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Mohammad Firoz Quamar

Mohammad Firoz Quamar
Birbal Sahni Institute of (Palaeobotany) Palaeosciences

Ph.D.

About

94
Publications
26,068
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886
Citations
Introduction
Md. Firoz Quamar currently works at the Quaternary Palynology Laboratory, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India. His current project is 'Studies on the vegetation dynamics and climate change from the central Indian core monsoon zone (CMZ) during the late Quaternary/Holocene Epoch, based on pollen records'.
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - December 2024
Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences
Position
  • Researcher
January 2017 - December 2020
Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany
Position
  • Researcher
October 2013 - December 2016
Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India
Position
  • Scientist "B" and Principal Investigator (Institute Project and DST Fast Track Young Scientist Project)

Publications

Publications (94)
Article
Palaeopalynological records of 1.1 m deep lacustrine sediment profile from the central Indian Core Monsoon Zone (CMZ) have provided a prolonged warming trend over the last ca. 11,700 years. Palynological evidence suggests that between ca. 11,700 and 8500 cal yr BP, a mixed tropical deciduous forest occurred in the region under a warm and humid clim...
Article
Full-text available
Modern pollen dispersal studies carried out in the phytogeographically and climatically different regions (the Peninsular and extra-Peninsular regions [the Himalaya], the Ganga-Brahmaputra Plain and the coastal regions) of India are summarized and critically reviewed in the present communication. We have incorporated all the works undertaken on mod...
Article
Pollen analysis of a 2 m deep sediment core from Khedla Quila Lake, Betul District (southwestern Madhya Pradesh), India has demonstrated the vegetation succession and climate change since the Late-Holocene. The pollen sequences have revealed that between 1416 and 506 cal BP (AD 534–1444), open mixed tropical deciduous forest comprising Madhuca indi...
Article
The pollen record of a 2.4 m thick sediment profile from a lake deposit at Nitaya Village, which has been named as Nitaya Lake, Hoshangabad District, southwestern Madhya Pradesh (India), displays a chronological record of vegetation, climate and lake-level changes as well as anthropogenic activities as a consequence of fluctuating trend of monsoon...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing the taxonomic resolution of fossil pollen identification and establishing the kinship and similarity among phylogenetically related plant groups are inevitable for advancing the Quaternary palaeoecological, palaeoclimatological and palaeoenvironmental research. We, in the present study, examined and determined the pollen morphological ch...
Article
We analysed the pollen composition, non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs) and stable carbon isotope data (δ¹³C values) of surface sediments (soil), from the proglacial deposits (outwash plain and the two levels of kame-terraces) of the Chorabari Glacier, Kedarnath, India. The main objective was to develop the modern-proxy analogues, for the calibration of...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetation reconstruction from fossil pollen records depends on an adequate understanding of the relationship between modern pollen-rain and the extant vegetation. Modern pollen assemblages, that reflect the extant vegetation of an area, have been documented through the palynological analysis of 30 modern moss cushions from Rourkela, Sundargarh...
Chapter
Understanding vegetation dynamics and its response to climate change and the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) variability is imperative as vegetation plays a key role in the global climate system through modification of the water and energy balance. The present communication reviews the pollen-based studies on vegetation dynamics, associated climate cha...
Article
Full-text available
An understanding of the relationship between modern pollen and vegetation is a prerequisite for reconstruction of vegetation and climate change from fossil pollen records. We conducted palynological studies of thirty-five surface soil samples from the Jammu region of India, which revealed that Pinus, among the conifers (regional needle-leaved taxa)...
Article
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Angiosperms display striking variation of pollen morphological features within and between populations of the same species, as well as within individual plants. We describe and illustrate variation of pollen aperture number, which is called pollen heteromorphism, in Schleichera Lour. (Sapindaceae) from surface soil samples collected from central In...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen analytical study of a 2.1-m deep lacustrine sedimentary profile from the central India has demonstrated that between ~ 8400 and 1200 cal yr BP, open, mixed tropical, deciduous forest occurred in the region under a warm and moderately humid climate, probably indicating moderate monsoon precipitation. Subsequently, between ~ 1200 and 500 cal y...
