Miroslav Nemčok

Miroslav Nemčok
University of Oslo · Department of Political Science

PhD

About

30
Publications
3,335
Reads
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54
Citations
Introduction
I am Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Helsinki (Finnish Cultural Foundation Grant Awardee) and Research Specialist at Masaryk University in the Czech Republic. My research focuses on electoral systems, satisfaction with democracy among citizens and political participation. My research has appeared in Party Politics, European Political Science Review, East European Politics and Societies, Contemporary Politics, World Political Science and a few other outlets and publications in the Czech Republic.

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
There is perennial debate in comparative politics about electoral institutions, but what characterizes this debate is the lack of consideration for citizens' perspective. In this paper, we report the results of an original survey conducted on representative samples in 15 West European countries (N = 15,414). We implemented an original instrument to...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary political parties often use state resources to win elections. In this context, electoral clientelism evolved from the straightforward vote buying to sophisticated exchanges in which the relationship between patrons (parties or candidates) and clients (voters) is sometimes difficult to grasp. We address the question how do the distribut...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear that the traditional “booth, ballot, and pen” model of voting, based on a specific location and physical presence, may not be feasible during a health crisis. This situation has highlighted the need to assess whether existing national electoral legislation includes enough instruments to ensure citizens’ safet...
Article
Full-text available
Public resources are often allocated neither effectively nor equitably, and they serve as a tool for securing re-election. Despite compelling evidence for pork-barrel politics, little is known about voters’ perceptions of this practice. Moreover, limited findings from Western countries are also contradictory – voters perceive such a strategy both p...
Preprint
The COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear that the traditional “booth, ballot, and pen” model of voting, based on a specific location and physical presence, may not be feasible during a health crisis. This situation has highlighted the need to assess whether existing national electoral legislation includes enough instruments to ensure citizens’ safet...
Article
Full-text available
Postal voting intends to provide citizens residing abroad with a convenient voting technique to influence political representation in their country of origin. However, its adoption among individuals is dependent on two opposing factors. On the one hand, voting via post helps to overcome the increasing distance between a voter’s residency abroad and...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years Slovakia witnessed a dynamic development with crucial consequences for its domestic politics. Vast civic mobilization, the emergence of new parties and decline of a long-term hegemon – all these features culminated in the 2020 general election. We first introduce the results and discuss them from a longitudinal perspective of Slovak...
Article
Full-text available
Electoral ‘winners’ (i.e., voters casting a ballot for a party included in the post-electoral government) are acknowledged to be more satisfied with democracy than supporters of opposition parties. However, little is known about the influence of parties and their specifics on the boost in satisfaction with democracy experienced by their voters. To...
Article
Full-text available
In divided societies and new democracies, clientelism (in the form of pork barrel) and ethno-politics appear to go hand in hand. It is apparent that politicians are incentivized to compete for support within their own ethnic groups, but does an ethnic link between voters and decision-makers influence how voters perceive and evaluate pork barrel pra...
Article
Full-text available
Popular consent is an essential element for success and stability of democracies. Research has repeatedly demonstrated that “electoral winners” (i.e. voters casting a ballot for government parties) are more satisfied with democracy than supporters of the opposition parties. However, little is known about the dynamics of satisfaction during the elec...
Chapter
Given the fact that only two relevant parties in Slovakia since 1993 have managed to replace their leaders and maintain their relevance, the role of personality traits in the rise and success of party leaders in Slovakia is an especially important topic. Therefore this chapter focuses on two party leaders—Robert Fico and Mikuláš Dzurinda—who are cl...
Article
Widely influential Duverger’s “law” and “hypothesis” describe the main direction of influence of electoral rules on party systems; however, their formulations are quite blurry what makes their application to concrete electoral results often ambiguous. Therefore, this research conducted an original survey among electoral experts (n = 131) to explore...
Article
Parties can not only actively adjust the electoral rules to reach more favourable outcomes, as is most often recognized in political science, but they also passively create an environment that systematically influences electoral competition. This link is theorized and included in the wider framework capturing the mutual dependence of electoral syst...
Article
