Mohammad A. Hassanain

Mohammad A. Hassanain
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals | KFUPM · Architectural Engineering Department

Doctor of Philosophy

About

119
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
Full-text available
Schools are high-risk type of facilities in fire emergencies. This requires the implementation of safety measures, which comprise administrative and operational efforts to mitigate the occurrence of fire accidents. The review of literature indicated the lack of practical approaches that can be easily adopted for safety management in school faciliti...
Article
Purpose This study aims to develop a set of design quality indicators (DQIs) suitable for the design and evaluation of public schools in terms of their technical, functional and behavioral performance. Design/methodology/approach The methodology entailed the review of literature on the design quality of school buildings to identify potential DQIs....
Article
Full-text available
Workplace facilities are organizational capital assets, which entail high risks of fire occurrences. The fire risks increase based on occupants’ behaviors, lack of awareness and poor workspaces safety management. Thus, fire safety risk assessment is vital to raise awareness about workplace fire-safety culture, and to train employees on effective fi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This research investigates the literature and perspectives of bilateral domains of experts, the facilities management (FM) and real estate management (REM) professionals. It provides insights towards a comprehensive understanding of office facilities relocation as organizational workplaces. Design/methodology/approach An investigation of t...
Article
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Health club facilities represent a physical space for an industry that is centric to human health and fitness, serving various societal dimensions such as cultural, economic, and social aspects on the individual and the national levels. This research conducts an indicative post occupancy evaluation (POE), for assessing the provision of post-pandemi...
Article
Purpose This study aims to present the design quality assessment of facilities on a university campus in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach Forty-nine standardized design quality indicators (DQIs) have been adopted for the study. These were classified into relevant categories including: “Indoor Environment, Safety and Maintenance,” “Furnitu...
Article
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Mosques are religious and cultural facilities that are used as a place of worship, social gatherings, and religious events by Islamic communities. The built environment in these facilities should meet certain technical, functional, and behavioral requirements for worshipers. Mosques could endure critical defects and inadequate performance, with gap...
Article
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Purpose This research presents the applicable international fire code requirements for educational facilities, in a comprehensive manner, and the findings of a case study to assess the level of compliance with these requirements. Design/methodology/approach A review of literature, fire codes and standards was conducted to identify the various sour...
Article
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Purpose This study presents findings of post-occupancy evaluation (POE), through a performance assessment, on a polyclinic, as a health-care facility, in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach Review of the literature is conducted to identify the recent publications, on conducting POE, and performance indicators (PIs) assessing performance of h...
Article
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Purpose This paper aims to present a generic lifecycle framework model for guiding architects, engineers, contractors and facilities managers (AEC/FM) practitioners on the effective implementation of adaptive reuse projects. Design/methodology/approach A mixed approach of qualitative and quantitative techniques was followed in the development of t...
Article
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Purpose This study aims to identify research gaps on workplace relocation, through investigating and critiquing the published literature, in the facilities management (FM) and real estate management (REM) domains, over three decades. Design/methodology/approach An extensive literature review was conducted, using academic search engines, using qual...
Article
Purpose This paper investigates the current practices of adaptive reuse projects, within the context of architecture, engineering, construction and facilities management (ACE/FM) industries. Design/methodology/approach A mixed research methodology, combining qualitative and quantitative techniques, was followed. Literature review was performed to c...
Conference Paper
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Because every building is considered as a long-run investment, regardless of its scale, at least to its owner, broadly by collectively impacting the national development of built assets. It is a vital aspect to ensure the qualities which define its inhabitance experience. Buildings’ indoor environments have been undermined being observed as an unco...
Article
A considerable amount of the oil used in Saudi Arabia is consumed to generate power. In an effort to minimize such consumption, the government of Saudi Arabia has established an ambitious part of the 2030 Vision that includes 96 strategic objectives. In recent years, the advancement in information technology has made it possible to develop accurate...
Article
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Purpose This paper presents a systematic conduct of post-occupancy evaluation (POE) for polyclinic facilities at public hospitals. Design/methodology/approach This is a mixed design research, where a review of literature was utilized, to qualitatively synthesize POE research on healthcare facilities. Three polyclinic facilities at Saudi Arabia wer...
Article
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Purpose This paper provides an exemplary systematic conduct of post‐occupancy evaluation (POE) on higher education facilities in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach The research study utilized several qualitative and quantitative POE techniques which were systematically comprising (1) scoping and reviewing the facilities-related documents, (...
