Mj Prietula

Mj Prietula
Emory University | EU · Goizueta Business School & Rollins School of Public Health

PhD, MPH

About

122
Publications
51,832
Reads
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4,617
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
1357 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
August 2001 - April 2016
Emory University
Position
  • Professor
August 1986 - June 1994
Carnegie Mellon University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 1986 - June 1994
Carnegie Mellon University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Full-text available
Popular lore tells us that genius is born, not made. Scientific research, on the other hand, reveals that true expertise is mainly the product of years of intense practice and dedicated coaching. Ordinary practice is not enough: To reach elite levels of performance, you need to constantly push yourself beyond your abilities and comfort level. Such...
Article
Full-text available
Sacred values, such as those associated with religious or ethnic identity, underlie many important individual and group decisions in life, and individuals typically resist attempts to trade off their sacred values in exchange for material benefits. Deontological theory suggests that sacred values are processed based on rights and wrongs irrespectiv...
Article
Full-text available
Background: African American adolescent females are disproportionately affected by STIs and HIV. Given the elevated risk of STIs and HIV for African American women, there is an urgent need to identify innovative strategies to enhance adoption and maintenance of STI and HIV preventive behaviors. Texting is a promising technology for creating preven...
Chapter
Full-text available
The study of expertise has a long history (see Ericsson, Chapter 1, this volume). In the first part of this chapter we emphasize a period of research roughly from the mid-1950s into the 1980s when empirical laboratory studies of expert reasoning were first combined with theoretical models of human thought processes that could reproduce the observab...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of mobile health (mHealth) offers unique and varied opportunities to address some of the most difficult problems of health. Some of the most promising and active efforts of mHealth involve the engagement of mobile phone technology. As this technology has spread and as this technology is still evolving, we begin a conversation about th...
Article
Full-text available
When facing a crisis (or preparing for one), decision-makers often turn to peer networks, seeking advice and providing it. Scholars and practitioners endorse sharing knowledge and experience, especially for boosting resilience and combating crises. They believe such decentralized, peer-to-peer contact suits the ill-structured challenges organizatio...
Preprint
BACKGROUND African American adolescent females are disproportionately affected by STIs and HIV. Given the elevated risk of STIs and HIV for African American women, there is an urgent need to identify innovative strategies to enhance adoption and maintenance of STI and HIV preventive behaviors. Texting is a promising technology for creating preventi...
Chapter
Since Hurricane Katrina, a lot of research has gone into improving disaster management through the use of crisis information management systems (CIMS). There has been much interest in how to design dynamic CIMS, particularly with respect to web-based emergency management systems. In the authors' research, they set out to design and develop a distri...
Article
This paper examines reuse patterns in transparent multi-staged contests, in which a crowd of developers can reuse others’ designs when developing a novel digital application. They compete for the best application, one that is of high quality in both code and feature. Transparency, defined as collective information access to (1) the design solution,...
Chapter
A significant and growing set of approaches in strategic management research are centred on the use of computational models realized as simulations. We provide a characterization of what constitutes a computational simulation and enumerate the possible roles computational simulations can play in strategic management research. By exploring the broad...
Article
Full-text available
Since Hurricane Katrina, a lot of research has gone into improving disaster management through the use of crisis information management systems CIMS. There has been much interest in how to design dynamic CIMS, particularly with respect to web-based emergency management systems. In the authors' research, they set out to design and develop a distribu...
Article
Training is an integral part of disaster preparedness. Practice in dealing with crises improves one's ability to manage emergency situations. As an emergency escalates, more and more agencies get involved. These agencies require training to learn how to manage the crisis and to work together across jurisdictional boundaries. Consequently, training...
Article
Full-text available
Our personal values are subject to forces of social influence. Deontological resolve captures how strongly one relies on absolute rules of right and wrong in the representation of one's personal values and may predict willingness to modify one's values in the presence of social influence. Using fMRI, we found that a neurobiological metric for deont...
Article
Full-text available
Our personal values are subject to forces of social influence. Deontological resolve captures how strongly one relies on absolute rules of right and wrong in the representation of one's personal values and may predict willingness to modify one's values in the presence of social influence. Using fMRI, we found that a neurobiological metric for deont...