Article
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Pollen analyses of a 90 cm deep lacustrine sediment profile from the Mahasamund District of Chhattisgarh State, central India demonstrated that between ca. 3600 and 2500 cal yr BP (Neoglacial climate interval), open forest vegetation occupied the landscape in the region under a dry climate, probably indicating reduced monsoon (the Indian Summer Mon...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen analysis and radiocarbon dating of a 1.4 m deep lacustrine sediment profile from Chhattisgarh State, central India, in the core monsoon zone (CMZ), has revealed the vegetation history, associated climate change and the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) rainfall variability during the Late-Holocene. The pollen evidence suggests that between ca. 300...
Article
Pollen analysis and radiocarbon dating of a 1.4 m deep lacustrine sediment profile from Chhattisgarh State, central India, in the core monsoon zone (CMZ), has revealed the vegetation history, associated climate change and the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) rainfall variability during the Late-Holocene. The pollen evidence suggests that between ca. 300...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen and non-pollen palynomorphs were analysed from 35 modern moss cushions collected along an altitudinal gradient (2225–2552 m a.s.l.) from the Baramulla District of Jammu and Kashmir State (Western Himalaya), India. Selected sampling altitude is at elevation of appearance of blue pine (Pinus wallichiana) and West Himalayan spruce or morinda sp...
Article
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A palynological assay of the studies carried out from the Western and the Eastern Himalaya (India) during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene is presented here. The Western Himalaya is affected by both the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) and Western Disturbances, whereas the Eastern Himalaya receives precipitation only from the ISM. During the Late Pleis...
Article
The present investigation focuses on understanding and quantifying the climate/precipitation variability for a monsoon–dominated agrarian Indian socio– economy. Samples from a ~3.5 m deep/thick proglacial sedimentary profile, situated on the northern boundary of Indian summer monsoon (ISM) influence, have been used in this study. Important climatic...
Article
Full-text available
In order to understand the relationship between modern pollen spectra and vegetation, we analysed 20 surface sediment samples collected from the alpine zone of Kalla Bank glacier valley, Dhauliganga Basin, India covering an elevational stretch of c. 3600 to 5000 m asl and vegetation zones like the alpine scrub, alpine meadow and alpine barren. This...
Article
The present study investigates latero-frontal moraines to reconstruct the pattern of glacier advances and associated climate variability in the Suru valley, southwestern Zanskar Himalaya. Impressive sets of latero-frontal moraines and discontinuous morainic ridges (recessional) represent the records of the past glacier advance and retreat. The nort...
Article
Full-text available
A palynological study of the surface soil samples collected from the edge of forested areas of the Kartala Forest Range in the Korba District of Chhattisgarh State, central India, was carried out. The objectives of the present study are to establish the relationship between the modern pollen-rain and extant vegetation and also to look into the vari...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to document the modern pollen assemblages that reflect the extant vegetation, through palynological analysis of 40 modern moss cushions, from the Akhnoor sector of Jammu District (Jammu and Kashmir), India. The study revealed that the pollen of Pinus sp. (average 62%) dominates the pollen assemblages. The over-representation...
Article
Full-text available
India’s agricultural output, economy and societal well-being are strappingly dependent on the stability of the southwest summer monsoon precipitation, its variability and extremes. Deviations in the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) precipitation may profoundly impact the agricultural productivity and gross domestic product (GDP) of the country. Understa...
Article
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Twenty five surface samples/moss cushions were collected for palynological analysis from open areas of Reasi District, Jammu and Kashmir (India). These samples were used to investigate the relationships between extant vegetation and modern pollen spectra, which serve as modern analogue for the reliable ecological interpretation of fossil pollen rec...
