Miroslav Popper

Miroslav Popper
Slovak Academy of Sciences | SAV · Institute for Research in Social Communication

About

51
Publications
38,871
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1,806
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
818 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
The way politicians talk about minorities institutes the normative context of intergroup relations. We investigated how endorsement of different political discourses predicts donation and collective action intentions by majority members toward the Roma in five European countries. The survey was conducted online using samples demographically similar...
Article
Populistic political discourse often portrays ethnic minorities as threats to the majority society. However, the deeper characteristics of perceived threats have not been sufficiently empirically investigated. The goal of this study is to identify the similarities and differences in intergroup threats perceived by Slovak majority from Roma, Muslims...
Article
Full-text available
The article concerns relations between Slovaks and the Hungarian minority in Slovakia. The aim of this study is to determine current Slovak attitudes towards the Slovak Hun-garians and to analyse differences in attitudes held by Slovaks in regular direct contact with the Hungarian minority and those with almost no contact. Another aim is to map cur...
Article
Full-text available
Nurturing compassion is not only beneficial for one’s well-being in terms of feelings and cognitions directed toward oneself, but it can also have positive effects on attitudes toward other people through associated humanity and recognition of the universality of suffering. Having compassion toward others may be particularly beneficial in intergrou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Svetová populácia narastá, čím rastie aj väčší dopyt po potravinách. Prírodné zdroje sú limitované, s čím súvisí snaha pretvoriť tradičnú výrobu potravín na účinnejší a udržateľnejší systém. Potenciálne riešenie tohto problému predstavuje genetická modifikácia, ktorá prináša prevrat v spôsoboch pestovania či udržateľnosti výroby potravín. Z hľadisk...
Article
Full-text available
This study, theoretically based on integrated threat and image theory, explored (1) the mental constructs produced by the Slovak majority in relation to cooperation with the Roma minority and (2) differences in thinking about different Roma demographic groups. In Slovakia, prejudice towards Roma people is a long-standing phenomenon. In this study t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kultúrna rozmanitosť narastajúca vplyvom migrácie obohacuje spoločnosť o nové pohľady nazerania na svet a môže sa podieľať na ekonomickom raste krajiny. Často ju však sprevádza aj vnímanie hrozieb, ktoré majorita pociťuje zo strany minorít. Našim cieľom bolo zistiť, ako mladí Slováci rozmýšľajú o moslimoch a aké hrozby od nich pociťujú. Uskutočnili...
Article
We report the process of adapting and validating the BIAS Map (Behaviors from Intergroup Affect and Stereotypes) used to measure perceived stereotypes and related social-structure, emotions, and behavioral tendencies toward the Roma – Slovakia’s most stigmatized ethnic minority group. In two surveys (Studies 1 and 4, n = 705) and group-based (Study...
Article
Full-text available
Response instructions-inviting participants to respond from a certain perspective-can significantly influence the performance and construct validity of psychological measures. Stereotype Content Model (SCM) and then the BIAS map ("behaviors from intergroup affect and stereotypes") were originally developed as universal measures of shared cultural s...
Article
Full-text available
The Roma have been and still are a target of prejudice, marginalization, and social exclusion across Europe, especially in East-Central European countries. This paper focuses on a set of stereotypical, emotional, and behavioral evaluative responses toward Roma people selected as representing the underlying components of anti-Roma bias. Employing ne...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Identifying evidence-based methods to effectively combat discrimination of the Roma in the changing political climate of Europe Národná správa WP 3 "Politický diskurz" TÉMY, ZDROJE A MOŽNÉ DÔSLEDKY POLITICKÉHO DISKURZU O RÓMOCH: SLOVENSKO výskum zrealizoval Ústav výskumu sociálnej komunikácie SAV www.kvsbk.sav.sk v rámci projektu DG JUST PolRom • P...
Technical Report
Full-text available
D2.9 Národná správa POSTOJE, POLITICKÝ DISKURZ A KOLEKTÍVNE SPRÁVANIE MAJORITY VOČI RÓMOM NA SLOVENSKU Výsledky reprezentatívneho prieskumu výskum zrealizoval Ústav výskumu sociálnej komunikácie SAV www.kvsbk.sav.sk v rámci projektu DG JUST PolRom • Ľudia na Slovensku vo všeobecnosti považujú za prijateľnejšie, keď politici hovoria o Rómoch negatív...
