial keratitis in pediatric patients under five years. Methods: Patients with infectious keratitis under the age of 5 years were included in this retrospective crosssectional study for ten years. All patients were admitted and corneal scraping was performed in 81 children. Fortified empiric antibiotic eye...
Article
To report the spectrum and trends of isolated microorganisms and their antibiotic susceptibility profile in patients with infectious keratitis in a 6-year period at a referral centre in Tehran. The microbiology records of all corneal scrapings with a diagnosis of infectious keratitis were reviewed. A total of 6282 corneal scrapings were performed d...
Article
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Purpose: To compare the use of systemic oral and intravenous antibiotics as a prophylactic measure to prevent endophthalmitis in patients with open globe injuries. Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 1,255 consecutive patients with open globe injuries due to sharp or blunt trauma in a hospital setting in Tehran, Iran from January, 201...
Article
Purpose To assess the efficacy of swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in detecting posterior capsule (PC) defect in patients with traumatic cataract. Design Observational case-series Methods Sixty-seven eyes from 67 patients, without age limitation and with traumatic cataract severe enough to prev...
Article
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Ocular chemical burns are absolute ophthalmic emergencies and require immediate management to minimize devastating sequelae. Management of alkali and acid burns is started at the scene of the accident by copious irrigation. Treatment is directed at improving epithelial integrity and stromal stability, reduction of undue inflammation, and prevention...
Article
Importance: Ocular trauma terminology should be periodically updated to enable comprehensive capturing and monitoring of ocular trauma in clinical and research settings. Objective: To update terminology for globe and adnexal trauma. Design, setting, and participants: A 2-round modified Delphi survey was conducted from January 1 to July 31, 202...
Article
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Millions of cataract surgeries with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation are performed worldwide. Although cataract surgery brings many benefits to the patients, the risk of various complications is still a concern. One of the infrequent adverse events but potentially affecting on patients’ visual acuity and contrast sensitivity is losing the transp...
Preprint
Purpose To study predisposing factors, clinical presentation and management strategies for klebsiella keratitis. Methods A retrospective case review was performed on clinical records of culture-proven klebsiella keratitis cases in a tertiary referral center over an 8-year period (from 2012 to 2020). Results Thirty eight episodes of culture-proven k...
Article
Background and Objectives: Fusarium species are known to be one of the common causes of keratitis. This study was conducted to identify Fusarium spp. causing keratitis and to investigate their genetic diversity using TEF1 and RPB2 gene sequences. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four clinical isolates of Fusarium were isolated from the patient with ke...
Article
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Purpose: Open globe injuries are one of the most common causes of monocular blindness in many countries. The impact of this traumatic event on patients' quality of life and health is considerable. This study describes the characteristics of open globe injury in children younger than 7 years. Methods: Six hundred and twenty-two patients were include...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the most accurate formula for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation among five currently used formulas in eyes with phacomorphic glaucoma (PG) undergoing cataract extraction surgery. Materials and methods: In this prospective interventional case series Patients diagnosed with PG were undergon...
Article
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Ophthalmic trauma is a leading cause of preventable monocular blindness worldwide. The prevalence of ophthalmic trauma varies considerably based on geographic location, socio-economic status, age groups, occupation, and cultural practices such as firework celebrations. Clinical registries are known to be valuable in guiding the diagnosis, managemen...
Article
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Purpose We introduce a creamy white pearl-like keratin cyst in the anterior chamber after a penetrating injury associated with eyelash implantation. Observations A 5-year-old girl presented a history of penetrating corneal injury with a knife ten months ago. An eyelash was removed from the anterior chamber during her previous primary repair. Her p...
Article
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The corneal epithelium serves to protect the underlying cornea from the external environment and is essential for corneal transparency and optimal visual function. Regeneration of this epithelium is dependent on a population of stem cells residing in the basal layer of the limbus, the junction between the cornea and the sclera. The limbus provides...
Article
Background/objectives: As an essential development in the new century, surface ablation procedures have attracted increasing attention. There exists a concern regarding the risk of infectious keratitis. Hence, we aimed to investigate the rate and predisposing factors of infectious keratitis after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Subjects/method...