Article
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In order to quantify the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) variability for a monsoon dominated agrarian based Indian socio-economy, we used combined high resolution δ13C, total organic carbon (TOC), sediment texture and environmental magnetic data of the samples from a ~3 m deep glacial outwash sedimentary profile from the Sikkim Himalaya. Our decadal to...
Article
Full-text available
Quaternary palaeoclimatic studies in India, with reference to palynology, commenced in the early part of the twentieth century. Sporadic studies continued until the 1940s. A watershed in palynological research in the country occurred in the late 1940s, primarily with the inception of the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany (recently renamed the...
Article
Full-text available
The present communication deals with the extraction of palynomorphs, especially pollen grains and spores, from modern tree bark samples collected from the Korba District of Chhattisgarh State, central India. The principal aim of the study is to understand the aerobiological implications of the extracted and recovered palynomorphs in and around the...
Article
Pollen morphology of 28 plant taxa belonging to 23 families from Lucknow, India is illustrated and described on the basis of observations from light microscopy (LM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The principal objective is to observe and document the widespread variation in pollen shape, size, aperture diameter and pollen wall archi...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the modern pollen palynomorphs (PP) distribution complemented with non-pollen palynomorphs (NPP) and stable carbon isotopic data of soil organic matter (SOM) to explore relationships of these proxies to vegetation communities in the Chopta valley, a closed valley in alpine zone of the North Sikkim, India, in an attempt to check the effi...
Article
Full-text available
The present communication deals with pollen analyses of moss polsters in order to understand the pollen rain from Udhampur District of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The study revealed that the pollen of Pinus sp. (average 46% pollen) dominates the pollen rain, which could be attributed to its high pollen productivity and excellent pollen dispersal effi...
Article
Full-text available
The present communication deals with pollen analyses of moss polsters in order to understand the pollen rain from Udhampur District of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The study revealed that the pollen of Pinus sp. (average 46% pollen) dominates the pollen rain, which could be attributed to its high pollen productivity and excellent pollen dispersal effi...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of late-Holocene (∼ 4 ka [thousand years ago]) variability in the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) precipitation from north Chhattisgarh (C'garh), central India (core monsoon zone [CMZ] of India) is important in understanding the dynamics of ISM precipitation. In this study, we present pollen proxy records of the variability in the ISM precipi...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen analyses of spider web samples, collected from the recently planted Tectona grandis (T. grandis, teak)-dominated tropical deciduous forest of Bhulsidih Village, Korba District (Chhattisgarh, central India), shed light on the relationship between the extant vegetation and pollen rain. The study revealed the dominance of pollen of herbs and tr...
Article
Pollen records derived from a 2-m deep lacustrine sediment profile provide valuable information concerning the vegetation succession and climate change, agricultural activity, its subsequent pace and lake-level changes from southwestern Madhya Pradesh, central India (core monsoon zone [CMZ] of India) during mid-Holocene. The study has demonstrated...
Article
Full-text available
The 25th Indian colloquium on micropa-laeontology and stratigraphy was organized recently. The principal themes of the silver jubilee event were: recent developments in micropalaeontology; advances in micropalaeontological studies of Foraminifera, Radiolarians, Ostracods, Bryozoa, Calcareous Algae, Diatoms, Nannoplanktons, Dinoflagellates, paly-nol...
Data
Full-text available
The 25th Indian colloquium on micropa-laeontology and stratigraphy was organized recently. The principal themes of the silver jubilee event were: recent developments in micropalaeontology; advances in micropalaeontological studies of Foraminifera, Radiolarians, Ostracods, Bryozoa, Calcareous Algae, Diatoms, Nannoplanktons, Dinoflagellates, paly-nol...
Article
We provide a detailed and critical account on the comparative study of modern palynoassemblages recovered from the natural pollen trapping media/substrates such as surface soils/sediments, moss cushions/polsters, modern tree bark samples and spider web samples, collected from various localities of Chhattisgarh, central India. The study shows that m...
