Mohamed Salih

Mohamed Salih
Erasmus University Rotterdam | EUR

Doctor of Philosophy

About

86
Publications
6,505
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
391
Citations
Citations since 2017
6 Research Items
103 Citations
201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
Introduction
Mohamed Salih (Ph.D. in Economics and Social Science, University of Manchester, UK, 1983) is a Professor of Politics of Development at the International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, and formerly an Extraordinary Professor at the Department of Political Science, the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. Regional, fieldwork, academic, and policy research interests: Africa, the Middle East, and the English-speaking Caribbean. Major research, publications, and policy advice int

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Once entangled in an intense ideological contest and power play with the Soviet Union in the Horn of Africa (HOA) during the Cold War, the US saw little geopolitical interest to defend in the sub-region in the first decade of the post-Cold War period. Terrorism-induced security threats since the late 1990s, and particularly the 9/11 incident, have...
Article
Full-text available
The debate on the decline of democracy is not new. It can be traced to the period between the First and Second World Wars, and it resurfaced during the 1970s, followed by the most spectacular dem- ocratic resurgence in human history. This lecture focuses on the current debate on the decline of democracy and downward trends in major democracy assess...
Article
The Green State in Africa, by Carl Death London: Yale University Press, 2016. Pp. vii + 366. £30·00 (hbk). - Volume 55 Issue 2 - M. A. Mohamed Salih
Article
Analysis of North African revolt against authoritarianism, known as the 'Arab Spring', embraced reductionist explanations such as the social media, youth unemployment and citizens' agitations to regain dignity in societies humiliated by oppressive regimes. This book illustrates that reductionist approaches can only elucidate some symptoms of a soci...
Article
Focusing on Frelimo's dominance over party politics and state institutions, this article analyses the issues pertaining to the role of electoral institutions in the consolidation of this dominant position. The authors argue that in order to understand party dominance in Mozambique, it is necessary that there should be an historical perspective link...
Chapter
African regional parliaments are an outgrowth of the major regional economic integration communities such as: the Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), the East African Community (EAC), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), t...
Chapter
No state action is more likely to fragment national sentiments and galvanize the mobilization of subnational groups for self-rule than war.1 The more a state opts for war as an instrument of state building, the more it hardens the resolve of marginalized groups, under the duress of “nationalizing” state building, to engage in their own state-buildi...
Chapter
Sudan's prolonged conflicts (South, East and West) have produced several enduring trajectories that have already shaped its present and will likely shape its future developments. Paradoxically, despite the tenacity of the conflicts and their colossal human and material cost - putting large parts of the country out of food and export crops productio...
Article
Full-text available
Mozambique's fourth post-conflict elections, held in October 2009, accorded citizens and the political elite an opportunity to assess their democratic experiences over two decades of transition from one-party to multi-party democracy. Dominated by the two oldest political parties, the incumbent Frelimo and the opposition Renamo, the election tested...
Book
This book articulates the relationships involving hermeneutics and scriptural politics in the complex fields of religious freedom and human rights, with particular focus on women and minorities in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. © Bas de Gaay Fortman, Kurt Martens, and M. A. Mohamed Salih, 2009. All rights reserved.
Chapter
Conventionally, the international community referred to world governments with commonly shared duties and obligations in respect to protecting human rights and engaging or confronting totalitarian regimes—among other duties and obligations. A broader conception of the international community should include, in addition to the United Nations as the...
Book
Interpreting Islamic Political Parties offer a critical analysis and explanation of the evolution, institutionalization and current developments of Islamic political parties. The volume contains case studies of Islamic political parties in Algeria, Egypt, Indonesia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Somalia, South Africa and Sudan.
Chapter
Governance is broadly defined as the exercise of power in an institutional context with the main aim of directing, controlling, and regulating activities concerned with the public interest.
Chapter
According to the 2001 Population Census, Muslims constituted only 1.5 percent of the total population of South Africa. Omar made two observations derived from South Africa Population Census (2001 ), which pertain to the subject of Muslims in South Africa’s dominant secular polity.
Chapter
The aftermath of September 11, an event behind which were an ideology and individuals identifying themselves with Islam, produced two striking, almost contradictory trends that shaped the role of religion and culture in human interactions: (1) it elevated the debate on the coexistence of religions and cultures to new heights and (2) it signaled the...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, I intend to explain what we mean by globalized party-based democracy in an African context.1 The paper treats globalized party-based democracy as an extension of African colonial and imperial legacy and probes questions on the influence of today’s global party-based democracy networks on African political parties. Specifically, I com...
Article
Full-text available
The aftermath of September 11, an event behind which were an ideology and individuals identifying themselves with Islam, produced two striking, almost contradictory trends that shaped the role of religion and culture in human interactions: (1) it elevated the debate on the coexistence of religions and cultures to new heights and (2) it signaled the...
Article
Full-text available
Using polyarchy as an analytical frame of reference in combination with other democracy performance evaluation methods, this article offers a longitudinal analysis interrogating the democratic credentials of African decolonization and second liberation movement governments. Characteristically, upon victory and rise to power, some liberation movemen...
