Miroslav Bárta

Miroslav Bárta
Charles University in Prague | CUNI

About

75
Publications
29,676
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
220
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 1993 - present
Charles University in Prague
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (75)
Chapter
Full-text available
Throughout the history of ancient Egypt, for instance, a co-called collapse took place on several occasions: eg. separating the Old from the Middle, Middle from the New Kingdom and the New Kingdom from the Late period (Bárta 2019), and so on. And yet, despite its manifold modifications and transformations over time, ancient Egyptian civilisation an...
Article
The present study aims to outline new, more adjusted approaches of research addressing social complexity of past societies. In doing so, we use varied evidence to detect major ‘leap events’ in the history of ancient Egypt which were reflected by the state administration and its fluctuating complexity. The archaeological and inscriptional evidence s...
Book
Full-text available
THE PYRAMID FIELDS OF ANCIENT EGYPT: A SATELLITE ATLAS Editors: Miroslav Bárta and Vladimír Brůna With contributions by Adela Oppenheim and Dieter Arnold, The Metropolitan Museum of Arts, New York; Miroslav Bárta, Czech Institute of Egyptology, Charles University, Prague;Richard Bussmann, University of Cologne; Andrzej Ćwiek, University of Poznan;...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Heraclitus Law is a label for a particular characteristic repeatedly observed by any given civilisation or culture for which there exists substantial evidence. The law describes a mechanism according to which the factors responsible for the rise of a particular civilisation or culture are usually the same as those which, in the end, instigate i...
Chapter
This chapter explores the vivid, dynamic, and multifaceted political history of the Old Kingdom of Egypt (twenty-sixth to twenty-second centuries BC). It focuses in particular on the evolution of Egyptian society and the role of state offices and bureaucracy in defining social status. The chapter surveys the available sources and environmental cons...
Book
Full-text available
The present volume seeks to indicate novel methods and approaches to analysing and interpreting the agency of individual officials in different periods of ancient Egyptian history. Their activity and careers are observed using different methods of complex network analysis and put into a broader framework of more general trends operating the society...
Chapter
Full-text available
The broad and growing interest in the phenomenon of collapse is quite understandable today. The world is becoming more and more unstable and unpredictable: economic markets are sensitive to minute factors that are unforeseeable, the value of money is subject to volatility, the feeling of safety has disappeared together with the predictability of th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Heraclitus Law (or Principle) is a label for a particular characteristic repeatedly observed by any given civilisation or culture for which there exists substantial evidence. The law describes a mechanism according to which the factors responsible for the rise of a particular civilisation or culture are usually the same as those which, in the e...
Article
By focusing on the development of the administration and its changes and turning points during the Old Kingdom period, this contribution proposes a dynamic model of bureaucratic evolution at that time punctuated by several ground-breaking changes which can be viewed as adaptations to the social dynamics. Endeavouring to find a way and method of vis...
Article
Full-text available
has been hosted by Oxford, Cambridge, London, Cracow or Naples. It provides a platform for the integration of students and junior researches into the professional international Egyptological community. The Prague conference was attended by more than 100 researches from different countries and institutions. The range of topics discussed was very wid...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In-depth understanding of state formation helps greatly in explanation and reasoning on society development both in the past and at present. Traditional approaches of sociologists and historians rely on methods with a rather vague support on statistics and logics. In our contribution, we interpret results of analyses by means of Hidden Markov Model...
Article
Full-text available
T he so-called Old Kingdom (about 2700-2200 BC) represents not only the first centralized territo-rial state in the history of Africa, but in fact in the history of mankind, lasting for about half a millennium. Yet after several centuries the Old Kingdom seemingly all of sudden vanished. This article attempts to identify causes that may have led to...
Chapter
Full-text available
It has been long supposed that some of the manifold roots of ancient Egyptian civilization might be connected with the climatic depredation of the Western Desert, which led to the last of intensive sedentary waves in the Nile valley and eventually to the emergence of the ancient Egyptian civilisation. Iconographic analysis of the rock art motifs in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Swimmers in the Sand On the Cave of the Swimmers and the possible roots of Ancient Egyptian civilisation It has been long supposed that the roots of ancient Egyptian civilisation were connected with the climatic depredation of the Western Desert which led to the last wave of intensive sedentarisation in the Nile valley. In turn, these ‘newcomers’...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to summarise the major evidence on the climate development in the pyramid fields based on the Abusir data and dating to the Old Kingdom (2700-2200 BCE). The interpretation of the latest evidence presented in the article is based on the identification and evaluation of molluscs, beetles, Lake of Abusir sediments, small vertebr...