Article
Full-text available
The principles of open collaboration for innovation (and production), once distinctive to open source software, are now found in many other ventures. Some of these ventures are internet-based: Wikipedia, online forums and communities. Others are off-line: in medicine, science, and everyday life. Such ventures have been affecting traditional firms,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sheen S. Levine, Trish Gorman, and Michael J. Prietula study how corporate performance is affected by peer- to- peer sharing, instances when people supplement their knowledge by interacting with others. Popular wisdom holds that such interaction benefits performance unequivocally, but the authors find otherwise. Combining qualitative fieldwork – in...
Article
Interaction is central to organizational theory and strategic management, but scholars have differing views on the impact of interaction on performance. For some, interaction is essential for distilling good practices and spreading them. When people interact, good practices prevail and bad practices fade away, they assume. This assumption underlies...
Article
Full-text available
We sought to determine whether reading a novel causes measurable changes in resting-state connectivity of the brain and how long these changes persist. Incorporating a within-subjects design, participants received resting-state fMRI scans on 19 consecutive days. First, baseline resting state data for a "wash-in" period was taken for each participan...
Article
People interact, constantly. They interact in teams, organizations, and markets — and now they can interact more broadly and frequently thanks to new technologies. But how does interaction affect performance? Some view interaction as essential for spreading good skills: accurate beliefs and practices. For its proponents, interaction creates “a mark...
Chapter
Full-text available
A computational simulation is a dynamic, process-oriented model instantiated on a computer. These can range from traditional economic models (expressed as equations) to more abstract constructs and processes (expressed as objects, agents, operators and algorithms). Abstract A significant and growing set of approaches in strategic management researc...
Article
Full-text available
W hen does knowledge transfer benefit performance? Combining field data from a global consulting firm with an agent-based model, we examine how efforts to supplement one's knowledge from coworkers interact with individual, organizational, and environmental characteristics to impact organizational performance. We find that once cost and interpersona...
Article
Full-text available
“Open”, as in “open source”, is now associated with more than free software. It has expanded to describe a variety of collaborations, including internet enterprises such as Wikipedia, online forums and communities, but also elsewhere in medicine, science, and greater society. Such open collaborations have affected traditional firms, hinted at new f...
Article
Full-text available
Much of organization science is based on the premise that members of the organization work cooperatively to get things done. In such a situation trust is imperative. Work on power and politics however, suggests that it may not be appropriate to assume that trust exists. Trust is typically facilitated by face-to-face interaction. Thus, as we move to...
Conference Paper
In the turbulent information technology (IT) industry, firms need to continuously innovate to maintain or increase their competitiveness. Focused technology acquisitions provide a means to rapidly gain IT competencies and innovations. Research consistently identifies knowledge and culture as critical antecedents to success in these acquisitions. Si...
Article
Full-text available
This electronic companion elaborates on the fieldwork and modelling behind the main manuscript.
Article
Full-text available
A key component of negotiation dynamics is the search for mutually beneficial agreements, and offer exchange is a key element of that process. Rooted in the tradition of information processing psychology, we develop a theoretical model that conceives of negotiation as the collaborative search of a complex offer space. Negotiators simplify and coord...
Article
Research consistently identifies knowledge and culture as critical antecedents to success in focused technology acquisitions. Because such studies are typically observational, these constructs have been considered independently and within limited parametric values. Incorporating an agent-based simulation expanding on the March (1991) exploration-ex...
Chapter
Full-text available
What do we mean by ‘complexity’ when we discuss computational models of human organizations? An exact and particular answer to this question may not be straightforward, as we see definitions of complexity ranging from informal articulations of ‘generic difficulty’ to highly-constrained mathematical specification of certain and requisite properties....
