Mohammad Kamali

Mohammad Kamali
Iran University of Medical Sciences · Rehabilitation Basic Sciences

Professor in Health Education

About

349
Publications
76,808
Reads
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1,599
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2011 - March 2015
Iran University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Dean of Rehabilitation Research Center
January 2006 - present
Iran University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Member of Basic Rehabilitation Sciences Department
March 1983 - present
Iran University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
September 1994 - May 1999
Tarbiat Modares University
Field of study
  • Health Education
September 1986 - May 1990
Tarbiat Modares University
Field of study
  • Health Education
September 1979 - September 1984
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Field of study
  • Physical therapy

Publications

Publications (349)
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the hypothesis that ADL tests dependent on cortical functions could be used to assess outcome in stroke patients. 27 right-handed stroke patients were evaluated on National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale and thinking process items of Lowenstein Occup...
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Background: Mothers’ perception of their ability to parenting (maternal parenting self-efficacy) is a critical issue that influences their interactions with their preterm neonates. For better support of these mothers, a robust tool is needed which can measure mothers’ perception of their ability to understand and care for their preterm neonates as...
Article
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Background: Clinical reasoning is generally defined as the numerous modes of thinking that guide clinical practice but little is known about the factors affecting how occupational therapists manage the decision-making process. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the factors influencing the clinical reasoning of occupational therapists....
Article
Background and Aim: Cochlear implants (CIs) can lead to the development of verbal communication in areas such as sound repertoire, speech intelligibility (SI), and conversational skills. The SI refers to the ability to make recognizable speech sounds. Children with CIs may experience poorer SI than normal- hearing (NH) children. This study aims to...
Article
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Background Muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) is common in traditional singers and can lead to serious complications, but there is inconclusive evidence about how MTD should be treated in singers as professional voice users. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of breathing exercises combined with manual therapy versus breathing exercise...
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Background and Aim: The incidence of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is increasing rapidly worldwide. It has been shown that the long-term exposure to noise leads to permanent hearing loss. There is currently no treatment for NIHL and it is mainly managed by preventive measures. This study aimed to develop a training software to improve speech-in...
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Background: Identifying and removing the barriers faced by speech and language pathologists (SLPs) for implementing evidence-based practice (EBP) can facilitate its administration among Iranian SLPs. Objectives: The present study was conducted to explore the barriers to implementing EBP among Iranian SLPs. Methods: A total of 14 SLPs were recruited...
Article
Background: Previous studies have shown that children with cochlear implants have difficulty in grammar acquisition. Vocabulary acquisition and grammar abilities are important during language development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of grammar therapy on the lexical ability of cochlear implanted children. Methods: Five c...
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Objective People with disabilities are highly vulnerable during disasters and their mortality is higher than normal population. The causes of this vulnerability, in addition to the physical problems and movement limitations, can be lack of their knowledge in facing with disasters. Such deficiencies can adversely affect their preparedness surviving...
Article
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The article considers the psychometric properties of the Persian version of FHSQ which is a foot health status questionnaire.
Article
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Objective People with disabilities are highly vulnerable during disasters and their mortality is higher than normal population. The causes of this vulnerability, in addition to the physical problems and movement limitations, can be lack of their knowledge in facing with disasters. Such deficiencies can adversely affect their preparedness surviving...
Article
Clinical relevance: The findings of this study can be useful in the process of patient selection as well as in optimising the prescription of the prism in patients with convergence insufficiency. Background: To determine the relationship between the demographic variables and baseline clinical characteristics with the prism effectiveness in young a...
Article
Drop foot is a disorder that is characterized by reduction in speed and the patients’ inability to propel the paretic side, which disrupts the walking patterns. Ankle-foot orthoses (AFO) are widely prescribed in these patients in order to facilitate their leg propulsion and foot clearance during the swing phase. The purpose of this study was to use...
Article
Background Investigating the complexity of movement systems can be insightful in clinical decision making. The study conducted to evaluate whether complexity of ground reaction force is affected by hallux valgus grades and footwear or foot side conditions. Methods A sample of 120 females including 30 participants in each group of healthy and mild,...
Article
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Background: Drop foot syndrome is a disorder characterized by foot slapping after the initial contact and foot-dragging during the swing phase. Passive and hybrid passive ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are often prescribed in these patients; however, the effects of these AFO designs on kinematic parameters during gait are unclear. The aim of this study...
Article
Purpose: To translate the Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey (CISS) to Persian and to assess its validity and reliability in a group of young adult Iranian patients with convergence insufficiency (CI). Methods: The questionnaire was translated in backward and forward phases. Face validity was measured using a 6-point scale (very weak, weak...
Article
Objectives: Studies reported that children with Cochlear Implant (Cl) presented difficulties in grammatical acquisition. The Persian language is inflectional. The present study aimed to compare word-level inflections in the language samples of CI recipients and healthy-hearing children. Methods: Thirty children were recruited in this descriptive-an...