Article
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Objective: To examine the prognostic factors and features of post-traumatic endophthalmitis. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled adult patients (>18 years old) diagnosed with post-traumatic endophthalmitis. Their medical records were reviewed and the patient demographic characteristics, features of injury, management, outcomes and microbi...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the rate of infectious keratitis after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who were diagnosed as having infectious keratitis after PRK between January 2015 and January 2021. Results: The study p...
Article
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Background Epithelial downgrowth is a rare complication after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK), which usually leads to poor visual outcome despite multiple available options of treatment. Case presentation A 50-year-old man underwent DSAEK procedure due to pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. Three months later, the patie...
Article
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Background Based on endophthalmitis vitrectomy study, intravitreal injection of antibiotics is preferred for initial management of cases of acute post cataract surgery endophthalmitis (APCE) with presenting vision of hand motions (HM). This study aimed to compare outcomes of early and complete vitrectomy (VIT) and vitreous tap and antibiotic inject...
Article
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Background Keratoconus (KCN) is a common ectatic disorder of the cornea. Corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) is used as an effective option to slowdown the disease progression. Although CXL is considered a safe procedure, corneal endothelial damage, especially in corneal thickness of less than 400 μm, has been reported. Case presentation A 25-yea...
Article
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Background: Acanthamoebae are a causative agent of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) in immunocompetent individuals. Since access to propamidine isethionate (Brolene®) as a first-line treatment has been limited in recent years, in the current study, we examined the effects of pentamidine isethionate against trophozoite and cyst forms of Acanthamoeba. Me...
Article
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Endophthalmitis is the most serious complication of cataract surgery. A cluster of endophthalmitis is a devastating event for surgeons. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the main causative pathogen of Gram-negative endophthalmitis, which can be suggestive of the occurrence of an outbreak. Ten patients diagnosed with endophthalmitis after cataract surgery p...
Article
The purpose of this study is to run a review on possible superglue injuries to the eye. In this review, previous papers regarding the harmful impacts of superglue were systematically studied. Superglue eye injuries have been common during the three last decades and most of them were accidental and preventable by introducing safety issues and althou...
Article
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Background Pseudallescheria keratitis is rare but important type of fungal keratitis because of the inherently resistance of the organism to many existing antifungal agents. Methods Slit-lamp and confocal microscopy were used for clinical examinations. Fungal isolates were identified based on morphological characteristics and DNA sequence of the i...
Article
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Purpose To report a case of perforated fungal keratitis after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) treated with penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Methods Case report and literature review. Results A 41-year-old woman presented with culture-proven unilateral fungal keratitis 4 days after uneventful SMILE. Her visual acuity was hand motion. Th...
Article
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Aim: To investigate the patterns and outcomes of open globe injuries in the elderly population in Iran. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional chart review, medical records of 248 patients (aged 60y and more) with the diagnosis of open globe injury from 2006 to 2016 were reviewed. Demographic features, type, and mechanism of open globe i...
Article
Introduction Bacillus endophthalmitis is a medical emergency that needs a prompt diagnosis and management to prevent further complications. Various treatment strategies are available for Bacillus endophthalmitis including intraocular antibiotics injections, anti-inflammatory medications, and interventional surgeries. Areas covered The aim of this...
Article
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused significant changes in ophthalmic practice. The initial strategy of strict restriction of elective activities has been replaced with various guidelines to revitalize ophthalmic procedures considering the new safety concerns. In this manuscript, we reviewed recent recommendations for ophthalmic...
Article
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Introduction: Colletotrichum species are well-known plant pathogens, which have been increasingly reported as the cause of keratitis or subcutaneous lesions in humans. In this study we reported a rare case of fungal keratitis from Iran and reviewed the literature. Case presentation: A 69-year-old man whose right eye was injured by herbal materia...
Article
Acanthamoeba keratitis is a serious infection of the eye that can result in permanent visual impairment or blindness, caused by free-living amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba. Early diagnosis is necessary for effective treatment of Acanthamoeba keratitis. Acanthamoeba is abundant in nature and can be found in water, soil, and air. Acanthamoeba kerat...
Chapter
Microscopic evaluation of the ocular structures has always been a challenge for ophthalmic clinicians and researchers. In Vivo Confocal Microscopy utilized ophthalmologists and scientists to evaluate the anterior segment and revolutionized some aspects of diagnosis and management the patients. Nowadays confocal microscopy is becoming an indispensab...