Article
Full-text available
Under the Second Demographic Transition, alternative forms of living arrangement are on the rise. The aim of this article is to compare quality of life in children living in married and cohabiting families. We present the results of representative research conducted in Slovakia in 2018 (N = 1,010 respondents). We tested whether children brought up...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to assess the effects of an intervention program derived from the contact theory of intergroup attitudes toward the Roma minority. A sample of 150 high school students from two midsized towns were randomly assigned to a control group and an experimental group. Participants in the experimental group attended six sessions of a...
Method
Full-text available
Príbehmi proti predsudkom: využitie autentických výpovedí mladých ľudí vo vzdelávaní. Vydavateľ: Ústav výskumu sociálnej komunikácie Slovenskej akadémie vied v spolupráci s Fakulta sociálnych a ekonomických vied Univerzity Komenského v Bratislave, Bratislava 2019. ISBN 978-80-973370-0-1
Article
The aim of the research was to find out whether participants completing an SCM questionnaire to assess attitudes towards the Roma would give different answers in response to different sets of instructions. Three sets of instructions were tested using cognitive interviews: answer from your personal viewpoint, from the viewpoint of the majority of Sl...
Article
While monogamy is the norm for romantic and intimate relationships in contemporary western societies, having other sexual and affective interactions alongside a monogamous relationship is a common practice. Instead of a unilateral and/or covert non-monogamy, polyamory promises a consensual, ethical, and responsible non-monogamy. The personal transf...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to explore factors that affect the decisions single-child parents make when considering whether to have a second child applying the psychological theory of planned behaviour (TPB). Quantitative survey data from a sample of parents with a single child selected from a Slovak representative sample was used to perform reg...
Article
The paper deals with cognitive interview, a method for pre-testing survey questions that is used in pilot testing to develop new measures and/or adapt ones in foreign languages. The aim is to explore the usefulness of the method by looking at two questionnaires measuring anti-Roma prejudice. The first, the Stereotype Content Model (SCM), contains q...
Article
Full-text available
V prispevku su analyzovane vybrane data týkajuce sa protichodných nazorov na optimalny pocet deti v sucasnej rodine v kontexte existencnej neistoty. Udaje boli ziskane v ramci sirsieho kvalitativneho výskumu zameraneho na rodicovstvo a reprodukciu. Vzorka pozostava z 18 fokusových skupin, ktore sa uskutocnili v troch regionoch Slovenska – zapadnom...
Article
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The article considers human enhancement from the perspective of liminality. It defines the concept of liminality, introduced by ethnologist van Gennep in an attempt to generalise the rites of passage. It shows how, thanks to Turner, this concept has spread beyond anthropology to characterise the many situations ‘betwixt and between’ associated with...
Article
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Príspevok pozostáva z troch častí. Prvá časť sa zaoberá taxonómiou a kritériami klasifikácie rôznych druhov noriem. Poukazuje na to, že rozdiel medzi dvoma najdôležitejšími druhmi kooperačných noriem – sociálnymi a morálnymi – je skôr kvantitatívneho než kvalitatívneho charakteru a navrhuje trojdimenzionálny model ich diferenciácie. Druhá časť je v...
Article
This study presents an analysis of recent developments in fathers’ roles in Slovakia, a country that has experienced multiple social and economic transformations in post-totalitarian Central Eastern Europe. Data from a qualitative study (14 focus group discussions, 87 participants) show that the social norms associated with the Second Demographic T...
Article
Full-text available
The article approaches the topic of social trust from an evolutionary perspective. It begins by summarising the most influential approaches that have defined specific and social trust and ascertains what causes differences in degrees of trust and how the potential risk of deception might be lowered. It then notes that the basis of morality had alre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to outline how media and legislation texts about reproduction and parenting interact with participants´ accounts around these topics through the discourses they draw from. Because of their power to form the public discourse, the media can influence how people “see” the world, what issues they think about, what is controve...
Conference Paper
Challenging the stereotypes about fathers and family planning Analysis of parents’ roles may be derived from diverse theoretical approaches operating in the field of human reproduction. They can be categorized as the evolutionary-biological, theory of rational choice, social norms and value of the child approaches. Our own stance is mainly drawin...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an overview of a number of research studies conducted within the field of parenthood and reproduction in a variety of Western cultures, including Slovakia and the countries of Eastern Europe. The main aim of this overview is to analyse two key indicators on Second Demographic Transition: delaying marriage and parenthood until...