Article
African Studies Review 49.1 (2006) 185-186 Although the editors have not divided the book into thematic or subthematic parts, the twelve chapters that make up the content of Unfinished Business: Ethiopia and Eritrea at War could be divided into three distinct parts. The first deals with the root causes of the Ethiopian-Eritrean war (1998–2000) and...
Chapter
The study of the relationship between environment and politics is hardly new. The complexities of this thorny relationship are ever present in probably all human societies regardless of their level of socio-economic development. The questions that inspired me to revisit this relationship are (i) whether communities enter into conflict over a degrad...
Chapter
Interchangeably used, legislatures, parliaments or assemblies are mirrors of the nature of the state (democratic or authoritarian), party systems(one-party, multiparty, or dominant party), and political culture. They are representative institutions ideally established to represent citizens and reflect the range of citizens’ preferences as expressed...
Book
This book offers in-depth analysis of parliamentary development set in a historical context informed by Africa’s post-1990s democratic resurgence. In particular, it illustrates how African parliaments are caught between the twin processes of being part of the machinery of government while exercising the function of holding government accountable.
Article
The break out group began with a roundtable discussion in response to the question: What are the key issues in understanding the linkage between precipitation variability and food security? The responses included: Agriculture: Property rights Crop selection and rotations Agro-forestry Technology Water: Intensive, efficient use in irrigation Partici...
Chapter
During the course of African history, complex economic and technological developments have unleashed unprecedented social and environmental transformations. From pre-colonial, colonial to post-colonial history the African continent has been the subject of economic expansion, industrialisation and urbanisation that has produced momentous social tran...
Chapter
Some obvious linkages exist between climate change and society, including impacts on the vulnerable populations often unable to withstand long-term reoccurrence of climatic hazards such as drought. There is therefore the association between alteration of normal climatic conditions under which peasants cultivate food and pastoralists raise animals p...
Book
The Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) is a network of social scientists in the sub-region established in 1980. Its main objectives are to encourage and promote interest; to engage in collaborative research; to facilitate scholarly exchange of ideas and publication between individuals and institutions e...
Article
Our Common Journey: A Pioneering Approach to Cooperative Environmental Management BY PAUL E. DE JONGH, WITH SEAN CAPTAINxiv + 298 pp., figs. & tables, 21.5 × 13.4 × 1.7 cm, ISBN 1 85649 73 9 paperback, £15.95, London and New York: Zed Books, 1999. - - Volume 27 Issue 3 - M.A. MOHAMED SALIH
Article
Full-text available
Despite the political upheavals, conflicts, war and genocide generated by unequal and unjust minority-majority relations, the term minority people entered social science terminology for the first time in 19321 • According to Davis (1979: 2), minority studies were initially largely confined to the study of race/ethnic relations, culture, and religio...
Chapter
During the course of African history, complex economic and technological developments have unleashed unprecedented social and environmental transformations. From pre-colonial, colonial to post-colonial history the African continent has been the subject of economic expansion, industrialisation and urbanisation that has produced momentous transformat...
Book
Social and natural scientists are currently obsessed with globalization, but this has not been matched by an equal interest in the societal consequences of local environmental change. Attention has thus been withdrawn from community and locality and transferred to global processes, with an indifference to the reality of those at the receiving end o...
Chapter
The linkages between resource conflict and political conflict have been the subject of intense debate during the last two decades or so. The main issue is whether ecological degradation and political conflicts are mutually reinforcing and, if so, why. It is clear that political conflicts that cause massive population mobility and concentration in s...
Chapter
In this chapter environmental security is defined in terms of livelihood security. The concept is then broadened by exploring how, in societies where agriculture and land-based resources are the main source of livelihood, issues of security become more complex as various security regimes (food, physical, social, political, and so on) impact on each...
Chapter
In recent years there has been a steady growth in the literature on displacement and its consequences both on the displaced and on the host countries and communities. A common thread in this literature is that displacement is no longer treated as the mere relocation of populations from one region, country or continent to another. It is now commonly...
Chapter
This chapter is about the role of the Relief Society of Tigray (REST), an Ethiopian NGO, in the liberation struggle against the defunct regime of Mengestu Haile Mariam. It aims at providing relief food as well as environmental rehabilitation, thus providing a clear linkage between political and environmental liberation. Having worked in a region pl...
Chapter
Ill-conceived development dispossesses, impoverishes and displaces people, and ruins their environment. The hardship which people encounter in most such cases is not a result of single-issue grievances (environmental, political or economic), but of the destruction of the basis of their environmental security, which encompasses all of these. The tra...
Chapter
Explaining the root causes of insurgency and liberation movements in Africa, particularly resource wars and violent livelihood struggles, is often neglected. This chapter is an attempt to redress that neglect. It introduces the cases of the Oromo of Ethiopia and the Dinka of Sudan to illustrate the fact that their liberation struggles are essential...
Chapter