Article
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Nocardia species are an uncommon but important cause of keratitis. The purpose of this review is to discus previous published papers relation to the epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis and management of Nocardia keratitis. Nocardia asteroides is the most frequently reported from Nocardia keratitis. Pain, photophobia, blepharospasm and lid swelling ar...
Article
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PurposeTo report causative organisms, visual outcomes, and associated medical conditions in endogenous endophthalmitis (EE).Methods Microbiological and medical reports of patients with culture-proven EE referred to Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from January 2008 to January 2018 were reviewed. ResultsA total of 144 cases (171 eyes) were include...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate the epidemiological features of ocular chemical burns in Iran. Methods: 96 patients with ocular chemical injuries were retrospectively studied. Patients underwent complete ophthalmological examination. Gender, laterality of involved eye, type of chemical substances, grading of injury, location where injury occurred, history of...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: In recent decades, superglue has gained popularity because of the making strong bond and the ease of application, both in the industry and home setting. This study was aimed to run a review on possible superglue injuries to the eye. Methods: In this review, previous papers regarding the harmful impacts of superglue were systemically studied....
Article
Open globe injuries are one of the most common causes of monocular blindness in many countries. The impact of this traumatic event on patients’ quality of life and health is considerable. This study describes the characteristics of open globe injury in children younger than 7 years. Six hundred and twenty-two patients were included in this retrospe...
Article
Full-text available
Free-living amoeba (FLA) such as Acanthamoeba, Naegleria, Balamuthia, and Vermamoeba have been identified from both natural and human-made environments such as Hot springs and spa. Naegleria fowleri causes Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM), while Acanthamoeba and Balamuthia cause chronic granulomatous encephalitis. Acanthamoeba also can cau...
Article
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Abstract Background: Treatment of ocular infection by fungi has become a problematic issue, particularly in deep lesion cases, because of the limited available antifungals and emerging resistance species. Objectives: The present study was designed for molecular identification and studying the antifungal susceptibility pattern of ocular fungi. Met...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Treatment of ocular infection by fungi has become a problematic issue, particularly in deep lesion cases, because of the limited available antifungals and emerging resistance species. Objectives: The present study was designed for molecular identification and studying the antifungal susceptibility pattern of ocu-lar fungi. Methods: Fift...
Article
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Purpose To evaluate the usefulness of serial in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) examinations to measure hyphal density for monitoring the treatment success among patients with fungal keratitis, and to compare the hyphal diameter as well as branching angle as a way of differentiation between Aspergillus and Fusarium species observed in IVCM. Study...
Poster
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Our article was in Nature Eye Monthly Top Picks: "Shifting to very early endoscopic DCR in acute suppurative dacryocystitis." https://www.nature.com/collections/cfbjjdhgbg accessed 10th January 2020.
Poster
Nature Eye Monthly Top Picks: "Shifting to very early endoscopic DCR in acute suppurative dacryocystitis."
Article
Cherry red spot is a known sign of retinal occlusive disease. However, when it occurs bilaterally in a young patient with neurological findings, a diagnosis of retinal occlusive disease becomes farfetched, and the possibility of a storage disorder is raised. We report multimodal retinal imaging findings in a case of cherry-red spot myoclonus syndro...
Article
We aimed to show the outcome of very early endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (VE-EDCR) in a routine pool of patients with acute dacryocystitis (AD) and abscess formation compared with the standard late external dacryocystorhinostomy L-ExDCR. This was a prospective nonrandomized comparative study conducted from June 2013 to March 2016. Patients with...
Book
Mycotic keratitis, also known asfungal keratitis, is commonly defined as an inflammation of the cornea. Globally, mycotic keratitis is more common as compared to others eye disorders. Though it occurs in all parts of the world it is more prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas. Mycotic Keratitis emphasizes novel perspectives on mycotic keratiti...
Article
Full-text available
Background:Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is the most common parasite that can lead to a disease called toxoplasmosis. In this study, serological and molecular complementary tests have been conducted to detect or diagnose this parasite. Methods: A total of 71 patients with clinical symptoms of ocular toxoplasmosis and 20 patients with other ocular i...
Article
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PurposeTo study the incidence of endophthalmitis after pars plana vitrectomy, its causative organisms, and visual acuity outcomes. Patients and methodsIn this retrospective, comparative study, the medical records of patients with acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis after pars plana vitrectomy at Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran, during a 12-...