Article
Moral Judgments, Moral Virtues, and Moral Norms The paper consists of two basic parts. In the first, contemporary approaches to moral judgments and their relations with moral virtues and moral norms are analyzed. The focus is on comparing the role of the emotions and reason, and conscious and unconscious processes in forming and/or justifying moral...
Article
The paper analyzes function, diversity, and the evolution of social norms and moral intuitions that play an important role in the process of important societal issues judgement. On the basis of the results from a representative survey it analyzes responses to seven polarized discourses relating to the topical social issues. Concretely: 1. large vs....
Article
The paper sheds light on different approaches to normativity and on current tendencies to consider social and moral norms from the perspective of evolutionary psychology. The main objective of the paper is to show the similarities as well as differrences between social and moral norms. Further, the author argues, that the differentiating characteri...
Article
Normativity: Approaches, Polemics, Problems
Article
Full-text available
The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a self-report measure designed to assess the high-order personality traits of Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness. As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, the BFI was translated from English into 28 languages and administered to 17,837 individuals from 56 nati...
Article
Q methodology was applied to investigate the views of young people from Catalunia, England and Slovakia regarding sexual relationships and their health implications. The Q sorts of 188 16-18-year-olds from these three diverse European regions were reduced by Q factor analysis to six clear accounts. These accounts are presented in relation to three...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completedthe RelationshipQuestionnaire(RQ), a self-reportmeasure of adult romanticattachment. Correlational analyses within each culture suggested that the Model of Self and the Model of Other scales of the RQ were psychometrically va...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, 16,954 participants from 53 nations were administered an anonymous survey about experiences with romantic attraction. Mate poaching--romantically attracting someone who is already in a relationship--was most common in Southern Europe, South America, Western Europe, and Eastern Europe and w...
Article
The aim of the article is to provide a transdisciplinary view on the approaches of European citizenship and European identity, with respect to the socio-psychological and political aspects. The focus is on youth as the representatives of social categories (nation, region) who will, thanks to the growing mobility, enter into interactions with peers...
Article
Full-text available
Gender differences in the dismissing form of adult romantic attachment were investigated as part of the International Sexuality Description Project-a survey study of 17,804 people from 62 cultural regions. Contrary to research findings previously reported in Western cultures, we found that men were not significantly more dismissing than women acros...
Article
Full-text available
Evolutionary psychologists have hypothesized that men and women possess both long-term and short-term mating strategies, with men's short-term strategy differentially rooted in the desire for sexual variety. In this article, findings from a cross-cultural survey of 16,288 people across 10 major world regions (including North America, South America,...
Article
The paper focuses on exploring sources and aims of evolutionary psychology, on how its representatives devlope their own approaches in opposition to the Standard social science model. Evolutionary psychology is in favor of functionally specialized and/or domain-specific mechanisms in the architecture of the human mind as it evolved in the course of...
Article
This paper offers an overview about the application of the newly designed WHO/UNAIDS Rapid Assessment and Response Guide (SEX-RAR) for research on interaction between psychoactive substance use and sexual risks in the very specific environment during mandatory military service in the Slovak Republic. Presented results outline general, specific (soc...
Article
The study deals with some social and cultural aspects of sexual satisfaction in Slovak women, such as: lifestyle, discourse about sexuality and the influences of the threat of HIV/AIDS. Connection with sex life is also extensively examined. The theoretical part studies sexual satisfaction as individual experience and reflection on own sexuality, se...
Article
Using Q-methodology (73 items covering areas of sex, partnership, responsibility, faithfulness, and risk) the authors made an effort to identify authentic constructions of sexuality in young people (N = 60). The analysis provided 9 constructions (factors) that are being structurally interpreted and categorized according to their implicit risk for t...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
To identify what types of threats are perceived by the Slovak majority from different minorities and to work with these perceptions in the context of negative attitudes reduction.
Project
The project main objectives are as follows: 1. To experimentally test, in randomized controlled trials, the effect of three types of interventions (based on direct, vicarious and imagined contact) on reducing explicit and implicit prejudice against members of the Roma minority in Slovak schools. 2. To test the effect of the interventions on discriminatory behaviour.