Article
Purpose This paper intends to review and assess the factors influencing adaptive reuse of commercial projects, throughout their life cycle, in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach A mixed approach of literature review, pilot-testing and questionnaire survey was utilized to identify and assess the factors affecting adaptive reuse of commercial...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this study is to propose a framework model for workplace relocation. Design/methodology/approach Published literature was reviewed to comprehend the broad aspects of workplace relocation. The current practices of workplace relocation were investigated by corporate real estate (CRE) professionals. A generic framework model wa...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to holistically identify and assess the factors affecting the workplace relocation process during its various phases, namely: pre-relocation, relocation and post-relocation. The factors assessment evaluates the perspectives and level of agreement between facilities and real estate management professionals. Desi...
Article
Purpose This study aims to evaluate the quality of an on-campus medical facility at a leading university. Design/methodology/approach Published literature was consulted to review knowledge areas on the usability and quality performance requirements of healthcare facilities. Quality indicators were, thus, developed from the extant literature and ve...
Article
This study aims to identify and assess the major barriers to post-occupancy evaluation (POE) implementation in the Saudi Arabian building industry. A literature review was conducted to identify 27 barriers to POE implementation in the building industry. A questionnaire survey was completed by a targeted sample of 150 building industry professionals...
Article
Purpose The literature revealed a limited number of studies on critical success factors (CSFs) in Saudi Arabia. These studies were either outdated, covered limited factors or focused on very specific issues of a project. In response to this knowledge gap, the purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the factors which affect the success of co...
Article
This paper presents the development of design guidelines to improve the functional efficiency of academic and research laboratory facilities. The study was carried out in four stages, firstly, key performance indicators for the functional performance of laboratory facilities were identified. Furthermore, the space syntax theory was used to identify...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the post-occupancy evaluation (POE) of academic and research laboratory facilities. This is based on the premise that the performance of such facilities is directly connected to the productivity, health and wellbeing of its users. Design/methodology/approach The paper was carried out in two phases, f...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the key drivers for adopting electronic bidding (e-bidding) systems in public construction projects located in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach Literature review was undertaken to identify the drivers of e-bidding practices. Nine drivers, classified under four categories, were identified. A...
Article
The construction industry is one of the most dangerous industries worldwide due to deadly fatalities and accidents recorded yearly. Though many countries have established and implemented safety programs, the situation does not seem to have been mitigated. This study aims at developing a risk assessment approach that can be used to enhance the safet...
Article
The construction industry in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has experienced a significant increase in new projects in recent decades. With the economy slowing down for the past couple of years, there are still significant needs in infrastructure and housing projects. Fulfilling those needs will be difficult if the construction industry still use...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the significance of various factors affecting maintenance costs of public school facilities. Design/methodology/approach Detailed literature review resulted in identifying 54 factors that were categorized under nine groups. This was followed by a questionnaire survey completed by 60 exper...
Article
Purpose Projects in the construction industry have been confronted with an unprecedented volume of claims, which negatively impact the construction business environment. The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the major causes of claims and disputes, from the perspectives of three key stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach An online...
Article
For many years, the building industry in many countries has been plagued by issues of poor quality, cost overruns, and construction delays. This has been largely attributed to the continuous fragmentation of the industry and the consequent lack of effective coordination of various building services. Previous research efforts have sought to address...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current practices of the early facilities management (FM) involvement during the design development and review stages (DDRS), and recommend activities aimed at achieving better integration. Design/methodology/approach A comprehensive literature review was conducted to ascertain the challeng...
Article
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Many construction projects exceed time and budget. The Saudi Arabian construction projects are not an exception to this phenomenon. However, the causes of time and cost overrun of Saudi Arabian oil and gas construction projects have never been studied. Thus, this paper endeavors to investigate the main causes of time and cost overrun in Saudi Arabi...
Article
Full-text available
One of the critical decisions taken by contractors is whether or not to bid for a project. This is due to the complexity and uncertainty surrounding this decision, which is influenced by many factors. Given the above challenge, this study aimed to uncover the critical factors affecting the contractors’ bidding decisions in Saudi Arabia-based constr...
Article
Properly prepared design documents are crucial to the success of construction projects. Poor design documents can have a range of adverse effects on various construction project stakeholders. This research explored the significance of various consequences of Design Documents’ Deficiencies (DDDs) on large construction projects. A comprehensive liter...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a comprehensive list of key performance indicators (KPIs) that can be employed in determining the functional performance of academic and research laboratory facilities. Design/methodology/approach The study employed a two-phase approach. First, a thorough literature review was conducted to identify...