Article
Aims: To determine the prevalence of various personality disorders in patients with open globe injuries caused by violent eye trauma. Materials and methods: One-hundred patients were divided equally to case and control groups. The case group was selected from admitted patients with open globe injury following a violent act. We considered open gl...
Article
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Purpose: To report a case of pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) and a review of the literature. Methods: A 32-year-old man was referred to our clinic with bilateral eyelid swelling and blepharoptosis. On examination, marked blepharoptosis was noted, and his eyelids were found to be floppy. Systemic examination was significant for clubbing of digits, co...
Article
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Safety Injections Sodium hypochlorite Models Animal Abstract Purpose: To investigate side effects of intrastromal sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) injection in normal rabbit corneas and to investigate its possible use in treatment of fungal corneal infections. Methods: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized study in a healthy cornea rabbit model. In...
Article
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Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease of important health significance in endemic areas such as Iran. Brucellosis can affect any organ or system in the human body. Ocular involvement is rare and can lead to a poor visual prognosis if not treated early. The most common ocular manifestation of brucellosis is uveitis, although any ocular structure can be...
Article
Purpose: To introduce a new surgical technique for the localization of corneal bulla to drain a massive corneal hydrops. Methods: Four consecutive cases with acute large protruded hydrops were selected. A limbal paracentesis was made via 15° blade. Afterward, trypan blue with a concentration of 0.1% was injected into the anterior chamber. Upon p...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To determine characteristic features of ocular trauma resulted from self-trauma by writing instruments among pediatric population. Methods: Thirty-six children who suffered from self-inflicted ocular trauma with a writing instrument were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. Results: The mean age was 5.6±2.7y with male: fema...
Article
Purpose: To report a rare case of ocular penetrating injury after blepharoplasty procedure. Case report: Blepharoplasty is a frequent oculoplastic surgery with relatively infrequent complications. Penetrating injury of the eye due to blepharoplasty has been reported in few previous studies. Here we report a 35-year-old woman presenting with visual...
Article
Full-text available
Aims To describe a new technique in Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK). Materials and Methods In this technique, we use easily available materials (mainly a Nelaton tube) to make an injector for loading DSAEK lenticule and also easily pulling it (using a gauge 23 needle) into the eye. In this paper, we report outcomes of...
Article
Background The aim of this study is to identify predisposing factors, the clinical course and visual outcomes in patients with keratitis after intracorneal ring implantation. Methods In a retrospective study, 11 patients with documented keratitis after intracorneal ring implantation and 71 matched controls with uncomplicated surgery were enrolled....
Article
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Purpose: In this article, we review main clinical trials reported in the past decade. Methods: Stem cells are relatively undifferentiated, with unlimited proliferative ability; self-renewal capability and also they can differentiate into specialized cells. Somatic stem cells in adult organisms are responsible for regenerating and self-renewing tiss...
Article
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Mycotic keratitis or keratomycosis is a fungal infection with global distribution. The dominant etiology of this disease varies based on geographical origin, socioeconomic status, and climatic condition. Generally, Aspergillus spp. and Fusarium spp. are common in tropical and sub-tropical regions and Candida spp. are dominant in temperate areas. De...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the yield of Bactec Peds Plus F broth for vitreous sample culture in cases with infectious endophthalmitis in comparison to conventional medium. Patients and Methods: Consecutive cases of clinically suspected endophthalmitis were prospectively enrolled in this study. Cultures of the vitreous sample were performed in both Bactec...
Article
Purpose: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a chronic lymphocytic- mediated disorder that selectively involves hair follicles, leading to cicatricial alopecia. The eyelash follicle and meibomian gland (MG) might also be involved in the disease process leading to ocular surface problems. Methods: In this Cross-sectional case -control study, twenty-thre...
Article
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Purpose To report the demographic data, treatment methods, and outcomes among patients with pellet gun eye injuries. Methods This study was a retrospective review of all pellet gun eye injuries coming to Farabi Eye Hospital, a referral ocular trauma center in Iran, from February 2009 to November 2013. Patients' demographics, type of injury, choice...
Article
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Animal bite is a relatively frequent health problem with the main cause being domestic dogs responsible for around 90 % of cases. Other common aggressors include cats, cows, camels, donkeys and horses. Here we report a case of total lid avulsion by a pet dog in a middle-aged man. This report represents the medical and surgical approaches used and t...