Mohammad Khalil

Mohammad Khalil
University of Bergen | UiB

Dr. techn.
Open for Grant collaboration, PhD supervision, and Teaching opportunities

About

76
Publications
68,802
Reads
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1,218
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - September 2018
University of Bergen
Position
  • Senior Researcher
May 2017 - August 2017
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2015 - June 2017
Graz University of Technology
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are remote courses that excel in their students’ heterogeneity and quantity. Due to the peculiarity of being massiveness, the large datasets generated by MOOC platforms require advanced tools and techniques to reveal hidden patterns for purposes of enhancing learning and educational behaviors. This publication of...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter looks into examining research studies of the last five years and presents the state of the art of Learning Analytics (LA) in the Higher Education (HE) arena. Therefore, we used mixed-method analysis and searched through three popular libraries, including the Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK) conference, the SpringerLink, and the W...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) is a type of online learning environment that has the potential to increase students' access to education. However, the low completion rates in MOOCs suggest that student engagement and progression in the courses are problematic. Following the increasing adoption of gamification in education, it is possible that...
Article
Full-text available
Self-regulated learning (SRL) refers to how learners steer their own learning. Supporting SRL has been shown to enhance the use of SRL strategies and learning performance in computer-based learning environments. However, little is known about supporting SRL in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). In this study, weekly SRL prompts were embedded as v...
Article
Full-text available
Social network services such as Twitter are important venues that can be used as rich data sources to mine public opinions about various topics. In this study, we used Twitter to collect data on one of the most growing theories in education, namely Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) and carry out further analysis to investigate What Twitter says about S...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Covid‐19 pandemic disrupted higher education in many ways, such as the move to Emergency Remote Online Teaching and Learning (EROTL), often including a move to online assessments and examinations. With evidence of increased academic dishonesty in unproctored online assessment, institutions sought ways to ensure academic and instituti...
Book
This book explores and further expands on the rich history of theoretical and empirical research in open and distributed learning, and addresses the impact of the “data revolution” and the emergence of learning analytics on this increasingly diverse form of educational delivery. Following an introductory chapter that maps the book’s conceptual rati...
Chapter
Full-text available
Online distance learning is highly learner-centred, requiring different skills and competences from learners, as well as alternative approaches for instructional design, student support, and provision of resources. Learner autonomy and self-regulated learning (SRL) in online learning settings are considered key success factors that predict student...
Chapter
It is with a sense of irony that we offer a conclusion to this book. As we acknowledged in the introductory chapter, when we invited authors to submit proposals for a book on exploring the potential and challenges of learning analytics for open, distance and distributed learning institutions and forms of delivery, no one would have imagined how the...
Chapter
As part of the series, Springer Briefs in Open and Distance Education, we invited expressions of interest aiming to critically explore and map the potential and challenges of learning analytics in the specific context of open and distributed learning.
Article
Evidence shows that appropriate use of technology in education has the potential to increase the effectiveness of, eg, teaching, learning and student support. There is also evidence that technology can introduce new problems and ethical issues, eg, student privacy. This article maps some limitations of technological approaches that ensure student d...
Poster
Full-text available
With the increase in online education arises the challenge of replicating physical laboratories and teamwork online. This poster presents a brief overview of a scoping review of the current research within the area of learning analytics and collaboration in online laboratory environments, including results on the used learning analytics method. A g...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While learning analytics frameworks precede the official launch of learning analytics in 2011, there has been a proliferation of learning analytics frameworks since. This systematic review of learning analytics frameworks between 2011 and 2021 in three databases resulted in an initial corpus of 268 articles and conference proceeding papers based on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Twitter is a very popular microblogging platform that has been actively used by scientific communities to exchange scientific information and to promote scholarly discussions. The present study aimed to leverage the tweet data to provide valuable insights into the development of the learning analytics field since its initial days. Descriptive analy...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents a conceptual exploration of the potential of learning analytics to inform teaching and learning during extraordinary contextual events such as the recent and continuing impact of COVID-19. In reflecting on the potential of learning analytics to ameliorate teaching in the dark, we first share some empirical evidence of how lear...
Article
The coronavirus pandemic has impacted global society in many ways, not least education, with schools and universities moving many teaching and learning practices online. This paper examines the response of educational institutions in employing learning analytics, an approach which includes the collection and analysis of student data to understand a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Clustering in education is important in identifying groups of objects in order to find linked patterns of correlations in educational datasets. As such, MOOCs provide a rich source of educational datasets which enable a wide selection of options to carry out clustering and an opportunity for cohort analyses. In this experience paper, five research...