This chapter explores the relationship between Relief Society of Tigray (REST) and Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Association (SRRA) and their international NGO partners. This relationship will be generally discussed within the wider global-local nexus and the role of international NGOs in supporting African NGOs operating in war-stricken countrie...
Chapter
The material presented in the preceding chapters demonstrates that the relationship of rural communities to the environment has increasingly been mediated by the state, the market and powerful private and corporate interests; they have subsumed commodity and social production as well as subsistence and environmental values. As land expropriation an...
Book
Foreword. Preface. Maps. 1. Introduction. 2. Land Alienation and Environmental Insecurity. 3. Displacement by Authoritarian Development. 4. Nuba and Ogoni: Genocide in a Shrinking Environmental Space. 5. Hadendowa and Fulani: 'Resourcing' Identity Politics. 6. Oromo and Dinka: Conflating Environmental and Liberation Struggle. 7. REST: Post-war Reco...
Chapter
Much of the debate on environmental politics in Africa has concentrated on the conflict of interest between state, civil society and private business. The general emphasis so far has been on exploring the relationship between environmental stress and resource conflicts as a consequence of development intervention on traditional land rights and tenu...
Book
Caught between underdevelopment, poverty and environmental degradation, and the need for exploiting their natural resources for development, Africa has, during the last two decades, been engaged in a serious effort to integrate environment and development. The nine case studies (Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Sudan, Uganda an...
Article
Most Sudanese authors who have written about the nationality question in the Sudan have been personally involved in Sudanese politics, have held political offices, or have become advocates for the cause of one or another political liberation front. This unique position makes their contributions to the debate on ethnicity and nationalism not only te...
Chapter
Non governmental organizations differ in size, objectives and mode of operation, and include groups and institutions as diverse as farmers’ associations, women’s groups, youth organizations, co-operatives, independent welfare organizations, and church and environmental lobby groups. They are defined as “groups and institutions that are entirely or...
Chapter
The universal consensus that the environment holds the key to human (and non-human) survival lends itself to no agreement as to how to create a globally sustainable society. Varying perceptions and interpretations of the promises and predicaments posed by the pursuance or lack of pursuance of ‘sustainable development’ have engulfed the South and th...
Article
The Nuba claim that they are the indigenous inhabitants of the Nuba Mountains of the Sudan. Indigenous peoples here refers to pre-existence, non-dominance, cultural difference and self-identification as indigenous. As such the Nuba are politically and economically marginalized and suffered persecution and dominance under external and internal colon...
Article
On 15 January 1994, an international conference on ‘Somalia: State and Society in Turmoil’ was organised by the Scandinavian Institute of African Studies in Uppsala, Sweden. The conference was attended by representatives of eight Somali factions, the indigenous peoples of Somalia, ministers from the self‐proclaimed Republic of Somaliland, Somali pe...
Article
Seen from a human perspective and as communal protection of human dignity, human rights are universal challenges to which all major traditions of the human family have subscribed. However, ways and means as to the realisation of this universal human ideal have been subject to controversy because of differences in the life and times in which human r...
Chapter
The main thesis of this chapter is that ideological differences in the Least-Developed Arab Countries (LDACs) have scarcely produced significant variations in socioeconomic performance. The economy of the ‘socialist’ People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) is as shambolic as that of the ‘free-market’ Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen). B...
Chapter
In contrast to widely held views associating the Arabs with oil and wealth, the economies of the Arab World are in fact highly heterogeneous. Arab countries can be found in all the income categories grouped by the IBRD according to GNP per head. Together with OECD countries, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait or the UAE are ‘High-Income Economies’, Algeria or Ir...
Book
Comprising both extremely rich and very poor countries the Arab region is of unique variety. This book explores the relations between rich and poor Arab countries, presenting papers on Arab integration efforts, the impact of oil prices on the South and least developed Arab countries in particular, the co-operation of poor Arabs with the EEC, basic...
Article
During the past half century Moro society has undergone immense economic and social transformations. The Moro adopted rural-urban and rural-rural migration, among other things, to diversify their incomes and augment their sources of livelihood. Politically, the introduction of modern political parties since independence in 1956 and the emergence of...
Article
Summarizes major current research on environment/development issues in the drylands with respect not only to environmental vulnerability, but also to other major obstacles towards sustainable development. It highlights three interrelated dimensions of security; environmental security, food security, and international security. To secure livelihood...
Article
This article outlines the impact of state intervention on ecological relations in the Sudan. The establishment of large-scale mechanised agricultural schemes; population and livestock concentration around water sources; and the evolution of large urban centres with high demands for firewood and charcoal have all contributed to ecological degradatio...
Chapter
The urgent needs of economic development and of specific development projects throughout Africa have marked effects on the mobility, distribution and demography of local populations. In this wide-ranging volume, professional geographers and others examine the problems of relating development goals to their potential impact on populations and popula...
Article
Despite serious pressure from the United Nations, public statements of outrage from the United States, and international horror at genocidal acts, the war in Darfur, Sudan, continues unabated—and with very little actual international intervention. Many in the West still have only a very limited understanding of either the conflict or the forces d...

Network

Cited By