This study connects two apparently disparate fields of inquiry in a specific quantitative way. In Lijphart’s Patterns of Democracy, the majoritarian–consensual “executives–parties” score ( L) combines five indices. Four of these largely or entirely derive from factors that Shugart and Taagepera, Votes from Seats, logically deduced from the product...
Article
This article is part of the special cluster titled Political Parties and Direct Democracy in Eastern Europe, guest-edited by Sergiu Gherghina. Referendums are widely regarded as a way of enhancing democracy as they provide a further arena for citizens to affect public policy outcomes. In this regard, Slovakia represents a deviant case that contradi...
Article
Vaikka ulkosuomalaisten määrä on ollut tasai-sessa kasvussa viimeisten parinkymmenen vuoden ajan, heidän poliittinen painoarvonsa on säilynyt vähäisenä. Ulkomailla asuu yli 250 000 äänioikeutettua, mutta vain noin kymmenen prosenttia heistä äänestää Suomen vaaleissa. Kevään 2019 eduskuntavaaleissa oli ensimmäistä kertaa mahdollista äänestää kirjeit...
Article
Full-text available
This study is focused on the democratic competencies and political participation of young people taking part in debate programs in seven “new” democracies – the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Romania and Slovakia. The research employs conventional methods adopted from various established surveys for capturing the political a...
Article
Even though partisan cues are widely recognized as a primary force shaping voter behaviour in a referendum, their effect on a decision whether to attend or abstain from voting has not yet been carefully studied. Our analysis of the pre-referendum survey data gathered before the 2015 citizen-initiated referendum in Slovakia leads to two important co...
Article
The article criticises current conceptual frameworks focused on the evaluation of the performance of electoral systems. It offers a new tool allowing researchers to measure the size of the deviation of electoral outcomes from theoretical expectations. The index d=log[ N S /( MS ) 1/6 ] is built on the Seat Product (Taagepera, Rein (2007b) Predictin...
Book
Full-text available
Publikace analyzuje východiska, průběh a výsledky parlamentních voleb na Slovensku v roce 2016, které svými politickými důsledky dosahují charakteru politického zemětřesení. Kniha je rozdělena do tří pomyslných čás tí. První část (kapitoly jedna až tři) popisuje volební vstupy: složení kan didátních listin relevantních politických stran, proměny ve...
Article
Full-text available
The paper criticizes current conceptual frameworks focused on the evaluation of the performance of electoral systems. It offers a new tool allowing researchers to measure the size of the deviation of electoral outcomes from theoretical expectations. The index d = log[NS/(MS)1/6] is built on the Seat Product Model (Taagepera 2007b) and captures the...
Article
Full-text available
Voting advice applications (VAAs) are extremely fast growing phenomenon, which has become an inherent part of political campaigning and politics. The discussion about the variability of their internal mechanical setup and its relevance for determining the quality of generated voting advices is almost completely absent. This paper fills the blank sp...
Research
Full-text available
Bowler, Shaun and Donovan, Todd: The Limits of Electoral Reform (book review)
Book
Full-text available
At the beginning of the 1990s, new kind of electoral system spread significantly into both stable countries as well as those with consolidating democratic systems. The main characteristic for all of these new systems, called a mixed-member systems, is that they offer two distinct votes to each member of an electorate in one election. The first vote...
Article
Full-text available
This article deals with the election of the President of Russia in 2012. It describes the political system of Russia and the electoral system in the presidential elections. Than the results of the elections and regional support of the candidates is commented, including criticism made by the international observatory missions. Keywords Russia, Presi...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Research project 2019-2021 at the University of Helsinki, funded by the Finnish Cultural Foundation FACE examines Finnish emigrants' political participation, especially voting. A survey conducted with a sample of 10.000 Finnish citizens permanently living abroad constitutes the main part of the project. The survey is currently being prepared and the invitations to participate will be mailed to the prospective participants at the end of April.
Project
Post-factual politics is increasingly becoming a part of political and social reality. The project takes migration as one of the most politicized issues of current politics to understand opportunity structures for claimants in Austria and the Czech Republic. The project consists of two parts: 1) An investigation of the visibility and contents of post-truth claims and of the main actors disseminating these claims; 2) an analysis of explanations for the use of these claims in terms of political and discursive opportunity structures.
Project
Distribution of resources is an essential part of politics and vast research has been done in this field. While the allocation of public money is primarily of an economic nature, the literature shows that political representatives tend to use it for rewarding their allies while punishing their rivals. In addition, allocated grants have the potential to increase the prospects of incumbents when seeking reelection. The research of Central Europe is largely underdeveloped in this regard and this project aims to fill this gap. It focuses on distribution strategies of national and regional grant programmes, partisan background of the distribution and the effects of grants on reelection of incumbents. Any suggestions are welcome.