Article
Full-text available
This synthetic study focuses on several particular aspects connected to the interpretation of artefacts discovered in the burial apartments of AS 67. Several principal groups of finds were analysed for this purpose: anthropological and zoological finds and pottery and stone vessels. According to preliminary anthropological investigation, Southern s...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents the outcomes of the recent exploration of Bahriya, an Egyptian oasis located in the Western Desert about 350 km south-west of Cairo. Part I of the volume is devoted to the southern part of the Oasis (also known as El-Hayz) and the exploration carried out there by the team led by the Czech Institute of Egyptology, Charles Universi...
Chapter
Bahariya Oasis is one of the five principal oases in the Egyptian Western Desert.Keywords:archaeology;Egyptian history;Roman history
Chapter
One of the large cemeteries of the Old Kingdom kings, located approximately 30 km south of Cairo, on the western bank of the Nile.Keywords:archaeology;arts and architecture;cultural history;Egyptian history
Chapter
One of the most prominent sites of third millennium Egypt, Saqqara is situated about 25 km south of modern Cairo. A cemetery was founded around 3000 bce in connection with the foundation of Memphis, the first capital of unified Egypt, and continued in use down to the Coptic era.Keywords:archaeology;Egyptian history;historical geography
Chapter
Dahshur is situated about 45 km south of Cairo and is known for its Old and Middle Kingdom monuments (Alexanian and Seidlmayer 2000). Most recently, some New Kingdom history of the site is also beginning to reemerge. The site was probably occupied as early as the beginning of the Old Kingdom, if not earlier.
Article
Full-text available
The paper introduces results of the survey of the Lake of Abusir, performed by the Czech Institute of Egyptology over the last few years. A detailed sedimentological description of four trenches located within the area of the so-called Lake of Abusir is given, together with the micromorphological results of selected strata, molluscs and archaeobota...
Article
Full-text available
The principal factors influencing the location of the Old Kingdom pyramids in Egypt are reconsidered. The decisive factors influencing their distribution over an area of c. eighty kilometres were essentially of economic, geomorphologic, socio-political and unavoidably also of religious nature. Primary importance is to be attributed to the existence...
Article
Full-text available
In the last few years modern non-destructive prospection methods have been applied to the site of Abusir – satellite photography, geophysical examination and 3D surface modelling of the cemetery and individual archaeological features. In this article we discuss the benefit of employing these methods in tandem with current archaeological field excav...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Enclosed paper demonstrates on example of south Abusir area in Egypt possibilities of application of present geophysical survey methods in desert region. Non-destructive geophysical prospection of large areas choosen by egyptologists outside of previous and present archaeological excavations brought a new view on extent and quantity of archaeologic...
Article
1st ed. Přeloženo z češtiny Chronologický přehled
Article
During the Spring season of 2002, the restoration and conservation work continued in the tomb of Iufaa. In addition to that, a middle-sized shaft tomb has been fully excavated some 60 metres from this structure. This tomb, with its mud brick superstructure built according to a rather unique plan, was found thoroughly robbed Excavation started in an...
Article
http://egyptologie.ff.cuni.cz/pdf/AS%202000_mensi.pdf
Article
This article analyses the title "property custodian of the king" during the Old Kingdom. In order to determine the meaning of the title as precisely as possible during the period under discussion, the associate titles born by the royal entourage at court are discussed first. The title occurs during two different periods. During the first stage, dow...
Article
Full-text available
Class-type classification of pottery from primary floor deposits in the mortuary temple of Raneferef in Abusir.
Article
Full-text available
Ix!I and 'prt bread moulds and "Speisetiscbszene" development in the Old Kingdom· von Miroslav BW During the last few years there has been quite a strong tendency in Egyptology towards studies dealing primarily either with mental constructs' or with the material culture of the ancient Egyptians'. The main point of this article is (0 ilustrate an ex...
Article
1. vyd. Pub. je výstupem vědecko-výzkumného záměru č. 0221620826 Vydáno ve spolupráci s Českým egyptologickým ústavem a magazínem Archeologie Chronologický přehled
Article
Vyd. 1. Na zadní s. obálky: Faculty of Arts Charles University in Prague, Czech Institute of Egyptology

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Archaeological and multidisciplinary exploration of the pyramid field in Abusir, Egypt, with funerary complexes, tombs, burials, cultic installations, temples, ritual routes et. dating to the 3-1 mill. BC