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we replicate and extend the work of the Computers are Social Actors (CASA) researchers who repeatedly found evidence that humans treat computers with typical social norms as if they were humans. We performed a between-subjects 2×2 factorial experiment to test our hypotheses as well as an exploratory factor analysis to further refine a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While the economic impact of, and the interest in, open source innovation and production has increased dramatically in recent years, there is still no widely accepted theory explaining its performance. We combine original fieldwork with agent-based simulation to propose that the performance of open source is surprisingly robust, even as it happens...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hurricane Katrina was one of the most expensive and devastating natural disasters in American history. Over half a million people were affected by the hurricane, and the US energy infrastructure was severely damaged. Hurricane Katrina and other natural disasters clearly show the need for improvements in crisis management, especially in training and...
Article
Full-text available
How are norms maintained? Axelrod (in Am. Political Sci. Rev. 80(4): 1095–1111, 1986) used an evolutionary computational model to proffer a solution: the metanorm (norm to enforce norm enforcement). Although often discussed, this model has neither been sufficiently replicated nor explored. In this paper we replicate and extend that model. Results w...
Article
Full-text available
Since 2001, many state and local health departments have implemented automated systems to monitor healthcare use and to promptly identify and track epidemics and other public health threats. In 2007-08, we conducted case studies of selected events with actual or potential public health impacts to determine whether and how health departments and hos...
Article
Norms play essential roles in regulating aspects of social behavior in groups. Viewed as quasi-formal rules that can “instruct strangers and convey to children” how to behave in specific situations from a particular groups’ perspective – norms are models of (situationally) correct behaviors that ostensibly afford some benefit to the referent group...
Conference Paper
The fifth wave of Merger and Acquisition includes an increasing amount of technology acquisitions. Large firms acquire small, technology-centric firms as an external source of knowledge and innovation. A major challenge in these acquisitions is to capture the knowledge of the acquired firm as well as to assimilate and utilize it in the acquiring co...
Article
Full-text available
A Behavioral Theory of the Firm presents a computational model of a duopoly that is based on observations of firm behavior and that incorporates a range of behavioral constructs. Because this model is starkly different from the traditional game-theoretic analysis of duopoly, it useful to compare the performance of a game-theoretic version of this m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the implementation plans and research activities of Project Ensayo, which is developing a virtual emergency operations center (vEOC) based on one of the Nation's premier EOC 's, that of Miami-Dade County. The goal of the EOC is to coordinate for 'community continuity', in other words help communities remain resilient in the fac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disaster management, before, during, and after the event, is dynamic, complex, and ill-defined, and the events themselves are rare and diverse due to the many characteristics that define them. Prior decisions may be thoroughly documented via after action reports, but these may not cover every issue as frequently unique and unanticipated events aris...
Article
Full-text available
Popular lore tells us that genius is born, not made. Scientific research, on the other hand, reveals that true expertise is mainly the product of years of intense practice and dedicated coaching. Ordinary practice is not enough: To reach elite levels of performance, you need to constantly push yourself beyond your abilities and comfort level. Such...
Article
Full-text available
Richard Cyert and James March’s (1963) A Behavioral Theory of the Firm (ABTOF) is one of the most influential works in organization science. An important element of that work was a computational model of a duopoly, which was arguably the first computational model that instantiated organizational constructs within a substantial theoretical framework...
Article
Full-text available
Axelrod's (1986) evolutionary computational model of metanorms was replicated and extended. Results were generally supportive of the original, with extensions increasing the number of generations resulted in increased stability and convergence to levels not achieved in the original. Replications of the groups game (two groups differing in numbers a...
Conference Paper
We extend March's model of exploration and exploitation to consider how environmental turbulence impacts organizational knowledge in hierarchies of varying size and depth. We then evaluate additional effects of a knowledge management (KM) system that collects and shares knowledge from expert individuals in an organization. We find that in the absen...
Article
James G. March conceived organizational learning as a balance between the exploration of new alternatives and the exploitation of existing competencies in an organization. This study extends earlier work by employing a computational simulation to evaluate the effect of additional tiers in a hierarchical organization; specifically regarding March's...
Article
It is thought that inter-organizational knowledge exchange (or transfer) leads to organizational performance advantages. Building on detailed field data, we model how individual choices in search and exchange of knowledge interact with selected 1) individual, 2) task, 3) organizational and 4) environmental characteristics to effect organizational p...