Article
Pollen from modern tree bark samples collected in the Manendragarh Forest Range, Koriya District, Chhattisgarh, India, was investigated with the objective to understand the pollen rain in and around the study area, using modern tree bark samples as a new tool. The palyno-assemblages revealed the dominance of non-arboreals (herbs) over arboreals (tr...
Data
P ollen analyses of spider web samples, collected from the recently planted Tectona granids (teak)-dominated tropical deciduous forest at Bhulsidih village of Korba district (Chhattisgarh, Central India), shed light on the relationship between the extant vegetation and pollen rain. The study revealed the dominance of pollen of herbs and trees, wher...
Data
P ollen analyses of spider web samples, collected from the recently planted Tectona granids (teak)-dominated tropical deciduous forest at Bhulsidih village of Korba district (Chhattisgarh, Central India), shed light on the relationship between the extant vegetation and pollen rain. The study revealed the dominance of pollen of herbs and trees, wher...
Poster
Full-text available
The Poster discuss the pollen-based vegetation and climate change from the core monsoon zone (CMZ) of India during the late Holocene; also correlate the inferences with the global climatic events especially Medieval Warm Period (MWP) and Little Ice Age (LIA).
Article
Full-text available
Pollen analysis of a 1.25 m deep sediment core from Kachia Jhora-Lake, Sehore District, southwestern Madhya Pradesh (India) has displayed that between 3350 and 2250 yr BP, the vicinity of the lake supported open mixed tropical deciduous forest comprising mainly Madhuca indica, Acacia, Terminalia, Sapotaceae, Grewia, Aegle marmelos, Tectona grandis,...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen records from a 1.8-m deep sediment profile from Lakadandh Swamp, Baikunthpur Forest Range of Koriya District, Chhattisgarh (C'garh, central India), show the late Quaternary vegetation and climate history. Lakadandh Swamp occurs in the core monsoon zone of India. The study revealed that between ∼12,785 and ∼9035 cal. yrs BP, tree savannah veg...
Article
Full-text available
Non-pollen palynomorphs comprising algal remains, namely Botryococcus, Chara, Concentricystis, Pediastrum, Spirogyra and Zygnema as well as fungal spores such as ascospore types, Alternaria, Cookeina, Curvularia, Diplodia, Glomus, Helminthosporium, Nigrospora, Microthyriaceae and Tetraploa, well identified from the palynoslides prepared basically f...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen analysis of a 1.8 m deep sediment core from Matijharia Lake, Baikunthpur Forest Range of Koriya District in Chhattisgarh state (C'garh), central India, has been carried out with the principal aim of investigating the vegetation and climate history from mid-to late-Holocene. The study has demonstrated that between 6410 and 4250 cal. BP, tree...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper analyses the pollen deposition pattern in a swampy area of tropical mixed deciduous forest at the Baikunthpur Forest Range in the Koriya District of Chhattisgarh, India, based on the palynological investigation of surface samples. The palynological assemblages revealed the dominance of non-arboreal pollen taxa (NAPs: herbs) over t...
Article
Teak (Tectona grandis Linn. F.) of the family Verbenaceae and Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn. F.) of Dipterocarpaceae, are dominating as well as important constituents of tropical deciduous forests of India and Madhya Pradesh, constituting about 24–26% of the total forest flora of the country. These two taxa are high pollen producers, but their pollen...
Article
Full-text available
The present communication reviews the pattern of modern pollen-rain studies carried out in southwestern Madhya Pradesh, India. The study largely revealed that Tectona grandis (teak), despite being an enormous pollen producer (7500 average number of absolute pollen/flower) and the dominant forest constituent (80 to 95% of the total forest constituen...
Conference Paper
T he present study reviews the pattern of modern pollen-rain carried out from southwestern Madhya Pradesh, India, which largely revealed that Tectona grandis (teak), despite being an enormous pollen producer (7500 average number of absolute pollen/flower) (Bhattacharya et al., 1999) and the dominant forest constituent (80 to 95% of the total forest...
Data
Full-text available
Poster
Full-text available
The poster throws light on the factors affecting the modern pollen vegetation relationships.