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Background: Although the main aims of sanctions are the political and economic pressures on governments, literature has demonstrated the harsh effects of sanctions on the general public, especially on the patients, poor and disabled people. Since the international sanctions regime negatively affected almost all dimensions of Iran's health sector,...
Article
Background: Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is a form of hearing loss in over 60-years-olds and has a negative impact on quality of life. Presbycusis is multifactorial and is predominately characterised with a loss of speech perception in noise. In the cochlea, auditory filters decompose broadband sound into a series of narrowband output sig...
Article
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Background: Ankle Foot Orthosis (AFOs) are frequently prescribed in the management of drop-foot patients. However, few studies have examined the benefits of different design of Ankle Foot Orthosis with extra elements like dampers or springs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of articulated Ankle Foot Orthosis wi...
Article
Purpose Earthquake usually causes death, injury, disability and destruction of buildings and infrastructure, and people with disabilities are usually affected more than healthy people. As undesirable experiences may also have positive outcomes, this study aims to investigate the experiences of PWD and identify the positive effects of earthquakes on...
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Introduction: This study extends previous research regarding the metaphoric comprehension of normal children, as well as Piagetian theories of cognitive development. The researchers discuss how the understanding of ontological conceptual metaphors improves through age and cognitive development, and helps to expand children’s thoughts and knowledge...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is a form of hearing loss in over 60-year-olds and has a negative impact on quality of life. The pathophysiology of presbycusis is multifactorial and is predominately characterised with a loss of speech perception in noise. In the cochlea, auditory filters decompose broadband sound into a series of...
Article
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is one of the most common types of fatal poisonings worldwide. Acute exposure to high levels of CO as well as chronic exposure to low levels of CO and excessive noise can lead to high frequency hearing loss. In this study, twelve guinea pigs were randomly divided into two groups: (1) exposed to noise and (2) exposed t...
Article
Full-text available
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is one of the most common types of fatal poisonings worldwide. Acute exposure to high levels of CO as well as chronic exposure to low levels of CO and excessive noise can lead to high frequency hearing loss. In this study, twelve guinea pigs were randomly divided into two groups: (1) exposed to noise and (2) exposed t...
Article
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Abstract Background: Inadequate financing is one of the major barriers in securing equitable access to high-quality physical rehabilitation services, without imposing financial hardship. Despite this, no sufficient attention has been paid to physical rehabilitation services and no specific financial resources have been allocated to such services in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is a form of hearing loss in over 60-year-olds and has a negative impact on quality of life. The pathophysiology of presbycusis is multifactorial and is predominately characterised with a loss of speech perception in noise. In the cochlea, auditory filters decompose broadband sound into a series of...
Article
Background The intrinsic foot muscles are vital for maintaining normal foot function. This study was conducted to systematically review the literature on the functional capacity and morphological characteristics of the intrinsic foot muscles in subjects with Hallux Valgus (HV) deformity. Methods A search was carried out in electronic databases, in...
Article
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Background and Aim: Electrocochleography is one of the most practically used tests in approaching Meniere's disease (MD). To record reliable response components, the type of applied electrode is of particular importance. The TIP-trode is an appropriate electrode due to its user-friendliness. Gutter electrode can be used in more than 100 subject. Th...
Article
Background Little attention has been paid to foot structural factors and ground reaction force in hallux valgus. Whereas, investigating the structural factors in detail and determining their biomechanical effects can help to better manage hallux valgus. Methods In this case-control study, 120 females (90 hallux valgus and 30 healthy) were recruite...
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This is a Current Issue because, at the time of writing, COVID-19 has affected many countries and territories worldwide and Iran ranked early on as one of the most seriously affected countries. As a result, this pandemic crisis poses a considerable challenge to people with disabilities in Iran. In this short article we show the different challenges...
Article
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Background: The quality of life (QoL) for patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI) is lower than that for healthy individuals. The main purpose of prescribing orthoses for these individuals is to improve their mobility and QoL. The hip knee ankle foot orthosis (HKAFO) has been the conventional choice for such patients, whilst the reciprocating gait...
Article
Background Cochlear implanted (CI) children have problems in most aspects of language and in particular with regards to grammar. Considering the lack of studies in the field of grammar treatment in CI children and bearing in the mind that CI children have the potential to develop language, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the metaphoric comprehension of normal Persian-speaking children, as well as theories of cognitive development and cultural and social impacts. The researchers discuss the improvement of the understanding of ontological conceptual metaphors through age growth and cognitive development, and how it helps to expand children's thoug...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ankle-foot orthoses on speed walking in patients with stroke. Data sources PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, CENTRAL, PEDro, RehabData, RECAL, and ProQuest were searched from inception until 30 September 2019. Review methods This study was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA...
Article
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of base-in prism on symptoms and clinical characteristics of young adults with convergence insufficiency. Methods: In this randomised clinical trial, 64 CI patients aged 18-38 years who presented to Bina Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran between November 2018 and April 2019 were selected...
Article
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Background: In developing countries, people with disabilities (PWD) are more likely to have unequitable access to health care services than their counterparts without disabilities. Access to health care is a multidimensional concept and PWD experience various barriers to use health care. This quantitative study explored the predictors and determent...
