Modern Technologies Law

Modern Technologies Law
University of Science and Culture · Law

An academic journal affiliated with the University of Science and Culture. حقوق فناوریهای نوین

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Publications

Publications (18)
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امروزه دارایی جدیدی تحت عنوان رمز ارزهای دیجیتال وارد عرصه اقتصادی و مالی کشورها شده است ؛ که توانسته واکنش دولت ها را در این زمینه برانگیزد. واکنش بیشتر دولت ها نسبت به این ارزهای بی پشتوانه ، که توسط هیچ مرجعی نظارت نمی شوند ، غالباً مثبت بوده و با تلقّی این رمز ارزها به عنوان یکی از عوامل تکمیلی نظام اقتصادی، در صدد توسعه این عرصه و وضع قوانین ا...
Article
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قراردادهای خرید برق که با هدف حمایت و توسعه تولید برق به ویژه برخی اقسام آن نظیر برق تجدیدپذیر و پاک بوجود آمدند، بعد از تجدید ساختار در صنعت برق مرسوم شده و در حال حاضر نیز به طور گسترده ای به مثابه ابزاری برای حفظ محیط زیست و تامین امنیت عرضه و حمایت از سرمایه گذاران در غالب کشورهای جهان مورد بهره برداری قرار میگیرند. در ایران نیز بعد از شروع رون...
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Among the realms influenced by the developments of recent decades in new technologies and specifically internet, is the freedom of expression (FoE) as a fundamental human right. The close link between internet and FoE, has led to litigation of individuals against their respective states in the framework of internet-related issues including blocking...
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Difficulty of extraction from the depths of the earth and sea beds has made oil and gas industry the most dangerous industry in the world, so that the parties of upstream oil and gas contracts always seek to use different solutions such as indemnity clause to allocate the risks. According to indemnity clause, risks is up to the party that is more c...
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It has always been a common legal idea that a physician shouldn’t be liable of patients’ corporal loss made without any fault. Doctor’s liability is rationally restricted by his abilities and therefore, he should not be considered responsible for those injuries made without his fault. But most Shiite jurists reject this belief. They account physici...
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در جهان امروز، با پیشرفت سریع فنّاوری و افزایش بی‌سابقۀ آگاهی عموم جامعه و دسترسی ایشان به اینترنت، روش‏های تبلیغ و بازاریابی متحول شده است. یکی از روش‏های کارآمد و درعین‌حال کم‌هزینه بازاریابی اینترنتی و ایمیلی است. استفاده از بازاریابی ایمیلی و ارسال هرزنامه از سوی بنگاه‏های اقتصادی مشکلاتی را برای مصرف‌کنندگان به‌وجود آورده است که در پاسخ به آن...
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As a result of "Zaman-e- Darak" (i.e., When someone sells the other's property, the original owner can follow his property and can catch it everywhere that he finds it), the buyer shall refund the price and in case of seller's ignorance, shall pay the related compensation that is caused by this situation. In this case, if the original owner refers...
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The doctrine of public function has fundamentally changed the classic concept of public services. Because this doctrine has denied the monopoly of personal and organizational criteria in recognizing public service and by resorting to some other criteria, some private sector activities are also considered public services in addition to the services...
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Unilateral dispute settlement clauses in international commercial and investment contracts –especially international loan contracts- are designed to provide one party to the contract with more dispute settlement options (normally domestic courts or arbitration) than the other contracting party. Thus one party may take into account different factors...
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در اقتصاد ایران، مسکن فقط وسیله‌ای برای سکونت خانوار نیست، بلکه وسیله‌ای برای سرمایه‌گذاری و پس‌انداز نیز به شمار می‌رود. بدون شک بخش قابل توجهی از معاملات کشور به موضوع خرید و فروش ساختمان یا پیش‌فروش آن اختصاص دارد. نظر به تأثیر مستقیم سلامت این بازار در تأمین نظم اقتصادی و قضایی، قانونگذار در قانون پیش‌فروش ساختمان، به‌منظور سامان‌دادن به این با...
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Remedies for breach of contractual obligations are among the most critical areas of contract law in every legal system. In German contract law, the right to receive specific performance is the first obligation of the debtor. If a debtor fails to do this obligation, the creditor has the right to claim compensation for the loss. Reviewing the conditi...
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Electronic commerce has affected all aspects of life; it results from technological development and is still in progress. This development has some consequences and results for people. Breach of personal data and privacy is one of them. Cyberspace has targeted all aspects of personal data such as genetic, identity, physiological, behavioral, and re...

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