Mohammad Siahpush

Mohammad Siahpush
University of Nebraska at Omaha | UN Omaha · University of Nebraska Medical Center

About

233
Publications
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11,253
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Publications

Publications (233)
Article
Full-text available
Using a community-oriented primary care (COPC) approach, the format for this interprofessional rural rotation was a public health focused team project based in a local health department and primary care setting. The target audience included fourth-year dental students, fourth-year undergraduate students in imaging science, second-year master of pub...
Article
The United States is changing demographically, and Hispanics/Latinos are the largest minority group in the country. Often, Hispanics/Latinos are the driving force behind population stabilization and growth in non-metropolitan areas. Examining life satisfaction among Hispanic/Latino immigrant residents is critical to ensuring the viability of these...
Article
Background: Our institution began telemedicine clinics at rural hospitals in 2013, with standard office visits delivered synchronously via video conferencing. This project aims to assess the impact of telemedicine clinics in T1D care at our institution. Methods: IRB approval was obtained to access records of people with T1D with three or more telem...
Article
American Indians residing in the Northern Plains region of the Indian Health Service experience some of the most severe cancer-related health disparities. We investigated ways in which the community climate among an American Indian population in an urban community in the Northern Plains region influences community readiness to address cancer. A Com...
Article
Background Alcohol withdrawal and its consequences are a common concern for the large numbers of patients who present to emergency departments (EDs) with alcohol use disorders. While the majority of patients who go on to develop alcohol withdrawal experience only mild symptoms, a small proportion will experience seizures or delirium tremens. The ai...
Article
Objectives: Migrant farmworkers face many hardships in both their working and living environments including dangerous and demanding tasks, long hours, and inadequate rest. This study sought to explore gender differences in the reporting of fatigue and pain and to identify predictors of fatigue and pain among migrant farmworkers in Nebraska (n = 241...
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Objectives: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity provides multiple benefits to women after childbirth. To achieve these benefits, the recommendation that adults obtain, 150 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per week and reduce sedentary behaviors, also applies to women in the post-partum phase of the life span. However, research exam...
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This study had two aims: (a) to assess, among households in the United States, the association between spending money on cigarettes and participation in charitable giving, and between spending money on cigarettes and amount spent on charitable giving, and (b) to assess whether the association between smoking and charitable giving is mediated by rel...
Article
Aims: To examine gender differences in program completion and glycemic outcomes for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a remote patient monitoring (RPM) program for diabetes management. Methods: Based on data from an RPM program that enrolled post-discharge T2D patients (n=1,645) in 2014-2017, logistic regression models were estimated to ass...
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Introduction: Tobacco smoking is often more prevalent among those with lower socio-economic status (SES) in high-income countries, which can be driven by the inequalities in initiation and cessation of smoking. Smoking is a leading contributor to socio-economic disparities in health. To date, the evidence for any socio-economic inequality in smoki...
Article
Background : Evidence-based guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) consist of blood glucose monitoring, medication adherence, and lifestyle modifications that may particularly benefit from reminders, consultation, education, and behavioral reinforcements through remote patient monitoring (RPM). Objectives : To identify predictors...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are lower in rural areas in the USA. To guide the design of interventions to improve CRC screening, a systematic review was conducted to identify CRC screening barriers for rural populations. Methods: A search was conducted in four literature databases - Medline, CINAHL, Embase, and Scopus -...
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Background: The mortality benefits of meeting the US federal guidelines for physical activity, which includes recommendations for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities, have never been examined among smokers. Our aim was to investigate the association between reporting to meet the guidelines and all-cause, cancer, cardiovascular disease...
Article
Objectives: The objectives of our study were to (1) illustrate a public health workforce assessment process in a medium-sized city or county health department and (2) demonstrate the insights gained by moving from the use of aggregate department-level and competency domain-level training needs results to more granular division-level and skills-lev...
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School engagement protects against negative mental health outcomes; however, few studies examined the relationship between school engagement and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using an ecological framework. The aims were to examine: (1) whether school engagement has an independent protective association against the risk of ADHD in...
Article
Objective To examine how the effect of race (Black versus White) on meeting physical activity (PA) guidelines varies by sex, income, education, and region of residence. Methods We pooled data from 10 consecutive years (2008 to 2017) of the National Health Interview Survey. We used logistic regression to assess the extent to which the effect of rac...
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Full-text available
Background and aims Smoking cessation medications are effective but often underutilised because of costs and side effects. Cytisine is a plant‐based smoking cessation medication with over 50 years of use in Central and Eastern Europe. While cytisine has been found to be well‐tolerated and more effective than nicotine replacement therapy, direct com...
Article
Background: Association between high adiposity and the clinical progression of dementia remains puzzling. Objective: To separately examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and cognitive, functional, and behavioral declines before, at, and after diagnosis of dementia, and further stratified by age groups, and sex. Methods: A total...