Article
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is facing a rapid growth in energy demand mainly because of factors like burgeoning population, economic growth, modernization and infrastructure development. It is estimated that between 2000 and 2017 the power consumption has increased from 120 TWh to 315 TWh. The building sector has an important role in this res...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop and assess interdisciplinary design checklists for mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) systems’ coordination, for building projects, in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach Relevant documents were acquired including: heating, ventilation and air conditioning schedules; ductwork and chill...
Article
Purpose University research and academic laboratory facilities are key elements in the support of a successful education and research experience. World-class universities consider the functionality of these facilities as a matter of high priority. The functionality of research and academic laboratory facilities is strongly linked to the productivi...
Article
Purpose This paper seeks to introduce a new general approach for estimating the maintenance cost of constructed facilities. The proposed approach consists of four components, including: (1) facility work breakdown structure (WBS); (2) historical maintenance cost and cost contingency data of actual completed projects; (3) feedback obtained from the...
Article
Purpose Design documents’ deficiencies (DDDs) are a major issue that plagues the construction industry in many countries. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the major causes of DDDs in a fast expanding economy, where errors can translate to an adverse impact on the economy. This paper aims to identify and assess the causes of DDDs for lar...
Article
Purpose This research seeks to present an assessment of the user satisfaction of an innovative workplace design, otherwise known as flexible workplaces. Design/methodology/approach The study firstly sought to establish the level of flexibility of the workplace through the identification of flexibility criteria presented in a checklist format. Tw...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the development and implementation of a qualitative, code-compliance framework for property managers of student housing facilities. Design/methodology/approach The paper identified the fire safety code requirements for student housing facilities and arranged these requirements in the form of a chec...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the factors affecting building services’ coordination during the design development and review stages of building projects. Design/methodology/approach Literature review and interviews were conducted to identify the factors affecting building services’ coordination. In total, 36 factors...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rapidly expanding population in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a massive impact to put pressure on the shortage of housing and existing infrastructure. With average population growth rate of 1,9% yearly, the population in Saudi Arabia is projected to increase from 31 million in 2015 to 37 million in 2025. According to the housing ministry, Saudi A...
Article
This paper investigates the significance of the different types of design documents’ deficiencies (DDDs) by both contractors and consultants involved in large construction projects. Sixteen different types of DDDs were identified and classified under six different groups. Based on the significance index of the different types of DDDs, the top five...
Article
Purpose This paper seeks to present the findings of a theoretical calculation for the emergency evacuation of an auditorium facility managed by a university in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed the published literature to identify the sources of fire incidence, guidelines for means of escape in assembly occupancies a...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present an assessment of the challenges to the implementation of building management systems (BMS) in Saudi Arabia, during the life cycle of building projects. Design/methodology/approach Review of literature and interviews were conducted with professionals to identify and synthesize the challenges to the im...
Article
Green roofs may be considered a passive energy saving technology that also offer benefits like environmental friendliness and enhancement of aesthetic and architectural qualities of buildings. This paper examines the energy and economic viability of the green roof technology in the hot humid climate of Saudi Arabia by considering a modern four bedr...
Article
For old/existing buildings, detailed fire risk assessments based on current codes and standards may result in unrealistic conclusions. Hence, it is desired that more holistic approaches are employed such as safety ranking systems. This paper seeks to propose a Fire Safety Ranking System (SH-FSRS) for student housing facilities. A review of publishe...
Article
This research employs the use of post-occupancy evaluation (POE) to assess the quality of an existing conglomerate of student housing facilities in a university campus in Saudi Arabia. The assessment methods used include walkthroughs, questionnaire surveys and focus group meetings. The key performance issues identified include the performance and c...
Article
This paper presents a holistic postoccupancy evaluation (POE) framework and its application to a campus residential facility. The development of a framework was based on an extensive review of literature and an identification of a comprehensive set of performance indicators. Multiple evaluation techniques were employed, including the review of exis...
Article
Although post-occupancy evaluation (POE) is an old tool with hundreds of studies, it is yet to become routine in the housing industry. The growing complexity of buildings and emerging trends in the industry further reinforces the need to carry out more POE studies. Though some studies exist, a holistic approach is yet to be given priority in the in...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an IDEF 0 framework model for the post-occupancy evaluation of school facilities, and the findings of a case study to demonstrate the applicability of the framework. Design/methodology/approach – The framework model consists of five sequential processes, namely: first, identify the performance requ...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an integrated approach to fire safety assessment, through combining the outcomes of a checklist tailored to the requirements of the International Building Code (IBC), and an evacuation simulation tool (EVACNET4), applied to a student housing facility as case study. Design/methodology/approach – The...
Article
Previous studies have established that early attention to maintainability during the early design stages of building projects provides for delivering high levels of comfort to building occupants and reducing maintenance budgets. This paper identifies and assesses the set of structural durability design defects that are attributed to lack of mainten...