Article
Full-text available
Clustering in education is important in identifying groups of objects in order to find linked patterns of correlations in educational datasets. As such, MOOCs provide a rich source of educational datasets which enable a wide selection of options to carry out clustering and an opportunity for cohort analyses. In this experience paper, five research...
Book
Full-text available
The course has been designed and written with the explicit purpose of assisting teachers to understand and use learning analytics ethically and appropriately in their own context. After reading, participants should be able to: 1. Explain learning analytics in the broader evolution of the use of learners’ data in teaching and learning environments....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The coronavirus pandemic has impacted global society in many ways, not least education, with schools and universities moving many teaching and learning practices online. This paper examines the response of educational institutions in employing learning analytics, an approach which includes the collection and analysis of student data to understand a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While the exchange of cross-border students in Europe has increased significantly in recent years, a growing number of these students face obstacles in selecting courses for exchange. This poster describes the first iteration of creating a course recommendation system for exchange students to select courses that fit their preferences. We implemente...
Chapter
Full-text available
Online distance learning is highly learner-centred, requiring different skills and competences from learners, as well as alternative approaches for instructional design, student support, and provision of resources. Learner autonomy and self-regulated learning (SRL) in online learning settings are considered key success factors that predict student...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since its emergence in 2011, the field of Learning Analytics demands tools that deal with the exhausts of digital learning systems. This paper presents our first prototype 'OXALIC' in an attempt to introduce a standalone Learning Analytics tool for the Open edX MOOC platform. Open edX is largely used by thousands of organizations around the world....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With globally increased migration and mobility across countries, it has become critical for many people to acquire a language of the host country. This study focuses on the case of adult migrant workers who are i) enrolled in second language education and ii) faced to a challenge of balancing between their professional and private lives and their s...
Poster
Full-text available
The adoption of learning analytics in the Higher Education sector is evolving fast, however, there are many challenges concerning privacy, ethics, security, and transparency. Despite HE Institutions having promised to improve student's learning experiences through the use of student data, students, to a large extent, are absent and verily in instit...
Chapter
Full-text available
Large organizations often constrain their innovation quests only inside the silos of dedicated departments. However, in the rapidly changing world, innovation processes need to be opened to wider circles suggesting involving virtual environments in workplaces that trigger employees’ to be highly engaged. This empirical study investigates the facili...
Article
Published in Distance Education in China 4:1-11 摘要:学习分析自从2011年出现以来,不管是作为一个研究重点还是实践领域,它一直在发展,从某种程度上讲已经成熟了。学习分析不但在增进我们对学生坚持学习和顺利完成学业的了解以及提高我们教学策略的效果等方面有巨大潜能,它还能帮助学生在更加知情的情况下做出选择。然而,学习分析在多大程度上影响学生学习?它在什么条件下能够充分发挥其潜能?这些问题引起一些关注。我们在这篇概念性文章中提出从生态系统观的角度理解学习分析,或是把它视为某一个生态系统的一部分,或是把它当成一个生态系统,这个系统由各种人为和非人为因素(行动者)组成,包含一系列相互交叉、常常互相依存且又是彼此一部分的变量。鉴于学习分析有提高学习效果的潜...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Self-regulated learning (SRL) can predict academic performance. Yet, it is difficult for learners. The ability to self-regulate learning becomes even more important in emerging online learning settings. To support learners in developing their SRL, learning analytics (LA), which can improve learning practice by transforming the ways we support learn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this workshop paper is to propose Mobile Multimodal Learning Analytics Methodology (MOLAM). The methodology is suggested to be developed through the lenses of multidisciplinary and multichannel data research approaches, based on the theoretical foundations of Self-Regulated Learning (SRL). MOLAM is theory supported, driven by learning an...
Article
Full-text available
In order to effectively integrate digital technology into education it is necessary to examine and understand teachers’ preparedness to use digital technology in education. The objective of this pilot study is to validate a self-reported instrument to measure teachers’ preparedness to use Information and Communication Technologies for learning and...
Chapter
Learning was once defined as the function of efforts spent in relation to efforts needed [3]. Provided that effort is closely linked to time, previous research has found a positive relationship between student effort over time and student success, both in university education and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). With the complex environment of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research of SRL in MOOCs is still young and carried intervention experiments that support SRL are still scarce. In this abstract, the main objective is to provide a glance and results of an empirical study where SRL behavior is explored in a MOOC using learning analytics. When learners click on online course activities in MOOCs, log files are c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mobile learning (m-learning) is increasingly adopted in Higher Education (HE) given that almost all undergraduates own mobile devices with Wi-Fi and fast Internet connections. In HE, undergraduates are required to spend a significant proportion of time on self-study as well as use effective learning strategies during self-study to achieve academic...