Article
Full-text available
A Behavioral Theory of the Firm by James March and Richard Cyert is one of the most influential works in organizational science. An interesting and important element of that work was a computational model of a duopoly, which was eliminated in the second edition of the book. We examine the structure of the model and illustrate how the theoretical co...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a model of negotiation that may better explain how the specific progression of offer traces emerge in a dyadic negotiation and how those traces converge to a solution. Negotiation is viewed as a type of ill-structured collaborative problem that negotiators attempt to resolve by jointly searching the offer space, which is an abstract repr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this talk we describe a class of models of social interaction called TAG models - trust, advice, and gossip. We expand this model by incorporating a computational model of emotion, called the ACT emotion engine derived from mathematical sociology and cognition. Summary Our work focuses on understanding the relationship between information exchan...
Article
Full-text available
Computer-based agents, in various forms, are becoming ac-tively involved in our personal and professional decisions and deliberations. We interact with them; they interact with each other. In this paper we describe a broad Model Social Agent study where we explore how a process model of boundedly-rational agents with emotion behave across in-creasi...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies were conducted to further explore the organizational and economic insights provided by the Cyert-March duopoly model (C-M) described inA Behavioral Theory of the Firm (ABTOF, Cyert and March 1963). Study 1 examined the extent to which two firms that differed solely in the decision behavior of a routine would also differ in organizationa...
Article
Negotiation between two individuals is a common task that typically involves two goals: maximize individual outcomes and obtain an agreement. However, research on the simplest negotiation tasks demonstrates that although naive subjects can be induced to improve their performance, they are often no more likely to achieve fully optimal solutions. The...
Article
Full-text available
We propose that considering four categories of task factors can facilitate knowledge elicitation efforts in the analysis of complex cognitive tasks: materials, strategies, knowledge characteristics, and goals. A study was conducted to examine the effects of altering aspects of two of these task categories on problem-solving behavior across skill le...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of tactical knowledge on integrative and distributive response-in-kind behavior sequences and the ability to shift from distributive to integrative behaviors were examined using data from a prior study. Ninety dyads engaged in a multi-issue joint venture negotiation. Forty-five dyads were provided tactical knowledge and the other 45 were...
Article
Full-text available
Executives argue intuitively that trust is critical to effective organizational performance. Although articulated as a cognitive/ affective property ofindividuals, the collective effect of events influencing(and being influenced by) trust judgments must certainly impact organizational behavior. To begin to explore this, we conducted a simulation st...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we explored the impact of various Agent trust models and propensity to lie, within the context of a rumor augmented communication structure and environmental volatility. Results demonstrate main effects of volatility, and lying on increasing organizational cost, and a main effect of rumor on decreasing organizational cost. Interaction...
Article
Full-text available
The performance of organizations with different structures are examined using multiple computer simulation models, experimental data, and archival data focused on the relation between the way in which the organization is coordinated and its performance. These variations enable the exploration of the role of agent capabilities, and the way in which...
Article
Full-text available
Two trends in information systems research provide an opportunity to add an additional link between information technology and organizational learning. First, there is an increasing penetration of information technology into the firm's processes and structures. Second, research in artificial intelligence has given rise to the first generation of fu...
Article
Software effort estimation is an important but difficult task. Existing algorithmic models often fail to predict effort accurately and consistently. To address this, we developed a computational approach to software effort estimation. cEstor is a case-based reasoning engine developed from an analysis of expert reasoning. cEstor's architecture expli...
Data
Full-text available
The impact of tactical knowledge on negotiator behaviors and joint outcomes was examined. It was hypothesized that the availability of written descriptions of negotiation tactics would provide negotiators with the knowledge necessary to apply in a mixed-motive negotiation and that, as a result, these negotiators would engage in different behaviors...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of tactical knowledge on negotiator behaviors and joint outcomes was examined. It was hypothesized that the availability of written descriptions of negotiation tactics would provide negotiators with the knowledge necessary to apply in a mixed-motive negotiation and that, as a result, these negotiators would engage in different behaviors...
Article
Full-text available
A computational organization theory is the articulation of an organization theory in the form of a computer program. We describe an example of this approach to studying organizational phenomena through the use of simulated autonomous intelligent agents, present a detailed description of such a model, and demonstrate the application through a series...