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Background: The documented efficacy and promise of telemedicine in diabetes management does not necessarily mean that it can be easily translated into clinical practice. An important barrier concerns patient activation and engagement with telemedicine technology. Objective: To assess the importance of patient activation and engagement with remot...
Article
We describe the implementation of a youth-focused condom distribution initiative in Omaha, Nebraska, developed by the Women's Fund of Omaha. During a 2.5-year period, initiative partners distributed nearly 1.4 million free condoms to community members via outreach events and 197 condom distribution boxes. The Women's Fund of Omaha also implemented...
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Background: Racial or ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes are well known, but few studies have examined disparities in the receipt of prenatal health education. The objectives of this study were to examine racial or ethnic and socioeconomic variations in receiving (1) comprehensive prenatal health education and (2) educa...
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Background: Agriculture workers are exposed to microbial component- and particulate matter-enriched organic dust aerosols. Whereas it is clear that exposure to these aerosols can lead to lung inflammation, it is not known how inflammatory responses are resolved in some individuals while others develop chronic lung disease. Interleukin (IL)-10 is a...
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Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Nigerian men. The prevalence of PCa varies within Nigeria, with the highest prevalence of 1046 per 100,000 in men over the age of 40 reported in Lagos. Unfortunately, 40% of these men are diagnosed with locally advanced disease and 35% with metastatic disease. Given the ability to sc...
Article
Objective: High rates of maternal mortality persist in Low and Middle Income countries, despite increasing rates of facility-based births, suggesting a need to focus on quality of maternity care. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate provider perspectives on the implementation of material taught during an evidence-based medical educatio...
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Objective: To identify patient, provider, and delivery system-level factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and validate findings across multiple data sets. Design: A concurrent mixed-methods design using electronic health records, provider survey, and provider interview. Setting: Eight primary care accountable care organizat...
Article
Objectives The aim of this study was to systematically investigate existing literature on the costs of home-based telemedicine programs, and to further summarize how the costs of these telemedicine programs vary by equipment and services provided. Methods We undertook a systematic review of related literature by searching electronic bibliographic...
Article
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Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) marketing expenditure is skyrocketing in the United States. However, little is understood about the geographic and socio-demographic patterns of e-cigarette advertising. We examined the associations between point-of-sale (POS) e-cigarette advertising and neighborhood socio-demographic characteristics in the Omah...
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Objectives To examine (1) the association between household socioeconomic status (SES) and whether a household spends money on cigarettes and (2) socioeconomic variations in proportion of total household expenditure spent on cigarettes among smoking households. Methods We pooled data from six consecutive years, 2010–2015, of the Consumer Expenditu...
Article
For over 20 years the current model of Public Health Leadership Institutes (PHLIs) has been the primary model for “leadership” development. Past studies have shown that the model is successful in increasing participants’ knowledge and developing individual skills. However, limited evidence suggests that the model leads to outcome-based results. Thi...
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This study examines racial/ethnic, nativity, and sociodemographic variations in the prevalence of maternal hypertension in the United States. The 2014-2015 national birth cohort data ( N = 7,966,573) were modeled by logistic regression to derive unadjusted and adjusted differentials in maternal hypertension consisting of both pregnancy-related hype...
Article
We describe the impact of the Adolescent Health Project on sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing in Omaha, NE, during phase 1 (media campaigns) and phase 2 (free STI testing). To assess the impact of each phase on STI testing, we examined monthly data from January 2013 to April 2017 via interrupted time series analyses. There was an immediat...
Article
Cervical cancer is preventable; however, despite the existence of primary and secondary means of prevention, its incidence is still higher in certain socioeconomic groups and countries, suggesting gaps in cervical cancer prevention. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and awareness of health sciences university students in Cyp...
Article
Objectives: There remains a need to identify effective smoking cessation interventions in severely disadvantaged populations. This trial aimed to examine the effectiveness of an intervention (Call it Quits) developed to promote smoking cessation and delivered by community social service case-workers. Methods: Call it Quits was a pragmatic, paral...
Article
The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in clinical outcomes for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) after a 3-month remote patient monitoring (RPM) program, and examine the relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) outcomes and participant characteristics. The study sample included 955 patients with T2D who were admitted to an urban...
Article
The aims of the current study were to examine the availability and customer purchases of five types of healthy foods promoted through a corner store intervention and to examine the association between healthy food purchases and age, gender, race/ethnicity, and receipt and use of WIC or SNAP benefits. Intercept surveys were conducted with 532 corner...
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The marketing expenditure and sale of e-cigarettes increased sharply in the United States in recent years. However, little is known about neighborhood characteristics of point-of-sale (POS) e-cigarette advertising among tobacco stores. The purpose of this study was to examine socio-demographic characteristics of POS e-cigarette advertising among to...
Article
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Background The social gradient in smoking rates persist with an overrepresentation of smoking and its associated harms concentrated within lower socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Low-SES smokers are motivated to quit but face multiple barriers when engaging a quit attempt. An understanding of the current treatment service model from the persp...