Article
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Background: The lack of screening test battery has made it difficult for early identification and intervention of Persian-speaking children with risk of reading problems prior to formal education. The purpose of this study was to develop and introduce a Persian prereading test battery based on the multidimensional reading perspective for screening...
Article
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Objective People with disabilities are more likely to experience poorer health status, compared to the general population; however, their health issues do not receive enough attention from policymakers. This article aimed to identify the factors that hinder the health problems of people with disabilities to be on the national agenda in Iran. Materi...
Article
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity and reliability of culturally adapted Persian version of the Brace Questionnaire (P-BrQ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The BrQ has proved to be a reliable and valid instrument for evaluating the quality of life of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis and has been translated to d...
Article
Background: Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are frequently prescribed to improve gait deviation and normalize walking pattern in patients with drop foot hemiplegia disorder. This study was to review the efficacy of different techniques of AFO construction and biomechanics parameters of AFOs. Furthermore, this study aimed to provide a guideline for resea...
Article
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Background: Leg length discrepancy measurement is an essential part of musculoskeletal clinical assessment, and tape measurement is a common clinical method. This study aimed to systematically review the results of the findings of studies on validity and reliability of the tape measurement method and the quality of reporting the literature on this...
Article
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Background: Physical rehabilitation, as one of the rehabilitation disciplines, can play a great role in humanitarian reliefs. The effectiveness of physical rehabilitation services is completely dependent on time of intervention, the importance of good timing in providing services during disasters is not well understood. The objective of this study...
Article
Objectives: Speech and language pathologists need to assess speech stimulability as a crucial component of assessment in clients with speech sound disorders. The purpose of the current survey was to develop and validate an instrument to assess speech stimulability in Persian speaking children. Methods: The present study was accomplished in two step...
Article
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Objectives: The present study explored challenges in orthotics and prosthetics clinical learning environments in Iran. Methods: A qualitative content analysis method was used to obtain data on orthotics and prosthetics clinical educator’s experiences. Qualitative data were obtained using semi-structured in-depth interviews involving 7 clinical edu...
Article
Background: Reducing inequities in access to healthcare is one of the most important goals for all health systems. Financial barriers play a fundamental role here. People with disability (PWD) experience further financial barriers in access to their needed healthcare services. This study aimed to explore the causes of barriers in access to health...
Article
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Background: Recent studies have demonstrated that Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis )ALS( patients suffer from cognitive and language impairments. One of the most striking and consistent cognitive dysfunctions in these patients is verbal fluency deficits. The aim of this study is the determination of verbal fluency performance of Persian speakers with...
Article
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Background: To date, there is no specific instrument to measure evidence-based practice (EBP) in Speech and Language Pathology (SLP). Therefore, it is essential to design a valid and reliable instrument in the EBP field for SLP. Aim: To develop a speech and language pathology evidence-based practice questionnaire (SLP-EBPQ) for the Iranian context...
Article
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Background: Speech and language pathologists should include connected speech assessment as part of their evaluation for children with speech sound disorders. The purpose of the present study was to design and validate an instrument for assessment of articulation by story-retelling for Persian children. Methods: 261 typically developing children,...
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Background: Internationally, inclusion of physical rehabilitation services during early disaster response is relatively new. The aim of the study was to gain an understanding of disaster relief physical rehabilitation in Iran. Methods: A qualitative study design was employed and sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted for data collecti...
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Introduction: To study sentence comprehension in Persian-speaking Patients with Aphasia considering the factors of complexity. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the performance of 6 non-fluent aphasic patients were tested and their performance was compared to 15 matched control group. Comprehension of semantically reversible sentences was ass...
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Background and Aim: Clinical education is a major component of the Audiology curriculum. Clinical teachers and instructors play an important role in achieving clinical education goals. This research was conducted to survey the view point of Audiology students, teachers, and graduates about clinical teachers’ characteristics affecting clinical educa...
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Background: People might simultaneously be exposed to noise and carbon monoxide in occupational settings. The previous studies revealed that the inhalation of molecular hydrogen (H2) exerts some healing effects on multiple diseases including hearing loss. Objectives: The levels of free radicals have been shown to increase due to the exposure to noi...
Article
Purpose: To examine the validity and reliability of the Persian versions of the Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity/Brace in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Materials/methods: Persian forward/backward translation of the Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity/Brace was produced, and all stages for a cross-cultural adaptation proces...
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Background and Aim: Decoding deficit is the most common central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). Given the benefits of computer-based auditory training programs for treatment of central disorders and the lack of such programs in Persian language, this study aimed to develop a computer-based auditory training program for decoding skill. We also...