Article
Saudi Arabia is undergoing substantial growth in many sectors of the economy. This growth is evident mainly in the construction industry, through the development of several types of large facilities. Such facilities require comprehensive maintenance to keep them in operational condition, as originally designed. This study aims to develop maintenanc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Construction delay is a common problem worldwide, which is considered as one of the main reasons for project failure. Bangladesh construction industry is no exception. This study investigated the main causes of delay in large building construction projects in Bangladesh. A questionnaire survey was conducted to determine the causes of delay from own...
Article
This paper presents the findings of an indicative post-occupancy evaluation (POE) of the major technical and functional performance elements of the main student cafeteria at the campus of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Published literature has been analyzed to review the performance requirements of ca...
Article
Full-text available
Various types of hazards are present in all aspects of the economy. Training is an essential ingredient in the reduction and elimination of these hazards. The development of qualified safety professionals is necessary for solving the main problems facing and organizing a safe work environment. This paper presents the development of an Associate of...
Article
Research has established that early attention to maintainability concerns during the design development and review stages provides a potential for delivering high levels of comfort to building occupants and reducing maintenance budgets. This paper seeks to identify and assess the set of electrical systems' design defects that are attributed to a la...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the development of a multi-criteria decision-making model for use by maintenance managers to consider before making a decision on outsourcing. Design/methodology/approach – Thirty-eight factors were identified for outsourcing maintenance services. These factors were grouped under six categories, na...
Article
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The study aims at identifying and assessing the main causes of contractors' failure in industrial projects in Saudi Arabia. 24 causes were identified from the literature for assessment by owners, contractors and subcontractors. These causes were classified under five categories, namely managerial causes, financial causes, growth causes, environment...
Article
The majority of operation and maintenance challenges in building projects are attributed to the decisions made during the design phase. The timely involvement of the maintenance team in the design development and review stages provides a potential for reducing maintainability problems during the functional life of buildings. This paper identifies a...
Article
Full-text available
In petrochemical plants, the main objective of any maintenance unit is to have a smooth and uninterrupted oper-ation. Measuring the efficiency of maintenance units is vital to maintenance managers. It enables them to assess the success of their plans, the performance of their staff, and the utilization of resources. This study measures the relative...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic approach for the evaluation and selection of curtain wall systems for medium-high rise building construction. Design/methodology/approach – The authors have identified the different types of curtain wall systems that are commonly used in the building construction industry in Saudi Arab...
Article
Research has shown that a major part of the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems’ operation and maintenance challenges is attributed to the extent of the decisions made during the design stage of projects. Transfer of knowledge from the maintenance team to the design team provides a potential for avoiding the repetition of costl...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to determine the nature and strength of relationship between the different elements of teamwork effectiveness and overall project success. Literature has been reviewed on constituents of effective teamwork and indicators for project success to determine the relationship. Two questionnaires were used to determine the n...
Article
Planning for maintenance should start during the design phase and continue throughout the useful life of the building. This research aims to emphasize the significance of the provision of maintenance feedback to the design team during the design development and review stages. The objective of this article is to identify and assess significant archi...
Article
Purpose ‐ The objectives of this paper are to identify and assess the factors that affect the cost of maintenance of hospital facilities. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The authors conducted a literature review on hospital maintenance cost to identify the factors affecting the cost of maintenance and interviewed a selected group of ten experienced f...
Article
Architectural programming practices are still being perceived to be inefficient. This research endeavors to respond to this concern by proposing a generic framework model that aims at capturing the process of properly identifying and communicating client and user requirements to design teams. To achieve this objective, the writers have investigated...
Article
Purpose ‐ The objectives of this article are to present the findings of a case study conducted to determine the optimal emergency egress time for the main library of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, using an evacuation simulation model; discuss the importance of the use of evacuation simulation models to archit...
Article
The construction industry in Saudi Arabia is currently flourishing due to increased earned revenues from the oil industry. Small contractors are finding more opportunities for business. The objective of this paper is to understand the reasons behind failure of small contractors and identify the most important factors contributing to their failure....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The objectives of this paper are to present the development of an indicative multi-phase systematic framework for performance appraisal of architectural design studio facilities, and to present the findings of the post-occupancy conditions of an architectural design studio facility as a case study to demonstrate the applicability of the d...
Article
Purpose – The objective of this paper is to present an assessment of the factors that influence the process of developing and implementing the architectural program (design brief) for buildings projects. Design/methodology/approach – Published literature has been analyzed and interviews with a group of design professionals and owner's representativ...