Article
Full-text available
Information and communication technologies are increasingly mediating learning and teaching practices as well as how educational institutions are handling their administrative work. As such, students and teachers are leaving large amounts of digital footprints and traces in various educational apps and learning management platforms, and educational...
Article
Student data privacy as a research focus and practice is relatively under-researched in the context of massive open online courses (MOOCs). Central to researching student data privacy in the context of online service providers are the various user agreements that participants must accept or opt into before they can use a MOOC platform. Such documen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Evidence suggests that individuals are often willing to exchange personal data for (real or perceived) benefits. Such an exchange may be impacted by their trust in a particular context and their (real or perceived) control over their data. Students remain concerned about the scope and detail of surveillance of their learning behavior, their privacy...
Chapter
Full-text available
The study of learning is grounded in theories and research. Since learning is complex and not directly observable, it is often inferred by collecting and analysing data based on the things learners do or say. By virtue, theories are developed from the analyses of data collected. With the proliferation of technology, large amounts of data are genera...
Article
Full-text available
p class="3">While many strategies for protecting personal privacy rely on regulatory frameworks, consent, and anonymizing data, they are not always effective. Terms and Conditions often lag behind advances in technology, software, and user behaviours, and consent to use data for a range of unclear purposes may be provided unwittingly. As the commer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Students in MOOCs may dropout because of poor instructional design quality of courses, poor learning experiences, and failing to regulate their learning times wisely. Given that there are few studies that covered examining students timing in MOOCs in terms of sessions, the current study primarily focuses on investigating the differences in sessions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Learning was once defined as the function of efforts spent in relation to efforts needed [3]. Provided that effort is closely linked to time, previous research has found a positive relationship between student effort over time and student success, both in university education and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). With the complex environment of...
Article
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) sind in den letzten Jahren in aller Munde, wenn es darum geht, technologiegestütztes Lernen für große Zielgruppen zu verwirklichen. MOOCs bieten dabei kostenlose Bildung mit offenem Zugang an, sowohl für die breite Öffentlichkeit als auch für spezielle Zielgruppen (z.B. Weiterbildung). Die in den Medien diskutier...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a mobile game app (EUR Game) that has been designed to complement teaching and learning in higher education. The mobile game app can be used by teachers to gauge how well students are meeting the learning objectives. Teachers can use the information to provide 'just-in-time' support and adapt their lessons accordingly. For the students,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While many strategies for protecting personal privacy have relied on regulatory frameworks, consent and anonymizing data, such approaches are not always effective. Frameworks and Terms and Conditions often lag user behaviour and advances in technology and software; consent can be provisional and fragile; and the anonymization of data may impede per...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite evidence that learning analytics has become institutionalised within higher education since its emergence in 2011, there remain questions regarding its impact on informing curricula, pedagogy and ultimately, on student success. A variety of factors can impact on the successful implementation of learning analytics. Despite its huge potential...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It has been 10 years since the first MOOC was prepared by George Siemens and Stephen Downes on connectivism and connected knowledge at the University of Manitoba. From 25 participants only to hundreds of thousands of students in 2011, MOOCs became a hype in technology-enhanced learning context. Nevertheless, the phenomenon of MOOCs has become widel...
Chapter
Full-text available
In recent years, massive open online courses (MOOCs) led the road into a new era of learning environment systems. Since 2008, e-Learning witnessed a new type of course which is massive in student numbers, open for anyone, and available for all without limitations. MOOCs integrate social networking, accessible online resources, and open-ended outcom...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have been a hype in technology enhanced learning systems the last couple of years. The promises behind MOOCs stand on delivering free and open education to the public, as well as training a large criterion of students. However, MOOCs clashes severely with students dropout which by then forced educationalists to d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) require students' motivation either intrinsically or extrinsically to complete any of its courses. Even though MOOCs enjoy great popularity and bring many benefits to the educational community, some concerns arise with MOOC advancement. In fact, MOOCs are affected by low completion rate and face issues with respe...