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Background Financial stress is a barrier to successful smoking cessation and a key predictor of relapse. Little is known about the financial situation of low-income Australian daily smokers. This study aims to describe and investigate associations between the financial functioning, tobacco use and quitting behaviours of low income daily smokers. Me...
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Background A sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax in Mexico has been effective in reducing consumption of SSBs, with larger decreases for low-income households. The health and financial effects across socioeconomic groups are important considerations for policy-makers. From a societal perspective, we assessed the potential cost-effectiveness, health...
Data
Disease incidence by socioeconomic position. (XLSX)
Data
Sugar-sweetened beverage inputs for model. (XLSM)
Data
Mean intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in Australia in 2011. (PDF)
Data
Deadweight loss of sugar-sweetened beverage tax. (PDF)
Data
Impact of a 20% tax on demand for sugar-sweetened beverages by income group and total population. (PDF)
Data
Estimating the cost of sugar-sweetened beverage tax legislation. (PDF)
Data
Sugar-sweetened beverage tax obesity model for Australia. (XLSX)
Data
Cost-effectiveness results of the sensitivity analyses. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The trade-off that society is willing to make to promote a more equitable distribution of health can be represented as a social welfare function (SWF). SWFs are an economic construct that can be used to illustrate concerns for total health with aversion to inequalities between socioeconomic groups. Objective: This study used people's...
Article
Introduction and aims: This study aimed to compare current and ex-smokers' sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics, use of cessation aids and abrupt versus gradual quitting approaches. Design and methods: A cross-sectional survey of financially disadvantaged adults attending a community service organisation was conducted in New South W...
Article
Background: Many school-based recess interventions have been shown to be effective in increasing physical activity but their relative efficiency compared to other school-based programs are unknown. This study examined the cost-effectiveness of Ready for Recess, a program designed to increase students' physical activity in 2 elementary schools. Me...
Article
Full-text available
Financial stress is associated with fewer quit attempts and higher relapse rates. This study aimed to compare financial stress among smokers, ex-smokers and never smokers in a highly socioeconomically disadvantaged sample. The study also aimed to determine whether specific indicators of financial stress differ according to smoking status. Adult cli...
Article
Full-text available
Background It remains unclear how demographic and clinical characteristics are related to the risk of incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by its subtypes. Moreover, the contribution of the subtypes of incident MCI to the progression to dementia remains puzzling. Methods We used data collected by the National Alzheimer Coordinating Center. Our...
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Aim To examine the association between neighbourhood exposure to point-of-sale (POS) cigarette price promotions and financial stress among smokers in a Midwestern metropolitan area in the USA. Methods Survey data from 888 smokers provided information on sociodemographic and smoking related variables. Financial stress was measured with the question...
Article
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While most ecological studies have shown that higher levels of point-of-sale (POS) cigarette marketing are associated with larger proportions of residents from lower socioeconomic and minority backgrounds in neighborhoods, there are no studies that examine individual-level social disparities in exposure to POS cigarette marketing among smokers in t...
Article
Background and aims: Little is known about the factors associated with retention in smoking cessation trials, especially for low-socioeconomic status (low-SES) smokers. This study examined the factors associated with retention of low-SES smokers in the Australian Financial Interventions for Smoking Cessation Among Low-Income Smokers (FISCALS) tria...
Article
Although community-wide, multilevel interventions are widely regarded as the most effective method for addressing complex health issues such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), there is a dearth of research about the implementation of interventions of this nature. The aim of this study was to determine the implementation of locally developed...
Article
Aims: To assess the overall effect of telemedicine on diabetes management and to identify features of telemedicine interventions that are associated with better diabetes management outcomes. Methods: Hedges's g was estimated as the summary measure of mean difference in HbA1c between patients with diabetes who went through telemedicine care and t...
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Full-text available
Background Strict restrictions on outdoor cigarette marketing have resulted in increasing concentration of cigarette marketing at the point-of-sale (POS). The association between POS cigarette marketing and smoking-induced deprivation (SID) has never been studied. The aim of this study was to examine this association and how it is mediated by cravi...
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Full-text available
This study examined the association between unemployment and life expectancy in the United States during 1990–2010. Census-based unemployment rates were linked to US county-level mortality data. Life expectancies were calculated by age, sex, race, and unemployment level during 1990–2010. Differences in life expectancy were decomposed by age and cau...
Article
Background: Tobacco use and heavy alcohol consumption occur more frequently in socioeconomically disadvantaged groups. Little is known about the sociodemographic and psychosocial factors associated with use of alcohol and tobacco in disadvantaged groups in comparison to low-risk users. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the characteristics...
Article
Full-text available
The aim was to assess the association of exposure to point-of-sale (POS) tobacco marketing with quit attempt and quit success in a prospective study of smokers in the United States. Data were collected via telephone-interview on exposure to POS tobacco marketing, sociodemographic and smoking-related variables from 999 smokers in Omaha, Nebraska, in...