Chapter
Full-text available
In diesem Beitrag wird nach einer Kurzeinführung zu MOOCs und Learning Analytics, die in diesem Projekt weiter ausgebaute Learning-Analytics-Infrastruktur vorgestellt. Danach werden die erhobenen Ergebnisse präsentiert und diskutiert. Einerseits kann gezeigt werden, dass sich die Kurse mit jenen aus der Literatur vergleichen lassen und andererseits...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) offer a great opportunity for learners to enjoy learning despite their location or timing. Nevertheless, motives vary between each student and another. In this workshop paper, we are delighted to open discussions on why undergraduates may enroll in their university’s MOOCs? Are they looking for ECTS points? Or do...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are a new form of learning environment aimed towards accessibility and openness using contemporary technologies. One of the MOOC’s key features is the social interaction which usually takes place in discussion forums. This article focuses on reworking and analyzing the existing iMooX forum by enriching the new de...
Article
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) require students' commitment and engagement to earn the completion, certified or passing status. This study presents a conceptual Learning Analytics Activity-Motivation framework that looks into increasing students' activity in MOOCs. The proposed framework followed an empirical data analysis from MOOC variables...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The field of Learning Analytics has proven to provide various solu- tions to online educational environments. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are considered as one of the most emerging online environments. Its substantial growth attracts researchers from the analytics field to examine the rich repositories of data they provide. The present pape...
Article
Full-text available
Discussion forums are an essential part to foster interaction among teachers and students, as well as students and students, in virtual learning settings. If interaction can be enhanced, this has a positive influence on motivation and finally also on dropout rates. These days, a special form of online courses, so‐ called MOOCs (Massive Open Online...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Maker Movement or do-it-yourself culture is a concept uses novel, mostly via digital applications and tools to emphasize the learning- through-doing in the social environment. This culture inspires teachers through learning by construction and is seen as an important driver for education. In this chapter, we introduce the Maker Movement and des...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In order to study learners’ behaviors and activities in online learning environments such as MOOCs, the demanding for a framework of practices and procedures to collect, analyze and optimize their data emerged in the educational learning horizon. Learning Analytics is the field that arose to comply with such needs and was denominated as a “technolo...
Article
Full-text available
The e-book market is currently in a strong upswing. This research study deals with the question which practical uses the e-book format EPUB3 offers for (higher) education. By means of a didactic content analysis, a range of interactive exercise types were developed as a result of conversations with teachers. For this purpose, a didactic and technic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Learning Analytics is an emerging field in the vast areas of Educational Technology and Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL). It provides tools and techniques that offer researchers the ability to analyze, study, and benchmark institutions, learners and teachers as well as online learning environments such as MOOCs. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs...
Article
Full-text available
Learning Analytics is an emerging field in the vast areas of Educational Technology and Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL). It provides tools and techniques that offer researchers the ability to analyze, study, and benchmark institutions, learners and teachers as well as online learning environments such as MOOCs. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs...
Article
Full-text available
The area of Learning Analytics has developed enormously since the first International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK) in 2011. It is a field that combines different disciplines such as computer science, statistics, psychology and pedagogy to achieve its intended objectives. The main goals illustrate in creating convenient inter...
Chapter
Full-text available
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are the road that led to a revolution and a new era of learning environments. Educational institutions have come under pressure to adopt new models that assure openness in their education distribution. Nonetheless, there is still altercation about the pedagogical approach and the absolute information delivery to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is widely known that interaction, as well as communication, are very important parts of successful online courses. These features are considered crucial because they help to improve students’ attention in a very significant way. In this publication, the authors present an innovative application, which adds different forms of interactivity to lea...
Article
Full-text available
Learning analytics has reserved its position as an important field in the educational sector. However, the large-scale collection, processing, and analyzing of data has steered the wheel beyond the borders to face an abundance of ethical breaches and constraints. Revealing learners’ personal information and attitudes, as well as their activities, a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The area of Learning Analytics has developed enormously since the first International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK) in 2011. It is a field that combines different disciplines such as computer science, statistics, psychology and pedagogy to achieve its intended objectives. The main goals illustrate in creating convenient inter...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The e-book market is currently in a strong upswing. This research study deals with the question which practical uses the e-book format EPUB3 offers for (higher) education. By means of a didactic content analysis, a range of interactive exercise types were developed as a result of conversations with teachers. For this purpose, a didactic and technic...
Book
Full-text available
Conference Proceeding of th 4h European MOOC Summit in Graz, Austria. Webpage: http://emoocs2016.eu
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses are remote courses that excel in their students' heterogeneity and quantity. Due to the peculiarity of being massiveness, the large datasets generated by MOOCs platforms require advance tools to reveal hidden patterns for enhancing learning and educational environments. This paper offers an interesting study on using one...